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Cruise Lines - History and Ephemera

Transatlantic Ocean Liners and Other Worldwide Services

Steamship Lines Collage 1 - Transatlantic Ocean Liners and Other Worldwide Services

Transatlantic, Trans-Pacific and Coastal steamship lines, an index to the collections available at the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives.  The maritime companies listed offered passenger service to immigrants, tourists, socialites and others who crossed the vast oceans from the 1800s through the 1950s.

Largest Collections of Steamship History and Ephemera

Menu Cover, Dinner on the SS Noordland of the American Line 4 July 1908

American Line - American Steamship Company (International Navigation Co.)

The American Line operated transatlantic steamships that offered weekly express service between Southampton and New York with additional services between the ports of Antwerp, Philadelphia, Queenstown and Liverpool and Philadelphia and Antwerp.

1924-05-23 Ships List - SS Marloch

Canadian Pacific (CPOS)

The Canadian Pacific Ocean Services Steamship Line offers First Class (via their Empress Ocean Liners) and Cabin Service between Montreal and Quebec Canada and Southampton - Liverpool; Glasgow - Belfast; Cherbourg - Antwerp; and, Queenstown - Hamburg. During the winter, departures are from Saint John NB.

1912 Launch Booklet on the SS France (Superb Brochure with many interior photographs)

CGT French Line - Compagnie Générale Transatlantique

The French Line (Compagnie Générale Transatlantique) had regular sailings between New York, Plymouth (England), and Le Havre. Their steamships included the SS Paris, SS France, SS Normandie, SS Lafayette, SS Rochambeau, SS Chicago, and others.

The Cunard Steam Ship Company Limited

Cunard Line - Cunard Steam Ship Company, Ltd.

The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives has extensive holdings in Cunard Line Ephemera from the 1880s through 1954. The Collections are organized by Passenger Lists, Steamship Tickets, Brochures, Menus, Periodicals, Books, Photographs and Miscellaneous.

Front Cover, RMS Mauretania Luncheon Menu - 17 October 1947

Cunard White Star Line

The Cunard White Star Line (1934-1949) was formed as a merger of the two once giant steamship lines - The Cunard Steam Ship Company and the White Star Line. The depression years had taken their toll on a number of transatlantic steamship lines. After World War II, traffic, especially tourist traffic had recovered and the Cunard line purchased the remaining assets of White Star Line in 1949.

Front Cover - Vintage Brochure: The Steamship “Deutschland” - Hamburg-American Line (1924)

Hamburg-American Line (HAPAG) Hamburg-Amerika Linie

Hamburg-American Line was one of the major steamship companies to handle the immigrant trade. Their primary routes of Hamburg, Germany to New York via Southampton were supplemented by other vessels that called on the ports of Portland ME, Baltimore, Boston, Philadelphia, Galveston and New Orleans, in addition to Canadian ports.

Front Cover, SS Noordam Dinner Menu - 20 June 1907

Holland America Line (N.A.S.M. / HAL) Holland Amerika Lijn

The Historical Documents from the Holland America Line at the Archives is one of the most popular collections. The passenger lists and menus often have some of the most intricate, beautiful artwork - very elaborate and ornate covers that are treasured the world over. Our collection of passenger lists of the Holland America Line covers the first half of the twentieth century.

Front Cover, SS Rhein Luncheon Menu - 27 May 1910

North German Lloyd - Norddeutscher Lloyd Bremen - The North German Line

When an historian of the future undertakes to write the history of Germany's transoceanic trade, an important chapter in his work will doubtless be filled by the annals of the North German Lloyd S. S, Co. of Bremen. Their beautiful artwork during the late 1800s and early 1900s is absolutely amazing.

Immigrant 3rd Class Steamship Ticket - 1912 - Red Star Line

Red Star Line / Red Star Linie

The Red Star Line began transatlantic passenger service in 1873 and 1935 between European ports and New York. The Belgenland was their most famous ship and most of the names of their steamships ended with the suffix "land."

Front Cover United States Lines Log 1938

United States Lines

United States Lines operated cargo services from 1921 to 1989, and ocean liners until 1969—most famously, the SS United States and the Leviathan.

White Star Line Passenger Manifest 1896 Saloon Passengers

White Star Line

While half a century has elapsed since the White Star Line commenced running a regular steamer service between New York and Liverpool, the Line has actually been in existence since the middle of last century. Its original fleet consisted of some half dozen American-built clipper ships plying between England and Australia. And, who could forget their most infamous ship, Titanic.

Smaller Collections

1907 Advertisment - Aberdeen Line

Aberdeen Line (Aberdeen & Commonwealth Lines)

The Aberdeen Line operated steamships covering the route between London, South Africa and Austraila. The steamships in this line travel via South Africa; the passengers are never subjected to extremes of temperature; and the time of journey if forty-six to fifty days.

Passenger List, Allan Line TSS Grampian, 1909, Glasgow to Quebec and Montreal

Allan Line (Montreal Ocean Steamship Company)

The Allan Line operated steamships that covered Transatlantic routes between ports in the United Kingdom (Glasgow, Londonderry, Belfast, Liverpool, and London) to North American Ports of Call. Canadian Ports served included Quebec, Montreal, St. Johns, and Halifax. US Ports included: Portland, Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore.

1936-03-24 Passenger List for SS Exeter

American Export Lines

The American Export Lines operated in various corporate formations from 1919 to 1977. They offered both Cargo and Passenger services between New York and the Mediterranean, principally Gibraltar, Cannes, Genoa and Naples.

Dinner Menu, SS President Jackson, American Mail Line, 27 October 1930

American Mail Line

The American Mail Line was a steamship line that ran between Seattle, Washington, and the Far East. It was created in 1920, the then rival Dollar's holdings included five vessels operated under the name of the Admiral Line, along with a half-million-dollar investment in the American Mail Line, the fifth largest company on the West Coast.

Breakfast Menu Card, SS American Farmer, American Merchant Lines, 1934

American Merchant Lines

In the fall of 1923 the Shipping Board disposed of several United States Lines vessels, including some sold to the Dollar Line. To replace these the Shipping Board acquired five transports from the Army Transport Service. These were reconditioned and run as the American Merchant Lines under the management of J. H. Winchester and Company.

23 August 1888 SS Furnessia

Anchor Line (Henderson Brothers)

The Anchor Line operated transatlantic steamship passenger service between the ports in the United States including: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore; Canadian Ports of Montreal, Quebec, Halifax; to UK Ports of call including: Southampton, Plymouth, Liverpool, London, Londonderry, Glasgow, Queenstown, Bristol; and, the European Ports of Cherbourg and Hamburg.

1925-05-08 Passenger List - Athenia

Anchor-Donaldson Line (Robert Reford Co., Ltd)

Anchor-Donaldson Line offered transatlantic steamship passenger services between the ports of Glasgow, Moville and Liverpool in the UK and the Canadian ports of Quebec and Montreal, Toronto, Halifax, St. John and the US Port of Portland, Maine. Their Sister Ships of Letitia and Athenia offered both Cabin and Third Class accommodations of intermediate class.

Passenger List, Atlantic Transport Line SS Marquette 1899

Atlantic Transport Line

The Atlantic Transport Line operated transatlantic passenger service primarily between New York and London from 1881 to 1936. It was an American owned company that was operated by the British and sailed under the British flag.

Baltic America Line 1912 Brochure

Baltic-American Line

The Baltic American Line offered passenger steamship service between the ports of New York, Hamburg, Danzig, Libau and Halifax with a fleet of four ocean liners. The fleet consisted of the steamers Latvia, Polonia, Lituania and Estonia.

1930s Brochure: Outstanding Travel Value to Europe - Baltimore Mail Line - New Ships, One Class, Low Cost

Baltimore Mail Line

The Baltimore Mail Line (Baltimore Mail Steamship Company) was primarily a mail service that also carried a limited number of passengers (passenger capacity was about 80 Tourist Class). They operated regular weekly service between the US Ports of Baltimore and Norfolk to the European Ports of Le Havre, France and Hamburg, Germany.

Ticket for Passage on the Packet Ship Yorkshire for Nicholas Fish in 1859

Black Ball Line

The Black Ball Line operated one of the first Sail / Steam powered packet ships that offered regular passenger service between the ports of Liverpool, England and New York beginning in 1818. The service later expanded to include Boston and Philadelphia twice each month. Their reputation was for fast ships, excellent seamanship and often brutal treatment of low ranking seaman.

Blue Funnel Line

Blue Funnel Line

The Blue Funnel Line offered regular First-Class Passenger and Cargo Services From the UK to South Africa, Malaya, China, Japan, Australia, Java and America. They also offered regular service of fast cargo vessels, with limited accommodation for first-class passengers at greatly reduced rates between a number of ports served including Glasgow, Hamburg, Bremen, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp, and New York.

1929-08-25 SS Saturnia

Cosulich Line - Trieste

Cosulich Line - Trieste or Cosulich Societa Triestina di Navigazione was owned by the Cosulich brothers and operated as Cosulich Line after World War I until it was merged with the Italian Line in 1937. Ports of call included New York, Boston, Azores, Lisbon, Gibraltar, Marseilles, Cannes, Naples, Patras and Trieste.

1909-04-09 Passenger List for Empress of Britain

CPR Canadian Pacific Railway Atlantic Steamship Lines

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) began operating transatlantic steamships in 1903 between Halifax and the United Kingdom until 1915 when it spun off the steamship portion of its business (which included the Allan Line) into the Canadian Pacific Steamships Ocean Services Ltd.

Dollar Steamship Line - The President Liners - 1925

Dollar Steamship Line

The Dollar Steamship Company (commonly known as "Dollar Line") was established on August 12, 1900. The Dollar Steamship President Liners offers a distinctively higher standard of luxury, comfort and convenience a standard designed to meet the requirements of ocean voyagers.

1899-10-12 SS New England

Dominion Line

The Dominion Line Royal Mail Steamers was involved in the transatlantic immigrant passenger service between Liverpool, Queenstown (Cobh) and Boston; Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal and Naples to Boston. They were in operation under Dominion Line from the late 1800s to 1908.

 

Passenger List, Donaldson Atlantic Line SS Athenia, 1938

Donaldson Atlantic Line

Created in the mid 1930s, Donaldson Atlantic Line from the combination of Anchor Line and Donaldson Line.  This line was only in service during the 1930s.  After World War II, the steamship line resumed operations under the name Donaldson Line.

Front Cover, Passenger List SS Patria 1928

Fabre Line

The First Cabin Service maintained by the Fabre Line between New York and Providence and the Azores and Lisbon and the Mediterranean ports, Algiers, Naples, Villefranche (port of Nice, Riviera) and Marseilles is without doubt the most unique and attractive afforded by any regular Mediterranean Line.

1931-10-17 Passenger List for the TSS Franconia

Furness - Bermuda Line (Furness, Withy & Company, Ltd.)

The Furness-Burmuda Line operated a fleet of steamships that operated primarily between New York and the Bermuda Islands.

1937-12-10 Passenger List for the SS Santa Rosa

Grace Line

The Grace Line (Started by W. R. Grace & Company) operated as a steamship line from 1882 until 1969. Beginning in the 1930s, Grace Line established passenger service between New York and Seattle via the Panama Canal.  By the late 1930s, they concentrated on the route between New York and Haiti.

Passenger Manifest, Inman Line RMS City of Chicago - 1883

Inman Line

The Inman Line Steamship Company was established in 1850 and operated until 1885 when the assets were purchased by the American Line and Red Star Line. At the time it was liqidated, The Inman Line was reported to have made little or no money for a long time.

What to Know About Ocean Travel by IMM 1924

International Mercantile Marine Company (IMM)

The International Mercantile Marine Company, commonly known as “The Shipping Trust,” was incorporated in October, 1902, as the result of a plan which was formulated several months before by Messrs. J. P. Morgan & Company to consolidate the various steamship lines running between the United States and Europe.

Italia Contratto per Biglietto di Classe Turistica 1935

Italia - Lloyd Sabaudo - Navigazione Generale

Formed in 1932, The Italia line was the result of a controlled syndicate of the major Italian steamship lines then in operation. Italia was one of the four surviving companies that served between Italian ports and North and South America. The full name is Italia Flotte Riunite Cosulich - Lloyd Sabaudo - Navigazione Generale and Soc. per Azioni di Navigazione Genova and Sabaudo.

1937-03-06 SS Conte Di Savoia

Italian Line - Italia Societa Anonima di Navigazione, Sede in Genova

Italia - Società di Navigazione (also known as Italia Società Anonima di Navigazione, Italia SpAN, Italia di Navigazione SpA but popularly known even more simply as the Italian Company, or only as Italy ). In the context of international navigation, it was known under the unmistakable nomenclature of Italian Line. It was the Italian flag shipping company leader in the transport of passengers.

Royal Netherlands Steamship Company (KNSM) History and Ephemera

Royal Netherlands Steamship Co. (KNSM) - Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij, Amsterdam

This long established Dutch shipping company was one of the really great Caribbean, Central American and South American traders with a very big fleet. Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maats (KNSM) was founded on 1st October 1856 by a group of Dutch entrepreneurs. KSNM provided cargo and passenger services from Northern Europe to the West Indies, Central and South America.

Lamport & Holt Line Travel Brochure to South America 1927

Lamport & Holt Line

The Lamport and Holt Line was founded in 1845 by W.L. Lamport from Workington and George Holt. At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, Lamport owned thirty-six ships of 200,000 tons, eleven of which were sunk. In 1929, Lamport collapsed along with the rest of Kylsant's Royal Mail group, was reconstituted in 1934, and then eventually sold to the Vesty Group (Blue Star Line) in 1944.

1901-10-05 Passenger List for the SS Devonian

Leyland Line

The Leyland Line regular service between Boston and Liverpool direct is maintained at the present time by five splendid steamers—the popular steamships Devonian, Winifredian, Canadian, Bohemian and Cestrian, comprising the fleet, passenger and freight.

The Sailing of a Refugee Ship - Principe di Udine of the Lloyd Sabaudo Line.

Lloyd Sabaudo

The Lloyd Sabaudo Line was organized in Turin, Italy, on June 21, 1906, with head offices at Genoa. On April 7, 1907, the company celebrated the inauguration of its services by despatching from Genoa the Re D'Italia on her maiden trip to New York. By 1932 the world shipping depression caused the fusion of Lloyd Sabaudo, Cosulich and Navigazione Generale Italiana with the formation of the "Italia" Line.

1926-04-10 SS Colombo

N.G.I. Italian Line / Società di navigazione Italia / Navigazione Generale Italiana

Under this title were united the lines which formerly belonged to Florio, of Palermo, and Rubattino, of Genoa, having the head office at Rome. There are lines from Italy to India, China, New York, Brazil, and River Plate, in connection with the company’s Mediterranean, Adriatic, and Levant services.

1915-08-18 SS Bergensfjord

Norwegian America Line (NAL) Den Norske Amerikalinie

The Norwegian America Line (NAL) Den Norske Amerikalinje was started in 1910 to take advantage of the Immigrant trade between Norway and the United States. The transatlantic voyages between Oslo and New York were made with the following Ocean Liners: Kristianiafjord, Bergensfjord, Oslofjord and Stavangerfjord during the period covered by the GG Archives.

RMSP - Service to New York - First and Second Class - 1921

R.M.S.P. - The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company

The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company was a British shipping company founded in London in 1839 by a Scot, James MacQueen. The line's motto was Per Mare Ubique (everywhere by sea). They provided transatlantic passenger services to and from Hamburg, Cherbourg, Southampton and New York and on occasion Quebec.

1935-06-01 SS Asturias

Royal Mail Lines, Ltd.

Royal Mail Lines Ltd (RML) was created in 1932 and took over the ships of Royal Mail Steam Packet Company and other companies of the former group. The new company's operations were concentrated on the west coast of South America, the West Indies and Caribbean, and the Pacific coast of North America.

1905-08-23 SS Hellig Olav

Scandinavian American Line - Skandinavien Amerika Linen

In the early years, many immigrants from Scandinavia and the Baltic States crossed the ocean to the New World in ships from the Scandinavian American Line. Favored in the early 20th century, alike by those who crossed the Atlantic for pleasure and for business, the Scandinavian-American Line -- the descriptive name under which the company operated its passenger service between the United States and the Scandinavian countries -- typifies everything that made ocean travel a delight.

1946-07-09 SS Drottningholm

Swedish American Line (SAL) Svenska Amerika Linien

Passenger, freight and mail service direct between New York and Gothenburg, Sweden. Gothenburg is conveniently situated and offers a direct route, with daily connections to all points in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Russia, the Baltic states, Germany, etc.

1939-07-14 RMS Windsor Castle

Union-Castle Mail Steamship Co., Limited.

The Union-Castle Line offered a number of passenger and freight services including Royal Mail Service; Intermediate Steamship Class Service, East African Coast Service, Mauritius Service and Service to Lobito. For the UK, They served the ports of London and Southampton.

1922-11-15 SS Reliance

United American Lines (Harriman Line)

The United American Lines, aka American Shipping and Commercial Corporation, was founded by W. Averell Harriman in 1920. Harriman entered into agreements with the Hamburg-America Line (HAPAG) to handle transatlantic passenger traffic between Hamburg - Southampton - Cherbourg - New York. The Steamship line was sold to HAPAG in 1926.

1925-09-18 SS Canada

White Star - Dominion Line

White Star - Dominion Line formed as a joint service between White Star Line the the Domain Line in 1909 to handle passenger and freight traffic between Quebec and Montreal and Liverpool via Queenstown (Cobh). Their passenger fleet included the SS Laurentic, Megantic, Canada, Dominion, and Teutonic. In 1926 the service was rebranded as the White Star Line Canadian Service.

 

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