Browse The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives Home Page

Spring 1989 Naval History Magazine

Spring 1989 Naval History Magazine

Admiral Yamagata Joins His Ancestors; Brooks and Garcias: One Last Look; Grim Pelelieu: The Aircraft; Ancient Sea Power: The Veneti; Palau Islands 1944; Lawrence surrenders the Chesapeake 1813

Features
12 Grim Peleliu: The Aircraft
By Rolfe L. Hillman HI
Air support was a joint-service effort during the invasion of the Palau Islands in 1944.
19 The Veneti: A Pre-Roman Atlantic Sea Power
By D. Cameron Watt
This little-known power dominated Atlantic trade routes for 300 years, until Julius Caesar stepped in.
24 Manifestations of Cordiality
By J. Calvitt Clarke III
In the mid-1930s the Soviet Navy got some of its warships built in—of all places—Italy
29 The Day Vice Admiral Yamagata Joined his Honorable Ancestors By Ralph T. Briggs
Samurai tradition dictated death for the survivors of a shot-down plane.
31 The Catch of the Day
By. Captain Paul F. Stevens, USN (Ret.)
This Navy pilot didn't know it at the time, but he bagged the prize.
33 The Final Days
By Nobuyuki Taniguchi as told to Ralph T. Briggs Poignant narrative of a warrior's demise.
36 When Courage Was Not Enough
By Ensign Rodney G. Graves, USN
Proper prior planning prevents poor performance, and it would have done so in 1813.
50 Australia's Stake in America's Civil War
By Rick Kennett, B. L. Fuqua, and C. S. Fuqua
Aussie crewmen joined a Confederate raider's one-ship war against the Yankees—even after Appomattox
Departments
In Contact 2 Notebook 79
Pictorial 42
Technical Report 55
The Garcias and Brookes: One Last Look
Naval History, a young naval offiPueblo (AGER-2) in the pages of Cover: With the continuing discussion of the surrender of the
cer reminds us of an earlier inci-
The Davis Gun: A U. S. Navy
dent where an American skipper
`First'
gave up his ship—James Law-
Oral History 58 rence's surrender of the Chesa-
Launching the SPARs peake to HMS Shannon in 1813.
Book Reviews 60 Our author challenges the idea that
Lawrence is a great naval hero.
In Progress 64
(Painting courtesy of the Beverley
In Profile 70
R. Robinson Collection, U. S.
Frank 0. Braynard Naval Academy Museum; inset of
In Focus 73 Lawrence courtesy of the U. S.
Museum Report 74 Naval Academy Museum.)
The Treasure Island Museum
Special 77 USS Paducah: Illegal Immigrant Ship
Naval
istor
U. S. Naval Institute Spring 1989 Vol. 3, No. 2
42
24
50
77
The U. S. Naval Institute is a private, self-supporting, nonprofit professional society, which publishes Proceedings magazine as a forum for the sea services, and professional books. The Institute is not a part of the U. S. Government. Naval History is published quarterly by the U. S. Naval Institute, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, MD 21401. The opinions and assertions herein are the personal ones of the authors. Second class postage paid at Annapolis, MD, and at additional mailing offices. Annual subscription rates: USNI member, $12.00; USNI non-member, $24.00. International subscribers add $4.00. Copyright 1989 U. S. Naval Institute. Copyright is not claimed for editorial material in the public domain. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Naval
History, USNI, Circulation Department, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, MD 21401. (ISSN: 1042-1920)
Admiral Yamagata Joins His Ancestors
Brookes and Garcias: One Last Look
Grim Pelelieu: The Aircraft
Ancient Sea Power: The Veneti
Spring 1989
Naval
Histor
U. S. Naval Institute Vol. 3, No. 2
Publisher's
Page
One of the challenges in putting together a magazine is that of coming up with a mix of editorial material to satisfy a wide spectrum of readers. The broad topic of naval history offers many possibili-
ties, particularly when the Naval Institute's mission is to serve all three sea services, as well as the overall maritime community. Thus we have sought to make variety the hallmark of each issue.
The table of contents for this issue is an apt demonstration of such variety. The time periods covered go from antiquity—an article on the Veneti who fought against Julius Caesar—to the present—a pictorial on the Garcia- and Brooke-class frigates that are just now leaving the fleet. In the Proceedings we have covered the budgetary considerations that prompted the decommissioning of these ships and the resulting resignation of Secretary of the Navy James Webb. In Naval History we take a look back over the careers of these fine warships. They are now in mothballs or serving in foreign navies, but this issue's pictorial reminds us that they once represented the latest advances in technology. On a personal note, I have a special, fondness for the Brooke class because of having had the good fortune to command the USS Schofield (FFG-3).
Midway between these two time periods, you will find two articles on 19th century topics, James Lawrence's loss of the Chesapeake in the War of 1812 and Australia's controversial involvement in repairing the Confederate raider Shenandoah during the American Civil War. Generations of Naval Academy midshipmen have been brought up on the legend of Lawrence's famous dying words, "Don't give up the ship." Our author, him self a former midshipman, looks behind the legend to argue that if Lawrence had done a better job as a naval officer, neither the dying nor the famous last words would have been necessary.
Our variety covers not only subject matter but also approaches to those subjects. Solid scholarship is evidenced in J. Calvitt Clarke's piece dealing with Soviet-Italian naval dealings in the 1930s. The author adapted this article from his Ph.D. dissertation. A more personal approach is found in a series of articles dealing with the shooting down of Vice Admiral Seigtr Yamagata in World War II. For the American and Japanese authors, their "research" consisted of experiencing the event and then setting down their recollections of that experience.
Your continuing support of the magazine, both in terms of subscription renewals and the many letters to the editor, suggests that this sort of variety is what you want. We will continue to provide it.
Jim Barber
LIA"6 BOARD OF CONTROL
President: Admiral Carlisle A. H. Trost, USN.
Vice President: Rear Admiral Virgil L. Hill, Jr.. USN.
Honorary Vice Presidents: General J. J. Went, USMC, & Vice Ado. ral Clyde T. Lusk, Jr., USCG
Executive Director: Captain James A. Barber. Jr.. USN (Riff ). Directors: Vice Admiral Robert F. Dunn, USN; Rear Admirel H. B Thor sen, USCG; Rear Admiral K. Myatt, USNR; Brigadier General John P Brickley, USMC; Captain E. G. Wylie, USN; Captain S. F. Kime, USN Captain S. J. Fitrell, USN; Lieutenant Commander J. G. Stavridis, USN Executive Staff: Deputy Executive Director, David P. Sparks; Person nel Officer, Barbara Brown; Executive Assistant, Janice E. Baffler; Mail room Manager, George W. Belt; Administrative Assistant, Margie A Cordle; Receptionist/Secretary, Eve Secunda.
EDITORIAL BOARD
Chairman: Vice Admiral Robert F. Dunn, USN.
Members: Rear Admiral H. B. Thorsen, USCG; Rear Admiral K. Myatt. USNR; Brigadier General John P. Brickley, USMC; Captain E. G. Wylie, USN; Captain S. F. Kime, USN; Captain S. J. Fitrell, USN; Lieutenant Commander J. G. Stavridis, USN.
Publisher: Captain James A. Barber, Jr., USN (Ret.).
Naval HistorylProceedingsiNaval Review: Editor-in-Chief, Naval History, & Senior Editor, Naval Review, Paul Stillwell; Editor-in-Chief, Proceedings/Naval Review, & Executive Editor, Naval History, Fred H. Rain. bow; Managing Editor, John G. Miller; Art Director, LeAnn Bauer; Production Manager, Claudia Zacharias; Associate Editors, Susan B Sweeney, Melissa M. McNiff, Mark Gatlin, Laura D. Johnston, & Kristine S. Wilcox; Assistant Editors, Follin Armfield and Margaret A. Rentz; Production Assistant, Dolores G. Matney; Contributing Editors, Lieutenant Christopher A. Abel, USCG, A. D. Baker III, Commander Donald J. Cur. ran, USN, Lieutenant Commander Thomas Cutler, USN, & Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth W. Estes, USMC; Consulting Editor, Jack Sweetman, Editorial Assistant/Secretary, Joanne Patmore; Administrative Assistant, Rae Lee Morgan; Senior Secretary, Jacquelyn L Day; Secretary, Amy M Walker.
Naval Institute Press: Press Director, Thomas F. Epley.
Books: Editorial Director, Thomas F. Epley; Manager of Acquisitions & Subsidiary Rights, Deborah Guberti Estes; Acquisitions Editor, Paul Wilderson; Managing Editor, Laurie L. Stearns; Senior Manuscript Editor, Carol Swartz; Subsidiary Rights Editor, Dagmar Stock; Manuscript Editors. Marilyn Wilderson and Anthony F. Chiffolo; Editorial Assistant, Kelly Callaway; Design and Production Manager, John Cronin; Design Manager, Moira Megargee; Graphic Designer, Bea Jackson; Production Manager, Jean C. Tyson; Production Manager, Reprint Program, Barbere Harris; Administrative & Editorial Assistant, Sandra Kaline; Secretary & Administrative Assistant, Jennifer Lee.
Marketing Director, Jim Sutton; Assistant Marketing Director/Print Program Manager, Torn Harnish; Publicity/Copy Manager, Susan Aravant. Administrative & Promotion Assistant, Patricia A. Sappington; Advertising/Direct Mail Manager. Mary W. Gorman; Exhibits Manager, Peter Gookm, Secretary, Suzanne Moore; Customer Service Manager, Susan Nelson, Customer Service Representatives, Beverly House, Carolyn Devies, & Judith Macauley; Special Book Orders, Robyn Hubbard, Deta Entry Operators, Gretchen Kohlweiler & Carolyn M. Adams. Office Assistant, Bonte Englemeyer.
• Director, Jean C. Tullier; Membership Promotion Man- agaillearitancy Kunkel; Seminar Manager, Nancy C. Hauswald; Director Of Develpment, Malcolm D. Kelly; Research Associate, Suzanne A. I efVel Advertisino/Public Relations Coordinator, Jennifer Paytas; Ad-
. , •.! r .1FolCarbauh; Secretary, Linda,McDonnell.
t y 11, photographic Services: Director, Patty M.Maddocks;
, A,t Linda Cullen; Research Specialist, Dorothy E. BappingIon. Bookstore Manager/Photo Library Clerk, Virginia Schultz; Amistant ArcNwst. Mary Beth Straight; Library Assistant, Ann Marie Riordan; PlvololCertificate Service Clerk & Shipping Clerk, Carol L. Scott.
Hilliefr Director, Paul Stillwell; Special Assistant/Indexer, Susan
B Sweeney. ranscriber. Joanne Patmore.
11000111019:Orreclot, Jerry O. Sears; Assistant Director, Jeanne Horn; Accounts Payable 6 Inventory Costing & Control, Julie Lamp; Credit & Collection Manager, Joen Weld; Payroll & Fringe Benefits Manager & Cash Seles, Jane Rice, Accounts Receivable, Ruth Easterling; Accounts RecwvableiNta Entry Clerk, Lori A. McMillian; Accounting Clerk, Barbara Liberally. Clerk. Sharon Eldridge; Receptionist/Clerical Assistant, Shirley Horton. Warehouse Manager, Bob Lemire; Assistant Manager, Josephine Stacy. Head Shipping Clerk, Harry Schriefer; Shipping Clerk, Patori4
Data Pr oral' sing : Director. James W. Patterson; Senior Programmer,
Coordinator, Maureen Pease; Systems Coordi-
Linda Miller; Computer Operator, Michele Carroll. t- lot in, lAferefOr• Cherles P. Mitchell; Assistant Director, Jac-
New Member Representative, Shirley Pecsek; Processing OWN! Amman& Pal Mercheskie; Data Entry Operator/Member** Pkroorda, Susan Baldwin; Research Assistant, Jeanine Shea.
ttrer2 4IV 711182 -1421; Director, James E. Burke; Produc-
k Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10169,
: 225 Par
km Manager, Mary Alice Thompson; Advertising Coordinator, Emma M. Fortes. Eastern Rep . Dean P Kelly; West Coast Rep., Dwight E. Jennett, ??? Silver Spur Road. Palos Verdes Peninsula, CA 90274, (213) 3773810
Put Preelantes ADM D D Porter; RADM J. L. Worden; RADM
C R P Rodgers, F A Perker: RADM J. Rodgers; RADM T. A.
Jenkins, 'RADA E. Simpson. RADM S B. Luce; RADM W. T. Sampson;
RADM H C Taylor, RADM C F Goodrich. RADM R. Wainwright; RADM
B A Fiske. VADM W L Rodgers, ADM H. B. Wilson; ADM H. P. Jones;
RADM E W Eberle. ADM S S Robison, RADM M. L. Bristol; ADM W. H.
Slandley, ADM D F Sellers, ADM W. D Leahy; ADM H. R. Stark; FADM
C W Nirnitz. FADM E J King; ADM L. E. Denleld; ADM R. B. Carney; ADM W M Fechtelsr. ADM k A. Burke; ADM J. Wright; ADM G. W. Anderson. Jr, ADM D. L McDonald. ADM T. H. Moorer; ADM E. R. Zumwalt. Jr . ADM J L Hollowey Ill; ADM T. B. Hayward; ADM J. D. Watkins. Editorial & Business Offices. Annapolis, MD 21402. Phone (301) 2686110 FAX (301) 269.7940. Published quarterly by the U. S. Naval Institute. Second-cless postage paid at the Post Office in Annapolis, MD, & at additional mailing offices. (ISSN: 1042.1920) Annual subscription rates to Naval History are as lollows, USNI member, $12.00; USNI nonmember, $24.00; International subscribers, add $4.00. Copyright a 1989 by USNI.

Return to Top of Page