Quebec Passenger Lists 1891-1956

Map of the St. Lawrence River from Quebec to Murray Bay, 1948.

Map of the St. Lawrence River from Quebec to Murray Bay, 1948. GGA Image ID # 17578a9e21

Quebec is the capital of the Canadian province of Québec. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows".

Digitized Passenger Lists for the Port of Quebec

 

Quebec Harbor

Quebec is a seaport, yet it is four hundred miles inland on The Harbour the St. Lawrence river. It is subject to tides, which sometimes fluctuate as much as twenty feet. Owing to the cliff formation of the shores, deepwater wharves to the extent of thirty miles could be built if necessary. With the St. Charles River's vast estuary improved, Quebec's harbor could easily provide shelter for the world's united fleets.

The St. Lawrence river has been carefully dredged as far as Montreal. The resulting ship channel has made the Metropolis of Canada the head of sea-going navigation so far as the smaller class of vessels are concerned.

However, Quebec's magnificent deep water harbor can accommodate the largest ships afloat. Thus the ancient capital occupies an important place in the maritime interests of Canada. However, whatever their size, all incoming and outgoing vessels (passenger) stop at Quebec, as very often, much time can be saved by using the railway to and from the West.

In this connection, it is of interest to note that four Canadian Pacific liners, which are too large for the ship channel to Montreal, make Quebec their Canadian port during the season of navigation. These ships are the "Empress of France," the "Empress of Britain," the "Empress of Scotland," and the "Montlaurier."

The Canada Steamship Lines' riverboats are always in evidence in the harbor and can easily be picked out by their red funnels and white hulls. Many of the vessels of the Canadian Government Department of Marine and Fisheries make Quebec their headquarters. During the weekend, the Government boats' familiar blue ensign is usually seen at the King's wharf.

In modern times, an enormous amount of shipping ever anchored in Quebec's harbor at one time was undoubtedly the fleet of thirty-three transports, which in September 1914, took over to England the first Canadian Contingent, which was to gain such distinction in the Great War. British men-of-war are very often anchored in the river and combined with the frowning Citadel. They seem to increase the feeling of Quebec's importance as a stronghold of military and naval power.

The port's modern equipment includes the latest grain elevators, refrigerating plants, docks, and wharves. The harbor's progress has been so remarkable that Quebec now looks forward to the novelty of being an ocean port during the winter season, instead of being closed to navigation during the cold period of the year as she now is.

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