Naval Aviation News - June 1992 - Battle of Midway
COVERS—Front: NANews Art Director Charles Cooney captured the critical elements of the Battle of Midway in marking its 50th anniversary.
Back: An EP-3E Orion, center, is followed by two EA-3B Skywarriors during flight ops near Gibraltar in 1991, shortly before VQ-2 retired its last Skywar-
riors. (PH3 Franklin P. Call)
NAVAL AVIATION NEWS May-June 1992 1
Flagship Publication of Naval Aviation
Oldest U.S. Navy Periodical, Volume 74, No.4
in WW II:
Battle of Coral Sea . . 24
Battle of Midway . . . 28
Vice Admiral Richard M. Dunleavy
Assistant Chief of Naval Operations (Air Warfare)
Published by the Naval Historical Center
under the auspices of the Chief of Naval Operations
Dr. Dean C. Allard
Director of Naval History
Flight Line: The Momentum of Midway 1
Grampaw Pettibone 2
Naval Aircraft: HNS Hoverfly 20
ANA Bimonthly Photo Competition
Professional Reading 39
Flight Bag 40
Cdr. Stephen R. Silverio
Director, Naval Aviation History and Publication Division
LCdr. Richard R. Burgess Editor
Sandy Russell Managing Editor
Charles C. Cooney Art Director
Joan A. Frasher Associate Editor
JOCS B. A. Cornfeld Associate Editor
J02(SW) Eric S. Sesit Assistant Editor
Cdr. Peter Mersky, USNR
Book Review Editor
Capt. R. Rausa, USNR (Ret.)
Naval Aviation News considers for publication unsolicited manuscripts, photo essays, artwork, and general news about aircraft, organizations, history, and/or human endeavors which are the core of Naval Aviation. All military contributors should forward articles about their commands only after internal security review and the permission of the commanding officer. Manuscripts will be returned upon request.
For further guidelines on submissions, contact Managing Editor, Naval Aviation News, at AV 288-4407/8/9 or (202) 4334407/8/9; FAX (202) 433-2343.
Nava/ Aviation News (USPS 323-310; ISSN 0028-1417) is published bimonthly for the Chief of Naval Operations by the Naval Historical Center. Editorial offices are located in Building 157-1, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., 20374-5059. Second-class postage is paid at Washington, D.C., and additional mailing offices. Naval Aviation News is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, phone (202) 783-3238. Annual subscription: $7.50.
POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Naval Aviation News, GPO Order Desk, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. The Secretary of the Navy has determined that this publication is necessary in the transaction of business required by law. Funds for printing have been approved by the Navy Publications and Printing Policy Committee.
JPATS — USN/USAF Joint Primary
Aircraft Training System 10
A Day in the Life of a Checkmate Jet 12
A Gathering of Greyhounds 16
Five Aviators Enshrined in
Hall of Honor 22
Stealth Technology 34
By VAdm. Dick Dunleavy, ACNO (Air Warfare)
The Momentum of Midway
U. S. Naval Aviation came of age as a decisive force 50 years ago during the battles of Coral Sea and Midway, which we commemorate in this issue. In May and June 1942, Navy and Marine Corps flyers and the troops and ships that launched them turned out to be the real "showstoppers" to the Japanese advance in the Pacific. With some great men, great headwork, and too few good planes and ships, the pattern of naval warfare was changed forever. Naval Aviation became the tip of the spear and has remained there ever since.
Lest we forget, Midway was a close call. A lot of our crews (some with less than 10 hours in type) went into battle in sadly antiquated "clunkers" that ate the dust of technology zooming by.
Too many crews never returned. Good tactical thinking by the task force commanders and strike leaders, plus a lot of brave crews and good fortune, saved the day.
Progressively armed with more and better planes and ships, Naval Aviation went on to destroy the Japanese fleet and carry the war to the
Japanese homeland. Victorious, Naval Aviation continued as a flexibly responsive force that met one international crisis after another in the decades since. We were able to do that because we always kept the tip of the spear sharp with well-trained people and modern aircraft and weapons that met the requirements of the time. The recent success of Operation Desert Storm, the farthest thing from a close call, is the culmination of almost five decades of refining excellence in men and machines.
This is no time to relax. Requirements never stand still, and the budget problems in training our crews and modernizing our aircraft fleet and weapons to meet changing requirements grow ever larger. We are meeting the challenge in a number of ways, including:
— "necking down" the number of aircraft types
— incremental modernization of older types.
— extending the life of older aircraft
— making hard choices in the aircraft we choose to procure
— procuring jointly with other services where possible
— retiring "cats and dogs" costly to maintain
— integrating Marine Aviation more fully on carrier decks
— consolidating some fleet readiness squadrons at one site
— increased use of computer simulation technology
— streamlining our shore infrastructure
— using the Naval Air Reserve wherever possible.
As challenging as this all is, we can press on with confidence because of the quality of our people in
Washington and in the fleet who are solving the problems with hard work and good headwork. We also have the support of our top civilian leadership and the Congress for our critical aircraft programs, particularly the FA18E/F and the AX. By maintaining the momentum of excellence generated by its victory at Midway 50 years ago, Naval Aviation will always be sharp. Keep strokin'.
CW02 A A Alleyne
Superb ships, planes, and people, such as depicted here in Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69), have kept Naval Aviation sharp since Midway 50 years ago.