Training Camps and Cantonments of World War 1
Facilities for housing about 124,000 officers and men at Army stations existed Apr. 6. 1917. Before the end of the year, the Cantonment Division had provided additional shelter for about 1,500,000 men. This construction involved road-building, electric- light and power installations, water supply, sewerage, refrigeration and heating plants, fire-prevention installations and apparatus for at least 32 cantonments and camps, as well as the actual housing.
The story of the 16 National Army cantonments surpasses anything else in the history of building. Such, indeed, has been the transformation wrought at these cantonments that the world might well have believed it all magic.
Brief descriptions of each National Army Cantonment include a history of the camp, information about the nearest town, climate, and how the camp was named.
Brief descriptions of each National Guard Training Camp, including information about its location, climate, how the camp was named, and basic history.
Standing out as markedly apparent to the visitor to an American cantonment are therefore the homogeneous appearance, the almost even age and the uniformly high physical quality of its inmates.
In the beginning – equipped for any crisis within two months and a half of the declaration of war, the Y.W.C.A. opened its first Hostess House for hospitality and service to women who visit men in the military camps.
Edward Hungerford's article about life in a World War 1 Cantonment appeared in the February 1918 issue of Everybody's Magazine. It gave people a taste of what a new soldier could expect during his training.
The War Department, Commission on Training Camp Activities, Washington DC, released a brochure in 1917 detailing activities to furnish these young men a substitute for the recreational and relaxational opportunities they have been accustomed to.
Training Camps (Sections)
Camp Devens, Massachusetts, was named in honor of Brigadier General Charles Devens, served as a training camp for 76th Division (National Army), which occupied the cantonment, August 1917 to July 1918.
Like every model city, Camp Dix must have running water in every building, a perfect sewerage system, an up-to-date hospital, telephones, electric lights, heating arrangements — in short, every municipal necessity and convenience.
Camp Dodge was established on June 18, 1917 to serve as training camp for 88th Division (National Army), which occupied the cantonment August 1917 to July 1918.
The Camp Funston of World War I was the largest semi-permanent type training camp in the nation. The sprawling cantonment area could accommodate 50,000 men.
Camp Grant is the training quarters for the men who will constitute the divisions drawn from northern Illinois and all except the Lake Michigan shore counties of Wisconsin, one of the most northerly of the 16 cantonments.
Camp Pike, Arkansas was named in honor of Brigadier General Zebulon M. Pike, U.S. Army, discoverer of Pike's Peak; killed in action, 1818. Established July 18, 1917 to serve as training camp for 87th Division (National Army) , which occupied the cantonment August 1917 to June 1918. Construction started June 17, 1917 and continued through 1918.
Camp Zachary Taylor near Louisville, Kentucky was established by Act of Congress for the purpose of training men for the World War.