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Medical and Mental Inspection Of Immigrants

Main Inspection Hall at Ellis Island. Public Hygene, Vol. 2, 1911.

Main Inspection Hall at Ellis Island. Public Hygene, Vol. 2, 1911. GGA Image ID # 154aa73d5a

  • Barriers Against Invisible Foes - Disease Quarantine (1892)
    Quarantine for the protection of the public health, according to the provisions of this Act, is hereby authorize& required and established in and for the port of New York, for all vessels, their crews, passengers. equipage, cargoes. and other property, on board the same, arriving thereat from other ports.
  • Inspection of Immigrants at Ellis Island (1901)
    The methods of inspection are described at length by various witnesses connected with the inspection service at New York. When a vessel approaches the harbor it is boarded by 1 or 2 inspectors, who examine the cabin passengers. These men are confronted with 100 or 150 passengers at a time, and they have an hour and a half for an examination covering the period of time from touching at quarantine and landing at the dock.
  • Inspection of Immigrants at Bremen - Norddeutscher Lloyd (1903)
    On April I, 1903, the Hon. L. M. Shaw, Secretary of the Treasury, promulgated to the consular officers of the United States, and to medical officers serving at any foreign port, the rules and regulations to be used and complied with by vessels in foreign ports, for securing the best sanitary condition of such vessels, their cargoes, passengers, and crew, before their departure for any port in the United States.
  • Inspection of Italian Emigrants Going to America on German and Italian Steamship Lines (1903)
    The emigrants from here are chiefly of northern Italian origin. They arrive from their respective districts for the most part by rail. They are met on their arrival by the agents of the particular steamship line by which they are to sail and are taken to the office of the company.
  • Processing Immigrants by the Holland-America Line circa 1903
    All emigrants for the Holland-America Line are met at the railway station and boat landing at Rotterdam by runners of the line, who conduct them, immediately upon arrival, per steam tug to the NASM Hotel, the emigrant hotel owned and controlled by the Holland-America Line and situated opposite to the line's wharf.
  • Inspection of Emigrants by the Hamburg America Line (1903)
    At the said passenger halls the final medical examination takes place. All emigrants pass the official emigrants' surgeon in single file, and if not rejected he affixes an official stamp "medically examined" to each ticket, passes the ticket, to which are attached the "vaccination cards" over to the baggage inspector, who then stamps the same with the official stamp of the office, "Passed, United States consulate-general, Hamburg," and returns the ticket to the respective emigrant.
  • Inspection of Emigrants at Liverpool, 1904
    When the steerage passengers get on the ship they have to undergo the real examination by the Board of Trade medical inspector and the ship's surgeon.
  • Immigration and The Public Health - 1905
    Immigrants established years ago a reputation for bringing in epidemic diseases. They have played their part in the past in outbreaks of typhus, smallpox, and cholera, but with the disappearance of the old immigrant sailing ships.
  • Inspection of Immigrants (1908-1911)
    The photographs I took there tell their own tale, but the following narration gives an idea of the details of inspection.
  • The Anomalous Quarantine Situation In New York Bay (1912)
    New York is the most important quarantine port in the United States and probably in the world. For the last half-dozen years the total number of alien immigrants to the United States has averaged nearly a million, and nearly seven-eighths of them entered through the port of New York.
  • The Medical Side Of Immigration (1912)
    PERHAPS no question is of more paramount and continuing interest to the American people than immigration in all its phases and relations to public welfare. The history of the United States is the history of alien immigration.
  • Scientific Medical Inspection At Ellis Island (1912)
    The medical inspection of all immigrant aliens is performed by the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, at the 82 immigration stations of the United States and its dependencies. In the fiscal year 1911 there came thru all ports of entry 1,032,649 immigrants. of whom 749,642 entered thru Ellis Island.
  • Quarantine Procedure at The New York Quarantine Station - 1912
    Upon the arrival of a non-infected vessel carrying passengers from cholera-infected ports the vessel is boarded, an inspection made, and a most careful history regarding all illness which has occurred during the voyage obtained.
  • Immigration And The Prevention Of Insanity (1913)
    No other country in the world is being as profoundly influenced by immigration as our own. There has been no human migration in history like that which has brought 24,000,000 persons to this country from Europe, Asia and Africa since the close of the Civil War.
  • Medical Inspection Of Immigrants At The Port Of Boston (1914)
    The medical examination is divided into two parts, primary and secondary. In the primary the efforts of the examiner is directed toward segregating from among those presented those suspected of having disease, defect or abnormality of any kind in order to enable the healthy to proceed without unnecessary delay.
  • Mental Examinination Of Immigrants - Administration and Line Inspection at Ellis Island (1917)
    The average immigrant remains at Ellis Island two or three hours, during which time he undergoes an examination by the Public Health Service in order to determine his mental and physical condition, and by the Immigration Service in order to find out whether he is otherwise admissible.


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