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WW1 Photos: The "Hello Girls" Signal Corps Telephone Operators

WW1 Photos: The "Hello Girls" Signal Corps Telephone Operators

A unique collection of photographs and other images about the women in the US Army Signal Corps and their activities, sourced from an assortment of books, periodicals, and archives. This unique collection forms an integral part of a World War 1 Online Exhibit at the GG Archives.

General John J. Pershing.

General John J. Pershing. Official US Army Photograph. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 199e69ce72

Major-General George O. Squier.

Major-General George O. Squier. US Army Official Photograph. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 199e87c79b

Inside View of Central Office at Camp Logan, Houston, Texas.

Inside View of Central Office at Camp Logan, Houston, Texas. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 199f416460

Telephone Operators of the Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania, at Camp Dix, New Jersey.

Telephone Operators of the Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania, at Camp Dix, New Jersey. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 199f93401a

First Telephone Operating Unit to Go Overseas View Taken on the Roof of 195 Broadway.

First Telephone Operating Unit to Go Overseas View Taken on the Roof of 195 Broadway. With the Bronze Herald of the Spoken Word, New York City, which Annihilates Space, Overlooking the Scene. Photo by Morris Rosenfeld. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 199ffa0933

Telephone Operators at Barracks 66, Tours. France, April 19, 1918.

Telephone Operators at Barracks 66, Tours. France, April 19, 1918. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a00aaffc

A Busy Hour at Tours Central Office Chief Operator Marion Swan Watching Work of Her Operating Force.

A Busy Hour at Tours Central Office Chief Operator Marion Swan Watching Work of Her Operating Force. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a00ba7af

Art and Science Terminal and Operating Room, Elysee Palace Hotel, Paris, France, May 6, 1918.

Art and Science Terminal and Operating Room, Elysee Palace Hotel, Paris, France, May 6, 1918. the Telephone Installation Men of the U. S. Signal Corps Were Cautioned to "Do the Job Artistically." Official Us Army Photograph. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a01efcf4

On Duty at St. Mihiel. American Telephone Operators on Duty at First Army Headquarters, Equipped with Gas Masks and Helmets Ready for Use at a Moments Notice. Official US Army Photograph. Circuits of Victory, 1921.

On Duty at St. Mihiel. American Telephone Operators on Duty at First Army Headquarters, Equipped with Gas Masks and Helmets Ready for Use at a Moments Notice. Official US Army Photograph. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a0597e28

Telephone Girls on Duty with the Headquarters of the First Army at Souilly, France.

Telephone Girls on Duty with the Headquarters of the First Army at Souilly, France, during the Meuse-Argonne Operations. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a07badce

Save the Pieces Scene during the Fire Which Broke out at First Army Headquarters, Souilly, France, October 30, 1918.

Save the Pieces Scene during the Fire Which Broke out at First Army Headquarters, Souilly, France, October 30, 1918. Circuits of Victory, 1921. Official US Army Photograph. GGA Image ID # 19a22947dc

Telephone Operators with "Flu" Masks.

Stress and Strain Back Home. Telephone Operators with "Flu" Masks. Greatly Depleted in Number by the Ravages of Spanish Influenza, with the Epidemic Raging Everywhere About Them, They Bravely Stuck to Their Tasks During the Crucial Months of 1918. Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a097b8ad

Connecting Up President Wilson.

Connecting Up President Wilson. Signal Corps Telephone Men Installing Telephone in the Study of Prince Murat's Mansion in Paris, Which, during the Peace Conference, was President Wilson's Overseas "White House." Circuits of Victory, 1921. GGA Image ID # 19a0d10e3b

The First Unit of American Telephone Operators.

The First Unit of American Telephone Operators. “I Tried to Extend the System of Replacing Men by Women, and a Female Auxiliary Telephone Corps Was to Be Started,” Writes Ludendorff in His War Book. When the United States Went to War, American Telephones With Crews, Managers, and Operators Were Sent Across. Harper's Pictorial Library of the World War, Volume 2, 1920. GGA Image ID # 18c2fdbc1e

Merle Egan Anderson, Sitting at the Supervisor's Desk at the Paris Peace Conference in the Hotel Crillon.

Merle Egan Anderson, Sitting at the Supervisor's Desk at the Paris Peace Conference in the Hotel Crillon. She Led the Fight from 1930 - 1978 for Recognition of the Hello Girls' Veteran-Status. GGA Image ID # 197803e2d0

Gen. John Pershing, Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I, Reviews American Female Telephone Operators.

Gen. John Pershing, Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I, Reviews American Female Telephone Operators Who Provided a Critical Job during the War Connecting Phone Calls and Translating Conversations between American and French Troops. When the Women Who Served in the Army Signal Corps Returned Home after the War and Tried to Join Veterans’ Organizations, They Were Told They Were Civilian Contractors and Were Not Veterans. Efforts to Get Them Veteran Recognition Took More than Six Decades. GGA Image ID # 1978153da4

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Aurelie Austen Poses in Front of the Highland Court Hotel in Hartford.

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Aurelie Austen Poses in Front of the Highland Court Hotel in Hartford. CT Digital Archives. GGA Image ID # 19925ae378

The Hello Girls in France are awaiting inspection and review by General Pershing.

The Hello Girls in France are awaiting inspection and review by General Pershing. GGA Image ID # 1993af6011

American Girls Serving in the Army Signal Corps as Telephone Operators in France, Colloquially Known as "Hello Girls."

American Girls Serving in the Army Signal Corps as Telephone Operators in France, Colloquially Known as "Hello Girls." Signal Corps Colors Adorn Hats of these New Bilingual Wire Experts. Their Insignia, Too, Are Real and Terrifyingly Complicated. Armbands Indicate the Rank. an Operator, First Class, Wears a White Brassard with a Blue Outline Design of a Telephone Mouthpiece. A Supervisor, Who Rates with a Platoon Sergeant, Wears the Same Emblem with a Wreath around It. The Chief Operator or "top," Has a Wreath, a Mouthpiece, and Blue Lightning Flashes Shooting out above the Receiver—which Is Most Appropriate for a Top. But the Top Says Those Jove-like Lightning Flashes Don't Mean Anything in Particular. To Be Sure, She Will Insist on Discipline, If It's Required, but Thus Far, She Hasn't Had Any Occasion to Let Loose Thunderbolts at the Heads of Her Charges. No, the Girls Will Not Have the First Call at 6:15 and Reveille at 6:30, the Way the Doughboys Do. GGA Image ID # 1993c5e5c6

Typical Operating Unit at One of the Posts in France of the US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operators, 1918.

Typical Operating Unit at One of the Posts in France of the US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operators, 1918. GGA Image ID # 1996658387

Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Hortense Levy of Philadelphia Dressed in Uniform, circa 1918.

Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Hortense Levy of Philadelphia Dressed in Uniform, circa 1918. Miss Levy Trained at Trenton, NJ Before Being Sent to France in the Sixth Unit of US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operators. She is the Daughter of the Vice President of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia and a Member of the French-Speaking Telephone Unit of the Signal Corps. GGA Image ID # 1996a7ce89

Unit of US Army Signal Corps Female Telephone Operators, circa 1918.

Unit of US Army Signal Corps Female Telephone Operators, circa 1918. GGA Image ID # 199717447b

Grace D. Banker, Chief Telephone Operator, US Army Signal Corps, March 1918.

Grace D. Banker, Chief Telephone Operator, US Army Signal Corps, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 19976e83d3

Chief Operator, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operators

Chief Operator, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operators, Shown Here Shortly After Receiving the Distinguished Service Medal in Coblenz, Germany on 22 May 1919. Official US Army Signal Corps Photograph. GGA Image ID # 19ad61fc34

Signal Corps Girls Receiving Recognition for the Work at the US Army Base Mainstrom, circa 1919.

Signal Corps Girls Receiving Recognition for the Work at the US Army Base Mainstrom, circa 1919. Back Row, First from Left is Grace D. Banker. GGA Image ID # 1997739222

Female Operators at Switchboard, Office of he Chief Signal Officer, AEF, in Tours, France, 17 October 1918.

Female Operators at Switchboard, Office of he Chief Signal Officer, AEF, in Tours, France, 17 October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19978729a8

American Women Serving in France as Telephone Operators circa 1918.

American Women Serving in France as Telephone Operators circa 1918. GGA Image ID # 1997efd1c3

First Unit of Signal Corps Telephone Operators Arrive In France, March 1918.

First Unit of Signal Corps Telephone Operators Arrive In France, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 1997fa5906

Second Unit of Signal Corps Telephone Operators for Service in France.

Second Unit of Signal Corps Telephone Operators for Service in France. Photograph by M. Rosenfeld, New York Telephone Company Advertising Department, 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, Signal Corps - Apparatus - Telephone Operators - Women 165-WW-511C-4, NARA ID # 45549882. GGA Image ID # 1988bd8860

First Group of American Telephone Operators for Service with the American Expeditionary Force to Leave New York City.

First Group of American Telephone Operators for Service with the American Expeditionary Force to Leave New York City. Photograph by New York Telephone Company Advertising Deparment. National Archives and Records Administration, Signal Corps - Apparatus - Telephone Operators - Women 165-WW-511C-1. NARA ID # 45549876. GGA Image ID # 1988e89346

Signal Corps Women Telephone Operators at General Headquarters, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Signal Corps Women Telephone Operators at General Headquarters, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Top row, left to right: Anna Kinney; Helen Kayes; Charlette Gyss; Mary Sealey; Lydia Gelinas; Kathleen Hyatt; Middle row; Denise Ingram; Louise Gordon; Florence Keyser; Ethel Keyser; Marie Ponsolle; Hazel Hammond; Helen Cook; Front row: Delta Hogan; Leonie Peyron; Bernadette Douchette; Oleda Joure; Yvonne Gauthier; Alice Ward. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 18 February 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52744. NARA ID # 86710693. GGA Image ID # 19891af630

Telephone operators. Hotel Crillon, Paris, Seine, France.

Telephone operators. Hotel Crillon, Paris, Seine, France. Photograph by Signal Corps ca 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-62729. NARA ID # 86730246. GGA Image ID # 19897476e9

Female Telephone Operators Staff the Telephone Switchboard at Signal Corps. Base Section #1. St. Nazaire, Loire-Inferieure, France.

Female Telephone Operators Staff the Telephone Switchboard at Signal Corps. Base Section #1. St. Nazaire, Loire-Inferieure, France. Left to Right: Misses Anderson, Viau, Supervisor Carey; Chief Operator Vannier. Photograph by Cpl. A. Q. Smith, Signal Corps, 3 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52698. NARA ID # 86710601. GGA Image ID # 1989a4b5ad

Women Telephone Operators, Signal Corps, at Bassens Docks, Bassens, Gironde, France.

Women Telephone Operators, Signal Corps, at Bassens Docks, Bassens, Gironde, France. Left to Right: Miss Peggy Larrouse, Miss Ann M. Ostrander, Miss Nora O. Pinch, and Miss Julia Audet, Supervisor. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-46187. NARA ID # 86698543. GGA Image ID # 1989a861cf

Telephone Exchange with Women Operators, Elysees Palace Hotel. Paris, Seine, France.

Telephone Exchange with Women Operators, Elysees Palace Hotel. Paris, Seine, France. All Americans Sent over Here and Organized as Women's Telephone Unit, Signal Corps, USA. Personnel Include: Miss Elizabeth Shovar, Miss Maud E. Johnson, Miss Jeanne Legallet, Miss Marie B. Broderick, Miss Bertha M. Hunt, Miss Jane Lang, Miss Margaret Blegires, Miss Lillian Verkler, Miss Minnie Goldman, Miss Ida B. Lanz, Miss Albertine Arrents, Major R. P. Wheat, Signal Corps Chief Telegraph Officer. Photograph by Sgt. Brooks, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-48534. NARA ID # 86703177. GGA Image ID # 198a050865

Thirty-three Telephone Operators Leaving for Duty in France.

Thirty-three Telephone Operators Leaving for Duty in France. Group of Telephone Operators Proficient in French and English, Attached to the Signal Corps, USA, Leaving for Duty in France, Detachment Comprises One Chief Operator, Four Supervisors and Twenty-eight Operators, Miss Clair Banker, Chief Operators Hoboken, New Jersey, 2 March 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-6069. NARA ID # 55173050. GGA Image ID # 198a075f2c

Sixteen Operators Trained by the New York Telephone Co.

Sixteen Operators Trained by the New York Telephone Co., Who Are Included in the Second Unit of Signal Corps Telephone Operators, for Service in France. Photograph by New York Telephone Company, circa June 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 165-WW-597B-2. NARA ID # 45567926. GGA Image ID # 198a6f8ef2

Telework Operators Leaving for the War. Group of 33 Telephone Operators Proficient in French and English Attached to Signal Corps, USA, Leaving for Duty Somewhere in France.

Telework Operators Leaving for the War. Group of 33 Telephone Operators Proficient in French and English Attached to Signal Corps, USA, Leaving for Duty Somewhere in France. Detachment Comprises One Chief Operator, Four Supervisors, and Twenty-eight Operators. Miss Grace D. Banker, Chief Operator. 2 February 1918. Censored and Released by War College Division, 13 March 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-6064. NARA ID # 55173040. GGA Image ID # 198b30a124

First Unit of Telephone Operators for Service in France.

First Unit of Telephone Operators for Service in France. These 29 Young Women Have Command of the French and English Languages and Have Been Recruited from All Parts of the Country. They Constitute the First Group of 33 Telephone Operators to Be Sent to France. They Were Attached to the Signal Corps and Occupied a Unique Position in the American Military Organization. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. 2 March 1918. The Young Women in This Group Include Chief Operator Grace D. Banker, of Passaic, NJ; Supervisor Jean Cunnungham, of Westmont, Quebec, PQ; Supervisor Elizabeth G. Hunter of Medford, MA; Supervisor Renee Messalin, of San Francisco CA.; Supervisor Minnie R. Richards, of Van Buren, ME; and Operators Melina J. Adams, Swansea, MA., Eulalie I. Audet, Jamaica Palin, MA., Jeanne Bochet, San Francisco, CA; Almeria Capistran, North Yakima, WA; Estelle I. Oaron, Brockton, MA; Josephine Davis, New Orleans, LA; Cordelia Dupuis, Rolan, ND; Sarah Fecteau, West Lebanon, NH; Marie L. Ford, Worcester MA; Esther V. Fresnel, NYC; Marie A. Gagnon, Crafton, ND; Charlotte Gyss, Yonkers, NY; Winifred Hardy, Montreal, PQ; Leontine G. Lamoureux, Lowell, MA; Rose Langlier, Lynn MA; Marie A. Le Blanc, Montreal, PQ; Louise Le Breton, San Francisco, CA; Raymonde Le Breton, Berkeley, CA; Minerva G. Nadeaum Boston, MA; Helen A. Naismith, Seattle, WA; Francis B. Faine, Bronxville, NY; Bertha Plamonden, San Francisco, CA; Suzanne Prevot, NYC; Georgette Schaer, Omaha, NE; Agnes M. Theriault, Presque Isle, ME; F. J. Van Balkon, NYC; Alice Ward, Montreal, PQ; and Mrs. Clara Whitney, Butler, PA. National Archives and Records Administration, 165-WW-597B-6. NARA ID # 45567934. GGA Image ID # 198b75f45a

US Army Signal Corps Telephone Unit Now in France Operating the Telephone Exchange of the American Army, circa May 1918.

US Army Signal Corps Telephone Unit Now in France Operating the Telephone Exchange of the American Army, circa May 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, Signal Corps - Apparatus - Telephone Operators - Women, 165-WW-511C-5. NARA ID # 45549884. GGA Image ID # 198c6060fd

Female Telephone Operators Staff at Camp Kearney Telephone Exchange Room, 4 June 1918.

Female Telephone Operators Staff at Camp Kearney Telephone Exchange Room, 4 June 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, Signal Corps - Apparatus - Telephone Operators - Women, 165-WW-511C-2. NARA ID # 45549878. GGA Image ID # 198c7b7950.

Miss Louise Barbour, District Chief Operator, District of Paris, Women's Telephone Unit, Signal Corps. Paris, Seine, France.

Miss Louise Barbour, District Chief Operator, District of Paris, Women's Telephone Unit, Signal Corps. Paris, Seine, France. Photograph by Sgt. Brooks, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, Signal Corps - Apparatus - Telephone Operators - Women, 111-SC-48538. NARA ID # 86703185. GGA Image ID # 198deeb3ef

Miss Louise Barbour, District Chief Operator, District of Paris, Women's Telephone Unit, Signal Corps. Paris, Seine, France.

Miss Louise Barbour, District Chief Operator, District of Paris, Women's Telephone Unit, Signal Corps. Paris, Seine, France. Photograph by Sgt. Brooks, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-48539. NARA ID # 86703187. GGA Image ID # 198e5c0762

Telephone Operators, Hotel Crillon, Paris, Seine, France.

Telephone Operators, Hotel Crillon, Paris, Seine, France. Photograph by Signal Corps, circa 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-62724. NARA ID # 86730238. GGA Image ID # 198ed09ea0

The Reading Hour; Melanie Van Gastel and Elenore A. Brown, Signal Corps Telephone Operators

The Reading Hour; Melanie Van Gastel and Elenore A. Brown, Signal Corps Telephone Operators, Second Army, Toul, Meurthe and Moselle, France. Photograph by Lt. Fox, Signal Corps, 15 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-49626. NARA ID # 86705358. GGA Image ID # 198f29d080

Where Telephone Girls Live in France. Despite Unpapered Walls, This Room in France in Portable Barracks Has Something of Air of a College Dormitory.

Where Telephone Girls Live in France. Despite Unpapered Walls, This Room in France in Portable Barracks Has Something of Air of a College Dormitory. It Is a Billet for Signal Corps Telephone Operators in Neufchateau. Photograph by Signal Corps AEF, 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-50699. NARA ID # 86707156. GGA Image ID # 198f2fdf10
Signal Corps Telephone Operators at Switchboard, Toul, Meurthe Et Moselle, France.

Signal Corps Telephone Operators at Switchboard, Toul, Meurthe Et Moselle, France. Left to Right: Rose Langelier, Melanie Van Gastel, Louisette Gavid, Marie Lemaire, Eglantine Moussu. Photograph by Lt. Fox, Signal Corps, 14 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-49623. NARA ID # 86705352. GGA Image ID # 198f66c5fd

Telephone Operators, Signal Corps, Unit # 4, Tours, France.

Telephone Operators, Signal Corps, Unit # 4, Tours, France. Standing, Left to Right. Mrs. Lalla R. Munoz, Operator; Miss Malanie M. Van Gastel, Operator; Miss Mary Marshall, Operator; Miss Cora L. J. Berand, Operator; Miss Louise E. Maolin, Operator; Miss Irma R, Armanet, Operator; Miss Eugenie J. Couture, Operator; Miss Alma R. L. Hawkins, Operator; Miss Doris E. Summers, Operator; Miss Charlotte E. Anderson, Operator. Sitting, Left to Right; Miss Ruth E, Couturier, Operator; Miss Leonie C. Peyron, Operator; Miss Alice J. Borreson, Operator; Miss Marie L. Ruffe, Operator; Miss Marie A. Lassalle, Operator; Miss Georgette J. Boehrer, Operator; Miss Marguerite H. Chenet, Operator; Miss Aurelie C. Lucier, Operator; Miss Ida B. Lanz, Operator and Mrs. Pauline J. Mc Donnell, Operator. Photograph by Corporal W. S. Legge, Signal Corps, 20 July 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-17484. NARA ID # 55195058. GGA Image ID # 198f86fbcb

Telephone Operators, Signal Corps, in Elysées Palace Hotel, Paris, Seine, France.

Telephone Operators, Signal Corps, in Elysées Palace Hotel, Paris, Seine, France. One of First Units to Come Overseas Left to Right; - Miss Anna M. Campbell; Miss M. Beryl Broderick; Miss Celia A. Grimeke; Miss Mary C. Story. Photograph by Corporal A. L. Lubatty, Signal Corps, 28 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-44783. NARA ID # 55248335. GGA Image ID # 198faf4a32

Group of Nurses and Telephone Operators Returning From France on SS Cedric, circa 1919.

Group of Nurses and Telephone Operators Returning From France on SS Cedric, circa 1919. Left to Right: Emma Brousseau, of Brockton, MA, Signal Corps Telephone Girl; Rena Taft, Rome, NY, Nurse; Edith Rover, Boston, MA, Nurse; Mrs. Caroline B. King, Philadelphia, PA, Nurse; Miss Matilda Huff, Grand Forks, ND, Nurse, and Mell S. Wilkins, Fremont, NE, Signal Corps Telephone Girl, All of Whom Have Seen Active Service in France. Photograph © Western Newspaper Union. National Archives and Records Administration, Women's Activities - Industry - Army Telephone Operators 165-WW-597B-31. NARA ID # 45567985. GGA Image ID # 198fdb2202

Female Operators Staff the Telephone Exchange at Elysées Palace Hotel, Paris, Seine, France.

Female Operators Staff the Telephone Exchange at Elysées Palace Hotel, Paris, Seine, France. The Operators Sent over Here Are Organized as a Women's Telephone Unit of the US Army Signal Corps. 560 Telephones Are Terminating on This Board, Averaging 15,000 Calls per Day. 25 Operators and 24-hour Service to All AEF Personnel are Miss Elizabeth Shovar; Miss Maude E. Johnson; Miss Jeanne Legallet; Miss Marie B. Broderick; Miss Bertha M. Hunt; Miss Jane Lang; Miss Margaret Blegires; Miss Lillian Verkler; Miss Minnie Goldman; Miss Ida R. Lanz; Miss Albertine Arrents; and Major. R. P. Wheat, Signal Corps Chief Telegraph Officer.. Photograph by Sgt. Brooks, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. Photograph by Sgt. Brooks, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-48535. NARA ID # 86703179. GGA Image ID # 1990b0c268

Signal Corps Telephone Exchange Switchboard at Bordeaux, Gironde, France.

Signal Corps Telephone Exchange Switchboard at Bordeaux, Gironde, France. At Switchboard, Left to Right: Miss Laborde; Miss Fairbrother; Miss Dickerson; Miss Blanc; Miss Knall; Miss Honey; and Grande-Maître Miss Sage (supervisor), Miss Snow, Chief Operator at Desk at the End of the Room. Photograph by Lt. Strohmeyer, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-46189. NARA ID # 86698547. GGA Image ID # 1990ceb2f2

Signal Corps Telephone Exchange at Bassens Docks. Bassens, Gironde, France.

Signal Corps Telephone Exchange at Bassens Docks. Bassens, Gironde, France. Female Operators Staffing the Switchboard, Left to Right: Miss Larrouse; Miss Ostrander; Miss Finch and Miss Delney. At Table on Right, Mrs. Audet, Supervisor. Photograph by Lt. Strohmeyer, Signal Corps, 10 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-46188. NARA ID # 86698545. GGA Image ID # 1991126dbf

View of the Reception Room, Signal Corps Women Telephone Operator's Home, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

View of the Reception Room, Signal Corps Women Telephone Operator's Home, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbot, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52743. NARA ID # 86710691. GGA Image ID # 19921b7c80

Another View of the Reception Room in Signal Corps Women Telephone Operators' Home at Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Another View of the Reception Room in Signal Corps Women Telephone Operators' Home at Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52742. NARA ID # 86710689. GGA Image ID # 19922d7a5b

Exterior View of Women Telephone Operators Home, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Exterior View of Women Telephone Operators Home, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52739. NARA ID # 86710683. GGA Image ID # 1999d64213

Dining Room in Women Telephone Operators' Home, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Dining Room in Women Telephone Operators' Home, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52740. NARA ID # 86710685. GGA Image ID # 1999db02c6

Telephone Operating Room General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont Haute Marne, France.

Telephone Operating Room General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52735. NARA ID # 86710675. GGA Image ID # 1999de9d4c

Telephone Operating Room, General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Telephone Operating Room, General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52736. NARA ID # 86710677. GGA Image ID # 1999e29557

Telephone Operators at General Headquarters, Chamount, France, 16 April 1918.

Telephone Operators at General Headquarters, Chamount, France, 16 April 1918. Left to Right: Rose Langlier, Minerva Nadeau, Marie Gagnon, and L. Provost. Photograph by Sgt. L. J. Rode, Signal Corps. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-14203. NARA ID # 55188581. GGA Image ID # 199a3fc089

Telephone Office at General Headquarters Showing Telphones and Girls at Work, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France, 11 May 1918.

Telephone Office at General Headquarters Showing Telphones and Girls at Work, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France, 11 May 1918. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps. Released by AEF Censor 7 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-33448. NARA ID # 55226045. GGA Image ID # 199a9d99ee

Telephone Board Office Room, General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Telephone Board Office Room, General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Captain L. B. Boylan, O.I.C. Visible on the Right. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 5 November 1918. Released by AEF Censor, 7 January 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-33447. NARA ID # 55226043. GGA Image ID # 199aa9ac6c

The Girls are Entering the Grounds at the Telephone Exchange at General Headquarters at Chaumont, France, 16 April 1918.

The Girls are Entering the Grounds at the Telephone Exchange at General Headquarters at Chaumont, France, 16 April 1918. Left to Right: L. Provost, Minerva Nadeau, Marie Gagnon, and Rose Langlier. Photograph by Sgt. L. J. Rode, Signal Corps. Passed by AEF Censor 24 June 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-14202. NARA ID # 55188579. GGA Image ID # 199abc4511

Bedroom in Women's Telephone Operators' Home, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Bedroom in Women's Telephone Operators' Home, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52741. NARA ID # 86710687. GGA Image ID # 199af835a8

Rest Room for Women Operators at General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France.

Rest Room for Women Operators at General Headquarters, Signal Corps, Chaumont, Haute Marne, France. Photograph by Sgt. Abbott, Signal Corps, 19 February 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-52738. NARA ID # 86710681. GGA Image ID # 199b4697cd

Telephone Operators from the Paris "White House" Back on Board the SS George Washington to Return to the United States.

Telephone Operators from the Paris "White House" Back on Board the SS George Washington to Return to the United States. Miss Martha Carrel from Indiana (left); Miss Beatrice Farancfort of New York City, Who Were President Wilson's Telephone Operators in the Home of Prince Murat, Where the President Lived during His First Stay in Paris, France. Photograph by Western Newspaper Union circa 1919. National Archives and Records Administration, 165-WW-428P-1133. NARA ID # 45532539. GGA Image ID # 199b89359e

Phone Girls on Duty at Chief Signal Corps Office Headquarters at Souilly, Meuse, France, 15 November 1918.

Phone Girls on Duty at Chief Signal Corps Office Headquarters at Souilly, Meuse, France, 15 November 1918. Left to Right: Ester V. Fresnel, Yonkers, NY; Leonie C. Peyron, Los Angeles, CA; Marie Flood, Chicago, IL; Marie D. Belanger, Rochester, NY; Grace D. Banker, Passic, NJ; Jennie R. Young, Seattle, WA; Suzanne Prevot, NYC; Marie Lange, San Francisco, CA; Louise Beraud, Houston, TX; B. Hunt, San Francisco, CA; and Bertha Arlaud, Brooklyn, NY. Photograph by Pvt. T. R. Shaw, Signal Corps. Passed by AEF Censor, Date Not Given. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-33116. NARA ID # 55225379. GGA Image ID # 199d53318c

Thirty-Three Telephone Operators Leaving for France, 2 March 1918.

Thirty-Three Telephone Operators Leaving for France, 2 March 1918. Group of Telephone Operators, Proficient in French and English, Attached to the Signal Corps, U.S.A., Leaving for Duty in France. Detachment Comprises One Chief Operator, Four Supervisors, and Twenty-eight Operators. Miss Clair D. Banker, Chief Operator. Hoboken, New Jersey. Photograph by Lt. DeBerri, Signal Corps. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-6068. NARA ID # 55173048. GGA Image ID # 199d5649b4

Telephone Operators Leaving for the War, 2 February 1918.

Telephone Operators Leaving for the War, 2 February 1918. Group of 33 Telephone Operators Proficient in French and English Attached to Signal Corps, U.S.A. Leaving for Duty "Somewhere in France." Detachment Comprises One Chief Operator, Four Supervisors, and Twenty-eight Operators. Miss Grace D. Banker, Chief Operator. Censored and Released 13 March 1918 by War College Division. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-6066. NARA ID # 55173044. GGA Image ID # 199d636edd

American Telephone Girls Photographed on Arrival for "hello" Duty in France, March 1918.

American Telephone Girls Photographed on Arrival for "hello" Duty in France, March 1918. They All Can Speak Both English and French. Photograph by Q.M. Sgt. Leon H. Caverly, U.S.R. Censored and Released 28 April 1918 by War College Division. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-8445. NARA ID # 55177410. GGA Image ID # 199d9d7646

American Telephone Girls, Members of the US. Signal Corps, Whose Efficiency Contributed to the Success of the American Troops in Capturing St. Mihiel.

Capturing St. Mihiel Salient. American Telephone Girls, Members of the US. Signal Corps, Whose Efficiency Contributed to the Success of the American Troops in Capturing St. Mihiel. This Exchange Was within Range of German Shell Fire. The Gas Masks and Helmets Are Handy for Emergencies. Photograph by Signal Corps. Passed by AEF Censor, Oct. 5, 1918. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-21981. NARA ID # 55203658. GGA Image ID # 19a110f2df

Girls Who Handle Toul "Central" Signal Corps Telephone Operators, Toul, Meurthe Et Moselle, France, 17 January 1919.

Girls Who Handle Toul "Central" Signal Corps Telephone Operators, Toul, Meurthe Et Moselle, France, 17 January 1919. From Left to Right: First Row: Elizabeth Maculey; Marie Lemaire; Miss E. G. Hunter, Chief Operator; Rose Langelier; Marie A. Gagnon. Second Row: Kathleen Mitchell: Melanie Van Gastel; Elenore A. Brown; Suzanne Coheleach and 1st Lt. Frank Hogan, in Charge of Operators, Photograph by Lt. Fox, Signal Corps. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-49636. NARA ID # 86705378. GGA Image ID # 19a13e3fab

The Girls Having Tea, Seated around the Table on 15 January 1919

Living Quarters and Clubrooms. The Girls Having Tea, Seated around the Table on 15 January 1919, Left to Right: Elenore A. Brown; Melanie Van Gastel; Marie A. Ganyon; Marjorie Persons, Pouring Tea; Marie Lemaire; Miss E. G. Hunter. Sig. Corps, Telephone Operators, 2d Army, Toul, Meurthe Et Moselle, France. Photograph by Lt. Fox, Signal Corps. National Archives and Records Administration, 111-SC-49625. NARA ID # 86705356. GGA Image ID # 19a1739eb7

Volunteer Group 1 Who Are in Training to Operate the American Telephone System in France for the Army under General Pershing.

Volunteer Group 1 Who Are in Training to Operate the American Telephone System in France for the Army under General Pershing. Left to right—Bottom row: Mrs. Juliette A. Calvin (Miss Katherine M. Schmitt, Manager New York Telephone Company’s Training School for Operators), Miss Ester Fresnel. Middle row: Miss Louise Essirard, Mrs. Marie A. McIntyre, Miss Marthe Liebert, Miss Fernande J. Van Balkom, Miss Grace D. Banker. Top row: Miss Ethelyn White, Miss Marguerite S. Bleyeres, Miss Suzanne M. Beraud, Miss Charlotte M. Gyss, Miss Marie L. Beraud, Miss Suzanne Prevot, Miss Frances Bigelow Paine. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 191ffe74c7

Volunteer Group 2 Who Are in Training to Operate the American Telephone System in France for the Army under General Pershing.

Volunteer Group 2 Who Are in Training to Operate the American Telephone System in France for the Army under General Pershing. Left to right—Lower row: Miss Catherine H. Robinson, Miss Helene F. Perreten, Miss Marthe Gay. Miss Edme Le Roux. Upper row: Miss Frances Des Jardins, Miss Juli Barere, Mrs. Pauline McDermott, Miss Suzanne Cohleach, Miss Darnaby Henton, Miss Marion A. Taylor, Miss Anne C. Fox. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 192044dc2f

Telephone Operators Ready for France.

Telephone Operators Ready for France. Left to right: Miss Esther Fresnel, Miss Suzanne Prevot, Miss Charlotte M. Gyss, Miss Frances Bigelow Paine, Miss Fernande J. Van Balkom, Miss Grace D. Banker (Chief Operator). The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 19204ebada

Part of the First Unit of Telephone Operators to Go to France, Shown Wearing Their Service Overcoats.

Part of the First Unit of Telephone Operators to Go to France, Shown Wearing Their Service Overcoats. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 19205d8939

The First Unit of American Telephone Operators For Service with General Pershing's Expeditionary Force in France.

The First Unit of American Telephone Operators For Service with General Pershing's Expeditionary Force in France. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 192062bb53

One of the Sleeping Rooms for the Telephone Girls.

Who Would Ever Guess That This Comfortable Room Is in the Very Heart of an Army Camp Bristling With War Preparations? One of the Sleeping Rooms for the Telephone Girls. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 19207fb05b

"Off Duty" Girls, Caught by the Camera, Enjoying a Social Hour in the Living Room of Their Home in Camp.

"Won't You Step into My Parlor?" "Off Duty" Girls, Caught by the Camera, Enjoying a Social Hour in the Living Room of Their Home in Camp. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 1920c85db5

The First Scene That Greets the Eye on Entering the Operators’ Home.

The First Scene That Greets the Eye on Entering the Operators’ Home. The Hallway, with Just a Slight Glimpse of the Parlor and Stairway. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 19210b31ea

The Spacious, Bright Dining Room in the Operators' House

The Spacious, Bright Dining Room in the Operators' House, with Mary, the Cook, and Her Assistant Presiding over Their Domain in the Rear. The Telephone Review, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 192169fc75

Front Cover Image of a Telephone Operator and the Faces of Telephone Extensions.

Front Cover Image of a Telephone Operator and the Faces of Telephone Extensions. The Telephone Review, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 19865a905f

Second Group of Telephone Operators Ready for France, to Serve with the American Expeditionary Forces.

Second Group of Telephone Operators Ready for France, to Serve with the American Expeditionary Forces. The Telephone Review, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 1922307467

Operators Trained by the New York Telephone Company, Ready to Join the First Group Now Serving in France.

Operators Trained by the New York Telephone Company, Ready to Join the First Group Now Serving in France. Top row: Miss Edith Dodson, Miss Darnaby Henton, Miss Suzanne Coheleach, Miss Marguerit, Bleyeres, Miss Ethelyn White, Mrs. Pauline McDermott. Middle row: Miss Louise Essirard Miss Marthe Libert, Miss Frances Perreton, Miss Julie S. Barrcre, Miss Marion S. Taylor, Mrs. Denise Ingram. Bottom row: Miss Margaret Anderson, Miss Anne C. Fox, Mrs. Marie A. M. Mclntyre, Miss Katherine Hay Robinson. The Telephone Review, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 19223a7519

Front Cover Image Showing a Telephone Operator of the First Unit on a Transport Ship Headed for France.

Front Cover Image Showing a Telephone Operator of the First Unit on a Transport Ship Headed for France. The Telephone Review, May 1918. GGA Image ID # 19866966ad

Third Unit of Telephone Operators to Go to France

Third Unit of Telephone Operators to Go to France to Serve with General Pershing behind the Allied Lines and Help Carry on the Business of War. The Telephone Review, May 1918. GGA Image ID # 19225056a1

Members of the Third Unit of Telephone Operators for France Who the New York Telephone Company Secured.

Members of the Third Unit of Telephone Operators for France Who the New York Telephone Company Secured. (Left to right): Miss Marie B. Belanger, Rochester; Miss Marie L. Beraud, West Hoboken; Miss Louisette Gavard, New York; Miss Margaret Hutchins, New York; Miss Suzanne Coheleach, New York; Miss Suzanne Beraud, West Hoboken; Miss Frances Des Jardins, Pembroke, Ontario. The Telephone Review, May 1918. GGA Image ID # 1922531634

The First Unit of Telephone Operators Trained for Foreign Service by the Bell System.

The First Unit of Telephone Operators Trained for Foreign Service by the Bell System. Photograph Taken in France, Where They Have Won the Praise of Secretary of War Baker for Their Efficiency. The Telephone Review, June 1918. GGA Image ID # 1922d3565b

Fourteen of the Girls in the Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for France Were Trained by the New York Telephone Company.

Fourteen of the Girls in the Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for France Were Trained by the New York Telephone Company. They are, left to right: Top Row — Miss Vivienne Hamel, New York; Miss Louise Maclin, New York; Miss Mary C. O'Rourke, New York; Miss Louise L. Armand, New York; Miss Madeline Batta, New York; Miss Camille Rieder, New York; Miss Berthe Arlaud, Brooklyn, N. Y. Front Row — Miss Lucienne Bigou, New York; Miss Celestine Leguia, New York; Miss Marguerite Chenot, Manhasset, LI, NY; Miss Beatrice Francfort, New York; Mrs. Eileen Munro, Washington, DC; Miss Edmee Le Roux, New York; Miss Ida B. Lanz, Brooklyn. The Telephone Review, July 1918. GGA Image ID # 1923733a8f

Left Side: Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service.

Left Side: Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service. Photographed on the Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, June 13, 1918. They are (left to right): Top Row — Miss Kathleen M. Hyatt, Miss Albertine M. Belhumeur, Miss Evelyn C. La Riviere, Miss Alma H. Hawkins, Miss Mary Marshall, Miss Eugene J. Couture, Miss Emma Riendeau, Miss Lillie H. Noble, Miss Louise Maclin, Miss Vivienne Hamel, Miss Louise L. Armand, Middle Row — Miss Edmee LeRoux, Miss Melanie Van Gastel, Miss Aurelie C. Lucier, Miss Stella M. Viau, Miss Berthe Arlaud, Miss Helen E. Hill, Miss E. Tilleard, Miss Juliette Courtail, Miss Eleanor Hoppock, Mrs. Eileen Munro, Miss Beatrice Francfort, Front Row —Miss Lucienne Bigou, Miss Camille Rieder, Miss Agnes G. Burge, Miss Ruth Couturier, Miss Louise Chaix, Miss Mathilde Ferrie, Miss Leonie Peyron, Miss Georgette Boehrer, Miss Mary Story. The Telephone Review, July 1918. GGA Image ID # 1923793cac

Right Side. Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service.

Right Side. Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service. Photographed on the Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, June 13, 1918. They are (left to right): Top Row -- Miss Marguerite Martin, Miss Madeline Batta, Miss Mary C. O'Rourke, Miss Eglantine Moussu, Miss Marjorie L. McKillop, Miss Doris Summers, Miss Charlotte Anderson, Miss Germaine Lamontagne, Mrs, Eleanor A. Brown, Miss Marthe Carroul, Miss Lalla Munoz, Miss Marie Lange. Middle Row -- Miss Geneva M. Marsh, Miss Beatrice P. Bourneuf, Miss Mary E. Vannier, Miss Jane Lang, Mrs. Pauline McDonnell, Miss Jeanne Legallet, Miss Ellen M. Turner, Miss Louise Beraud, Miss Irma Armanet, Miss Alice Raymond, Miss Ruth Clarke. Front Row -- Miss Jennie R. Young, Miss Ida B. Lanz, Miss Alice J. Borreson, Miss Marie A. Lassalle, Miss Louise Ruffe, Miss Emelia Lumpert, Miss Ida Trahan, Miss Frances W. Laney, Miss Marguerite Chenot, Miss Celestine Leguia. The Telephone Review, July 1918. GGA Image ID # 19239e5564

Fifth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing’s Army, from the Forces of the Bell System.

Fifth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing’s Army, from the Forces of the Bell System. Photographed on Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, August 2, 1918. Left to Right. Front Row: Miss Mildred Lewis, Miss Zada Freelove Black, Miss Anita Chance, Miss Louise Barbour, Miss Anna Kinney, Miss Nell S. Wilkins, Miss Helen Cook, Miss Norma G. Finch, Miss Elizabeth M. Shovar, Miss Sarah Fairbrother, Miss Annie F. Shcerin, Miss Ruth Keeping, Miss Helen M. Hayes, Miss Christie V. Bickford. Back Row: Miss Elizabeth Macauley, Miss Agnes E. Blazina, Miss Ena Robb, Miss Louise M. Wilcox, Miss Faye R. Honey, Miss Martha M. Henshaw, Miss Merle Egan, Miss Laura Gridley, Miss Helen Carey, Miss Vera Sjostrom, Miss Jessie D. Brown, Miss Grace B. Knall, Miss Elizabeth O’Brien, Miss Mary E. Sealey, Miss Irene A. Gifford, Miss Marguerite Mahoney. The Telephone Review, September 1918. GGA Image ID # 1923ee946a

American Telephone Operators near the Front in France.

Proud to Be in the Service, American Telephone Operators near the Front in France. Approved by Committee on Public Information. The Telephone Review, September 1918. GGA Image ID # 19240635c1

Sixth Unit Shares in Telephone Work in France. Telephone Operators Doing Overseas Service in France "Plug In" for Victory.

Sixth Unit Shares in Telephone Work in France. Telephone Operators Doing Overseas Service in France "Plug In" for Victory. Left to Right — Back Row: Miss Ellen Disbrowe, Mrs. Mary Steele, Miss Jane E. Conroy, Miss Elizabeth Anne Brown, Miss Anna M. Ostrander, Miss Mabel Lapp, Miss Anna Campbell, Miss Louise Gordon, Miss Helma Greenlund, Miss Corah Bartlett, Miss M. Beryl Broderick, Miss Lydia E. Erickson, Miss Rosemary de Montauzan, Miss Abbie Mitchell, Miss Agnes Houley, Miss Helen Bixby, Miss Hazel Hammond, Miss Anna Swanson. Left to Right — Front Row: Miss Delta Hagan, Miss Eliz. Horsman, Miss Maude Johnson, Miss Margaret Olker, Miss Mary Story, Miss Frances Laney, Miss Isabelle Macdonald, Miss Oleda Joure, Miss Marion C. Swan, Miss Mae Ganley, Miss Hortense Levy, Miss Elsie Wolloff, Miss Bernadette Doucette, Miss Minnie Goldman, Miss Ruth Boucher, Miss Stella Russell, Miss Celia Grimeke. The Telephone Review, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 192443f5fd

The Snapshot of Miss Esther Fresnel Referred to in Her Letter.

The Snapshot of Miss Esther Fresnel Referred to in Her Letter. The Telephone Review, November 1918. GGA Image ID # 1924858d2d

Miss Edmée LeRoux, Signal Corps Telephone Operator in France, 1918.

Miss Edmée LeRoux, Signal Corps Telephone Operator in France, 1918. The Telephone Review, December 1918. GGA Image ID # 19868bbcd8

Left Side of Panoramic Group Photograph, Seventh Unit of Telephone Operators of the Signal Corps.

Left Side of Panoramic Group Photograph, Seventh Unit of Telephone Operators of the Signal Corps. The Telephone Review, January 1919. GGA Image ID # 1986ac838d

Right Side of Panoramic Group Photograph, Seventh Unit of Telephone Operators of the Signal Corps.

Right Side of Panoramic Group Photograph, Seventh Unit of Telephone Operators of the Signal Corps. The Telephone Review, January 1919. GGA Image ID # 1986b99c8c

On Duty; St. Mihiel Drive. American Telephone Operators on Duty within Gas Zone, with Gas Masks and Helmets.

On Duty; St. Mihiel Drive. American Telephone Operators on Duty within Gas Zone, with Gas Masks and Helmets. Miss Ester Fresnel, of New York (center), Has Written Delightfully about Her Experiences with the First Army at the Time of the St. Mihiel Drive. Photograph by Committee on Public Information. The Telephone Review, February 1919. GGA Image ID # 19872a41c3

Group of Signal Corps Telephone Unit No. 5, Service Of Supply, Barracks 66, France. Photograph by Committee on Public Information.

Group of Signal Corps Telephone Unit No. 5, Service Of Supply, Barracks 66, France. Photograph by Committee on Public Information. The Telephone Review, February 1919. GGA Image ID # 19873130ac

Afternoon Tea in the Paris "White House."

Afternoon Tea in the Paris "White House." Mrs. Wilson Was Assisted by the Telephone Operators in Receiving and Serving the Guests. The Telephone Review, April 1919. GGA Image ID # 19874ff75d

Signal Corps Telephone Girls Handle the Telephone Switchboard Room at Hotel De Crillon.

Signal Corps Telephone Girls Handle the Telephone Switchboard Room at Hotel De Crillon, Headquarters for American Delegation It Peace Conference, Paris. The Telephone Review, April 1919. GGA Image ID # 198796232e

Miss Martha Carrel and Miss Beatrice Francfort on Board the Ss George Washington Returning to the United States with President and Mrs. Wilson and the Peace Conference Contingent.

Miss Martha Carrel and Miss Beatrice Francfort on Board the Ss George Washington Returning to the United States with President and Mrs. Wilson and the Peace Conference Contingent. The Telephone Review, April 1919. GGA Image ID # 1987e27047

Front Cover Design on Memento Presented to Telephone Operators in France at Christmas

Front Cover Design on Memento Presented to Telephone Operators in France at Christmas, a Memento of the Telephone Operating Unit of the Signal Corps. These Booklets Were Presented at a Special Christmas Dinner Which Was Given to the Operators at Each A. E. F. Exchange Where They Worked. The Telephone Review, April 1919. GGA Image ID # 198830ff42

General Pershing Reviewing Signal Corps Telephone Operators of the American Expeditionary Force on the Rhine.

General Pershing Reviewing Signal Corps Telephone Operators of the American Expeditionary Force on the Rhine. Photographed at Divisional Headquarters near Coblenz. The Telephone Review, August 1919. GGA Image ID # 191f61b3f0

Major General George O. Squier, Who as Chief Signal Officer, has under his direction the employee of the Bell System, who enlisted in the Signal Corps of the United States Army. Photograph by Harris & Ewing. Bell Telephone News, January 1918. GGA Image ID #

Miss M. E. Clark. One of the British Telephone Girls Decorated by King George for Bravery During Air Raids. © Underwood & Underwood. Bell Telephone News, March 1918. GGA Image ID #

Telephone Girls in Training for Service in France. Left to Right: Marjore Thomas, Drucilla Palmer, Louise Beraud, Millicent Martin, Annie L. Gernon, Lillian R. Verkier, and Evelyn Thomas. Bell Telephone News, March 1918.

Chicago Girls in Training for Service as Telephone Operators with American Army.

Chicago Girls in Training for Service as Telephone Operators with American Army. Top, Left to Right—Miss Young, Suburban-Chief Instructor; Miss Millicent Martin, Miss Annie L. Gernon, Miss Lillian R. Verkler, Miss Grund, Suburban-Instructor; Miss Cummings, Suburban-Instructor; Miss Louise Beraud, Miss Helen Ort, Mrs. C. Moore, City School Principal. Bottom—miss Bertha J. Verkler, Miss Evelyn Thomas, Miss Dorothy L. Sage, Miss Drucilla Palmer, Miss Marjorie Thomas, Miss Bertha Sjostrom. Bell Telephone News, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 19af0ff822

Second Group of Chicago Girls Who Are Taking Training to Become Telephone Operators in France.

Second Group of Chicago Girls Who Are Taking Training to Become Telephone Operators in France. This Group Shows All the Girls in Training at the Time the Picture Was Taken, Not Shown in the Group on the Previous Page. Left to Riçht, Standing—Helen Bixby, 3245 N. Illinois Street (Indianapolis); Cecile Joncas, 6710 Prairie Avenue; Marguerite Monnett, 5423 Kenmore Avenue: Alice Langelier, 167 E. Ontario Street; Marguerite Derlis, 5817 Kenwood Avenue; Olive Creelman, 1264 Leland Avenue; Dorothy Dunbar, 5443 Kimbark Avenue. Left to Right, Kneeling—Yvonne Haas, Wauconda; Francis St. John, 1401 E. 57th Street; Elsa Freeman, 6052 Harper Avenue. Bell Telephone News, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 19af1477d1

Miss Martina Heynen Wisconsin Girl Who Has Enlisted in Army Service as Telephone Operator.

Miss Martina Heynen Wisconsin Girl Who Has Enlisted in Army Service as Telephone Operator. This Shows the Uniform the Girls Will Wear. Bell Telephone News, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 19af1d54b3

Miss Eugenia A. Heynen, Madison (Wisconsin) Girl Who Enlisted as Telephone Operator in Army.

Miss Eugenia A. Heynen, Madison (Wisconsin) Girl Who Enlisted as Telephone Operator in Army after Her Sister, Martina, Had Been Accepted. Bell Telephone News, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b120ee27

Class of Young Women in Training for Service as Telephone Operators in France.

Class of Young Women in Training for Service as Telephone Operators in France. These Are in Addition to Those Whose Pictures Have Already Appeared in the News Lower Row, Left to Right: Helen Bixby, 3245 N. Illinois St., Indianapolis; Marie Lenglet, Springfield, Ill.; Olive Creelman, 1246 Leland Ave., Chicago; Marie Rennick, 136 W. Grand Blvd., Springfield, Ill.; Dorothy Dunbar, 5443 Kimbark Ave., Chicago. Upper Row, Left to Right: Alisse Lambert. 6230 Kimbark Ave., Chicago; Alice Longelier, 167 Ontario St, Chicago; Elsa Freeman, 6052 Harper Ave., Chicago; Marguerite Monnet, 5425 Kenmore Ave., Chicago; Minnie Goldman, 4738 Grand Blvd., Chicago; Cecile Joncas, 6710 Perry Ave., Chicago; Elizabeth Cheabrough, 1269 N. State St, Chicago; Frances St John, 1401 E. Fifty-seventh St., Chicago; Marguerite Derlis, 5817 Kenwood Ave., Chicago; Yvonne Haas, Wauconda, Ill. Photograph © International Film Service. Bell Telephone News, May 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b5ee3dcb

Ready for Duty "Over There." The Third Unit of American Telephone Operators to Go to France.

Ready for Duty "Over There." The Third Unit of American Telephone Operators to Go to France. These Young Women Are under the Supervision of Miss Nellie F. Snow, Formerly Chief Operator at Lowell, Mass. in the Group Are Miss Bertha J. Verkler (Lower Row, Third from Left), Miss Dorothy Sage (Lower Row, Fourth from Left). Miss Elizabeth R. Roby (Lower Row, Fifth from Left). Miss Marla Flood (Lower Row, Tenth from Left) and Miss Lillian R. Verkler (Upper Row, Twelfth from Left). These Five Young Women All Live in Chicago except Miss Sage, Whose Home Is in Evanston. Bell Telephone News, May 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b61284b0

American Telephone Girls Report for Duty in France.

American Telephone Girls Report for Duty in France. Picture Was Taken in One of the Squares of Paris in the Back Row at the Left Is Lt. Alden Hart, Formerly District Traffic Chief, Milwaukee Suburban. Bell Telephone News, June 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b6aa0c72

Operators Who Recently Left Chicago for Training in the East before Going Overseas

Operators Who Recently Left Chicago for Training in the East before Going Overseas. Top Row—Left to Right: Helen Bixby, Indianapolis; Alice Langlier, Chicago; Marguerite Derlis, Chicago. Second Row: Minnie Goldman, Chicago; Marguerite Monet, Chicago. Third Row: Mary Mcgrath, Chicago; Cornelia Young. Chicago; Mrs. C. Moore, City School Principal; Marie Renick, Springfield, Ill; Yvonne Haas, Wauconda, Ill.; Dorothy Dunbar, Chicago; Elsa Freeman, Chicago; Frances St. John. Chicago. Bell Telephone News, June 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b6d22fee

Miss Helen Carey, Signal Corps Telephone Operator.

Miss Helen Carey, Signal Corps Telephone Operator. Bell Telephone News, August 1918. GGA Image ID # 19afbd1228

Miss Elizabeth Rockwell Roby

Miss Elizabeth Rockwell Roby. Graduate of Smith College and Instructor in Traffic Department, American Telephone and Telegraph Company, Who Is Serving as an Operator "Over There." Miss Roby's Brother Is in France with the Twenty-Ninth Engineers. Bell Telephone News, August 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b007a8c3

Six Michigan Girls Who Answered the Call for Telephone Operators to Server "Over There."

Six Michigan Girls Who Answered the Call for Telephone Operators to Server "Over There." Top Row, Left: Miss Elizabeth M. Shovar; right: Miss Norma G. Finch. Middle Row, Left: Miss Geneva Marsh; Right: Miss Agnes G. Burke; Bottom Row, Left: Miss Faye R. Honey; Right: Miss Louis M. Wilcox. Bell Telephone News, September 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b03ba91a

Chicago Long Distance Operators Who Will Serve "Over There."

Chicago Long Distance Operators Who Will Serve "Over There." Left to Right: Miss Mabel C. Lapp, Miss Elizabeth Horsman, and Miss Lydia E. Erickson. Bell Telephone News, September 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b05d3bcb

Miss Louis Gordon, Signal Corps Telephone Operator.

Miss Louis Gordon, Signal Corps Telephone Operator. Bell Telephone News, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b0951007

Miss Corah Bartlett, Signal Corps Telephone Operator.

Miss Corah Bartlett, Signal Corps Telephone Operator. Bell Telephone News, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b0b552cc

Miss Oleda R. Joure, Signal Corps Telephone Operator.

Miss Oleda R. Joure, Signal Corps Telephone Operator. Bell Telephone News, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b0b78c26

Miss Louise Gordon, Miss Corah Bartlett, and Miss Oleda R. Joure, Signal Corps Telephone Operators.

Miss Louise Gordon, Miss Corah Bartlett, and Miss Oleda R. Joure, Signal Corps Telephone Operators. Bell Telephone News, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b0b8da51

Miss Lydia Erickson, Formerly Toll Instructor, Chicago, and now an "Operator in Charge" "Over There."

Miss Lydia Erickson, Formerly Toll Instructor, Chicago, and now an "Operator in Charge" "Over There." Bell Telephone News, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b0f5b7f7

Miss Elizabeth Horsman, Formerly of toll operating department, Chicago, in her uniform as a member of Woman's Telephone Unit for Service "Over There."

Miss Elizabeth Horsman, Formerly of toll operating department, Chicago, in her uniform as a member of Woman's Telephone Unit for Service "Over There." Bell Telephone News, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b0f75138

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Agnes G. Burke of Detroit.

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Agnes G. Burke of Detroit. Bell Telephone News, November 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b6d30e87

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Maria Flood of Chicago.

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Maria Flood of Chicago. Bell Telephone News, November 1918. GGA Image ID #

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Louise Beraud.

Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Louise Beraud. Bell Telephone News, November 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b718f431

Signal Corps Telephone Operators Miss Maria Flood and Miss Louise Beraud.

Signal Corps Telephone Operators Miss Maria Flood and Miss Louise Beraud. Bell Telephone News, November 1918. GGA Image ID # 19b74173be

Miss Martha Carrel, of Fort Wayne, Ind., and Miss Beatrice Francfort, of New York.

Miss Martha Carrel, of Fort Wayne, Ind., and Miss Beatrice Francfort, of New York, the Two Girls Who Were in Charge of the Switchboards in the Murat Palace in Paris during Its Occupancy by the President and Mrs. Wilson, Arriving in New York on the Transport ‘'George Washington." Photograph © International Film Service. Bell Telephone News, April 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b79603a2

Miss Maria Flood. Telephone Operator at Neufchateau, Toul and Souilly.

Miss Maria Flood. Telephone Operator at Neufchateau, Toul and Souilly. She Was Assigned to President Wilson's Headquarters at Hotel Crillon in Paris. On Her Sleeve Is the Chevron of Service Worn by All Who Officially Served in the Conference. It Has a Blue Ground, Representing the Peace Conference Service. The Emblems Are Embroidered in Silver. the Wreath Represents Peace and the Upright Sword and Scales Justice. Bell Telephone News, May 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b7d01f33

American Telephone Girls View Historic Ruins of Chateau Thierry.

American Telephone Girls View Historic Ruins of Chateau Thierry. This Is Another Interesting Picture Brought to America by Miss Flood. All the Girls Had Colorful Experiences Which Were Worth All the Inconveniences and Dangers through Which They Passed. the Picture Itself, aside from the Fact That It Was Brought by Miss Flood, Is Noteworthy as Showing the Terrible Effect of the Tide of Battle Which Swept over This Little City in the Fateful Months of 1918. Bell Telephone News, May 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b824dc47

The Hotel Crillon, Paris. Miss Flood Was One of the Telephone Operators Stationed at This Hotel.

The Hotel Crillon, Paris. Miss Flood Was One of the Telephone Operators Stationed at This Hotel, Where All of the American Peace Commissioners, except for President Wilson, Are Quartered. The Clerks, Military and Naval Attachés and Others Connected Officially with the American Peace Delegation, Also Live in This Hotel. It Can Easily Be Imagined Itmhaptoratnanot Perator on Duty Here Would Have Plenty of Interesting and Work. Bell Telephone News, May 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b8d8fc45

This Picture Shows Miss Flood and Some of Her Companion Operators and Army Truck in Which They Took the Long Journey Described in Her Letter.

Ready for a Long Ride across Country. This Picture Shows Miss Flood and Some of Her Companion Operators and Army Truck in Which They Took the Long Journey Described in Her Letter. Their Smiling Faces Give Testimony That They Felt No Ill Will at Hings in General, Although Little Comfort on the Trip. Bell Telephone News, May 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b8e646e3

Front Cover, Bell Telephone News, Detroit Edition, Volume 9, Number 1, August 1919.

Front Cover, Bell Telephone News, Detroit Edition, Volume 9, Number 1, August 1919. Insert: Victory Hath Crowned the Valor of My Sons. O America, Who Now Lay by Thy Sword, Unsullied and Turn Again to Paths of Peace beneath Thy Glorious Citizenship. GGA Image ID # 19b937565f

Four of the Michigan Telephone Company's "Returned Soldiers."

Four of the Michigan Telephone Company's "Returned Soldiers." Miss Norma A. Finch, Miss Elizabeth M. Shovar, Miss Faye R. Honey, and Miss Louise M. Wilcox "Come Back Home." Feature Story by M. Ethel Bigelow. Bell Telephone News, August 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b98da034

Right: Miss Elizabeth Horsman; Below: Miss Helen Carey.

Right: Miss Elizabeth Horsman; Below: Miss Helen Carey. Bell Telephone News, August 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b9aa2cdd

Switchboard at the Coblenz, Germany Exchange When the Girls Were “Off Duty."

Switchboard at the Coblenz, Germany Exchange When the Girls Were “Off Duty." Photograph Furnished by F. C. Partie, of Detroit, at Present a Chauffeur in the Third Army Radio Section. Bell Telephone News, August 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b9b3f1b0

Miss Lydia Erickson, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator.

Miss Lydia Erickson, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator. Bell Telephone News, November 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b9dd6b69

Miss Mabel Lapp, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator.

Miss Mabel Lapp, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator. Bell Telephone News, November 1919. GGA Image ID # 19ba3a6ff6

The "General Pershing Inspection" -- At Which the Camera Caught the General Just as He Passed the Smiling Miss Erickson.

The "General Pershing Inspection" -- At Which the Camera Caught the General Just as He Passed the Smiling Miss Erickson. Miss Grace D. Banker, Chief Operator, Escorted the General Through the Inspection, Seen on Pershing's Immediate Right. Bell Telephone News, November 1919. GGA Image ID # 19ba78cd66

E. M. Stannard, Formerly Lieut.- Col. Stannard, Signal Corps, U. S. A., Director of the Telephone and Telegraph Service of the S. O. S.

E. M. Stannard, Formerly Lieut.- Col. Stannard, Signal Corps, U. S. A., Director of the Telephone and Telegraph Service of the S. O. S., Who Was Decorated with the Legion of Honor by the French Government and Specially Cited by General Pershing, Has Come to the Michigan State Telephone Company as a Traffic Engineer. Bell Telephone News, December 1919. GGA Image ID # 19bac009d1

Military Funeral Procession for Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Cora Bartlett at Tours, France.

Military Funeral Procession for Signal Corps Telephone Operator Miss Cora Helen Bartlett, Who Was 33 Years of Age, at Tours, France. Her First Name, Cora, Was Interchangably Spelled with or without a Trailing "h, " Probably due to Her Middle Initial "H" Being Merged with Her First Name. Bell Telephone News, December 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b1cae986

Burial of Miss Bartlett in Tours, France.

Burial of Miss Bartlett (February 1886-June 1919) in Tours, France. Before Enlisting for Overseas Service, She Was a Detroit Chief Operator for the Michigan State Telephone Company. Miss Bartlett of Hillsdale, Michigan, Died of Typhoid Fever in Tours, France, in June 1919. Bell Telephone News, December 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b1fef16e

Group of Signal Corps Telephone Operators at the General Headquarters in Chaumont, France, 1918. U. S. Official Pictures of the World War, 1920.

Group of Signal Corps Telephone Operators at the General Headquarters in Chaumont, France, 1918. U. S. Official Pictures of the World War, 1920. GGA Image ID # 19b34fb484

Civilian Employees: Payment of Burial Expenses (Ops. J. A. G. 137, 14 November 1918). A telephone operator in the employ of the Signal Corps died In the United States while undergoing training in telephony, preparatory to going overseas. The regulation permitting payment of burial expenses of deceased civilian employees (A. R. 85, as amended, C. A. R. 77), limits expenditures in connection therewith to employees who die abroad, in Alaska, in the Canal Zone, on Army transports, or while on duty in the field or at military posts in the United States. The death in this case having occurred in a city in the United States is not within the provision of this regulation, and no burial expenses can be allowed.

Telephone Girls Operating an Exchange, Second Army Corps Headquarters, Toul, France, 1918.

Telephone Girls Operating an Exchange, Second Army Corps Headquarters, Toul, France, 1918. Annual Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b45ec12b

Girl Telephone Operators at Work in France. Annual Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1919.

Girl Telephone Operators at Work in France. Annual Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b4738348

Group of Signal Corps Telephone Operators in France. Annual Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1919.

Group of Signal Corps Telephone Operators in France. Annual Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b49292cc

Telephone Girls Enjoy Afternoon Tea at the Hotel Petrograd - YWCA Hostess House in Paris, France, March 1918.

Telephone Girls Enjoy Afternoon Tea at the Hotel Petrograd - YWCA Hostess House in Paris, France, March 1918. YWCA Overseas, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b4a734e2

"Hello Girls" Operate a Switchboard at Chaumont France, 1918.

"Hello Girls" Operate a Switchboard at Chaumont France, 1918. Getting the Message Through/NARA, 1996/1918. GGA Image ID # 19b4fea110

Operators at a Switchboard in a United States Army Telephone Exchange

Operators at a Switchboard in a United States Army Telephone Exchange, Base Section No. 3, Belgrave Mansions Hotel, London, S. W. 1, England. War Department Annual Report, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b50af2c7

First Detachment of American Telephone Girls on Arrival for Duty in France. War Department Annual Report, 1919.

First Detachment of American Telephone Girls on Arrival for Duty in France. War Department Annual Report, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b521f086

Signal Corps Telephone Operating Board and Girls at Work, Chaumont, HTE, Marne, France, 1918.

Signal Corps Telephone Operating Board and Girls at Work, Chaumont, HTE, Marne, France, 1918. War Department Annual Report, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b552a275

Telephone Girls Operating Exchange, Second Army Corps Headquarters, Toul, Meurthe et Moselle, France, 1918.

Telephone Girls Operating Exchange, Second Army Corps Headquarters, Toul, Meurthe et Moselle, France, 1918. War Department Annual Report, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b57715c5

Girl Telephone Operators at Work in France, 1918.

Girl Telephone Operators at Work in France, 1918. War Department Annual Report, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b58e6608

A Group of Signal Corps Telephone Operators in France.

A Group of Signal Corps Telephone Operators in France. War Department Annual Report, 1919. GGA Image ID # 19b5b6dc80

Both Grace Banker and Inez Crittenden Were Posthumously Named Distinguished Members of the Regiment by the US Signal Corps.

Both Grace Banker and Inez Crittenden Were Posthumously Named Distinguished Members of the Regiment by the US Signal Corps. Army Communicator, November 2020. GGA Image ID # 19b5df71d0

Women of Y-D Auxiliaries Who Come Back With One to Three Service Stripes.

Women of Y-D Auxiliaries Who Come Back With One to Three Service Stripes. Left to Right: Miss Grace Courtis, Miss Margaret Cobb, Miss Elizabeth Meeker, Miss Virginia Fox, Miss Mildred Hadley, Miss Ruth B. Pickell, Mrs. Augustus Haring, and Miss Isabelle Villiers. The Boston Globe, Friday, 18 April 1919. GGA Image ID # 19bafdd6af

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World War I
Hello Girls in the Great War
GG Archives

Telephone Operators in the Great War

 

 

 

Improve Your Family History Through Illustrations

Make Your Family History More Readable Through Illustrations From the GG Archives