February 1998 Naval History Magazine
McHale's Navy Ernest Borgnine interview; Forgotten groundbreaker USS PC-1264; Strike Warfare 1914 - British seaplanes vs. zeppelins; Remembering Iwo Jima from the Texas - rare photos.
UNITED STATES NAVAL INSTITUTE January / February 1998 Volume 12 • Number 1
18 'It Made a Man Out of Me'
An interview with Ernest Borgnine
"The Real McHale" talks about his decade in the Navy and what it meant.
23 Rum-Hound Torpedo
By Captain William B. Hayler, , U.S. Navy (Retired)
Considering World War II torpedo problems, how could this one go wrong?
24 USS PC-1264: Forgotten Groundbreaker
By Captain Roy C. Smith III, U.S. Naval Reserve (Retired)
How the other black-crewed Navy ship fell through the cracks of history.
28 "Wonderful Duty"
By Stephen May
African-American Coast Guardsman Jacob Lawrence depicts cutter life.
33 Naval Explorer Captures Amazon
By Normand E. Klare
Lardner Gibbon plays a key role in 1850s expeditions to South America. 37 Strike Warfare, 1914
By Captain Carl O. Schuster, U.S. Navy
British seaplanes usher in a new era with strikes on zeppelins at Cuxhaven.
42 Rudder Assist
By Alfred Giddings
A naval design pioneer modifies rudders for nuclear-powered submarines.
43 "Thanks, Al. It Worked Just Fine."
By Vice Admiral James F. Calvert, U .S . Navy (Retired)
One of his customers, the skipper of the Skate at the North Pole, approves.
44 Remembering Iwo Jima from the Texas
By John P. Pawley
Through words and rare photos, the Navy's story at Iwo begins to unfold.
48 Flags over Suribachi
By Mike Caruso
Only 4 of 40 men in both flag-raisings at Iwo were not killed or wounded.
In Turner Entertainment's "Torpedo Run," Glenn Ford and Ernest Borgnine talon a Japanese carrier. For Borgnine's real war stories and what the Navy means to him, see page 18.
4 Looking Back 53 Historic Fleets 59 Salty Talk
6 In Contact 54 Historic Aircraft 60 Reunions
50 Book Reviews 55 Naval History News 62 Museum Report
Naval I hoary, ISSN 1042-1920, is published bi-monthly by the U.S. Naval Institute, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, Maryland 21401, fax no. 410.224.2406 (editorial offices are located at U.S. Naval Academy, Preble Hall, 118 Maryland Avenue, Annapolis, MD 21402-5035; 410-268-6110). The U. S. Naval Institute is a private, self-supporting, nonprofit professional society, which publishes Proceedings magazine as a forum for the sea services, and professional books. The Naval Institute is not part of the U.S. Government. The opinions and assertions herein are the authors'. Periodicals postage paid at Annapolis, Maryland, and at additional mailing offices. Annual Naval History subscription rates: Naval Institute member, $18.00; nonmember, $20.00. International subscribers add $6.00. Copyright 1997, U.S. Naval Institute. Copyright is not claimed for editorial material in the public domain. Postmaster: Send address changes to Naval History, U.S. Naval Institute, Circulation Department, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, Maryland 21401. Home page: www.usni.org. Advertising: Direct Response: Oehler Media, Inc., The Soho Bldg. 110 Greene St., Suite 703, New York, NY 10012, 212.226-3955; fax 212.226.5707; National: Donovan & Burke, 225 Park Ave., Suite 327; New York, NY 10169, 212-697-2844, fax 212-682-1421, E-Mail address: [email protected]
By Tom W. FREEMAN
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"GRACE AND GLORY"