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Cunard White Star History and Ephemera

The Cunard White Star Line (1934-1949) was formed as a merger of the two once giant steamship lines - The Cunard Steam Ship Company and the White Star Line. The depression years had taken their toll on a number of transatlantic steamship lines. After World War II, traffic, especially tourist traffic had recovered and the Cunard line purchased the remaining assets of White Star Line in 1949.

Ships with Names that eneded in "ia" were part of Cunard Line and if the name ended in "ic" - the ship was part of White Star Line (originally).

1933-08-23 RMS Britannic

1934-10-06 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 6 October 1934
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Cobh And Galway
  • Commander: Captain P. R. Vaughan, D.S.C., R.D. (Cmdr. R.N.R. Retd.)
Front Cover, SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare 20 April 1935

1935-04-20 SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 20 April 1935 featured Fricandelles à l’Allemande, Tournedos of Beef, St. Laurent, and Pouding Wilhelmina for dessert.

1935-09-04 RMS Majestic

1935-09-04 RMS Majestic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 4 September 1935
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain R. B. Irving, O.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
RMS Scythia 14 September 1935

1935-09-14 RMS Scythia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 14 September 1935
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Cobh (Queenstown)
  • Commander: Captain G. R. Dolphin
Front Cover, RMS Aquitania Passenger List - 18 September 1935

1935-09-18 RMS Aquitania Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 18 September 1935
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain R. V. Peel, R.D., Commodore, R.N.R.
1935-10-04 RMS Britannic

1935-10-04 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 4 October 1935
  • Route: Le Havre and Southampton to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain W. A. Hawkes, C.B.E., R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Samaria 24 July 1936

1936-07-24 RMS Samaria Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 24 July 1936
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Belfast and Greenock
  • Commander: Captain J. McRostie
1936-08-08 RMS Britannic

1936-08-08 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist and Third Class
  • Date of Departure: 8 August 1936
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain G. Gibbons, R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Samaria 21 August 1936

1936-08-21 RMS Samaria Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 21 August 1936
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Belfast and Greenock
  • Commander: Captain J. McRostie
1936-10-17 RMS Georgic

1936-10-17 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 17 October 1936
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain J. C. Townley, R.D., R.N.R.
1937-07-24 RMS Georgic

1937-07-24 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 24 July 1937
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain B. B. Oram, R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Franconia 3 September 1937

1937-09-03 RMS Franconia Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 3 September 1937
  • Route: Liverpool to Boston and New York via Belfast and Greenock
  • Commander: Captain B. H. Davies
1937-09-17 RMS Georgic

1937-09-17 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Third Class
  • Date of Departure: 17 September 1937
  • Route: Le Havre and Southampton to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain B. B. Oram, R.D., R.N.R.
1937-10-06 RMS Georgic

1937-10-16 RMS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Members of the American Legion (First, Tourist and Third Class)
  • Date of Departure: 16 October 1937
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Le Havre and Cobh
  • Commander: Captain B. B. Oram, R.D., R.N.R
Front Cover, SS Georgic Luncheon Bill of Fare - 14 March 1938

1938-03-14 SS Georgic Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 14 March 1938 featured Epicurean Ham & Dill Pickles, Cassolettes à la Toulouse, and Loganberry Flan for dessert.

Front Cover, SS Georgic Luncheon Bill of Fare - 16 March 1938

1938-03-16 SS Georgic Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 16 March 1938 featured Smoked Sturgeon, Roast Rib of Beef, Shredded Horseradish, and Lemon Cheese Cakes for dessert.

Front Cover, SS Georgic Luncheon Menu - 18 March 1938

18 March 1938 SS Georgic Luncheon Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 18 March 1938 featured Fried Deep Sea Scallops, Sauce Remoulade, Fillets of Mutton, a la Parisienne, and Apricot Pie for dessert.

Front Cover, SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare - 18 August 1938

1938-08-18 SS Georgic Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from 18 August 1938 featured Deep Sea Scallops, Sauce Rector, Croquettes à la Reine, and Coupe Danicheff for dessert.

1938-10-15 RMS Britannic

1938-10-15 RMS Britannic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Members of the American Legion (First, Tourist and Third Class)
  • Date of Departure: 15 October 1938
  • Route: Southampton and Le Havre to New York via Cobh
  • Commander: Captain A. T. Brown, R.D., R.N.R.
Front Cover, RMS Lancastria Dinner Bill of Fare - 7 May 1939

1939-05-07 RMS Lancastria Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Sunday, 7 May 1939 featured Fried Chicken, Honey Glazed Pineapple, Grenadins of Veal with Noodles, and Fresh Pears Flambés for dessert.

RMS Aquitania 7 June 1939

1939-06-07 RMS Aquitania Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 7 June 1939
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Captain J. C. Townley, R.D., R.N.R
1939-07-08 SS Georgic

1939-07-08 SS Georgic Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 8 July 1939
  • Route: New York to London via Cobh (Queenstown), Southampton, and Le Havre
  • Commander: Captain G. R. Dolphin, R.D., R.N.R.
RMS Queen Mary 12 July 1939

1939-07-12 RMS Queen Mary Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Third Class
  • Date of Departure: 12 July 1939
  • Route: Southampton to New York via Cherbourg
  • Commander: Commodore R. B. Irving, O.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
RMS Aquitania 9 September 1939

1939-09-09 RMS Aquitania Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 9 September 1939
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain George Gibbons
1947-02-13 RMS Queen Elizabeth

1947-02-13 RMS Queen Elizabeth Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Cabin
  • Date of Departure: 13 February 1947
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Captain C. M. Ford, C.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
1947-05-24 RMS Queen Elizabeth

1947-05-24 RMS Queen Elizabeth Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 24 May 1947
  • Route: New York to Southampton
  • Commander: Captain C. G. Illingworth, R.D., R.N.R
1947-09-19 RMS Queen Mary

1947-09-19 RMS Queen Mary Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: Tourist
  • Date of Departure: 19 September 1947
  • Route: Southampton to New York
  • Commander: Commodore C. G. Illingworth, R.D., R.N.R
1947-09-25 RMS Media

1947-09-25 RMS Media Passenger List

  • Class of Passengers: First Class
  • Date of Departure: 25 September 1947
  • Route: Liverpool to New York
  • Commander: Captain R. G. Thelwell, O.B.E., R.D., R.N.R
Front Cover, RMS Mauretania Luncheon Bill of Fare - 17 October 1947

1947-10-17 RMS Mauretania Luncheon Menu

Exquisite Bill of Fare from 17 October 1947 featured Braised Ox Tail, Jardinière, Breaded Escalope of Veal with Cole Slaw, Guinea Chicken with Succotash, and Pineapple Crush Pie for Dessert, The elegant cover included a Portrait of James II after Sir Godfrey Kneller.

Front Cover of 1949 Brochure on Tourist Class Accommodations on Cunard White Star Ships.

1949 Brochure - Cunard White Star Tourist Class on the "Big Four"

This 1949 booklet is your gangplank. Step aboard and see for yourself the spacious public rooms and tasteful cabins wherein relaxation and recreation are the rules of the day. Tourist Class on the "Big Four" of the Cunard White Star Line.

Front Cover, RMS Queen Elizabeth Dinner Bill of Fare - 28 August 1949

1949-08-28 RMS Queen Elizabeth Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Sunday, 28 August 1949 featured Fried Filet of Sole, Anglaise, Roast Chicken, Chipolata Sauce, and Plum Pudding, Sweet Sauce for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Queen Mary Dinner Bill of Fare - 12 May 1951

1951-05-12 RMS Queen Mary Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Saturday, 12 May 1951 featured Supreme of Halibut, Cardinal, Medaillon of Veal, Milanaise, and Plum Pudding, Rum Sauce for dessert.

Front Cover, RMS Queen Mary Dinner Bill of Fare - 19 June 1952

1952-06-19 RMS Queen Mary Dinner Menu

Vintage Bill of Fare from Thursday, 19 June 1952 featured Suprême of Turbot, Véronique, Pigeon en Cocotte, Polonaise, and Pineapple Soufflé for dessert.

 

The Merger of White Star Line with Cunard Steamship Company

In 1928 a new Oceanic(III) was proposed, and her keel was laid down that year at Harland & Wolff, but the final ship was never completed. She was to have a new diesel-electric propulsion system and maintain the thousand-foot dimensions that had initially been planned for Gigantic, and the unbuilt Ceric (1913).

As White Star faced financial troubles through the bungling of Lord Kylsant at the end of the twenties, Oceanic's keel was dismantled, and the steel was used in two new smaller ships built for the White Star, RMS Georgic & RMS Britannic.

Both of these ships would enter service in 1930 and would be the last liners White Star ever built. In 1933, White Star and Cunard were both in serious financial difficulties because of the Great Depression, falling passenger numbers and the advanced age of their fleets, notably White Star.

Work had been halted on Cunard's new giant, Hull 534 (later the Queen Mary), in 1931, to save money. In 1933, the British government agreed to provide assistance to the two competitors on the condition that they merge. The agreement was completed on December 30, 1933.

The merger took place on May 10, 1934, creating Cunard-White Star Limited. White Star contributed 10 ships to the new company while Cunard contributed 15 vessels. Because of this, and since Hull 534 was Cunard's ship, 62% of the company was owned by Cunard's shareholders, and 38% of the company was owned by White Star's shareholders.

A year after this merger, the last of the "Olympic Class" ships the Olympic was removed from active duty. Two years later, in 1937, she was scrapped. Paneling from her First Class lounge was salvaged and installed in the restaurant of the White Swan Hotel, Alnwick, Northumberland, England.

In 1947, Cunard acquired the 38% of Cunard White Star it did not already own, and on December 31, 1949, it acquired Cunard White Star's assets and operations, and reverted to using the name "Cunard."

From the time of the 1934 merger, the house flags of both lines had been flown on all its ships, with each vessel flying the flag of its original owner above the other; after 1950, only Georgic and Britannic, the last surviving White Star liners, continued to fly the White Star burgee on a regular basis, above the Cunard house flag. All other ships flew the Cunard flag over the White Star flag until 1968.

Edited Extract from Wikipedia

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