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December 1997 Naval History Magazine

December 1997 Naval History Magazine

December: "Blast at Halifax" - 1917 merchant ship explosion in Nova Scotia; "Nelson at the Nile"; "Devil Dogs at Belleau Wood" fabled US Marine Corps battle.


UNITED STATES NAVAL INSTITUTE November / December 1997 Volume 11 • Number 6





"Boeing F4B-3 Over USS Saratoga," by the great aviation artist R. G. Smith, depicts the first aircraft carrier to bear the name. For more on this and the other Saras, see page 16.

16 The Spirit of Saratoga

By Vice Admiral Robert F. Dunn, U.S. Navy (Retired)
A former skipper of the USS Saratoga pays a 70th anniversary tribute to the first carrier by that name—and all the other Saras in naval history.

22 Blast at Halifax
By Francis James Duffy

Nova Scotia's capital city is devastated by a 1917 merchant ship explosion. 25 "Devil Dogs" at Belleau Wood

By Colonel John G. Miller, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired)
A Naval Institute editor and historian reviews the myths and legends surrounding one of the most fabled battles in U.S. Marine Corps history.

29 Hail Irish Marines

By Mary Pal Kelly
Secretary of the Navy John Dalton helps the Irish honor U.S. Marines.

30 Nelson at the Nile

By ( Gerald Jordan
Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson takes the French by storm in Aboukir Bay.

34 Secret at Bletchley Park

By Prom M. O'Connor
Code breakers keep Ultra under wraps at Station X, just outside London.

39 The Wake Island Militia

13y Gregory J. W. Urwin
Building contractors augment Marines on Wake after the Japanese attack.

44 Wake to Become Waste Dump?

By Commander David Caddis, U.S. Naval Reserve
A joint venture threatens to fill the lagoon with tons of nuclear waste.

45 Sea Combat by Numbers

By Owen P. Hall, Jr., Ph.D
A professor of quantitative analysis assesses the elements of victory at sea.

47 Ship Model Master
By Commander Tyrone G. Martin, U.S. Navy (Retired)

A meticulous miniaturist's "Old Ironsides" graces a New Jersey museum.

4 Looking Back 54 Historic Aircraft 59 Salty Talk
6 In Contact 55 Historic Fleets 60 Reunions
51 Book Reviews 56 Naval History News 62 Museum Report

Naval History, ISSN 1042-1920, is published bi-monthly by the U.S. Naval Institute, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, Maryland 21401. The U. S. Naval Institute is a private, self-supporting, nonprofit professional society, which publishes Proceedings magazine as a forum for the sea services, and professional books. The Naval Institute is not part of the U.S. Government. The opinions and assertions herein are the authors'. Periodicals postage paid at Annapolis, Maryland, and at additional mailing offices. Annual Naval History subscription rates: Naval Institute member, $18.00; nonmember, $20.00. International subscribers add $6.00. Copyright 1997, U.S. Naval Institute. Copyright is not claimed for editorial material in the public domain. Postmaster: Send address changes to Naval History, U.S. Naval Institute, Circulation Department, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, Maryland 21401.

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