American Line History and Ephemera

American Line Logo And Banner circa 1905

The American Line operated transatlantic steamships that offered weekly express service between Southampton and New York with additional services between the ports of Antwerp, Philadelphia, Queenstown and Liverpool and Philadelphia and Antwerp.

The International Navigation Company, the proprietary organization from, which this Line was developed, was incorporated in Pennsylvania in 1871. In 1873 a fortnightly servioe of steamers was established betweea Antwerp and Philadelphia. under the Belgian flag was known as the Red Star Line. and the American Line was founded in 1880, bringing a weekly service between New York and Antwerp, this ezpansion being followed in 1886. by acquiring the Inman Line.

In 1893 the Inman and International as the Line was then called. became the American Line, and their steamers exchanged Liverpool for Southampton as their port of call. Weekly New York Mail Lines are run to and from Antwerp and Southampton. steamers numiDg between Antwerp and New York can at Dover. A Line is also maintained between Philadelphia. and Liverpool. as well as Antwerp.

Documents and Ephemera of the American Line in Date Order

GG Archives Poster For a Cabin Class Passenger List from the SS Pennsylvania of the American Line, Departing circa 1878 from Liverpool to Philadelphia, Commanded by Captain Thom. R. Harris.

c1878 SS Pennsylvania Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Cabin Class
  • Date of Departure: circa 1878
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain Thomas R. Harris.
Vaccination - Protected Identification Card - American Line SS City of Berlin - 1893

1893-03-06 Vaccination - ID Card

Card given to passengers to provide evidence of that passengers' vaccination for smallpox issued in 1893 by the American Line SS City of Berlin.

Front Cover, Saloon Class Passenger List for the 3 June 1993 Voyage of the SS New York of the American Line.

1893-06-03 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 3 June 1893
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1893 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1893-08-19 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 19 August 1893
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1895 Westbound Voyage - SS Paris

1895-09-07 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 7 September 1895
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain Frederic Watkins
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1895 Westbound Voyage - SS Rhynland

1895-09-11 SS Rhynland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 11 September 1895
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain F. Loesewitz
Front Cover of a Second Cabin Passenger List from the SS Paris of the American Line, Departing Wednesday, 22 April 1896 from New York to Southampton

1896-04-22 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 22 April 1896
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1896 Westbound Voyage - SS Paris

1896-08-15 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 15 August 1896
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain Frederick Watkins
5 September 1896 Passenger Manifest - SS Paris

1896-09-05 SS Paris Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 5 September 1896
  • Route: Southampton for New York
  • Commander: Captain Frederick Watkins
29 September 1896 Passenger Manifest - SS New York

1896-09-29 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 29 September 1896
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, November 1896 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1896-11-09 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 9 November 1896
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Prepaid Steamship Ticket Memorandum, American Line, 1897

1897-08-10 Prepaid Ticket Memorandum - American Line

1897 Memorandum (Ticket Receipt) for a Prepaid Second Cabin passage on the American Line Steamship St. Louis for Passenger R. L. Laplace. The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives also has the passenger list for the voyage this ticket was purchased for.

Passenger Manifest Cover, October 1897 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1897-10-02 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 2 October 1897
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain William G. Randle
Prepaid Steamship Ticket - Second Cabin - American Line 1898

1898-11-11 Prepaid Second Cabin Memorandum - American Line

This receipt was prepared by the ticket agent and represent the left side of the prepaid steamship passage contract that would have been forwarded to the immigrants named in the contract.

12 August 1899 Passenger Manifest - SS New York

1899-08-12 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 12 August 1899
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
18 October 1899 Passenger Manifest - SS St. Paul

1899-10-18 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 18 October 1899
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Sheet, October 1899 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1899-10-21 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 21 October 1899
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain William G. Randle
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1900 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1900-09-08 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 8 September 1900
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Deck Plan of the SS St.Louis and the SS St. Paul of the American Line.

1901-04-22 American Line First Cabin Services

1901 Brochure covers First Cabin Travel on the Steamships of the American Line and includes Deck Plans, Rates for Transatlantic Travel (Southampton - New York Service via Cherbourg) and General Passenger Information

Passenger Manifest, American Line SS Westerland, May 1901, Liverpool to Philadelphia

1901-05-11 SS Westernland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 11 May 1901
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain C. R. Ehoff
Passenger Manifest Cover, May 1901 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1901-05-25 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 25 May 1901
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Front Cover, SS St. Louis Passenger List 4 September 1901

1901-09-04 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 4 September 1901
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1901 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1901-09-28 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 28 September 1901
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, December 1902 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1902-12-06 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Saloon
  • Date of Departure: 6 December 1902
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1903 Westbound Voyage - SS Philadelphia

1903-09-12 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 12 September 1903
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Front Cover of a Cabin Class Passenger List from the SS Haverford of the American Line, Departing 7 October 1903 from Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)

1903-10-07 SS Haverford Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Cabin Class
  • Date of Departure: 7 October 1903
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain H. O. Neilsen
Passenger Manifest February 1904 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1904-02-27 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 27 February 1904
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Front Cover of a Second Class Passenger List from the SS St. Paul of the American Line, Departing Saturday, 10 December 1904 from Southampton to New York, via Cherbourg

1904-12-10 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 10 December 1904
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1905 Westbound Voyage - SS Friesland

1905-08-16 SS Friesland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Not Stated
  • Date of Departure: 16 August 1905
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain C. J. Rogers
23 September 1905 Passenger Manifest - SS New York

1905-09-23 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 23 September 1905
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Front Cover of a Second Class Passenger List from the SS New York of the American Line, Departing Saturday, 11 August 1906 from Southampton to New York via Cherbourg

1906-08-11 SS New York Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 11 August 1906
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1906 Westbound Voyage - SS Noordland

1906-08-22 SS Noordland Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Not Stated
  • Date of Departure: 22 August 1906
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain Thomas Deans
Cover of American Line Philadelpha - Queenstown - Liverpool Brochure 1907

1907 - American Line Philadelphia - Queenstown - Liverpool Service

American Line has specially arranged to accommodate those passengers who want good food and service, moderate speed and to have the best accommodation the steamers afford at a reasonable cost.

Passenger Manifest

1907-07-20 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 20 July 1907
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest SS Philadelphia 1907-08-10

1907-08-10 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 10 August 1907
  • Route: Liverpool to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest

1907-10-26 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 26 October 1907
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, November 1907 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1907-11-09 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 9 November 1907
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Menu Cover, Dinner on the SS Noordland of the American Line 4 July 1908

1908-04-07 SS Noordland Fourth of July Dinner Menu

This rare fourth of July Bill of Fare from 1908 featured Broiled Chicken. Maryland Style and Petits Fillets Mignonne's. The complete lyrics of the Star Spangled Banner were printed on the bask side of the menu.

American Line Southampton -- New York Service with Tariff of First Class Fares.

1908-05-22 American Line Southampton to New York Service

Broadside Flyer produced by the American Line promoting their Southampton - New York service. Includes information for passengers, the tariff of first-class fares, and deck plans for the SS St. Louis, SS St. Paul, SS New York, and the SS Philadelphia.

Front Cover of a Second Class Passenger List from the SS Philadelphia of the American Line, Departing Saturday, 15 August 1908 from Southampton To New York Via Cherbourg

1908-08-15 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 15 August 1908
  • Route: Southampton To New York Via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1908 Westbound Voyage - SS Philadelphia

1908-09-12 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 12 September 1908
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, November 1908 Westbound Voyage - SS Haverford

1908-11-11 SS Haverford Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 11 November 1908
  • Route: Liverpool to New York via Queenstown
  • Commander: Captain Enoch Maddox
Menu Card, SS Haverford Luncheon Menu - 21 November 1908

1908-11-21 SS Haverford Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 21 November 1908 featured Curried Lamb à la Madras, Stewed Rump Steak, and Cocoanut, Custard Tart for dessert.

2 July 1910 SS Merion

1910-07-02 SS Merion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 2 July 1910
  • Route: Philadelphia to Queenstown and Liverpool
  • Commander: Captain J. B. Hill
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1910 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1910-08-27 SS New York Passenger List

  • Ship: SS New York
  • Date of Departure: 27 August 1910
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, 15 July 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1911-07-15 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 15 July 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1911-08-16 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 16 August 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg and Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS Dominion

1911-08-31 SS Dominion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 31 August 1911
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain W. L. Mendus
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS New York

1911-09-02 SS New York Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 2 September 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain W. J. Roberts
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1911 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1911-09-23 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 23 September 1911
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1912 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1912-09-21 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 21 September 1912
  • Route: Southampton and Cherbourg to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1913 Westbound Voyage - SS Merion

1913-08-27 SS Merion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 27 August 1913
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia
  • Commander: Captain J. Beattle Hill
Front Cover of a Cabin Passenger List from the SS Dominion of the American Line, Departing 17 September 1913

1913-09-17 SS Dominion Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 17 September 1913
  • Route: Liverpool to Philadelphia via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: W. A. Morehouse
Passenger Manifest Cover, May 1914 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1914-05-27 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 27 May 1914
  • Route: Southampton and Cherbourg to New York via Queenstown (Cobh)
  • Commander: Captain F. M. Passow
Passenger Manifest

1914-10-17 SS Philadelphia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 17 October 1914
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, May 1915 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1915-05-29 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 29 May 1915
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain John C. Jamison
Passenger Manifest Cover, September 1916 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Paul

1916-09-09 SS St. Paul Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First and Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 9 September 1916
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain A. R. Mills
Passenger Manifest Cover, October 1917 Westbound Voyage - SS St. Louis

1917-10-31 SS St. Louis Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First and Second Class
  • Date of Departure: 31 October 1917
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain H. Hartley
Front Cover, American Line SS Mongolia Cabin Class Passenger List - 12 November 1921.

1921-11-12 SS Mongolia Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Cabin Class
  • Date of Departure: 12 November 1921
  • Route: Hamburg to New York
  • Commander: Captain H. Hartley, CMDR., USNRF
Front Cover of a Cabin Class Passenger List from the SS Kroonland of the American Line, Departing 21 June 1923 from New York to Hamburg via Plymouth and Cherbourg

1923-06-21 SS Kroonland Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: American Line
  • Class of Passengers: Cabin Class
  • Date of Departure: 21 June 1923
  • Route: New York to Hamburg via Plymouth and Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain William J. Munro, Lt. Cmdr., U. S. N. R. F.
Cabin Passenger Manifest, SS Manchuria, American Line, 28 June 1923

1923-06-28 SS Manchuria Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 28 June 1923
  • Route: New York to Hamburg via Plymouth and Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain Adrian Zeeder
Passenger Manifest Cover, August 1924 Westbound Voyage - SS Mongolia

1924-08-30 SS Mongolia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 30 August 1924
  • Route: Hamburg to New York via Southampton and Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain H. A. T. Candy
The American Line: (1871-1902)

2000 - The American Line: (1871-1902)

The American Steamship Line, born in 1873 as a necessary response to the failings of the American Merchant Marine luring the Civil War, quickly became the only American transatlantic line competing with Europe. Begun in part as an investment by the Pennsylvania Railroad, it operated out of Philadelphia and eventually reinstated America's position as a competitive and prestigious force in transatlantic crossings.

 

American Line New York - Southampton Service via Plymouth and Cherbourg

Scarcely anything else brings so vividly to our minds the wonderful development and accomplishment of man’s ingenuity as a modem ocean greyhound. The four twin-screw steamers—as St. Louis, St. Paul, New York and Philadelphia —which maintain the fast express service between New York and Plymouth, Cherbourg and Southampton, represent the highest type of modern ship construction and equipment.

The call at Plymouth enables passengers (and the American mails) to reach London on special trains via the quickest route; while from Cherbourg, passengers and mails are conveyed to Paris on the American Line Special Train, carrying dining and lavatory cars. From Southampton—the final port—the run to London is made in one hour and forty minutes. The route is, therefore, an ideal one for those bound to either Great Britain or the Continent.

In the American Line steamships, the demands of modem travel have been met in all particulars. From keel to bridge and from stem to stem they are in every line perfect models of modem marine architecture. Structurally they are as staunch and safe as iron and steel can make them; and as to comfort, they are the embodiment of all the luxuries of the decorators and furnishers’ art.

At the same time, these excellent steamers are supplied with ponderous engines, which develop energy sufficient to bring them to their destination in spite of stress of wind and wave, with almost the same regularity that characterizes the scheduled running of express trains on shore. And, furthermore, nothing in the wav of safety has been sacrificed to speed—a statement supported by the fact that insurance companies assert that travel by water nowadays is, in reality, far safer than travel by land.

TWIN STEAMSHIPS ST. LOUIS AND ST. PAUL

The St. Louis and St. Paul are the fastest and finest transatlantic steamers ever turned out of an American shipyard. The product of the William Cramp & Sons’ Ship and Engine Company of Philadelphia, they are a pride to the nation as well as to their builders, for the American Line is the only transatlantic steamship line flying the American flag, and is under contract with the United States Government to carry the United States mails.

Being  intended for fast mail service and for use as auxiliary cruisers in the event of war, they were constructed under certain specifications of the United States Government, in addition to the rigid requirements of Lloyds and the Bureau Veritas. When finished they passed a thorough inspection at the hands of government experts, and were found to meet the stipulations in every respect. The Government demanded a speed of twenty knots, which has been frequently exceeded in actual service.

The principal dimensions of these sister ships are: Length over all, 554 feet; length on water line, 535 feet; breadth of beam, 63 feet; molded depth, 42 feet; gross tonnage, 11,629. They have two masts and two funnels, and each has accommodations for 366 first-class, 200 second-class, and 800 third-class passengers; a total of 1366.

These steel vessels, built with double bottoms, are made up of seventeen independent sections, each division being an absolutely watertight compartment in itself. Transverse bulkheads extending from the keel upwards to the saloon deck, eighteen feet above the load water line, separate these.

Bilge keels, extending under water over half the length of the vessel, protrude from both sides of the hull like two great fins and tend to steady the ship in a sea-way.

The engine-rooms are as interesting as an art gallery. The engines themselves are of the quadruple expansion type, built in duplicate to drive a pair of immense propellers. The lifeboats and rafts are carried on the awning deck (reserved entirely for navigating purposes) where, without interference, they can be launched quickly and easily.

Ample walking space is provided on the promenade deck. 510 feet in length, and cozy alcoves or recesses in the sides of the deckhouse offer just enough retirement and space for steamer chairs where one may lounge in comfort, sheltered from the strong breezes.

Ladies and children find rest and quiet in the drawing room, with its softly cushioned divans, upholstered in light brocade of delicate figurement. The windows are gracefully draped with silken tapestries, and electric bulbs in the paneled ceiling softly illuminate the cabinetwork in ivory finish. This room is also provided with an excellent piano. Windows at the forward end command a fine view of the deck where one may watch the progress of the ship.

The smoking-room, also situated on the promenade deck, is handsomely finished in dark wood, with panels of blue, and leather fittings. It accommodates about 100 persons and is often the center of masculine interest.

Within the deckhouse and communicating with the promenade are sumptuously furnished suites of rooms, comprising bedroom, sitting room and bathroom. These, of course, are for those who desire the privilege of seclusion, with superb appointments. All the suites are furnished in attractive and harmonious color schemes, and represent the acme of luxurious ocean travel.

On the deck below the promenade is the dining-saloon whose spacious proportions can accommodate 366 persons, the ship’s entire complement of first-class passengers, with seats at one time.

This apartment is situated where there is the least motion—amidships, between the two funnels—and is lighted from above by a huge paneled dome of glass, artful in its curving proportions and color treatment, and extending the full length of the saloon. This dome, which has attracted universal admiration, extends to a height of twenty feet, with an arch span of fifty-three feet.

At the sides of the room, in place of the usual contracted port holes, are large rectangular windows assuring perfect ventilation. Small tables in place of the long ones so often found on trans-Atlantic steamers, have made the saloon unusually cozy in appearance.

The key-note of the decorative scheme throughout the ships is brilliance, and the light has been preserved by avoiding dark colors. The whole tone of the dining saloon is one of refinement. The wood employed is white mahogany, and the panels supporting the enormous glass dome represent sea nymphs disposed in attitudes of playful sports of the sea.

Two strikingly beautiful works of sculpture by the famous artist, Karl Bitter, adorn the ends of the saloon and are placed in the arched spaces under the glass dome. In the after space is a figure of Neptune grasping his trident in an attitude of supremacy over the tumultuous waves among which he is seated. At the forward end is a spirited scene, the principal figure of which is a graceful mermaid whose outstretched arms sustain the gallery of the saloon and above which are to be seen the gilded pipes of the great organ.

Directly forward of the dining-saloon opens the main companionway. A handsome double staircase with treads of easy ascent, from which the library is reached, a magnificent room finished in oak, said to be the largest apartment ever devoted to library purposes on a trans-Atlantic steamer. The bookshelves contain over one thousand choice works of literature, which are available to passengers at all times.

Abaft the main saloon are the pantries—separate ones for both the first and second-class. On these vessels, the kitchens—carefully isolated—constitute an interesting department. Models of modem convenience and cleanliness, they are under the command of experienced chefs who prepare appetizing and varied menus.

Immediately aft of these is the second-class saloon, ample and unusually commodious in its accommodations, and attractive in every way.

The extensive area of the upper and main decks is wholly allotted to passenger accommodations, the central sections being given over to first-class staterooms. These rooms are considerably larger than are usually to be found on board ship and are finished in white, kept spotlessly clean. The fittings always give sufficient variety to please the eye. The color scheme for the upholstery is steel blue for one deck and old gold for the other; and in the interest of absolute cleanliness, which is so essential to good health; there has been no effort at useless decoration.

The second-class rooms are placed immediately abaft the first-class, the quarters for third-class passengers being forward and aft of the first and second-class cabins. In reality the second-class apartments are as comfortable and as well ventilated as the first-class quarters on many other vessels, and their fittings are most attractive.

The ladies’ sitting room is tastefully finished in cherry, with paneling of appropriate colors and one of the most attractive rooms on the ship is the second class smoking-room, which is prettily furnished in birch and cherry. The dining saloon is a most handsome apartment, being beautifully upholstered and decorated. There is seating accommodation for 210 passengers.

A special part of the promenade deck is set apart where second-class passengers may enjoy exercise and recreation. Ventilation has always been one of the most serious problems of ship construction, but it has been solved in a most ingenious way on these vessels. A plant of Sturtevant blowers, located on the upper deck, maintains a steady but almost imperceptible breathing of fresh air from the ocean into all parts of the ship.

In cold weather, the air passes over steam pipes, and the heat so supplied may be regulated for each deck independently. Further, the passenger may control to a nicety the heat and ventilation in his own stateroom by means of valves, which are placed near the top and, bottom of every apartment. By this superior system, the inner rooms throughout the ship are kept as comfortable and fresh as the outer ones, and it is no longer necessary to run steam pipes through each cabin

THE TWIN STEAMSHIPS NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA

The New York and Philadelphia are the embodiment of the best skill and workmanship and all that is modern and up-to-date in marine architecture. In safety, speed, and comfort they occupy the highest rank. The Philadelphia was rebuilt in 1901 by the famous firm of Belfast shipbuilders, Messrs. Harland & Wolff, Limited, and the William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Building Company, at Philadelphia, rebuilt the New York in 1903.

The principal dimensions of these two sister ships are as follows: Length over all, 576 feet; length on water line, 525 feet, breadth of beam, 63 feet; molded depth, 42 feet; gross tonnage 10,800; promenade deck, 550 feet in length. Both steamers, like the St. Louis and St. Paul, are constructed with bilge keels, which steady them materially when in a seaway.

The hulls are made with double bottoms throughout and Siemens-Martin steel was exclusively employed in the outer structure. Their safety is further assured by the sectional plan of construction, there being in each ship fifteen watertight divisions, each compartment about 35 feet long, separated by solid steel structural bulkheads of immense strength.

Each bulkhead extends up from the keel to the saloon deck, rising eighteen feet above the load water line. The staterooms of the first-class passengers occupy three watertight compartments in the central part of the vessel. Directly aft are two compartments set apart for the second-class passengers, while the spaces at bow and stem are devoted to third-class accommodations.

Three of the watertight compartments are reserved for the boilers and one for the engines, which are in duplicate, completely separated from each other by a longitudinal bulkhead, so that in case one set of machinery should be disabled, the ship could still proceed under the power of the other set.

Externally the New York and the Philadelphia are two of the most beautiful steamships afloat. Their lines are those of a yacht, with graceful, bowspritted stem and long overhang stem, each has three masts and two funnels.

The grandest internal feature of these ships is, beyond all doubt, the first-class dining saloon, which is located on the saloon deck. It is a room of noble proportions and extends almost entirely across the ship. Unlike on most steamers, the dining saloon is carried to an immense height, through two decks and a half, and is surmounted by a cathedral glass dome of magnificent design and exquisite coloring.

The full height is twenty feet, while the length of the arched roof is fifty-three feet, with a span of twenty-five feet. In this grand saloon there are dining places arranged for 271 passengers. At one end of the saloon, and under the gabled archway formed by the domed ceiling, is the grand organ loft which is accessible also from the promenade deck.

A beautiful oriel window occupies the other end, communicating with the ladies’ drawing room. The small tables in the center of the saloon, seating but a few passengers each, are disposed longitudinally with the length of the ship, and the revolving arm chairs are beautifully upholstered and most comfortable. Cozy-little alcoves are arranged around the sides of the saloon fitted with small athwart ship tables for those who seek home-like privacy.

Well-known artists have collaborated to decorate the saloon in a most charming manner. A white composition of peculiar ductility was used to garnish the woodwork of the arch and organ loft, and the paneling is gorgeously embellished by representations of dolphins, sea-nymphs and tritons, in graceful postures. A large clock is embedded in the front of the gallery, while a huge gilt lyre surmounts the encasement of the organ.

The drawing-room is a perfect gem, adorned and appointed with exquisite taste, and is a favorite haunt of the lady passengers in both fair weather and foul. The white paneled walls and ceiling, striped with gold, give light and brilliance in this apartment.

Plate-glass mirrors adorn the side walls; and the furniture of polished mahogany and red upholstery harmonizes perfectly with the polished oak floor and its Oriental coverings. An upright grand piano completes the apartment as a social center, and pleasant musicales are often held here.

Easy access is had to the promenade deck, with its comfortable steamer chairs and attractive sea-games. Leading up to the drawing-room, and at the after end of the main saloon, is the grand staircase, or main companionway. It rises by easy treads fro in a spacious vestibule opening on either side to the promenade deck.

On the after side of the stair hall is the lounge, another elegantly furnished apartment, oddly constructed in the form of an hourglass. This form secures an excellent light at all points of the room, and the titles of the thousand or more well-selected volumes invite the passenger to delve into their delights.

A wainscoting of oak is made interesting by including within the score or more panels the names of illustrious authors, while one’s attention is arrested by numerous quotations from sea poems, which are inscribed upon windows of stained glass at the sides of the room. Passengers may take books from the library at any time during the voyage.

The smoking-room, very handsomely and comfortably appointed, its dimensions being 45 feet long by 27 feet wide, is the retreat of the men who delight in the pleasures of tobacco.

There are numerous suites and deck cabins upon the promenade and saloon decks, many of them with private baths and lavatories in connection. The bedrooms in the suites are fitted with single and double beds, the berths being, as in a Pullman car, closed up during the day.

An awning deck protects the promenade deck, which extends practically the full length of the vessel, overhead, and lifeboats hang clear of everything at a height of eight feet.

The second-class dining saloon is a most inviting apartment 45 feet long and 40 feet wide, well ventilated and well lighted, providing places for 133 passengers. It contains a fine piano and a well-stocked library of choice books, and provides a pleasant place for concerts and entertainments of the second-class passengers. The ladies’ room and the smoking room in second-class are pleasantly situated upon the promenade deck.

The third-class passengers are located in suitable accommodations. Rooms containing two, four or six berths are provided for married couples and families, the berths being of metal, with woven-wire bottoms, ensuring perfect cleanliness. The Company provides comfortable beds and blankets.

Single men and women are berthed in separate compartments; and matrons attend mothers and young women travelling alone.

On the American Line steamers, large, well-ventilated dining rooms are provided for third-class passengers. These are also used as sitting rooms, and for the frequent evening entertainments a piano in the dining-room adds to the pleasure of the passengers.

The third-class sections are fitted throughout with excellent lavatory and bathroom accommodations and the whole deck, on both sides of the steamers, is reserved for third class passengers who desire to use it for exercise. The new ventilating system, already described as in service on the St. Louis and St. Paul, and which has proved so thoroughly effective and practical has also been installed on the New York and Philadelphia.

Source: International Mercantile Marine Company, "American Line, New York-Southampton Service," Facts For Travelers: American Line, Atlantic Transport Line, Dominion Line, Leyland Line, Red Star Line, White Star Line, 1908: P. 7-18.

American Line Philadelphia - Queenstown - Liverpool Service (1908)

CABIN PASSENGERS CARRIED IN ONE CLASS ONLY

SOME years ago, to meet the demand of the public for passage to and from Europe at nominal rates, the American Line discontinued carrying passengers in first-class on its service between Philadelphia, Queenstown and Liverpool, and limited the ships to second-class and third-class. The idea has been thoroughly appreciated by a large section of the traveling public, who, while requiring the best the ship affords, do not care to pay the higher rates demanded for such in the ships carrying passengers both in first and second-class.

The great and ever increasing number of travelers who elect to take passage by this route attests its popularity. From time to time, there have been added larger and more comfortable vessels, so that the steamers, which maintain this service, are thoroughly up-to-date and are built and equipped in an entirely modern manner.

The fleet now consists of the twin-screw steamships Haverford and Merion, and the Friesland, Westernland, and Noordland.

All of these ships are especially adapted to the plan of carrying passengers in one cabin class only. The accommodation, which is situated in the best portion of the steamer, includes the spacious promenade deck, ladies’ room, smoke-room, etc., all amidships. These steamers are also fitted to transport a number of third-class passengers in departments of the ship entirely isolated from the passengers.

In the furnishings and fittings of these vessels the cabin passenger will find every comfort and luxury; and when the minimum price is taken into account, the service given is extraordinary. It is no little satisfaction to the American Line to know and record the fact that the chief advertising of this route is accomplished by patrons who have made it a point to inform their relatives and friends of their delightful experiences while crossing the ocean on the steamships in this service.

THE TWIN-SCREW STEAMSHIPS HAVERFORD AND MERION

Messrs. John Brown & Co., Limited, of Clvdebank, built the new twin-screw steamships Haverford and Merion. They were designed to carry large cargoes, yet equipped with such powerful boiler and engine installation that sufficient speed could be maintained to warrant further fitting them with extensive passenger accommodations. The weight of the immense cargoes carried gives them a great steadiness at sea, which is further insured by the presence of bilge keels.

The principal dimensions of the Haverford and Merion are: Length, 547 feet; breadth of beam, 59 feet; gross tonnage 11635.

Built of steel on the modern compartment plan, these vessels contain watertight bulkheads so arranged that any two of the compartments might be flooded with water without endangering the safety of the vessel. Powerful engines maintain a speed of about fourteen knots an hour. The extra heavy twin-screw shafts are incased in plating to their outer ends, while the coalbunkers, of immense capacity, are so arranged as to afford perfect protection to the boilers in case the vessel should be used for war purposes.

The bridge-house, extending above the shelter deck, is 150 feet long and covers the entire width of the ship. Within are large and airy staterooms—nine two-berth rooms and thirty-three four-berth rooms—affording cabin accommodations for 150 passengers. Baths and lavatories of solid porcelain, of the most approved types, are most conveniently located.

At the forward end of the deckhouse is the handsome1y furnished and pleasingly decorated dining saloon. It is finished in light oak paneling, and a novel grouping of the side ports, which are arranged in pairs, gives an abundance of light. The appurtenances of the dining room are complete in every detail, and an excellent piano is provided.

The main promenade, which extends the full width of the vessel, offers a delightful recreative ground, and on this deck of the ship will be found the library, a long, cheerful and well-ventilated room, supplied with many handsomely bound volumes of the classics and much interesting literature of the day.

In the ladies’ salon, a beautifully appointed apartment, the richly upholstered divans and easy chairs invite comfort, and during the voyage the room is constantly in use. The spacious entrance hall adjoins this apartment and the captain’s and officers’ quarters are also on this deck. Another entrance lobby at the after end communicates with the library on the port side and a luxurious smoking room on the starboard side—a room most popular with the men passengers.

THE STEAMSHIP FRIESLAND

The Friesland is a four-masted, single funnel steamship of large proportions, built of the best steel at the famous Glasgow yards of Messrs. James and George Thomson, and constructed on the same lines as the famous clipper-model steamships Philadelphia and New York. She has a double cellular bottom and nine water-tight bulkheads, making her practically unsinkable, being accorded the highest class in Lloyds and Bureau Veritas. The Friesland’s principal dimensions are: Length, 470 feet; breadth, 51 feet; gross tonnage, 6,409.

This yacht-like ship has three decks, the rooms for cabin passengers being amidships on the saloon and upper decks, while the promenade deck extends two-thirds the full length of the vessel.

The most attractive feature of the Friesland is the dining saloon, located well away from the machinery. It is an airy room of spacious proportions and is beautifully lighted by a huge dome-shaped skylight. The cabinet work is finished in elaborately carved oak, while the relief work of the pure white ceiling is delicately picked out in gold-leaf.

The main companionway, with its richly carved balustrade, is worthy of a fanciful yacht. A number of especially desirable staterooms are located on the saloon deck and as they are unusually well lighted and have perfect outside ventilation, they are always in demand.

The smoking room on the promenade deck is finished in dark-mahogany, with decorated tile panels, and the tiled floor insures absolute cleanliness. It is an attractive gathering-place, as is also the music-room at the head of the main companionway.

THE POPULAR STEAMSHIPS WESTERNLAND AND NOORDLAND

The Westernland and the Noordland being sister ships in all but a few minor particulars, one description will suffice for both. They were built after the same model by the well-known firm, Messrs. Laird & Brothers, in Birkenhead, England. In exterior appearance, however, they are different, as the Westernland has two funnels and the Noordland one. Both, however, have four masts and their construction is entirely of steel, after the most approved methods, with watertight bulkheads and compartments.

The principal dimensions are      Westernland—Length, 455 feet; breadth of beam, 47 feet; gross tonnage, 5,708. Noordland—Length, 416 feet; breadth of beam, 47 feet; gross tonnage, 5,150.

Their great beam, in proportion to their length, gives these steamers exceptional steadiness at sea and affords extra space for passengers, especially on the promenade deck. A broad easy staircase connects this deck with the saloon and upper decks, on the latter of which is located the drawing room, richly furnished and upholstered in moquette. Amidships is the smoking-room, most comfortably and attractively fitted.

The dining-saloon is finished in hard woods and tastefully decorated, the upholstery being a rich frieze plush. The ventilation is perfect, and the pantries and galley are so arranged that the odors of cooking cannot possibly invade the dining-saloon. The entire ship is brilliantly lighted by electricity.

A large number of the upper deck amid ship staterooms are finished in polished mahogany, and are extremely comfortable, well lighted and ventilated. On the Noordland a number of especially desirable rooms have been built on the saloon deck in a delightful situation.

Source: International Mercantile Marine Company, "American Line, Philadelphia - Queenstown - Liverpool Service," Facts For Travelers: American Line, Atlantic Transport Line, Dominion Line, Leyland Line, Red Star Line, White Star Line, 1908: P. 19-23

 

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