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Cunard White Star History and Ephemera

The Cunard White Star Line (1934-1949) was formed as a merger of the two once giant steamship lines - The Cunard Steam Ship Company and the White Star Line. The depression years had taken their toll on a number of transatlantic steamship lines. After World War II, traffic, especially tourist traffic had recovered and the Cunard line purchased the remaining assets of White Star Line in 1949.

Ships with Names that eneded in "ia" were part of Cunard Line and if the name ended in "ic" - the ship was part of White Star Line (originally).

Front Cover, Horse Racing Program on Board the RMS Laconia, Undated but Circa 1930s.

1930s - Horse Racing Program - RMS Laconia

Hilarious Horse Racing Program dating from the 1930s performed on the deck of the RMS Laconia of the Cunard White Star Line. Entries included Eve by Rib out of Adam, Jealousy by Nose out of Joint, Stampede by Sale out of Basement, etc.

Front Cover, "Samaria" Jockey Club Horse Racing Program from the 1930s.

1930 - Horse Racing Program - RMS Samaria

The ever-popular "Horse Racing" program from the 1930s, this one on the RMS Samaria of the Cunard White Star Line. Presented by the "Samaria Jockey Club, race entries included Headache by Cocktails out of Various, Slender by Diet out of Vanity, and many more.

1933-08-23 RMS Britannic

1934-10-06 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 6 October 1934
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Cobh And Galway
  • Commander: Captain P. R. Vaughan, D.S.C., R.D. (Cmdr. R.N.R. Retd.)
Front Cover, SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare 20 April 1935

1935-04-20 SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 20 April 1935 featured Fricandelles à l’Allemande, Tournedos of Beef, St. Laurent, and Pouding Wilhelmina for dessert.

Front Cover, Cunard Line RMS Berengaria First Class Passenger List - 26 June 1935.

1935-06-26 RMS Berengaria Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: Cunard Line
  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 26 June 1935
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain Sir Edgar Britten, R.D., R.N.R.
1935-09-04 RMS Majestic

1935-09-04 RMS Majestic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 4 September 1935
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain R. B. Irving, O.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
Front Cover, Cunard Line RMS Berengaria Tourist Class Passenger List - 11 September 1935.

1935-09-11 RMS Berengaria Passenger List

  • Steamship Line: Cunard Line
  • Class of Passengers: Tourist Class
  • Date of Departure: 11 September 1935
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain Sir Edgar Britten, R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Scythia 14 September 1935

1935-09-14 RMS Scythia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 14 September 1935
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Cobh (Queenstown)
  • Commander: Captain G. R. Dolphin
Front Cover, RMS Aquitania Passenger List - 18 September 1935

1935-09-18 RMS Aquitania Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 18 September 1935
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain R. V. Peel, R.D., Commodore, R.N.R.
Front Cover, RMS Aquitania Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare - 23 September 1935

1935-09-23 RMS Aquitania Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 23 September 1935 featured Supreme of Brill - Vin Blanc, Veal Pöjarskies, and Plum Pudding -- Brandy Sauce for dessert. Autographs and great graphics and lyrics for the song "Auld Lang Syne."

1935-10-04 RMS Britannic

1935-10-04 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 4 October 1935
  • Route: Le Havre and Southampton to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain W. A. Hawkes, C.B.E., R.D., R.N.R.
Menu Cover - Kosher Dinner Menu, RMS Queen Mary, Cunard Line, 8 June 1936

1936-06-08 RMS Queen Mary Strictly Kosher Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Monday, 8 June 1936 featured Boiled Fresh Salmon, Fried Haddock and Corn on the Cob.

Kosher Luncheon Menu, RMS Aquitania, Cunard Line, 8 July 1936

1936-07-08 RMS Aquitania Strictly Kosher Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Wednesday, 8 July 1936 featured Baked Fresh Haddock, Omelette Portugaise and Frankfurters with Sauerkraut.

RMS Samaria 24 July 1936

1936-07-24 RMS Samaria Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 24 July 1936
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Belfast and Greenock
  • Commander: Captain J. McRostie
Front Cover, Cabaret Concert Program on Board the RMS Samaria, Thursday, 30 July 1936.

1936-07-30 Cabaret Concert Program - RMS Samaria

A Cabaret Concert in the Tourist Class Smoking Room onboard the RMS Samaria of the Cunard White Star Line on 30 July 1936. This charity concert benefited British, American, and Canadian Seamen’s charitable organizations.

1936-08-08 RMS Britannic

1936-08-08 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist and Third Class
  • Date of Departure: 8 August 1936
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain G. Gibbons, R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Samaria 21 August 1936

1936-08-21 RMS Samaria Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 21 August 1936
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Belfast and Greenock
  • Commander: Captain J. McRostie
1936-10-17 RMS Georgic

1936-10-17 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 17 October 1936
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain J. C. Townley, R.D., R.N.R.
1937-07-24 RMS Georgic

1937-07-24 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 24 July 1937
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain B. B. Oram, R.D., R.N.R.
Front Cover, RMS Queen Mary Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare - 8 August 1937

1937-08-08 RMS Queen Mary Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare Card from 8 August 1937 featured Fillets of Sole Chesterfield, Chicken Halibut, Sauce Victoria, and Régence Pudding for dessert.

RMS Franconia 3 September 1937

1937-09-03 RMS Franconia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 3 September 1937
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Belfast and Greenock
  • Commander: Captain B. H. Davies
1937-09-17 RMS Georgic

1937-09-17 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Third Class
  • Date of Departure: 17 September 1937
  • Route: Le Havre and Southampton to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain B. B. Oram, R.D., R.N.R.
1937-10-06 RMS Georgic

1937-10-16 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Members of the American Legion (First, Tourist and Third Class)
  • Date of Departure: 16 October 1937
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Le Havre and Cobh
  • Commander: Captain B. B. Oram, R.D., R.N.R
Front Cover, SS Georgic Luncheon Bill of Fare - 14 March 1938

1938-03-14 SS Georgic Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 14 March 1938 featured Epicurean Ham & Dill Pickles, Cassolettes à la Toulouse, and Loganberry Flan for dessert.

Front Cover, SS Georgic Luncheon Bill of Fare - 16 March 1938

1938-03-16 SS Georgic Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 16 March 1938 featured Smoked Sturgeon, Roast Rib of Beef, Shredded Horseradish, and Lemon Cheese Cakes for dessert.

Front Cover, SS Georgic Luncheon Menu - 18 March 1938

1938-03-18 SS Georgic Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 18 March 1938 featured Fried Deep Sea Scallops, Sauce Remoulade, Fillets of Mutton, a la Parisienne, and Apricot Pie for dessert.

Front Cover, SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare - 18 August 1938

1938-08-18 SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 18 August 1938 featured Deep Sea Scallops, Sauce Rector, Croquettes à la Reine, and Coupe Danicheff for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 20 August 1938

1938-08-20 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 20 August 1938 featured Sauté of Beefsteak, Bourgeoise, Sea Bass, Portugaise, and Zwieback Pudding for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 21 August 1938

1938-08-21 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 21 August 1938 featured Grey Mullet, Provençale, French Lamb Stew, and Gooseberry Pie for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 22 August 1938

1938-08-22 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 22 August 1938 featured Smelts à l'Anglaise, Canneroni à la Capri, and Ice Cream and Wafers for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Dinner Bill of Fare - 22 August 1938

1938-08-22 RMS Franconia Dinner Menu

Vintage "Get Together" Bill of Fare from Monday, 22 August 1938 featured Poached Halibut, Sauce Crevette, Paupiette of Beef, Portugaise, and Vanilla and Strawberry Ice Cream and Wafers for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 23 August 1938

1938-08-23 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 23 August 1938 featured Braised Ox Tail, Bourguignonne, Poached Hake, Crème au Gratin, and Vermicelli Pudding for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Dinner Bill of Fare - 24 August 1938

1938-08-24 RMS Franconia Dinner Menu Card

Vintage Bill of Fare from Wednesday, 24 August 1938 featured Duckling Cutlets, Clamart, Roast Quarters of Lamb, Mint Sauce, and Neapolitan and Vanilla Ice Cream and Wafers for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 25 August 1938

1938-08-25 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 25 August 1938 featured Navarin of Lamb, Primeurs, Sirloin Steak, Maître d’hôtel, and Plum Pie for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Dinner Bill of Fare -25 August 1938

1938-08-25 RMS Franconia Dinner Menu Card

Vintage Bill of Fare from Thursday, 25 August 1938 featured Fillet of Flounder, Meunière, Prime Sirloin and Ribs of Beef, Horseradish, and Chocolate and Vanilla Ice Cream and Wafers for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 26 August 1938

1938-08-26 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 26 August 1938 featured Welsh Rarebits, Lamb Chops , and Apple Pie for dessert.

Menu Items, RMS Franconia Dinner Bill of Fare - 26 August 1938

1938-08-26 RMS Franconia Dinner Menu Card

Vintage Bill of Fare from Friday, 26 August 1938 featured Poached Halibut, Ménagère, Entrecote Steak, Crisp Onions, and Seville Pudding for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Franconia Luncheon Bill of Fare - 27 August 1938

1938-08-27 RMS Franconia Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 27 August 1938 featured Navarin of Lamb, Primeurs, Braised Round of Beef, Jardinière, and Tapioca Pudding for dessert.

RMS Franconia Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare - 27 August 1938

1938-08-27 RMS Franconia Farewell Dinner Menu Card

Vintage Bill of Fare from 27 August 1938 featured Poached Salmon, Lobster Sauce, Fried Filet of Sole au Citron, and Bavarois à la Russe for dessert.

1938-10-15 RMS Britannic

1938-10-15 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Members of the American Legion (First, Tourist and Third Class)
  • Date of Departure: 15 October 1938
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain A. T. Brown, R.D., R.N.R.
Front Cover, RMS Lancastria Dinner Bill of Fare - 7 May 1939

1939-05-07 RMS Lancastria Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Sunday, 7 May 1939 featured Fried Chicken, Honey Glazed Pineapple, Grenadins of Veal with Noodles, and Fresh Pears Flambés for dessert.

RMS Aquitania 7 June 1939

1939-06-07 RMS Aquitania Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 7 June 1939
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain J. C. Townley, R.D., R.N.R
1939-07-08 SS Georgic

1939-07-08 SS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 8 July 1939
  • Route: New York to London via Cobh (Queenstown), Southampton, and Le Havre
  • Commander: Captain G. R. Dolphin, R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Queen Mary 12 July 1939

1939-07-12 RMS Queen Mary Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Third Class
  • Date of Departure: 12 July 1939
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Commodore R. B. Irving, O.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
RMS Aquitania 9 September 1939

1939-09-09 RMS Aquitania Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 9 September 1939
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain George Gibbons

1940-12-26 RMS Queen Mary Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 26 December 1940 featured Broiled Haddock, Sauce Robert, Beefsteak and Kidney Pie, and Sago Custard Pudding for dessert. This Bill of Fare was prepared for "Officers".

1947-02-13 RMS Queen Elizabeth

1947-02-13 RMS Queen Elizabeth Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 13 February 1947
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain C. M. Ford, C.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
1947-05-24 RMS Queen Elizabeth

1947-05-24 RMS Queen Elizabeth Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 24 May 1947
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain C. G. Illingworth, R.D., R.N.R
1947-09-11 RMS Queen Elizabeth

1947-09-11 RMS Queen Elizabeth Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 11 September 1947
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain J. D. Snow, R.D., R.N.R
1947-09-19 RMS Queen Mary

1947-09-19 RMS Queen Mary Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 19 September 1947
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Commodore C. G. Illingworth, R.D., R.N.R
1947-09-25 RMS Media

1947-09-25 RMS Media Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 25 September 1947
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain R. G. Thelwell, O.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
Front Cover, RMS Mauretania Luncheon Bill of Fare - 17 October 1947

1947-10-17 RMS Mauretania Luncheon Menu

Exquisite Bill of Fare from 17 October 1947 featured Braised Ox Tail, Jardinière, Breaded Escalope of Veal with Cole Slaw, Guinea Chicken with Succotash, and Pineapple Crush Pie for Dessert, The elegant cover included a Portrait of James II after Sir Godfrey Kneller.

Front Cover, RMS Queen Mary Luncheon Bill of Fare - 23 December 1947

1947-12-23 RMS Queen Mary Christmas Themed Luncheon Menu

This post war Christmas Season Bill of Fare featured Potage St. Germain, Grilled Fresh Herrings with Mustard Sauce, Tenderloin Hamburger Steak with Garmi Saratoga Potatoes and Compote de Fruits.

Front Cover of 1949 Brochure on Tourist Class Accommodations on Cunard White Star Ships.

1949 Brochure - Cunard White Star Tourist Class on the "Big Four"

This 1949 booklet is your gangplank. Step aboard and see for yourself the spacious public rooms and tasteful cabins wherein relaxation and recreation are the rules of the day. Tourist Class on the "Big Four" of the Cunard White Star Line.

Front Cover, RMS Queen Elizabeth Dinner Bill of Fare - 28 August 1949

1949-08-28 RMS Queen Elizabeth Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Sunday, 28 August 1949 featured Fried Filet of Sole, Anglaise, Roast Chicken, Chipolata Sauce, and Plum Pudding, Sweet Sauce for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Queen Elizabeth Luncheon Bill of Fare - 29 August 1949

1949-08-29 RMS Queen Elizabeth Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 29 August 1949 featured Corned Brisket of Beef and Vegetables, Vienna Steak, Tomato Sauce, and Ice Cream for dessert.

Front Cover, Today's Program of Events for Tuesday, 30 August 1949 on Board the RMS Queen Elizabeth of the Cunard White Star.

1949-08-30 Program of Today's Events - RMS Queen Elizabeth

Program of Social and Sporting events onboard the RMS Queen Elizabeth of the Cunard White Star Line for Tuesday, 30 August 1949. Today's activities included movies, concerts, Rotary meeting, children's tea party, horse racing, cocktail hour, BBC newscast, dancing, and community sing-a-long.

 

=== Beginning in 1950 Cunard absorbed all of White Star Line. Voyages after 1949 for ships of the Old White Star Line ending in "ic" can be found under the White Star Line collection. All other Cunard ships are located under the Cunard Line. ===

The Merger of White Star Line with Cunard Steamship Company

In 1928 a new Oceanic(III) was proposed, and her keel was laid down that year at Harland & Wolff, but the final ship was never completed. She was to have a new diesel-electric propulsion system and maintain the thousand-foot dimensions that had initially been planned for Gigantic, and the unbuilt Ceric (1913).

As White Star faced financial troubles through the bungling of Lord Kylsant at the end of the twenties, Oceanic's keel was dismantled, and the steel was used in two new smaller ships built for the White Star, RMS Georgic & RMS Britannic.

Both of these ships would enter service in 1930 and would be the last liners White Star ever built. In 1933, White Star and Cunard were both in serious financial difficulties because of the Great Depression, falling passenger numbers and the advanced age of their fleets, notably White Star.

Work had been halted on Cunard's new giant, Hull 534 (later the Queen Mary), in 1931, to save money. In 1933, the British government agreed to provide assistance to the two competitors on the condition that they merge. The agreement was completed on December 30, 1933.

The merger took place on May 10, 1934, creating Cunard-White Star Limited. White Star contributed 10 ships to the new company while Cunard contributed 15 vessels. Because of this, and since Hull 534 was Cunard's ship, 62% of the company was owned by Cunard's shareholders, and 38% of the company was owned by White Star's shareholders.

A year after this merger, the last of the "Olympic Class" ships the Olympic was removed from active duty. Two years later, in 1937, she was scrapped. Paneling from her First Class lounge was salvaged and installed in the restaurant of the White Swan Hotel, Alnwick, Northumberland, England.

In 1947, Cunard acquired the 38% of Cunard White Star it did not already own, and on December 31, 1949, it acquired Cunard White Star's assets and operations, and reverted to using the name "Cunard."

From the time of the 1934 merger, the house flags of both lines had been flown on all its ships, with each vessel flying the flag of its original owner above the other; after 1950, only Georgic and Britannic, the last surviving White Star liners, continued to fly the White Star burgee on a regular basis, above the Cunard house flag. All other ships flew the Cunard flag over the White Star flag until 1968.

Edited Extract from Wikipedia

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