Soldier's Bonus / The Bonus Army of World War 1
Collage of Soldiers' Bonus Materials Including Poster of Discharge Bonus, Application for Adjusted Compensation for Service in the Army, and an Image of the Soldiers' Bonus Check From the State of Minnesota. GGA Image ID # 18713868bd
The World War Adjusted Compensation Act of 1924, popularly known as the "Bonus Act," promised veterans compensation for wages lost during World War I service. During the Great Depression, veterans took to the streets to demand these promised payments.
Many of the documents in this section are from the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Family Archives and other sources. The papers include certificates, vouchers, and payments of the Adjusted Compensation Act and the Minnesota Soldier's Bonus.
History, Documents, and Information About the Soldiers' Bonus
Mr. William E. Hannan, in the Times (New York) of September 5th, 1920, calls attention to projects in many States and tells us that sixteen States have already enacted substantial legislation on the subject.
Edward M. Lewis, Director of Public Relations of the Veterans Administration, provided Clayton Moore Esq., Clerk of the Ways and Means Committee, with sources for his calculations on the cost of Adjusted Compensation.
I have the honor to enclose herewith a memorandum showing the estimated cost of the bonus as proposed by the bill H.R. 7959 on account of officers and enlisted men of the United States Marine Corps.
After World War I, veterans’ organizations lobbied Congress for extra pay to compensate returned soldiers for differences between military pay and the higher civilian pay during wartime.
The purpose of the bill is to care for the Marines who were injured in Latin American countries and also the dependents of the Marines who have been killed in action. It also brings in members of the Army and Navy.
The World War Adjusted Compensation Act, commonly referred to as the "Bonus Act," passed over the President's veto May 19, 1924, and was amended July 3, 1926.
This, the Sixth Annual Report of the Veterans' Administration sets forth concisely the activities incident to rendering Government relief to veterans and their dependents.
The WWI Soldiers' Bonus Application & Payments
The law providing for the payment of a bonus of $60 to every discharged soldier, sailor and marine, including officers, was not adopted until February 24, 1919.
The following statements are made by me to support my claim for Adjusted Compensation under the provision of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act.
Examples of Adjusted Service Certificate and Adjusted Service Certificate Transmittal Letters Sent according to the World Wars Adjusted Compensation Act for the amount of the soldiers' Adjust Service Credit.
Receipt is acknowledged of your application for settlement on your Adjusted Service Certificate. A large number of applications have been received and are being acted upon as rapidly as possible.
This receipt must be carefully prepared. Pencil may be used. The original receipt shall be delivered to the registered owner of the bonds and the duplicate shall be retained by the postmaster.
With this please find Adjusted Service Bonds of the United States registered in your name, together with check on the Treasurer of the United States, all listed below, issued in payment of the amount due on your Adjusted Service Certificate.
State of Minnesota Soldiers' Bonus
Under the provisions of Chapter 49, Extra Session Laws 1919, the State of Minnesota provided relief and assistance for certain general classes of persons who served in the Armed Forces of the United States during World War I.
A Soldiers' Bonus Board, consisting of the state auditor, state treasurer, and adjutant general, was created to oversee the operation of this program, to employ staff to carry out its functions, and to approve or disapprove claims.
43 Questions on the Minnesota Application for a World War 1 Soldiers' Bonus Under Chapter 49 Special Laws Minnesota 1919, No. 31843 and No. 58704. This Form Completed by Ludvig K. Gjenvick.
Your bonus application has been given the number opposite your name on the reverse side of this card. Applications are numbered and paid in the order filed.
Payment of the Minnesota Soldier's Bonus paid to World War I Veterans who were residents of the State of Minnesota at the time they were inducted or enlisted into the Armed Forces.
Early in March 1932, I had come to the conclusion that Congress was purposely playing football with the Bonus bill and had no intention of giving it favorable consideration regardless of the demand which ex-service men were voicing.
Walter Waters is the man credited with the idea of the Bonus Army and its march on Washington, D.C. Waters, of Portland, Oregon, had served in France during the first World War, with the 146th Field Artillery.