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223 Women of the Signal Corps Telephone Operators that Served Overseas

In particular, 223 American women came over from the States in six operating units. An army report says: “It is only fair to state that the good service rendered under nerve-racking conditions during the last strenuous months of the war when the big push was on was due in no small part to the reliability as operators and their untiring zeal and labor in the service.” And some of these “hello girls” got right up into the midst of it, too. A unit under Miss Grace Banker, as chief operator, handled the heavy telephone traffic of the First Army Headquarters during two critical operations—and handled it well.

List of 223 Women and 2 Men, Organized by Unit:

Unit 1:

The First Unit of Telephone Operators Trained for Foreign Service by the Bell System.

The First Unit of Telephone Operators Trained for Foreign Service by the Bell System. Photograph Taken in France, Where They Have Won the Praise of Secretary of War Baker for Their Efficiency. Photograph © Committee on Public Information. The Telephone Review, June 1918. GGA Image ID # 1982b87dda

  1. Grace Derby Banker, Chief Operator
    Passaic, New Jersey

Grace D. Banker, Chief Telephone Operator, US Army Signal Corps, March 1918.

Grace D. Banker, Chief Telephone Operator, US Army Signal Corps, March 1918. GGA Image ID # 19976e83d3

  1. Jean Lois Cunningham, Supervisor
    Westmonth, Quebec, Canada
  2. Elizabeth Gertrude Hunter, Supervisor
    Medford, Massachusetts
  3. Renee Messelin, Supervisor
    San Francisco, California
  4. Minnie Rowena Richards, Supervisor
    Van Buren, Maine
  5. Melina Julia Adam
    Swansea, Massachusetts
  6. Eulalie Ida Audet
    Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
  7. Jeanne Bouchet
    San Francisco, California
  8. Almeria Capistran
    North Yakima, Washington
  9. Estella Ismery Caron
    Brockton, Massachusetts
  10. Anna Josephine Davis
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  11. Cordelia Elizabeth Dupuis
    Rolla, North Daktoa
  12. Sarah Angeline Cecelia Mary Fecteau
    West Lebanon, New Hampshire
  13. Marie Louise Ford
    Worcester, Massachusetts
  14. Esther Valentine Fresnel
    New York City, New York
  15. Marie Antoinette Gagnon
    Grafton, North Dakota
  16. Charlotte M. Gyss
    Yonkers, New York
  17. Winifred Hardy
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  18. Leontine Marine Lamoreux
    Lowell, Massachusetts
  19. Rose Julia Langelier
    Lynn, Massachusetts
  20. Marie Sophie Albertine Le Blanc
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  21. Louise Le Breton
    San Francisco, California
  22. Raymonde Le Breton
    Berkeley, California
  23. Minerva Gladys Nadeau
    Boston, Massachusetts
  24. Helen Agnes Naismith
    Seattle, Washington
  25. Frances Bigelow Paine
    Bronxville, New York
  26. Bertha Plamondon
    San Francisco, California
  27. Suzanne Prevot
    New York City, New York
  28. Georgette Yvonne Schaerr
    Omaha, Nebraska
  29. Agnes Mary Theriault
    Presque Isle, Maine
  30. Fernande Jacquelane Van Balkon
    New York City, New York
  31. Alice Veronica Ward
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  32. Clara Whitney
    Butler, Pennsylvania

Unit 2:

Second Group of Telephone Operators Ready for France, to Serve with the American Expeditionary Forces.

Second Group of Telephone Operators Ready for France, to Serve with the American Expeditionary Forces. The Telephone Review, April 1918. GGA Image ID # 1927e19cd4

  1. Inez Crittenden, Chief Operator
  2. Isabelle Villiers, Supervisor
  3. Albertine M. Aarents
  4. Margaret Anderson
  5. Julie S. Barrere
  6. Marguerite S. Bleyeres
  7. Emma Marie Brousseau
  8. Bertha A. Carrel
  9. Martha L. Carrel
  10. Edith Dodson
  11. Louise M. Essirard
  12. Anne C. Fox
  13. Lydia C. Gelinas
  14. Darnaby Henton
  15. Martina A. Heynen
  16. Denise Ingram
  17. Anallen Jackson
  18. Ethel S. Keyser
  19. Florence F. Keyser
  20. Anna Laborde
  21. Marie Joanie Lemaire
  22. Martha M. Libert
  23. Marie A. N. MacIntyre
  24. Millicent Martin
  25. Pauline McDermott
  26. Kathleen Mitchell
  27. Helen Ruth Orb
  28. Drucilla Skone Palmer
  29. Laurence Helen Pechin
  30. F. Helene Perreten
  31. Marie Ponsolle
  32. Katherine H. Robinson
  33. M. Olive Shaw
  34. Marion A. Taylor
  35. Evelyn Thomas
  36. Marjorie Thomas
  37. Hildegarde Van Brunt
  38. Ethelyn White
    Hildegarde Van Brunt, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator Serving in France, 1918.

Hildegarde Van Brunt, US Army Signal Corps Telephone Operator Serving in France, 1918. Van Brunt Family Photo. GGA Image ID # 19a7f7decd

Unit 3:

Third Unit of Telephone Operators to Go to France

Third Unit of Telephone Operators to Go to France to Serve with General Pershing behind the Allied Lines and Help Carry on the Business of War. The Telephone Review, May 1918. GGA Image ID # 19225056a1

  1. Nellie F. Snow, Chief Operator
  2. Marie L. Beraud, Supervisor
  3. Elizabeth Rockwell Roby, Supervisor
  4. Marie Blanche Belanger
  5. Suzanne M Beraud
  6. Michele F. Blanc
  7. Marie Louise Bousquet
  8. Suzanne Coheleach
  9. Lucile M de Jersey
  10. Miriam de Jersey
  11. Frances Des Jardine
  12. Maria Flood
  13. Yvonne M. Gauthier
  14. Louisette H. Gavard
  15. Blanche B. Grand-Maitre
  16. Adele Louise Hoppock
  17. Burtha Matignon Hunt
  18. Margaret G. Hutchins
  19. Janet R. Jones
  20. Margaret P. Kervin
  21. A. Maude McMullen
  22. Marguerite H. Milner
  23. Eugenie Racicot
  24. Dorothy L. Sage
  25. Bertha J. Verkler
  26. Lillian R. Verkler
  27. Berthe Wuilleumier

Unit 4:

Left Section of the Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army, Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service.

Left Section of the Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army, Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service. Photographed on Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, June 13, 1918. They are (left to right): Top Row — Miss Kathleen M. Hyatt, Miss Albertine M. Belhumeur, Miss Evelyn C. La Riviere, Miss Alma H. Hawkins, Miss Mary Marshall, Miss Eugene J. Couture, Miss Emma Riendeau, Miss Lillie H. Noble, Miss Louise Maclin, Miss Vivienne Hamel, Miss Louise L. Armand, Middle Row — Miss Edmee LeRoux, Miss Melanie Van Gastel, Miss Aurelie C. Lucier, Miss Stella M. Viau, Miss Berthe Arlaud, Miss Helen E. Hill, Miss E. Tilleard, Miss Juliette Courtail, Miss Eleanor Hoppock, Mrs. Eileen Munro, Miss Beatrice Francfort, Front Row —Miss Lucienne Bigou, Miss Camille Rieder, Miss Agnes G. Burge, Miss Ruth Couturier, Miss Louise Chaix, Miss Mathilde Ferrie, Miss Leonie Peyron, Miss Georgette Boehrer, Miss Mary Story. The Telephone Review, July 1918. GGA Image ID # 19283d8c2d

Right Section of the Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army, Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service.

Right Section of the Fourth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army, Trained by the Bell System and Ready for Overseas Service. Photographed on Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, June 13, 1918. They are (left to right): Top Row -- Miss Marguerite Martin, Miss Madeline Batta, Miss Mary C. O'Rourke, Miss Eglantine Moussu, Miss Marjorie L. McKillop, Miss Doris Summers, Miss Charlotte Anderson, Miss Germaine Lamontagne, Mrs, Eleanor A. Brown, Miss Marthe Carroul, Miss Lalla Munoz, Miss Marie Lange. Middle Row -- Miss Geneva M. Marsh, Miss Beatrice P. Bourneuf, Miss Mary E. Vannier, Miss Jane Lang, Mrs. Pauline McDonnell, Miss Jeanne Legallet, Miss Ellen M. Turner, Miss Louise Beraud, Miss Irma Armanet, Miss Alice Raymond, Miss Ruth Clarke. Front Row -- Miss Jennie R. Young, Miss Ida B. Lanz, Miss Alice J. Borreson, Miss Marie A. Lassalle, Miss Louise Ruffe, Miss Emelia Lumpert, Miss Ida Trahan, Miss Frances W. Laney, Miss Marguerite Chenot, Miss Celestine Leguia. The Telephone Review, July 1918. GGA Image ID # 19285f95ad

  1. Geneva Mildred Marsh, Chief Operator
  2. Beatrice Pauline Bourneuf, Supervisor
  3. Beatrice Josephine Francfort, Supervisor
  4. Eleanor Rowena Hoppock, Supervisor
  5. Eileen Elise Munro, Supervisor
  6. Mary Jane Elizabeth Vannier, Supervisor
  7. Charlotte E. Anderson
  8. Berthe Lina Arlaud
  9. Louise Ludavie Armand
  10. Irma Rameline Armanet
  11. Madeline Felicie Antoinette Catherine Batta
  12. Albertine Anne Marie Belhumer
  13. Cora Louise Jane Beraud
  14. Lucienne Nadine Bigou
  15. Georgette Julia Boehrer
  16. Alice Julia Borresen
  17. Eleanore Anastasia Brown
  18. Agnes Grace Burke
  19. Marthe Mary Carroul
  20. Louise Rose Madeleine Chaix
  21. Marguerite Helen Chenot
  22. Evelyn Mary Tilleard Cooper
  23. Juliette Louise Courtial
  24. Eugenie Jeannette Couture
  25. Ruth Emma Couturier
  26. Vivienne Blanche Marianne Hamel
  27. Alma Helen Lorentzia Hawkins
  28. Helen Elizabeth Hill
  29. Kathleen Mary Hyatt
  30. Germaine Marie Anne Lamontagne
  31. Jane Louise Lang
  32. Marie Alexandrine Lange
  33. Ida Blanche Lanz
  34. Evelyn Claire Lariviere
  35. Marie Alexine Lassalle
  36. Marie Edmee Le Roux
  37. Jeanna Catherine Victoire Legallet
  38. Celestine Angele Leguia
  39. Aurelie Cecile Lucier
  40. Emelia Katharine Lumpert
  41. Louise Eugenie Maclin
  42. Mary Marshall
  43. Marguerite Marie Cecile Martin
  44. Pauline Jeanne Francoise McDonnell
  45. Marjorie Leslie McKillop
  46. Eglantine Rose Moussu
  47. Lalla Rookh Munoz
  48. Lillie Marie Elizabeth Poirier Noble
  49. Mary Catharine O'Rourke
  50. Leonie Camille Peyron
  51. Alice Raymond
  52. Camille Fanny Rieder
  53. Emma Riendeau
  54. Marie Louise Catharine Ruffe
  55. Doris Edith Summers
  56. Ida Trahan
  57. Ellen Mildred Turner
  58. Melanie Marie Van Gastel
  59. Stella Mary Viau
  60. Jennie Rose Young

Unit 5:

Fifth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army, from the Forces of the Bell System Photographed on Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, August 2. 1918.

Fifth Unit of Telephone Operators for General Pershing's Army, from the Forces of the Bell System Photographed on Roof of 195 Broadway, New York, August 2. 1918. Left to Right. Front Row: Miss Mildred Lewis, Miss Zada F. Black, Miss Anita Chance, Miss Louise Barbour, Miss Anna Kinney, Miss Nell S. Wilkins, Miss Helen Cook, Miss Norma G. Finch, Miss Elizabeth M. Shovar, Miss Sarah Fairbrother, Miss Annie F. Sheerin, Miss Ruth Keeping, Miss Helen M. Hayes, Miss Christie V. Bickford. Back Row: Miss Elizabeth Macauley, Miss Agnes E. Blazina, Miss Ena Robb, Miss Louise M. Wilcox, Miss Faye R. Honey, Miss Martha M. Henshaw, Miss Merle Egan, Miss Laura Gridley, Miss Helen Carey, Miss Vera Sjostrom, Miss Jessie D. Brown, Miss Grace B. Knall, Miss Elizabeth O'Brien, Miss Mary E. Sealey, Miss Irene A. Gifford, Miss Marguerite Mahoney. The Telephone Review, September 1918. GGA Image ID # 1928fddc68

  1. 1st LT Eugene Du Bose Hill
  2. Helen Cook, Supervisor
  3. Louise Barbour
  4. Christine Vivian Bickford
  5. Zada Freelove Black
  6. Agnes Elizabeth Blazine
  7. Jessie Douglas Brown
  8. Helen Hunt Carey
  9. Anita Lenora Chance
  10. Merle Egan
  11. Sarah Fairbrother
  12. Norma Gail Finch
  13. Irene Alice Gifford
  14. Laura Gridley
  15. Helen May Hayes
  16. Martha May Henshaw
  17. Faye Ruth Honey
  18. Ruth Keeping
  19. Anna Adline Kinney
  20. Grace Bernice Knall
  21. Mildred Lewis
  22. Elizabeth Macauley
  23. Marguerite Mahoney
  24. Florence O'Brien
  25. Ena Robb
  26. Mary Ellen Sealey
  27. Annie Frances Sheerin
  28. Elizabeth Marion Shovar
  29. Vera Sjostrom
  30. Louise Margaret Wilcox
  31. Nell Susan Wilkins

Unit 6:

Sixth Unit Shares in Telephone Work in France Telephone Operators Doing Overseas Service in France “Plug In" for Victory.

Sixth Unit Shares in Telephone Work in France Telephone Operators Doing Overseas Service in France “Plug In" for Victory. The Telephone Review, October 1918. GGA Image ID # 1980c4cb71

  1. 2nd LT William Frank Packard Jr.
  2. Marion Campbell Swan, Supervisor
  3. Cora Helen Bartlett
  4. Helen Bixby
  5. Ruth Boucher
  6. Marion Beryl Broderick
  7. Elizabeth Ann Browne
  8. Anna Marie Campbell
  9. Jane Elizbeth Conroy
  10. Rosemary de Montauzan
  11. Lora Ellen Disbrowe
  12. Bernadette Genevieve Doucette
  13. Lydia Eugenia Erickson
  14. Mae Alice Ganley
  15. Minnie Hermine Goldman
  16. Louise Gordon
  17. Selma Greenland
  18. Celina Anna Grimeke
  19. Delta Eva Hagan
  20. Hazel May Hammond
  21. Agnes Theresa Honley
  22. Elizabeth Horsman
  23. Maude Edna Johnson
  24. Oleda Ruth Joure
  25. Frances Willard Laney
  26. Mabel Cora Lapp
  27. Hortense Levy
    Daughter of the Vice-President of the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia
  28. Mary Isabelle Macdonald
  29. Abbie Elizabeth Mitchell
  30. Margaret Genevieve Olker
  31. Anne May Ostrander
  32. Estella Syvilla Russell
  33. Mary Anne Steele
  34. Mary Caroline Story
    Daughter of Vice-Admiral W. A. Story of the British Navy
  35. Anna Maria Swanson
  36. Elsie Lizzie Wolloff

Compilation edited by the GG Archives.

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