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Castle Garden, New York Immigrant Landing Station

Landing Immigrants at Castle Garden.

Landing Immigrants at Castle Garden. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, June 1884. GGA Image ID # 14bb9d02ed

Castle Garden, originally known as Castle Clinton, was a circular fort built on an artificial island some 200 feet off the Battery in lower Manhattan. It was connected to the Battery by a bridge.

Before it became an immigrant depot in 1855, Castle Garden was a center of the social, cultural, and political activities of the city. During its lifetime as an immigrant depot (1855-1890), Castle Garden had welcomed 8,280,917 of the total 10,956,910 aliens to arrive in this country during that period.

Colorized Postcard? of Castle Garden From the Water ca. 1850.

Castle Garden Image Library

Books, brochures, articles, and other ephemera provided Illustrations of the conditions and experiences of immigrants who chose to enter the United States via Castle Garden in New York from 1855 through 1890. Students and Family Historians are welcome to use these illustrations for your reports and family histories.

The Labor Exchange -- Interior View of the Office at Castle Garden, New York.

The New Labor Exchange at Castle Garden - 1868

The rapidly increasing business in the Labor Exchange at Castle Garden has induced the Commissioners of Emigration to erect a new and commodious frame building, to be used as a labor depot.

The Labor Exchange -- Emigrants on the Battery in Front of Castle Garden, New York.

Castle Garden Labor Exchange - 1868

The Labor Exchange lately organized at Castle Garden, the landing-place for emigrants to this city, is one of the most valuable and successful institutions in New York.

A German Immigrant Family At Castle Garden.

A Day At Castle Garden Immigrant Station, 1871

This will be called out inside in the rotunda, and if she has been on board she will be sent in to you, when there will be any quantity of questions to put and an-swore to make. It certainly is interesting to witness these 'meetings, as I did.

A Clerk at Castle Garden Registers the Name of Incoming Immigrants.

The Immigration Process At Castle Garden - 1871

The State of New York has established a Landing Depot for Immigrants at Castle Garden in the port of New York. The work centering there is done in departments, of which the following description is abridged from a pamphlet on Immigration, by Mr. Friedrich Kapp, late of the Commissioners of Immigration of the State.

Front View of the State Emigrant Refuge and Hospital Institutions, Ward's Island, New York.

Ward's Island, New York - Complementing Castle Garden for Immigrants - 1871

The island is the property of the Commissioners of Emigration, containing about 200 acres, and situated in the East River, a few miles from Castle Garden.

Steerage Passengers Debarking at Castle Garden.

The Immigrant Experience at Castle Garden - 1877

It is a curious fact, by the way, that as many German emigrants come to America via Liverpool as come in the German steamers direct from Hamburg or Bremen. They are conveyed to Hull by water, and thence across England to Liverpool by rail.

Immigrants Landing at Castle Garden. Drawn by A. B. Shults. Harper's Weekly, 29 May 1880.

Foreign Immigration to the United States - 1880

The volume of immigration to the United States for 1880 promises to be enormous. In 1879 the number of arrivals of aliens at the port of New York was 179,589; in 1878, 129,866; in 1877, 109,055. In the first four months of 1880 the number of arrivals has reached 81,262, or nearly half of the total of 1879.

Transferring Emigrants from an Inman Steamer to the Castle Garden Barge.

The Present Extraordianary Emigration - Scenes of Castle Garden - 1880

The tenders speedily reach their destination, and the landing is effected. In a single file, the newcomers filter into the enormous rotunda, and Mr. George Morrel, the courteous police officer in charge, ushers them towards the registering clerk.

Battery and Castle Garden, New York City, circa 1892.

Castle Garden, Immigrant Landing Station -1883

Castle Garden, situated at the foot of the Battery park and on the extreme southern point of Manhattan Island, is now used as the immigrant depot, where those who come from the Old to find homes in the New. World first find a resting-place, and receive their initial and usually erroneous impression of their new home. Article also discusses Commissioners of Emigration, Immigrants, and Ward's Island.

A Farmer from the Interior Seeking a Wife at Castle Garden, New York.

Castle Garden as a Matrimonial Market - 1885

A New industry has recently been developed at Castle Garden, in New York city—that of wife-hunting among the emigrant girls. Almost every day the Superintendent receives letters from persons desirous of securing wives without the trouble of a long courtship.

View of the Battery and Castle Garden -- The Haven of Incoming Millions.

The Immigration Question – 1888

The vast immigration in time excited alarm in two different degrees. It threw a vast quantity of skilled and unskilled labor on the market, and native-born mechanics especially began to feel the effect of the competition.

Castle Garden Immigrant Depot, NY. nd circa 1870s. Stereograph by A. J. Fisher, NY.

A History of Castle Garden Immigration Station - 1888

The Commissioners of Emigration organized on May 8, 1847. 'Their first official quarters were in the old almshouse building, New York city, where the county courthouse now stands. They remained there until January 19, 1854, when the structure was destroyed by fire.

Exterior View of Castle Garden from the Battery.

America's Open Gate: Castle Garden May Cease To Be The Immigrant's Landing - 1890

Governor's Island will replace Castle Garden, New York, as the landing place of immigrants arriving in this country at the port of New York. It may take several days yet to determine the legal status of Governor's Island.

Interior View of Castle Garden.

Story Behind the Creation of Castle Garden

Article responds to the questions: Who was the first to propose Castle Garden for the benefit of foreign immigrants? Is the board of management a National or a State organization? How did if originate?

New York State Emigrant Landing Depot, Castle Garden circa 1855.

Castle Garden Immigrant Depot History

This article is based on a study by Dr. George J. Svejda, Division of History, Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation, National Park Service. U. S. Department of Interior, dated December 2. 1968. entitled "Castle Garden as An Immigrant Depot. 1855-1890."

Castle Garden Immigrant Depot, NY. nd circa 1870s. Stereograph by A. J. Fisher, NY.

Immigration Before the Quota - 1924

Unlisted, uninspected, with or without means of support so far as anybody knew or cared to know, they were free to swarm on shore. With a rush and a shout the tumultuous crowd fled from their fetid quarters and bounded on shore, becoming almost at once and by that simple act citizens of the Great Republic!


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