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The New SS France Liner - 1912

Cover, Steamship France of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique.

Cover, Steamship France of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. GGA Image ID # 119c45b48f

This is a brochure for the Steamship SS France launch of the CGT-French Line produced in 1912 which offers an excellent review of the book of first class accommodation, services, details of the engine room and boilers, provisions and much more.

The New "France" Steamship of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. the France Liner - This New Ocean Liner Features All the Latest Enhancements, All Conveniences, All Comforts, as Well as an Unknown Luxury so Far Ensuring Passengers the Most Pleasant of Passages.

 

The SS "France" Ocean Liner of Compagnie Générale Transatlantique - French Line (1912)

The SS "France" Ocean Liner of Compagnie Générale Transatlantique - French Line (1912). GGA Image ID # 119c4de068

From Paris to New York

It is only seventy-five years since a regular service was instituted between France and the United States. It was, indeed, around 1835, that the first post-service boat service was organized between Le Havre and New York, by means of American wooden sailboats, with a maximum size of 450 tons.

How far has we traveled since that time so close to us in fact, and which appears to us today as very remote when one contemplates the majestic ship which Compagnie Générale Transatlantique has just endowed with our merchant navy.

The success of the first attempt encouraged shipowners to build larger ships. We saw so appear tall ships of up to 2,000 tons.

The English having inaugurated a service between Great Britain and the United States, a regular service was instituted between Le Havre and New York. On June 24, 1848, the port of Le Havre received the first ship of this service. He was beating the American flag.

The French Government thought that we could not abandon to other countries the monopoly of transatlantic passenger traffic. The Maritime Union offered to connect France with New York, the West Indies and Mexico.

But, having failed to raise the necessary capital, it ceded its rights to Compagnie Générale Maritime, which was to become the Transatlantic General Company - the French Line.

The 1865 Convention states that New York ocean liners would have a speed of 11 knots.

Since that historic date, the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique has equipped its line from Le Havre to New York with bigger and bigger ships, more and more comfortable, faster and faster.

In 1864, the Washington was only 107 meters long, 3,300 horsepower and a tonnage of 3,554 tons. America, commissioned in 1873, had not increased in power, but its length had been raised to 120 meters and its tonnage to 4,636 tons.

In 1883, it was Normandy, 144 meters long, 6,500 horsepower and 6,500 tons, and, in 1886, Brittany, 155 meters, 9,000 horsepower and 7,315 tons.

Then came the time of the big units: in 1891, the liner La Touraine, 163 meters long, with 9.161 tons and 12.000 horsepower; in 1900, Lorraine, 177 meters long, 22,000 horsepower and 11,874 tons; in 1906, Provence, 190 meters long, 30,000 horsepower and 14,744 tons.

The Steamship "France" of the Compagnie Generale Transatlantique has its first departure for New York (20 April 1912).

The Steamship "France" of the Compagnie Generale Transatlantique has its first departure for New York (20 April 1912). GGA Image ID # 119c775091

Lastly, less than three years ago, the Penhoët shipyard in Saint-Nazaire was building the SS "France", 220 meters, 45,000 horses and 24,838 tons, a veritable floating city, which will carry the reputation of the France The SS "France" steamship is a marvel, and you will judge it well if you want to visit it.

The Embarking Hall

First Class Grand Hall

First Class Grand Hall. GGA Image ID # 119e28f802

The transatlantic train stopped in front of the Eure basin in Le Havre. Wagons, a crowd rushes, while towards the vans hasten the doorkeepers ... A first surprise awaits the passenger.

Instead of the traditional footbridge where we hastened, we see a tent-jetty, spacious and very well installed. This innovation makes the hour of goodbye less painful.

We seem to be taking the train for some next station. There is no longer a gap between the immobile continent and the "working city". And already, before the departure, affirms the concern of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique to assure to all its passengers the most complete conveniences, the desire to procure for them at the same time what we will call:

The individual comfort, for the cabin and the meals, and the General comfort, on the liner and in all places.

Individual Comfort

Enter the liner. The ship is a veritable maze, a Noah's ark, where it is strongly traversed; you may ask yourself how you can find your cabin in a house with a thousand floors? Don't worry, the Master of the Hotel will designate a guide who will help you avoid getting lost on the ship.

While through the bridges your guide leads you to your cabin, you will doubtlessly ask yourself this agonizing question, which harasses all those who embark for a long voyage:

"Will I have a good cabin!" There is no need today to worry.

All cabins are good aboard the "France".

You will be able to judge:

First Class on the SS France

The cabin. The liner "France" contains 207 cabins of first class and 51 cabins of mixed first, divided between the bridges (73), main (109) and higher (25 and 51 mixed). The particular originality of these cabins consists in the composition of the partitions.

In wood has been substituted, in most cases, the fiber-cement. It was used the least possible paint, so that - advantage of the most appreciable - no smell emerges from these apartments. The passenger will find in his cabin the charm of his home.

More of these superimposed and classic berths! Cozy copper beds have replaced them.

A number of cabins have two beds, others a single, while some, about forty, have a sofa bed.

The various cabins of the bridge-promenade and the main bridge are decorated in the modern taste, and their ornamentation includes pretty Irises evoking country subjects, and woods of new essence.

Compagnie Générale Transatlantique has completed these sumptuous installations by adding, to most cabins, a water closet and a private bathroom.

Many of these cabins are also equipped with a toilet. It should be noted that these facilities do not exist on the largest cruise ships recently built.

Finally, an electric clock will allow everyone to measure, at any time, the elapsed time.

Luxury Suites

Living Room of the Luxury Suite

Living Room of the Luxury Suite. GGA Image ID # 119c792ea9

Do not forget that the New York route is frequented by high society, the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique wanted to do even better. She had four luxury apartments, and a luxury apartment, which no liner could offer the equivalent.

Private living room of a Luxury Suite

Private living room of a Luxury Suite. GGA Image ID # 119cb54ee5

The luxury apartment extends over a length of more than twenty meters to starboard, under the combined living room and the tent-bridge gallery.

It is entered by an antechamber, on which give the bathroom and the toilet. Here, clear and cheerful, the Directoire room, a vast Louis XVI salon, which would not deter one of our castles of Touraine.

Luxury Cabin

Luxury Cabin. GGA Image ID # 119cd5ef5c

A corridor on which opens the office, connects the living room to the dining room with ashlar burrs, in the purest style of the Empire; finally, at the end of the house, cozy and intimate, a Louis XVI room invites you to a peaceful rest. This room comes with a bathroom and a toilet.

Dining Room of the Luxury Suite

Dining Room of the Luxury Suite. GGA Image ID # 119ca47bb9

The luxury apartment can accommodate six people. It contains, in fact, a double bed, a single bed and three sofa beds. There is no doubt that all the kings of the American industry will fight for the honor of occupying this princely residence where art combines with the most refined comfort.

First Class Cabin

First Class Cabin. GGA Image ID # 119ce48276

Opposite this apartment, on the port side, two luxury apartments, less rich, but no less pleasant, include one Louis XVl room with a Directoire lounge, the other a Louis XVl room with a Louis XV lounge it is a very aristocratic dwelling, and one will feel much more at home than in the most important hotels.

First Class Cabin with Baths

First Class Cabin with Baths. GGA Image ID # 119cd77d20

Both have bathrooms, toilets, wardrobes, all the details of modern living that make them so attractive to us, and dumbwaiters provide communications with the lower offices.

At the front of the bridge-promenade, two other apartments, decorated, but of less importance, were arranged.

Dining Rooms

Corner of the First Class Dining Room

Corner of the First Class Dining Room. GGA Image ID # 11a1c9072e

We love the monumental dining rooms. It seems that digestion must be hindered by the exiguity of the premises. A low ceiling does not encourage appetite.

The first class guests of "France" will not experience this sensation. The Compagnie Générale Transatlantique gave them a real surprise. Imagine a large hall, occupying three entreps of the ship. and measuring, therefore, eight meters in total height.

A Corner of the First Class Dining Room

A Corner of the First Class Dining Room. GGA Image ID # 119f859484

This hall itself is divided into two floors, 350 passengers can take place at mealtimes.

In the center of the hall stands a dome, supported by pilasters. A magnificent staircase ensures the connection between the two levels. The decorations were borrowed from the former hotel of the Count of Toulouse, owned by Robert Decotte, son-in-law of Mansard, the famous architect of the Louvre.

We will admire the carving of the woods, the design of the paneling, as well as the powerful color of the central panel framed by the internal staircase. This work with warm, luminous tones, represents the French Grace, and bears the signature of the eminent painter La Touche.

The same artist has painted the ceiling of the cupola, which evokes, with as much charm as poetry, the great regions of France.

Breaking with the tradition of large tables, dear to old ships, the Company has adopted the fashion of small tables, more family, more intimate, and where one can isolate oneself in the middle of the community.

The offices and kitchens of this palace of Gargantua are immediately at the back of the Lower Dining Room, arranged so as to allow a great accuracy and a perfect speed in the service of the food of the passengers.

The Monte Plats. For the sick, as well as for the service of morning breakfasts, a particular office has been established at each bridge, communicating by means of hoists and telephones with one of the principal offices. This practice will not fail to be highly appreciated by passengers.

Finally, for those that the sea air alters easily, an American-style bar was installed on the main deck.

The Tent-Bridge Exhibitions

The tent-bridge is occupied, over a length of about 150 meters, by a long suite of lounges, of which one can say, without fear of being denied, that they recall rather the rooms of a royal palace than the common layouts. of a liner.

Compagnie Générale Transatlantique really wanted it to be difficult to do better. Perhaps one could accumulate more gilding, motifs, furniture; it would be impossible, in any case, to compose with more art and skill the most sumptuous installations.

The Central Staircase

Grand Staircase of the First Class Dining Room

Grand Staircase of the First Class Dining Room. GGA Image ID # 119dadec5a

It is the thought that comes to mind when one examines the decorative set formed by the upper tier of the Great Staircase. We find ourselves, in fact, in the middle of a colonnade, supporting an oval dome, in finely wrought ironwork.

Green marble panels and ironwork doors surround the colonnade. Four high reliefs in mercury-gilt bronze enhance the walls of the rotunda. Baskets of electric flowers pour their light into the room.

Statue of "France" by Nelson - First Class Great Hall

Statue of "France" by Nelson - First Class Great Hall. GGA Image ID # 11a22ddb37

The flights of stairs leading to the lower floors are surrounded by a wrought iron banister. In the stairwell, a bronze statue of "France" is inscribed in a niche, on a base veined with red.The work of the sculptor Nelson has great pace, and still contributes to the beauty of this monumental staircase.

Salon de Conversation.

A First Class Gallery

A First Class Gallery. GGA Image ID # 11a09a9876

Forward, two galleries lead to the chat room, which is one of the most elegant that can conceive. In the background, a magnificent mantelpiece is surmounted by the portrait, in the foot, of Louis XIV, by Hyacinthe Rigaud, a copy of a striking truth, according to the painting preserved in the Louvre.

First Class Gallery

First Class Gallery. GGA Image ID # 119edbc519

On the ribs of the canvas, there are four beautiful portraits: the Princess of the Tower-du-Pine, Madame de Maintenon, Henriette of England and the Duchess of Burgundy. The century of the Great King could not be better evoked.

Opposite Louis XIV of Rigaud, a large painting, after Van der Meulen (Museum of Versailles), representing Louis XIV returning from a hunting party in the gardens of Versailles.

Opulent armchairs, and elegant, stylish shepherdesses are arranged for the wonder of the eyes and the conveniences of conversation. Here are seats covered with tapestries Aubusson, there we see velvets of Genoa jardiniere, again, damask purple.

In front of the fireplace, notice this seat in X borrowed furniture Versailles. All this furniture stands out strongly on the blue carpet of king which stifles the sound of footsteps.

Do not forget to raise your head, to contemplate the central dome, so graceful, and the delicate frescoes of Boucher (Fontainebleau museum), the Dawn and the Twilight.

The Library

At the back, and to the right, silent and collected, opens the library, of the purest Regency style, and whose walls disappear under the carved wooden paneling. This secluded place will be much appreciated by those who like to think in the company of our friends, the books.

Typing

Those who have no time to wander or to meditate, who have copies to be executed, will find, on the left, in a small office, the typist, whose good offices will often be demanded.

The Mixed Use Lounge

First Class Mixed Use Lounge

First Class Mixed Use Lounge. GGA Image ID # 119d6db5f2

Let's go back on our steps towards the Great Staircase. Two galleries bathed in clarity, allow access to the combined lounge, Regence style. The eye rests on wooden paneling painted green and gold, and pink marble columns.

First Class Mixed Use Lounge

First Class Mixed Use Lounge. GGA Image ID # 119fd69a80

To the right and to the left, do not fail to examine, with all the interest they entail, four magnificent tapestries of the Savonnerie, of considerable value; they represent marine subjects. On the chimney, and above a console, at both ends of the room, the two canvases that you see are authentic.

Mixed Use Lounge of the First Class

Mixed Use Lounge of the First Class. GGA Image ID # 11a07d1293

These views of Italian landscapes date from 1774, and bear the signature of the painter Laroix. In the center of the living room, was installed a quadruple sofa with table H.

A Corner of the First Class Mixed Use Lounge

A Corner of the First Class Mixed Use Lounge. GGA Image ID # 11a0833d61

The armchairs are upholstered in leather or velvet. A grand piano, play and writing tables complete the furnishings of this hall, where the sun comes in full rays. Let's cross communication galleries in the Louis XVl Trianon style, as fresh as gardens.

Moorish Lounge

Moorish Lounge

Moorish Lounge. GGA Image ID # 119ea683db

A stop is needed at the delicious Moorish lounge, where smokers can come to drink. To this end, the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique's foresight has created a marble fountain, from which springs an icy water.

The walls of this building are covered with mosaics, ornate with arabesques, and wooden panels. Above the source, which flows into a double basin, hangs a fresco, Algeria, the orientalist artist Poisson. This sculpture, which appeared in the salon, and was highly praised, has a lot of character and life.

Smoker and Terrace

Café Terrace

Café Terrace. GGA Image ID # 119f547509

Continuing towards the back, we will reach the smoking room, to which presides Colbert, whose portrait embellishes the veined marble fireplace.

This room, of large dimensions, is, like the mixed living room, Regency style, with carved wood paneling. Armchairs, velvet green water, throw a clear and joyful note. Ice and strong waters harmonize on the walls.

This room communicates directly with a terrace, turned towards the rear of the ship. Large windows, which can be closed by means of thick and mobile windows, let one's gaze wander over immensity.

A trellis of a soft green in two shades, decorates the partition. In good weather, you can smoke like in the open air, and if bad weather rages, you can brave it, sheltered from the ice strongly rectified.

The Lifts

To the right and to the left of the stairs of the Grande Staircase, one can see very artistically ironed grids. These gates close the cage of the two elevators that serve the various floors of this gigantic ship.

Children's Rooms

Children's Games Room

Children's Games Room. GGA Image ID # 119d5fd284

Children have not been forgotten by the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, the most maternal of all. It was necessary, on the one hand, to prevent the passengers from being embarrassed by the cries or the strokes of the children, and on the other hand, that they could occupy their leisure without too much trouble.

Grand Salon of the First Class

Grand Salon of the First Class. GGA Image ID # 119e6283d6

Two rooms are reserved for the turbulent youth. At the bridge of the boats, at the end of the large living room, and completely isolated from the latter, has been arranged a playroom, where Guignol will give daily performances. This piece will certainly not be the least joyful of the ship.

First Class Grand Salon

First Class Grand Salon. GGA Image ID # 11a0ad5f29

At the level of the upper dining room was installed a childish dining room. Paintings under glass include the stories that were dear to our young years, the blue tales and the golden legends. Little Red Riding Hood is there with Ali-Baba, and we see Mr. Lustucru doing a bad job at Mother Michel's cat.

Fireplace of the First Class Grand Salon

Fireplace of the First Class Grand Salon. GGA Image ID # 11a0bee5b3

Hairdressing Salons

The life of big ships is essentially worldly, especially when it comes in the evening. Ladies and gentlemen often need the help of the hairdresser. Two very modern hairdressing salons have been set up. All furnishings are mahogany.

Second Class

To describe the arrangements of the second class, it would be necessary, in fact, to start again to study the different premises in which flows the life in cabins, or the life in the apartments.

Second Class Smoking Room

Second Class Smoking Room. GGA Image ID # 119dff436a

We will call them a single word, which everyone will understand: the wealth and comfort of the second class on "France" correspond to the wealth and comfort of the first classes on the old ships.

The dining room, large and cheerful, is at the steerage.

It is connected, by a beautiful staircase whose levels are decorated in the Regence style, the lounge and the smokehouse placed at the back of the ship, on the main deck.

The living room is in a half-tone. The background is in the range of blue and gold, and the furniture is green-water. The seats of the smokehouse, of gray velvet, harmonize nicely with lemon-colored panels. All the decoration was very neat.

The cabins are much more spacious than the second class of the other liners. The bathrooms have been multiplied on all floors.

Finally, a special hairdressing salon is located at the upper deck, near the second class information desk.

Third Class

Finally, the third class passengers also have common premises, and in particular, spacious dining rooms, a smokehouse and a refreshment bar. This class of passengers has its own special food service with its galleys, its kitchen, entirely separated from the service of the first and second classes.

General Comfort

Collage of First Class Accommodation of the Steamship France (1912).

Collage of First Class Accommodation of the Steamship France (1912). From top to bottom: First Class Library; Grand Salon of the First Class; Mixed Use Lounge of the First Class; and First Class Smoking Room. GGA Image ID # 119f72efb7

We are accustomed, with the refinements of the contemporary era, to find in all places the same facilities that we encounter at home. The Compagnie Générale Transatlantique did not want it to be otherwise on "France", and it strove to make the passengers stay as comfortable as possible.

The Orchestra

Several times a day an orchestra, recruited with care, makes the passengers listen to the most classical music as the most fashionable, and in the evening, balls allow to taste the pleasure of the dance.

The Promenade Bridge

For those who like to contemplate the horizon, breathe the fresh air, probe the immensity, or immerse their eyes in the constellated sky, we have built on the "France" a vast bridge-walk, sheltered against the high winds by movable windows.

Even in stormy days, passengers will be allowed to stay on this deck, limberly stretched out in a comfortable rocking chair.

The Inventory of the Florist

A florist stall was installed on the promenade deck. It is expected that it will be very busy. There will also be trinkets and postcards, and we can imagine that we have not left the mainland.

Mechanotherapy

Mechanotherapy

Mechanotherapy. GGA Image ID # 119f14bc01

Some people, accustomed to a very active life, sometimes complain of the impossibility they are on board the ships, to maintain their muscles in condition. Others, by diets, must use their nerves.

For the use of each other, a mechanotherapy room has been established in front of the tent-bridge. It can be done mechanically, horse, bicycle or even camel. The installation has a Seistès vibrator, extensors for the arms, a rowing machine.

Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy. GGA Image ID # 119f712337

Next to the mechanotherapy room, there is the Hydrotherapy Room, equipped with the most modern fittings: showers in a circle, jet, rain, underwater massage, and adjacent to the massage room that a specialist serves. , and to the rest room.

Games

Various games are, on the other hand, made available to the passengers, who can recreate themselves at their ease; croquet, barrel play, shuffle-board game make it possible to brief the crossings.

Wireless Telegraphy

Finally, the liner hand permanently, its communications with the land, thanks to wireless telegraphy. An innovation, which will be very popular, is worth mentioning: a waiting room, very spacious, has been installed for passengers who have messages to ship.

Information office

An information desk has been set up in the lobby of the grand staircase on the main deck floor. The public will find all the indications he may wish.

A safe-deposit box, similar to the ones that the Financial Institutions Dining Room puts at the disposal of their clientele, is attached to this office.

Onboard Newspaper

A printing works on "France" for the draw of menus and the publication of the Journal de l'Atlantique, in which appear the latest news received by wireless telegraphy "France" is a modern city with all the organs of which we do not would no longer be able to dispense.

The Vessel

To animate a colossus like "France", to operate its multiple organisms, to ensure its rhythmic pulsations, a small army is needed, to which the command gives the impulse, and of which it maintains the homogeneity.

The captain is assisted by a second captain, four lieutenants, a pilot, two doctors and three commissioners.

The Size of the Giant Ship

"France" is a giant. Its length is 217 m. 63, its width of 23 meters, and its height of 21 m. 50 from the keel to the bridge where the boats are. Initially, the draft of the ship is 9 m. 10, and its displacement to this draft, reached 27,190 tons.

The liner has eight decks, seven of which have passenger or officer accommodations. The last deck is reserved for passenger baggage, food on board and goods. Under the last bridge is a freight tale.

The total number of persons on board is 2,558: 535 first class passengers, 442 second class passengers, 950 third class passengers and 631 crew members for passenger services.

The Brain

The wheelhouse

The wheelhouse. GGA Image ID # 11a0f7402a

The bridge of the commander is really the brain of this colossal body. From there, leave all the nerves that involve the active organs of the ship. Here are the machinery control devices, the rudder, the various machineries of the bridge, front and rear; others maneuver whistles.

Still others provide for passenger safety. At the time of any danger, the commander may, at his discretion, close all the doors leading to the watertight bulkheads.

The devices are very different in nature: mechanical, electrical or hydraulic. The gateway also has loudspeaker phones, optical signal devices.

A special indicator makes it possible to ensure the proper functioning of the navigation lights; a central clock sends the time in the lounges and cabins.

Here is the chart room, with its nautical library, chronometers and sextants. Finally, a room of silence allows the audition of the underwater bells for the days of fog. We are amazed that so much can hold in so little space.

Lungs and Heart

Nothing is more curious and more instructive than a visit to the "lungs" and the "heart" of the colossus. The liner "France" is powered by four propellers. Its evaporator consists of eleven boilers, eight fireplaces each, eight boilers with four fireplaces, or a total of 120 fireplaces with a grid area of ​​222 square meters.

Coal consumption for a 140-hour crossing is about 4,000 tons. The consumption of fresh water must reach nearly 800 tons. The power thus obtained is 45,000 horsepower, and the production of steam per hour of 270,000 kilos.

To avoid the need to carry more than a thousand tons of fresh water for the supply of boilers, the ship is equipped with evaporator boilers in which the seawater is distilled.

The machines demand not only coal and water, but also air. This air is supplied by sixteen electric fans, with a total flow, in use, of 530,000 cubic meters per hour.

This quantity of air weighs about 690 tons and corresponds to twenty-three times the weight of the coal. The fan flow maintained during the 140 hours of crossing therefore corresponds to a total air weight of 96,500 tons.

The air is sucked by large wells, located around the chimneys, in eight ventilation chambers placed above the boilers, from there, it is repressed in heaters, which bring its temperature to 300 degrees, and finally sent on the grids.

If necessary, these ventilators could be used for aeration of the vessel.

In this case, they would be likely to renew the total volume of air, including holds and holds, ten times per hour, which corresponds to twenty times per hour for inhabited premises.

The engine unit itself consists of four turbines each placed on a line of trees: a high pressure turbine, a medium and two low pressure. In addition, there are two high-pressure turbines and two low-pressure turbines for reversing.

Turbine Maneuvering Table (Control Room)

Turbine Maneuvering Table (Control Room). GGA Image ID # 11a17f0d11

The turbines comprise 618,300 copper fins, of which 290,700 are fixed and 327,600 are mobile. These fins placed end to end would represent a ribbon of 109 kilometers.

This figure provides an idea of ​​the considerable adjustment work involved in building a device of this power.

For the first time, on "France" we use a turbine engine with triple expansion.

To give an idea of ​​the power of the turbines of "France", we will observe that the inside diameter of the pipe which combines the average at low pressure, is nearly two meters (1m 930).

Thanks to a very clever device, the ship being freeway, it is possible, by a single maneuver, to put the four propellers in reverse at a time, to avoid an impending collision.

The entire engine unit is placed in two compartments, and one of these compartments could be invaded without that the rest of the engine is paralyzed. We would be satisfied with only walking with two propellers.

Group of Dynamos

Group of Dynamos. GGA Image ID # 11a1105ee9

The lighting and the driving force of the edge are provided by two electrical stations, each including two turbo-dynamos of 400 horsepower.

The "France" offers this particularity of not having a water tower. The pumps pump the cold or hot water into tanks filled with compressed air at the top, from where they are returned under pressure.

For the service of hot water, there is a continuous flow of piping, with return to the starting point, so as to prevent the cooling of the water before the use by the passengers.

Stokers Keep The Coal Fires Buring in the Boiler Room

Stokers Keep The Coal Fires Buring in the Boiler Room. GGA Image ID # 11a1519802

Finally, let us add that for the simplification of the boiler room service, the coal is distributed around the four groups of boilers, and that, in order to allow the general service of the boiler rooms, the machines and the edge, it has been arranged, in the last twenties, a wide corridor that connects the various compartments.

There is therefore no need to open the doors at the bottom of the fifteen bulkheads that divide the ship into sixteen watertight compartments.

This large service corridor contains the auxiliary equipment needed to service the machines, the life of the ship and the safety of the ship.

At the rear, it is located in the supply stores and the stations reserved for the drivers and the civilian personnel of the crew, and in front, in the deck crew positions and some of the emigrants.

the "Bell" of the Monster

The Chef of the Ocean Liner France

The Chef of the Ocean Liner France. GGA Image ID # 11a25cb5a2

Table Supplies.

A monster such as the ship "France" engulfs prodigious quantities of food, especially since the ships of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique are renowned for the quality of their table.

From Le Havre, the liner carries: 9,000 pounds of fresh meat, 22 whole oxen, 13 sheep, 8 calves, 4 pores, 350 kidneys, 270 beef tongues, 550 squares of chops, 400 legs, 80 heads of veal, 400 feet of veal and 29,000 kilos of cold meat, poultry and game, distributed as follows: 750 kilos of various pork meats, 500 feet of pork, 75 ham, 18 barrels of foie gras, 800 chickens, 700 pigeons, 180 rabbits, 400 ducks, 70 turkeys, 50 geese, 1,100 quail, 550 partridges, 250 grouses and 70 pheasants.

The fish shop is stocked with 4,500 kilos of various fish, 40 kilos of shrimp, 250 lobsters or lobsters, and gourmets have at their disposal 600 dozen oysters.

To these figures, let us add: 15,000 kilos of potatoes, 900 of carrots, 750 of onions, 750 of turnips, 700 of cauliflowers, 900 artichokes, 750 cabbages, 400 leeks, 700 radishes, 5,900 salads, 6,000 kilos of dried vegetables, 3,700 of pasta, 16,000 kilos of flour for the bakery, 35,000 eggs, 3,000 pounds of butter, 5,400 cans, 1,500 kilos of cheese, 9,000 oranges, 6,000 pears, 6,000 apples, 380 jars of jam, 100 jars of honey, 110 kilos of dragees and pralines, 75 boxes of marmalades, candied fruits, cakes, etc., in abundance.

For the drink, it is planned 300 kilos of tea, 500 of chocolate, 150 of coffee, 6,000 liters of fresh milk, 6,000 kilos of sugar.

Wine Cellars. The cellars of the liner "France" do not yield in any way to those of the most famous restaurants. There are: 60,000 bottles, including 2,300 bottles of champagne, and 2,000 half-bottles, 1,800 bottles of fine wines, 350 liqueur wines, 2,500 bottles of beer, 900 of liqueurs, 2,800 of mineral waters and 2,500 half-bottles , 1,500 bottles of lemonade, 25,000 of ordinary wine and 30,000 liters for the crew.

Laundry. No housewife has ever had a supply of linen similar to that of the liner "France", which includes 7,200 sheets, 3,800 pillowcases, 1,200 tablecloths, 20,000 napkins, 22,000 toilet, 8,000 tea towels, 2,500 aprons and 2,000 washbasin towels.

The Dishes. Finally, as it is appropriate that the container responds to the content, the dishes are porcelain style Louis XI V, and silverware Louis XV style.

And now, all you have left is to embark. The colossus ship is waiting for you.

A. PAWLOWSKI.

DRAEGER, IMP PARIS

Brochure Information

  • Date of Publication: 1912
  • Publisher Draeger, Paris, France
  • Pages: 36
  • Cover: Hardcover - No Dustjacket
  • Binding: String
  • Dimensions: 15,3 cm x 22,5
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