SS George Washington Passenger List - 25 September 1930

Front Cover of a Cabin Class Passenger List from the SS George Washington of the United States Lines, Departing 25 September 1930 from Hamburg to New York via Southampton and Cherbourg

Front Cover of a Cabin Class Passenger List from the SS George Washington of the United States Lines, Departing 25 September 1930 from Hamburg to New York via Southampton and Cherbourg, Commanded by Captain A. B. Randall, U.S.N.R. GGA Image ID # 1652380837

Senior Officers and Staff

  • Commander: Captain A. B. Randall, U.S.N.R.
  • Chief Officer: R. B. Miller
  • Chief Engineer: W. G. Grace
  • Purser: A. Koppenjan
  • Chief Surgeon: Dr. B. R. Comeau
  • Chief Steward: Charles H. Heidorn

Cabin Class Passengers

  1. Mr. B. A. Acharya
  2. Mrs. V. Aksarova
  3. Mr. Bruce Aldrich
  4. Mr. T. Warren Allen
  5. Mrs. Allen
  6. Mr. Rosa Alos
  7. Mr. T. Altman
  8. Mr. Philip Amodeo
  9. Mrs. Amodeo
  10. Miss Janet Amodeo
  11. Miss Mary L. Amodeo
  12. Mr. J. H. Anderson
  13. Mrs. Anderson
  14. Mrs. Frank Ashbrook
  15. Mr. G. E. Ashforth
  16. Mrs. Joseph Auld
  17. Mr. C. D. Backus
  18. Mrs. Backus
  19. Mrs. F. Bangser
  20. Miss Minnie D. Banks
  21. Mrs. Augusta Barhydt
  22. Mr. S. Baring-Gould
  23. Mrs. Baring-Gould
  24. Mr. Bert Barnett
  25. Mrs. Barnett
  26. Mrs. F. Barnoff
  27. Mrs. Anna Bartusck
  28. Mr. A. S. J. Baster
  29. Mrs. Baster
  30. Mr. J. Bateman
  31. Mr. H. C. Bates
  32. Mr. G. E. Beatty
  33. Mrs. G. E. Beatty
  34. Mrs. G. E. O. Bell
  35. Miss Betty Bell
  36. Mr. James F. Bell
  37. Mrs. Lizzie Belz
  38. Miss Florence Belz
  39. Mr. Istran Benke
  40. Mr. Richard L. Binder
  41. Mrs. Caroline A. Birklein
  42. Col. J. E. Blackwell
  43. Miss Margaret Bloomfield
  44. General Rupert Blue
  45. Miss Aline Bournique
  46. Miss M. E. Brenan
  47. Mrs. C. Brenner
  48. Dr. L. J. Briggs
  49. Miss Edith Brill
  50. Miss Alice Brill
  51. Mrs. C. A. Brown
  52. Mrs. Edward J. Brundage
  53. Miss Jacquiline Brundage
  54. Miss Margaret L. Brundage
  55. Master Robert V. Brundage
  56. Mrs. Mary Brunton
  57. Miss Elizabeth Bullet
  58. Mr. W. H. Butler
  59. Mr. Philip J. Byrne
  60. Mrs. Byrne
  61. Miss Katherine Byrne
  62. Master Byrne
  63. Mr. J. A. Callan
  64. Mrs. Callan
  65. Mr. D. Capriel
  66. Lady Carden
  67. Mr. Alphonse Carette
  68. Mr. A. Eric Chandler
  69. Mr. H. T. Chapman
  70. Mrs. E. M. Chapman
  71. Miss E. M. Chapman
  72. Mr. James D. Chataway
  73. Mr. Sever Christescu
  74. Mr. Paul Christophe
  75. Mr. Ciok
  76. Mrs. Ciok
  77. Mrs. Anna N. Clarke
  78. Mr. N. Clumeck
  79. Mr. Arthur E. Cockerton
  80. Mr. Louis Cohen
  81. Mrs. Cohen,
  82. Mr. J. C. Collingwood
  83. Mr. Wm. F. Comstock
  84. Mr. William E. Connolly
  85. Mrs. Connolly
  86. Mr. A. Douglas Cook
  87. Mrs. M. T. Coolidge
  88. Mr. B. Cooper
  89. Mr. Clarence L. Crowell
  90. Mrs. Crowell
  91. Mrs. Eugene A. Cusick
  92. Miss Helen Cusick
  93. Mr. Daquay
  94. Mr. F. H. Davies
  95. Mrs. Davies
  96. Mr. Francisco de Albacete
  97. Miss Adelaide de Albacete
  98. Mr. William Le Bert De Bar
  99. Mrs. De Bar
  100. Miss E. De Nancrede
  101. Mr. H. E. Denham
  102. Commander Albert H. Denton
  103. Mrs. Denton
  104. Mrs. E. P. Dodge
  105. Miss Nora Donovan
  106. Major George C. Dunham
  107. Miss Margaret Dunn
  108. Miss Margaret Dunne
  109. Mr. Gerard Du Pont
  110. Mr. Moises Barris Duque
  111. Mr. F. H. Edwards
  112. Mr. Rafaël Lopez Egonez
  113. Mr. Harry Eichberg
  114. Mrs. Eichberg
  115. Miss Nanette Eichberg
  116. Mr. Ferenc Eisner
  117. Mr. Ernest J. Elford
  118. Miss Maude Elkins
  119. Miss L. Eststein
  120. Mr. Edward A. Evans
  121. Mr. Denis Feighery
  122. Miss Julia Fiefeck
  123. Mr. Morris Finkelstein
  124. Mrs. Finkelstein
  125. Miss Edith Finklestein
  126. Congressman Roy G. Fitzgerald
  127. Mrs. Mary H. Ford
  128. Mr. C. G. Fox
  129. Mr. J. W. Fox
  130. Mr. William Freeman
  131. Capt. Charles Frobisher
  132. Mrs. C. Gilbert
  133. Mr. Gilchrist
  134. Mrs. Gilchrist
  135. Mrs. Irma Girard
  136. Miss Winifred Godde
  137. Mr. Arnold Goosel
  138. Mrs. Goosel
  139. Miss Edith H. Greaves
  140. Mrs. Edward A. Grossmann
  141. Dr. H. E. Hager
  142. Master Eric Hager
  143. Judge H. A. L. Hall
  144. Mrs. Hall
  145. Miss Elizabeth W. Hall
  146. Miss Eunice P. Hall
  147. Mr. Henry Kingston Hall
  148. Mrs. Hall
  149. Master H. K. Hall
  150. Miss Kjestine Hansen
  151. Miss Rita Harney
  152. Mr. Wallace L. Hart
  153. Capt. Raymond Hartman
  154. Mrs. Hartman
  155. Miss Hedwig Hartman
  156. Mrs. John Hatfield
  157. Mr. G. S. Hay
  158. Mr. Harley Heckford
  159. Mrs. Heiman
  160. Miss Pauline Hell
  161. Mr. Walter Hertz
  162. Mrs. Amelie Hill
  163. Miss G. V. L. Hillyers
  164. Mrs. George H. Hobson
  165. Mrs. Irma Hoefley
  166. Mr. Nicolie Hoisescu
  167. Mrs. Hoisescu
  168. Miss Leopoldine Hojat
  169. Mr. Herman Hollander
  170. Mrs. Hollander
  171. Mrs. M. C. Hopper
  172. Mr. Stanley G. Hughes
  173. Mr. H. Hussenhuttel
  174. Mrs. Hussenhuttel
  175. Dr. F. Ingerman
  176. Mrs. Ingerman
  177. Mr. Warren S. Jamar
  178. Major N. S. Jarvis
  179. Mrs. Jarvis
  180. Miss E. D. Jex
  181. Mr. Harry Jolson
  182. Mrs. Jolson
  183. Mr. Stanislav Josifovich
  184. Miss Margaret Judson
  185. Mr. Adolf Kann
  186. Miss Else M. Kann
  187. Dr. Jesse R Kellems
  188. Mrs. Kellems
  189. Mr. Henry Kelly
  190. Mrs. Gerald Kennedy
  191. Miss Helen Kennedy
  192. Miss Kathryn Kennedy
  193. Mr. James E. Kennedy
  194. Mrs. Kennedy
  195. Mr. W. J. Kerr
  196. Mrs. Kerr
  197. Mr. R. B. Kidd
  198. Mr. J. S. Killick
  199. Mrs. Killick
  200. Mr. Hugo Koblenzer
  201. Mrs. Koblenzer
  202. Mr. John L. Kollen
  203. Mrs. Martha D. Kollen
  204. Mr. O. J. Korhummer
  205. Miss Annie Kost
  206. Miss Lina Krebser
  207. Mr. Paul H. Kunzler
  208. Mr. Edwin de Lacey
  209. Capt. Joseph I. Lambert
  210. Mrs. Lambert Dr. B. Landheer
  211. Mr. Timothy Lane
  212. Mr. P. J. M. Larranga
  213. Mr. William Le Conte
  214. Mr. Ernest Leonard Leeming
  215. Mr. Le Gras
  216. Mrs. M. R. Leland
  217. Mr. Alfred Leonhardt
  218. Mr. Carol E. Levae
  219. Mr. H. H. Ling
  220. Mrs. Ling
  221. Miss A. Lowdon
  222. Mr. H. E. Lunn
  223. Mr. Alfonso V. d'Azcvedo Luquete
  224. Mr. Lessei S. McKenzie
  225. Dr. Frederick Mandeville
  226. Mrs. Mandeville
  227. Mr. Frank Mann
  228. Mrs. Mann
  229. Mr. Frank Markowitz
  230. Mrs. Markowitz
  231. Miss Betty Markowitz
  232. Miss Lillian Markowitz
  233. Mr. Frederick M. Marsh
  234. Mrs. Mabel C. Marston
  235. Miss Victoria R. Martinez
  236. Mrs. L. M. Mastin
  237. Miss Jule Maureaux
  238. Mrs. Louise Maureaux
  239. Mr. R. J. May
  240. Mrs. Fansta Vittoria Mengarini
  241. Mr. Hugh Miller
  242. Mr. Richard G. Miller
  243. Mr. H. L. Miller, Jnr.
  244. Mrs. Alta Pola Mlotek
  245. Mr. Chas. J. Mondo
  246. Mrs. Mondo
  247. Mr. John Mondo
  248. Mrs. Louise Mondschein
  249. Mr. Jorge A. d'Oliveira Moreira
  250. Miss Mary Morrissey
  251. Mrs. Margaret Müller
  252. Mr. Francis Thomas Murray
  253. Mrs. Murray
  254. Miss M. Margot Murray
  255. Mr. Robert S. Murt
  256. Capt. William V. Ochs
  257. Mrs. William V. Ochs
  258. Miss Alice M. Ochs
  259. Master William V. Ochs
  260. Counsellor M. S. Okecki
  261. Miss Jessie Maud Oliver
  262. Mrs. Frank H. Packard
  263. Mr. Benjamin Palencia Parez
  264. Mr. Leo Pasvolsky
  265. Mrs. Pasvolsky
  266. Mr. Charles Patch
  267. Mrs. Patch
  268. Mr. William Pates
  269. Mr. L. Tenney Peck
  270. Mrs. Peck
  271. Mrs. Alico Eva Perkins
  272. Dr. Leopold Pessdl
  273. Mr. W. Enos Phillips
  274. Mrs. Phillips
  275. Dr. H. M. Pollock
  276. Mrs. Pollock
  277. Mr. Robert Pollock
  278. Prof. Raymond J. Pool
  279. Mrs. Pool
  280. Mr. Nicolae Profiri
  281. Mr. James Quigley
  282. Mrs. Quigley
  283. Mr. George W. Reed
  284. Mrs. E. C. Requa
  285. Mrs. W. C. Reuther
  286. Capt. G. M. Reynolds
  287. Mrs. Reynolds
  288. Miss M. Reynolds
  289. Mr. Henry A. Richardson
  290. Mr. Charles S. Richton
  291. Miss Sarah Richton
  292. Mr. Charles J. Ritchie
  293. Mr. L. Robert Robinson
  294. Judge B. Rosenblatt
  295. Dr. Hugo Rosier
  296. Mr. Almon E. Roth
  297. Mrs. E. W. Rucker, Jun.
  298. Capt. S. G. Saulnier
  299. Mrs. L. M. Saulnier
  300. Mr. P. A. Schwob
  301. Mr. Franklin H. Seeley
  302. Mr. F. H. Seeley
  303. Mr. Stuart Seeley
  304. Mr. Raymond B. Seymour
  305. Mrs. Seymour
  306. Mr. Samuel Shaw
  307. Mrs. Shaw
  308. Miss Elizabeth Ann Shaw
  309. Master Alan Shaw
  310. Mr. Charles Shiverick
  311. Mrs. Shiverick
  312. Miss Beatrice C. Shiverick
  313. Miss Nancy V. Shiverick
  314. Mr. E. S. Shrapnell-Smith C.B.E.
  315. Mr. Rafael Silvela
  316. Mrs. Silvela
  317. Miss Kathryn Sinnott
  318. Mrs. Maire Smetana
  319. Mr. Samuel Smethurst
  320. Dr. Edward Sylvester Smith
  321. Mr. Ralph Smith
  322. Mrs. Smith
  323. Mr. Jamco Solomon
  324. Mrs. Elvira Somlo
  325. Master Charles Somlo
  326. Mrs. H. Spades
  327. Dr. Percy E. Spielman
  328. Mr. Jose R. Spiteri
  329. Mr. Edward J. Stead
  330. Mr. Nicolae R. Stephan
  331. Mr. James Stevens
  332. Mrs. Stevens
  333. Mr. Shirley G. Stubbs
  334. Mr. M. Sun
  335. Mrs. Ann Suter and Maid
  336. Dr. F. Svoboda
  337. Mrs. Svoboda
  338. Mr. J. E. Swindlehurst
  339. Mrs. Antonia Szekeres
  340. Mr. St. John Taylor
  341. Mrs. Taylor
  342. Mrs. William Theophilus
  343. Mr. Bryson F. Thompson
  344. Mrs. Thompson
  345. Mrs. L. C. Thompson
  346. Mrs. Amanda Tomb
  347. Mr. Charles M. Trautschold
  348. Mr. George Treux
  349. Mr. Theodore G. Vetterlen
  350. Mr. Paul Vida
  351. Mr. Jenoe Vida
  352. Mrs. Vida
  353. Mr. Alexander von Steiger
  354. Mr. J. H. Walker
  355. Mr. John P. Wakeford
  356. Mr. C. Wahlenfels
  357. Mrs. Waldenfels
  358. Mr. Wladyslaw Walonski
  359. Miss K. Walsh
  360. Major S. H. Warren
  361. Mrs. Warren
  362. Dr. C. V. Watts
  363. Mrs. B. Webster
  364. Miss Mary L. Whitall
  365. Mrs. Claire N. Whitehurst
  366. Mr. Geo. A. Whittemore
  367. Mrs. Whittemore
  368. Mr. F. H. W. Wilbee
  369. Mr. F. Wilkinson
  370. Capt. A. E. Williams
  371. Mrs. A. E. Williams
  372. Miss Eleanore Williams
  373. Sir Seymour Williams
  374. Mr. Edward Willis
  375. Mrs. Willis
  376. Mrs. Elizabeth R. Winsor
  377. Miss M. Wittig
  378. Mrs. Zelma Wright
  379. Mr. H. W. Wunder
  380. Mrs. Wunder
  381. Mr. W. C. Wyatt
  382. Mr. Emil Wydler
  383. Miss Helen M. York
  384. Dr. Laszlo Zelovich

 

Not on Board

  1. Mrs. Allen
  2. Mr. J. Bateman 
  3. Major George C. Dunham      
  4. Miss Margaret Dunne  
  5. Miss Else M. Kann
  6. Mr. Le Gras
  7. Miss M. Margot Murray
  8. Mr. Nicolas K. Stephan
  9. Mrs. Ann Suter's maid
  10. Mrs. Clare N. Whitehurst

Additional Passengers

  1. Mr. G. B. Adler
  2. Mrs. Bessy Blaker
  3. Captain Robert H. Bland
  4. Mr. I. Citarella
  5. Miss F. Dahlstrom
  6. Mr. J. Dubuis
  7. Mrs. Dubuis
  8. Mr. David E. Finley
  9. Mr. A. Gessel
  10. Mr. F. C. Hopkirk
  11. Mr. H. Hughes
  12. Mrs. Bessie Kappler
  13. Miss Barbara Kappler
  14. Mr. L. M. Leroy
  15. Dr. C. O. Mailloux
  16. Mrs. Elsie K. Marx
  17. Mr. L. Massine
  18. Mrs. Massine
  19. Miss M. Murphy
  20. Mr. S. R. Nicolae
  21. Mr. Frank H. Packard
  22. Mr. G. Penn
  23. Hon. John D. Pepys
  24. Mr. John A. Stoner
  25. Infant Armin Svoboda
  26. Mr. W. Starczewfki
  27. Mr. E. Wall
  28. Miss Thelma B. DeWiet
  29. Mr. C. S. Willment

Errata

  • Mr. Rosa Also should read Miss Maria Rosa Alos
  • Mr. G. E. Beatty should read Mr. J. E. Beatty
  • Mrs. G. E. Beatty should read Mrs. J. E. Beatty
  • Mr. Istran Benke should read Mr. Istvan Benke
  • Miss M. E. Brenan should read Miss M. E. Brennan
  • Mr. Ciok should read Mr. Mochail Cioc
  • Mrs. Ciok should read Mrs. Cioc
  • Mr. F. H. Edwards should read Mr. A. H. Edwards
  • Miss. Eststein should read Miss L. Epstein
  • Miss Edith Finklestein should read Miss Edith Finkeistein
  • Mrs. Irma Girard should read Miss Irma Girard
  • Mr. Arnold Goosel should read Mr. Arnold Godsol
  • Mrs. Goosel should read Mrs. Godsol
  • Miss Irma Hoefley should read Miss Irma Hoefly
  • Miss Leopoldine Hojat should read Miss Leopoldine Hojac
  • Mr. H. Hussenbuttel should read Mr. H. Heissenbuttel
  • Mrs. Hussenbuttel should read Mrs. Heissenbuttel
  • Mr. Henry Kelly should read Mr. Harry H. Kelly
  • Mr. O. J. Korhummer should read Mr. O. J. Korhummel
  • Mr. Alfonso V. d'Azevedo Luquete should read Mr. Alfonso V. d'Azevedo Zuquete
  • Mr. H. L. Miller, Jr. should read Mr. H. R. Miller. Jr.
  • Mr. Benjamin Palencia Parez should read Mr. Benjamin Palencia Perez
  • Dr. Leopold Pessdl should read Dr. Leopold Pessel
  • Mr. Robert Pollock should read Mr. Robert Pollak
  • Mr. Charles S. Richton should read Mr. Charles S. Righton
  • Miss Sarah Richton should read Miss Sarah Righton
  • Mrs Maire Smetana should read Mrs. Marie Smetana
  • Mr. Jamco Solomon should read Mr. Iancu Solomon
  • Mr. George Treux should read Mr. George Truex
  • Capt. A. E. Williams should read Col. A. E. Williams

SUMMARY

  • Cabin: 404
  • Tourist: 275
  • Third Class: 145
  • Seapost Officials: 1
  • Commander, Officers and Crew: 603
  • Total Souls on Board: 1428

Passenger Information

(Subject to Change)

High Seas Mail.—United States Postage Rates and Stamps are used when mailing letters, and such letters should be posted in the ship's letter box in the ordinary way.
The mail bag is closed a few hours previous to arrival.

Rates on letters to all countries except United States, Canada, British Colonies, Great Britain and Ireland, five cents for the first ounce, and three cents for each additional ounce or fraction.

Ship to Ship.—Radiograms are also accepted for passengers on other ships, for which the charge is 16 cents per word.

Seats at Tables.—Applications may be made to the Second Steward in advance, or on day of sailing on board the Steamer.

Smoking.—Passengers are requested not to smoke in the Main Dining Saloon or Social Hall.

Orchestra.—This vessel carries an orchestra which will play daily at the under-mentioned times and places :

  • 1 p.m. to 2 p.m., Dining Room.
  • 4 p.m. to 5 p.m., Social Hall.
  • 7 p.m. to 8 p.m., Dining Room.
  • 9 p.m. to Midnight, Social Hall.

Dancing.—Dancing in the Ball Room commences every evening at 9 o'clock.

Deck Games and Amusements.— Deck Quoits, Shuffleboard, Bull Board and other games are provided on deck. Baseball, Golf, Volley Ball, Deck Tennis, Shuffleboard, Quoits, and all the familiar ocean games are also available. Deck Stewards will furnish them.

Chess, Draughts, Dominoes, etc., can be obtained on application to the Social Hall or Library Stewards.

Books.—Books are obtainable from the Library upon application to the Steward in charge.

Divine Services.—On Sundays at hours to be announced on shipboard.

Barber, Hairdresser, and Manicurist.—The Barber's hours are from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m.

A Clothes Cleaning and Pressing Room is in charge of an expert attendant. A printed tariff of charges may be obtained at the Purser's Office.

Boots and Shoes will be cleaned if left outside stateroom door.

Notice. -Passengers are warned that professional gamblers are reported as frequently crossing on Atlantic steamers.

Life-Belts.—Passengers are earnestly requested to familiarize themselves with the use of life-belts and the location of lifeboats for the customary drill held on each voyage of this vessel. Full instructions are given on a printed card posted in your Stateroom.

Photographic Dark Room. A dark room fitted with all the necessary equipment has been installed for the use of passengers who wish to have photographs developed during the voyage.

Travelers' Checks.—The United States Lines has placed on board its vessels American Express checks which may be secured from the Purser on application.

Medical Attention. -The Surgeon will be in his office for the treatment of passengers requiring his attention from 9.30 to 10.30 a.in., from 4 to 5 p.m., and 8.30 to 9.30 p.m. His services are available at any hour in cases of urgency. In cases of illness originating on board or after the departure of the steamer no charge will be made for these services, and such medicines as are prescribed by the ship's Surgeon will be furnished without extra expense to the passenger.

In cases of illness not originating on board, the Surgeon is permitted to make a nominal charge, subject to the approval of the commanding officer.

Berthing of Passengers.—No changes can be made except officially by the Purser.

Deck Chairs and Rugs may be hired for the voyage on application to the Deck Steward, rental $1.50 each.

Reservations.—Passengers de dring to secure reservations for return to United States can do so by consulting the Purser.

Exchange of Money. The Purser is prepared, for the convenience of passengers, to exchange a limited amount of money at rates which will be furnished on application. A receipt will be issued covering each exchange transaction.

Baggage. —All inquiries regarding Baggage on board ship should be made at the Baggage Master's Office.

On disembarking, passengers are specially requested to claim their baggage before leaving the Customs Baggage Room, otherwise considerable delay and extra charge for carriage may be incurred in forwarding to destination any baggage not accompanying passengers.

The United States Lines accepts no responsibility or liability for baggage or parcels left on board—except by arrangement with Baggage Master.

It is recommended that passengers insure their baggage, as the Lines' liability is strictly limited in accordance with contract ticket. Baggage insurance can be arranged at any of the Lines' offices.

" Passengers desiring to reforward to storage or to deliver to another party, pieces of baggage, and packages of various kinds, are requested to deliver same to the Ship's Baggage Master, who is the only one designated on the ship competent to receive them and forward them, so as to avoid complication with the Customs regulations of the various countries.

The Company accepts no responsibility for any articles handed over by passengers to any member of the Ship's Personnel, other than above."

Baggage Room. -All baggage not placed in cabins is stowed in the Baggage Room, where access can be had to it during the voyage if required.

Valuables.—The United States Lines are not responsible for theft of valuables or money kept in Staterooms. The same should be placed in charge of the Purser for deposit in his safe, and a receipt will be given on the Company's form.

Payments. -Passengers should obtain a receipt from the Purser, on the Company's form, for any additional passage money, excess baggage or freight charges, etc., paid on board.

Dogs are carried at the Owner's risk. The Company's charge is $20.00 each, regardless of size. Arrangements for carrying dogs should be made by communicating with the UNITED STATES LINES, or if this has not been done, the Purser should be notified.

Passengers are notified that cats and dogs cannot be landed in Great Britain without considerable delay unless a license has previously been procured from the Board of Agriculture, London. Forms of license must be obtained by direct application to this Department in London before the dog is taken on board.

Freight. All of the steamers operated by the United States Lines and American Merchant Lines are combination freight and passenger ships. They are modern in every respect and some are equipped lor carriage of considerable cargo under refrigeration.
For rates and space apply to United States Lines, Freight Traffic Department, 45 Broadway, New York.

Suggestions and Complaints.—Suggestions, complaints or criticisms of service or of personnel should be addressed to the President, United States Lines Operations, Inc., 45 Broadway, New York City.

Reduced Cabin, Round Trip Rates are effective for steamship travel during the following periods :

  • Eastbound : August 16 to May 15.
  • Westbound : October 16 to July 15.

There will be a reduction of 12 per cent, front the combined one-way fares, that is, the regular Eastbound (outward) rate combined with the regular Westbound (prepaid) rate.
Should passengers sail one way during the above periods and one way in the " high " season, the reduction will apply for the " off " season sailing.

Both eastbound and westbound tickets must be taken out at the same time.

This arrangement gives passengers an opportunity to combine European tours. It also meets the desires of passengers who, while wishing to benefit by the special round trip rates, wish to travel one way via the St. Lawrence route and one way via New York.

Latitude and Longitude. -Latitude means "distance north or south of the equator," and longitude means distance from the Meridian at Greenwich—near London. Both are recorded in degrees, minutes and seconds. At the Equator, a minute of longitude is equal to a nautical mile, but as the meridians converge after leaving the equator, meeting at the Poles, the size of a degree becomes less. Sailing eastward a ship moves against the revolution of the earth, thus her course makes her gain time; while if she were sailing to the westward, with the movement of the earth, she would lengthen her time.

Changing the Clock.—Between New York and London there is a difference in time of five hours, and as the sun rises in the East, as we say, when the ship is going eastward she meets sunlight earlier each day and thus gains time. Exactly how much is computed each day at noon, and the ship's clocks are immediately set at the correct time for that longitude. On a vessel which makes the crossing in five days the clocks will be set ahead each day approximately an hour ; on slower ships, of course, less. Going westward the clock is set back daily in similar fashion.

The Barometer.—Next to the mariner's compass and chart the barometer is the most important aid to navigation ever invented. Many persons know that a barometer is an instrument for recording changes in the weather, and the student of physics is taught that this is done by measuring the weight or pressure of the atmosphere. A rising barometer denotes the approach of good weather, a falling barometer, the reverse. A sudden fall warns the mariner to be on the look-out for a severe storm. The barometer was invented during the seventeenth century by Torricelli. The ship's barometer, which is kept in the chart room, is very different from the original device. It traces a barometer chart, recording the atmospheric pressure throughout the voyage.

Ocean Lanes and Distances.—Transatlantic steamships follow certain lanes or tracks, unless prevented from so doing by stress of weather, or work of rescue or relief or other unforeseen circumstances. From August 24 to January 14 a vessel going eastward follows the short track, and from January 15 to August 23 the long. Going west the short track is followed from August 15 to January 14, and the long from January 15 to August 14. Following these lanes makes for safety and enables vessels better to meet the exigencies of weather conditions.

Measuring by Sound.—It is possible to determine by sound how far distant a passing ship is if she blows her whistle or in case of a warship if she fires a gun. If the steam from a vessel's whistle is seen and ten seconds elapse before the sound is heard, she is just 2 1/10 miles off. If one second elapses, she is distant slightly more than 1/5  of a mile ; if five seconds, a little more than 1 mile ; if twenty seconds, 4 1/5 miles.

Port and Starboard. —Formerly the two sides of a ship were called " Starboard " and "Larboard," the two prefixes being derived from old Anglo-Saxon words meaning, respectively, " loading " and " rudder," and the word " board " meaning side. The term "Larboard" has given place to the word " Port." To "port the helm" carries a vessel to starboard, and to " starboard the helm " carries her to port. The French equivalent for port is " Babord," and starboard is " Tribord."

The Tides.—The surface of the ocean rises and falls twice in a lunar day of about 24 hours and 52 minutes. The tides do not always rise to the same height, but every fortnight after the new and full moon they become much higher than they were in the alternate weeks. These high tides are called Spring Tides, and the low ones Neap Tides. The close relation which the times of high water bear to the times of the moon's meridian passage shows that the moon's influence in raising the tides is two and one-half times greater than that of the sun.

The Gulf Stream.—By far the most important as well as best known of the great ocean currents derives its name from the Gulf of Mexico, out of which it flows between Cuba and the Bahamas on the one side and the Florida Keys on the other. In its narrowest portion the Gulf Stream is about fifty miles wide, and there it has a velocity at times of as much as five miles an hour. Flowing in a north-easterly direction along the American coast, its current gradually widens and its velocity diminishes.

Reaching the banks of Newfoundland it turns and sweeps across the Atlantic. Then, dividing into two portions, it sends one arm down toward the Azores and the coast of Morocco, while the other passes near the shores of the British Isles and on to Norway.
As it emerges from the Gulf of Mexico it has a temperature of 84 degrees in summer, higher than that of the ocean at the equator. Even by the time it has reached mid-Atlantic it has fallen no more than 14 degrees. Its effect upon the climate of Great Britain and the north-west coast of Europe, 4,000 miles away from the Gulf, is to raise the winter temperature about 30 degrees above what would be the normal temperature of those latitudes.

Front and Back Cover, United States Lines SS George Washington Cabin Class Passenger List - 25 September 1930.

Front and Back Cover, United States Lines SS George Washington Cabin Class Passenger List - 25 September 1930. GGA Image ID # 16526a0523

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