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American Line History and Ephemera

American Line Logo And Banner circa 1905

The American Line operated transatlantic steamships that offered weekly express service between Southampton and New York with additional services between the ports of Antwerp, Philadelphia, Queenstown and Liverpool and Philadelphia and Antwerp.

The International Navigation Company, the proprietary organization from, which this Line was developed, was incorporated in Pennsylvania in 1871. In 1873 a fortnightly servioe of steamers was established betweea Antwerp and Philadelphia. under the Belgian flag was known as the Red Star Line. and the American Line was founded in 1880, bringing a weekly service between New York and Antwerp, this ezpansion being followed in 1886. by acquiring the Inman Line.

In 1893 the Inman and International as the Line was then called. became the American Line, and their steamers exchanged Liverpool for Southampton as their port of call. Weekly New York Mail Lines are run to and from Antwerp and Southampton. steamers numiDg between Antwerp and New York can at Dover. A Line is also maintained between Philadelphia. and Liverpool. as well as Antwerp.

Documents and Ephemera of the American Line in Date Order

Vaccination - Protected Identification Card - American Line SS City of Berlin - 1893

1893-03-06 Vaccination - ID Card

Card given to passengers to provide evidence of that passengers' vaccination for smallpox issued in 1893 by the American Line SS City of Berlin.

Front Cover, Saloon Class Passenger List for the 3 June 1993 Voyage of the SS New York of the American Line.

1893-06-03 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 3 June 1893
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1893 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1893-08-19 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 19 August 1893
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1895 Westbound Voyage - SS Paris

1895-09-07 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 7 September 1895
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain Frederic Watkins
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1895 Westbound Voyage - SS Rhynland

1895-09-11 SS Rhynland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 11 September 1895
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain F. Loesewitz
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1896 Westbound Voyage - SS Paris

1896-08-15 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 15 August 1896
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain Frederick Watkins
5 September 1896 Passenger Manifest - SS Paris

1896-09-05 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 5 September 1896
  • Route: Southampton for New York
  • Commander: Captain Frederick Watkins
29 September 1896 Passenger Manifest - SS New York

1896-09-29 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 29 September 1896
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, November 1896 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1896-11-09 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 9 November 1896
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Prepaid Steamship Ticket Memorandum, American Line, 1897

1897-08-10 Prepaid Ticket Memorandum - American Line

1897 Memorandum (Ticket Receipt) for a Prepaid Second Cabin passage on the American Line Steamship St. Louis for Passenger R. L. Laplace. The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives also has the passenger list for the voyage this ticket was purchased for.

Passenger Manifest Cover, October 1897 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1897-10-02 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 2 October 1897
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain William G. Randle
Prepaid Steamship Ticket - Second Cabin - American Line 1898

1898-11-11 Prepaid Second Cabin Memorandum - American Line

This receipt was prepared by the ticket agent and represent the left side of the prepaid steamship passage contract that would have been forwarded to the immigrants named in the contract.

12 August 1899 Passenger Manifest - SS New York

1899-08-12 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 12 August 1899
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
18 October 1899 Passenger Manifest - SS St. Paul

1899-10-18 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 18 October 1899
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Sheet, October 1899 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1899-10-21 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 21 October 1899
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain William G. Randle
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1900 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1900-09-08 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 8 September 1900
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Deck Plan of the SS St.Louis and the SS St. Paul of the American Line.

1901-04-22 American Line First Cabin Services

1901 Brochure covers First Cabin Travel on the Steamships of the American Line and includes Deck Plans, Rates for Transatlantic Travel (Southampton - New York Service via Cherbourg) and General Passenger Information

Passenger Manifest, American Line SS Westerland, May 1901, Liverpool to Philadelphia

1901-05-11 SS Westernland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 11 May 1901
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain C. R. Ehoff
Passenger Manifest Cover, May 1901 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1901-05-25 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 25 May 1901
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Front Cover, SS St. Louis Passenger List 4 September 1901

1901-09-04 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 4 September 1901
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1901 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1901-09-28 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 28 September 1901
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, December 1902 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1902-12-06 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 6 December 1902
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1903 Westbound Voyage - SS Philadelphia

1903-09-12 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 12 September 1903
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest February 1904 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1904-02-27 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 27 February 1904
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1905 Westbound Voyage - SS Friesland

1905-08-16 SS Friesland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Not Stated
  • Date of Departure: 16 August 1905
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain C. J. Rogers
23 September 1905 Passenger Manifest - SS New York

1905-09-23 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 23 September 1905
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1906 Westbound Voyage - SS Noordland

1906-08-22 SS Noordland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Not Stated
  • Date of Departure: 22 August 1906
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain Thomas Deans
Cover of American Line Philadelpha - Queenstown - Liverpool Brochure 1907

1907 - American Line Philadelphia - Queenstown - Liverpool Service

American Line has specially arranged to accommodate those passengers who want good food and service, moderate speed and to have the best accommodation the steamers afford at a reasonable cost.

Passenger Manifest

1907-07-20 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 20 July 1907
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
2 July 1910 SS Merion

1910-07-02 SS Merion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 2 July 1910
  • Route: Philadelphia to Queenstown and Liverpool
  • Commander: Captain J. B. Hill
Passenger Manifest SS Philadelphia 1907-08-10

1907-08-10 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 10 August 1907
  • Route: Liverpool to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest

1907-10-26 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 26 October 1907
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, November 1907 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1907-11-09 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 9 November 1907
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
American Line Southampton -- New York Service with Tariff of First Class Fares.

1908-05-22 American Line Southampton to New York Service

Broadside Flyer produced by the American Line promoting their Southampton - New York service. Includes information for passengers, the tariff of first-class fares, and deck plans for the SS St. Louis, SS St. Paul, SS New York, and the SS Philadelphia.

Menu Cover, Dinner on the SS Noordland of the American Line 4 July 1908

1908-04-07 SS Noordland Fourth of July Dinner Menu

This rare fourth of July Bill of Fare from 1908 featured Broiled Chicken. Maryland Style and Petits Fillets Mignonne's. The complete lyrics of the Star Spangled Banner were printed on the bask side of the menu.

Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1908 Westbound Voyage - SS Philadelphia

1908-09-12 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 12 September 1908
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, November 1908 Westbound Voyage - SS Haverford

1908-11-11 SS Haverford Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 11 November 1908
  • Route: Liverpool to New York via Queenstown
  • Commander: Captain Enoch Maddox
Menu Card, SS Haverford Luncheon Menu - 21 November 1908

1921-11-21 SS Haverford Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 21 November 1908 featured Curried Lamb à la Madras, Stewed Rump Steak, and Cocoanut, Custard Tart for dessert.

Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1910 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1910-08-27 SS New York Passenger List

  • Ship: SS New York
  • Date of Departure: 27 August 1910
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, 15 July 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1911-07-15 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 15 July 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1911-08-16 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 16 August 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg and Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS Dominion

1911-08-31 SS Dominion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 31 August 1911
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain W. L. Mendus
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1911-09-02 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 2 September 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1911-09-23 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 23 September 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1912 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1912-09-21 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 21 September 1912
  • Route: Southampton and Cherbourg to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1913 Westbound Voyage - SS Merion

1913-08-27 SS Merion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 27 August 1913
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain J. Beattle Hill
Passenger Manifest Cover, May 1914 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1914-05-27 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 27 May 1914
  • Route: Southampton and Cherbourg to New York via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest

1914-10-17 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 17 October 1914
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, May 1915 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1915-05-29 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 29 May 1915
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1916 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1916-09-09 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First and Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 9 September 1916
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, October 1917 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1917-10-31 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First and Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 31 October 1917
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain H. Hartley
Cabin Passenger Manifest, SS Manchuria, American Line, 28 June 1923

1923-06-28 SS Manchuria Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 28 June 1923
  • Route: New York to Hamburg via Plymouth and Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain Adrian Zeeder
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1924 Westbound Voyage - SS Mongolia

1924-08-30 SS Mongolia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 30 August 1924
  • Route: Hamburg to New York via Southampton and Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain H. A. T. Candy
The American Line: (1871-1902)

2000 - The American Line: (1871-1902)

The American Steamship Line, born in 1873 as a necessary response to the failings of the American Merchant Marine luring the Civil War, quickly became the only American transatlantic line competing with Europe. Begun in part as an investment by the Pennsylvania Railroad, it operated out of Philadelphia and eventually reinstated America's position as a competitive and prestigious force in transatlantic crossings.

 

 

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