February 1996 Naval History Magazine
February: Hornet's Farewell; Recently uncovered photos of early Russian submarines; Easter '45 - kamikazes attack USS Morris
UNITED STATES NAVAL INSTITUTE January / February 1996 Volume 10 • Number 1
To kick off our tenth volume, we determined to make a splash. And what better way to do so than with vividly detailed naval images of the Civil War composed by highly acclaimed naval and maritime artist Tom Freeman? The last time Tom graced our cover, exactly two years ago, his "Ashes to Iron" won Naval History an Award of Excellence from a panel of national magazine art directors—the Visual Club. We hope "Congress Burning," the scene on this cover, will do as well. The Naval Institute plans to offer a select series of Freeman's Civil War art prints for sale later this year.
Also in this issue, a former U.S. naval attaché to Moscow sleuths a 40year-old mystery—who sank the battleship Novorossiysk, how did they do it, and why?
On the naval aviation front, we pay tribute to both a ship and an aircraft, with accounts of the last days of the carrier Hornet and current efforts to keep her afloat, and the history of the fabled Douglas Skyraider.
Chief of Naval Operations Admiral J. M. Boorda, rounds out this issue with honors to war hero and former CNO, Admiral Arleigh Burke.
Naval History, ISSN 1042-1920, is published bimonthly by the U.S. Naval Institute, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, Maryland 21401. The U. S. Naval Institute is a private, self-supporting, nonprofit professional society, which publishes Proceedings magazine as a forum for the sea services, and professional books. The Naval Institute is not part of the U.S. Government. The opinions and assertions herein are the authors'. Second class postage paid at Annapolis, Maryland, and at additional mailing offices. Annual Naval History subscription rates: Naval Institute member, $18.00; nonmember, $20.00. International subscribers add $6.00. Copy-right 1995, " U.S. Naval Institute. Copyright is not claimed for editorial material in the public domain. Postmaster: Send address changes to Naval History, U.S. Naval Institute, Circulation Department, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, Maryland 21401.
The Royal Navy Lost the Revolution 10
By David L. Preston
Royal defenders of the sea averted their attention from the American Revolution, because they were preoccupied with fighting the French
Hornet's Farewell 15
By Robert L. Lawson
One of the old "Fighting Ladies" receives a fitting tribute.
Fighting to Save the Hornet 16
By Rich Pedroncelli
Swarms of Hornet supporters appear to be winning a battle to save her. Espionage or Negligence? A Sinking Mystery . . 19
By Captain Peter A. Huchthausen, U.S. Navy (Retired)
For the first time, the true circumstances surrounding the mysterious sinking of a Soviet battleship in 1955 rise to the surface.
Diving by Design With the Tsarist Navy 26
By Norman Polmar
Recently uncovered photos afford new views of early Russian submarines. Navy Comes First for Arleigh BurkAdmiral
By Admirall J. M. Boorda, U.S. Navy
The current Chief of Naval Operations honors the storied career of one
of the U.S. Navy's true living heroes—and the woman behind the man
Oak to Armor: A Pictorial 29
By Tom Freeman
The Civil War era—when ironclads rendered wooden ships obsolete—comes alive from the palette of an award-winning maritime artist.
It Really Did Carry the Kitchen Sink 36
By Frederick A. Johnsen
For two decades, the Douglas Skyraider was a mainstay of naval aviation. Facing the Enemy 42
By Colonel Thomas Campbell, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired)
A Vietnam veteran/novelist looks inside his former foe—the Vietcong. Easter '45: Incoming 47
By Rear Admiral Robert H. Spiro, U.S. Naval Reserve (Retired)
Things got mighty hot for the USS Morris when the kamikazes attacked. Departments
Looking Back 2 Book Reviews 52 Salty Talk 61
In Contact 4 Books of Interest 56 Historic Fleets 62
Museum Report 51 Naval History News 57 Reunions 63
Cover: "Congress Burning." The CSS Virginia finishes off the frigate USS Congress in Hampton Roads, Virginia, the day before her appointment with the USS Monitor—and destiny—in March 1862. For more Tom Freeman Civil War art see pages 29 to 35.
Civil War Sea Drama Explodes in Vivid Color
UNITED STATES NAVAL INSTITUTE
Faces the Enemy