Summer 1990 Naval History Magazine
Confederate Raider "Alabama"; Anglo-American Naval Cooperation; Japanese torpedo success at Port Arthur 1904; Inside Soviet spy defection 1966; Coast Guard Law Enforcement
YU.S. Naval Institute Summer 1990Vel.. 4, No. 3
10 Unseen Persuaders
By Rear Admiral Brooks Harral, USN (Ret.)
Submarine skipper Harral calls for historians, planners, and politicians to appreciate more fully the ultimate strategic effect of these menacing silhouetted weapons of war against enemy fleets, especially in light of their performance in World War II.
14 Anglo-American Naval Cooperation, 1798-1801
By Michael A. Palmer
Despite many flaws, the quasi alliance between the United States and Britain enriched and benefited the former's fledgling Navy in the Quasi-War with France.
21 Nightmare at Port Arthur
By William H. Honan
When the smoke cleared from the Imperial Japanese torpedoes fired on 8 February 1904 on Russian battleships, the surprise attack's success was revealed to be only transitory.
28 The Stick Wavers
By Master Sergeant Clay Barrow, USMC (Ret.)
The art of the interview: never interrupt, and dodge all flying objects! General Julian Smith wisely critiques Barrow, who challenged the irascible General David Shoup.
33 The Deflektor DefectorBy
Bx Commander Tyrone G. Martin, USN (Ret.)
The stuff spy movies are made of, Soviet Yuri Petov's tale of defection in 1966 evokes suspense and intrigue among the Somers's crew members and beyond.
37 Marshals of the Seas
By Captain John M. Waters, USCG (Ret.)
Alexander Hamilton's vision for the Coast Guard has been realized in its industrious, sometimes swashbuckling, career among pirates, slave ships, enemy ships, seal hunters, Siberian reindeer, rum runners, and drug smugglers.
49 Market Street Commandos
By Theodore C. Mason
San Francisco's Embarcadero was a far cry from Midway, but its pace was nearly all the creaky old Pennsylvania could handle in the spring of 1942.
In Contact 2
In Profile 45
William S. Phillips
Technical Report 54
Inside the Alabama
The Old Navy 58
Revenge at the Coral Sea
Special 62 Don't Crucify the Boatswain's Mate
Book Reviews 64
Bibliographic Review 69
In Progress 70
Museum Report 75
Buffalo's Naval Park
Cover: Aviation artist Bill Phillips's lifelong love of aircraft comes through in his work. Here he shows an F4U-4 Corsair from the VF-791 Fighting Rebels firing its rockets at a target hidden in the snow-covered mountains of Korea. To see more of his paintings, turn to pp. 45.
The U. S. Naval Institute is a private, self-supporting, nonprofit professional society, which publishes Proceedings magazine as a forum for the sea services, and professional books. The Institute is not part of the U. S. Government. Naval History is published quarterly by the U. S. Naval Institute, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, MD 21401. The opinions and assertions herein are the personal ones of the authors. Second class postage paid at Annapolis, MD, and at additional mailing offices. Annual subscription rates: USNI member, $12.00; USNI non-member, $24.00. International subscribers add $4.00. Copyright 1990 U. S. Naval Institute. Copyright is not claimed for editorial material in the public domain. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Naval
History, USNI, Circulation Department, 2062 Generals Highway, Annapolis, MD 21401. (ISSN 1042-1920)
U.S. Naval Institute Vol. 4, No. 3
The Confederate Raider Alabama
Anglo-American Naval Cooperation
Port Arthur Surprise
Coast Guard Law Enforcement
An interest in history can be a family affair. One of the founders of the Naval Historical Society was Admiral Joseph Strauss (18611948), a distinguished naval officer noted for many accomplishments, including direction of the laying of the North Sea Mine Barrage in World War I and service as four-star Commander in Chief U.S. Asiatic Fleet in the 1920s. The admiral's memory was honored in the naming of the USS Joseph Strauss (DDG-16), which recently left the active fleet after nearly 30 years of service. The ship had a Naval Institute connection in that her first skipper was Commander William M. A. Greene, who took command in 1963 after leaving his post as secretary-treasurer of the Institute. A later commanding officer was Commander Linton Wells, a longtime contributor to the Proceedings and one of the winners in the 1985 Arleigh Burke Essay Contest. I spent many days in company with the Joseph Strauss on northern SAR station in the Gulf of Tonkin when I was executive officer of the Henry W. Tucker (DD-875).
Carrying on the family tradition is Rear Admiral Elliott B. Strauss,‘USN (Ret.), who is now chairman of the board of the Naval Historical Foundation. Coincidentally a 1923 Naval Academy classmate of Arleigh Burke, Elliott Strauss, like his father, has made a number of contributions to the Proceedings. Now he makes his debut as a Naval History author (pages 62-63). In the course of his oral history with the Naval Institute, Admiral Strauss mentioned that he had done some informal oral history of his own back in the 1920s when he was serving in the survey ship USS Hannibal (AG-1). He listened to wardroom bull sessions about the bizarre activities of the ship's recently departed commanding officer. Those memories have been combined with material from a 1924 court of inquiry to produce the story in this issue. The court transcript has now been declassified by the Navy, more than 65 years after the fact. It was classified secret in 1924, presumably to prevent it from falling into the hands of that era's counterparts of Jack Anderson. Thanks to Admiral Strauss's efforts, the intriguing tale is now made public.
Three members of the Naval Institute staff went to Baltimore in late May to present a signed, remarqued print of our winter issue cover painting by Tom Freeman. The recipients were members of Project Liberty Ship Baltimore, now in the process of restoring the SS John W. Brown. One goal of the group is to steam the old Liberty ship to Normandy for the 50th anniversary of the 1944 D-Day landings. On hand for the Maritime Day presentation were dozens of merchant marine veterans and Navy armed guard members, including several crewmen who made the first voyage of the John W. Brown in 1942. Naval and maritime history continues to be a living thing.
Jim Barber BOARD OF CONTROL
President: Admiral Frank B. Kelso II, USN
Vice President: Rear Admiral Virgil L Hill, Jr . USN
Honorary Vice Presidents: General J J Went USMC. & Vice Admiral Clyde T. Lusk, Jr., USCG
Executive Director: Captain James A. Barber. Jr . USN Met ) Directors: Vice Admiral H. B. Thorsen, USCG; Rear Admiral J D. Taylor, USN; Rear Admiral K. Myatt, USNR; Major Generel k4 P Caulfield, USMC; Captain E. G. Wylie, USN; Captain M. A. McDevrn, USN. Captain R. T. E. Bowler, USN; Lieutenant T. J. Galpin, USN.
Executive Staff: Executive Assistant, Janice E. Beitler; Administrative Assistant, Margie A. Cordle.
Chairman: Vice Admiral H. B. Thorsen, USCG.
Members: Rear Admiral J. D. Taylor, USN; Rear Admiral K. Myatt, USNR; Major General M. P. Caulfield, USMC; Captain E G Wylie, USN; Captain M. A. McDevitt, USN; Captain R. T. E. Bilker, USN; Lieutenant T. J. Galpin, USN.
Publisher: Captain James A. Barber, Jr., USN (Ret.).
Periodicals and Seminars: Director, Fred H. Rainbow
Naval History/Proceedings/Navai Revtew: Editor-in-Chief, Naval History, & Senior Editor, Naval Review, Paul Stillwell; Editor-in•Chiel, Proceedings/Naval Review, & Executive Editor, Naval History, Fred H Rainbow; Managing Editor, John G. Miller; Art Director, LeAnn Bauer, Production Manager, Dolores G. Matney; Associate Editors. Linda O'Doughda, Melissa M. McNitt, Brendan M.Greeley, Jr., Fred L. Schultz, Follin Armfield & Anne Collier; Assistant Editors, Russell Brown & Maryanne D. Chidsey; Contributing Editors, Lieutenant Christopher A. Abel, USCG, A. D. Baker Ill, Commander Donald J. Curran. USN, & Lieutenant Commander Thomas Cutler, USN; Consulting Editor. Jeck Sweet-man; Editorial Assistant/Secretary, Joanne Patmore; Administrative Assistant, Jacquelyn L. Day; Secretaries, Eve Secunda & Mn Allen. Advertising Department: 225 Park Avenue, New York. N Y. 10169, (212) 697-2844; FAX: (212) 682-1421; Director, Jemes E Blake, Production Manager, Mary Alice Thompson; Advertising Coofdinntni, Emma M. Fortes; Eastern Rep., Dean P. Kelly; West Coast Rep , Dwiuht E. Jennett, 777 Silver Spur Road, Palos Verdes Peninsule, CA 002/4. (213) 3773810.
Seminars: Manager, Stacy Wyman; Assistant Sen** Coordinator, Barbara Libersky.
Oral History: Director, Paul Stillwell; Special Asa/Want/Indexer, Linda O'Doughda; Transcriber, Joanne Patmore
Library & Photographic Services: Director. Petty M. Maddocks; Photo Editor, Linda Cullen; Research Specialist, Dorothy E. Sappington; Bookstore Manager/Photo Library Clerk, Virginie SC 2; Photo Archivist, Mary Beth Straight; Library Assistant, Ann Merie Riordan; Photo/ Certificate Service 8 Shipping Clerk, Shirley Horton
Membership & Communications: Director. Cleudie Zacharias; Membership Promotion Manager, Nancy H. Kunkel. Coordinator of Active Duty Programs, Andrea Lyn Chapman; Capital Campeign Director, Lee Holthaus; Development Officer, Joseph Wien:a III; Development Researcher, Susan B. Sweeney; Advertising/Public Relations Coordinator, Jennifer Paytas; Administrative Assistant, Carol Carbeuk Secretary, Donna M. Bell; Clerk Typist, Helen McMickle.
Naval Institute Press: Press Director, Thomas F Epley
Books: Editorial Director, Thomas F. Epley; Manager of Acquisitions, Paul Wilderson; Acquisitions Editor, Mark Gatlin, Manwg Editor, Mary Lou Kenney; Senior Manuscript Editor, Carol Swartz, SuDeidiary Rights Editor, Dagmar Stock; Import Book Coordinator, Petricia A. Sappington; Manuscript Editors, Marilyn Wilderson and Anthony F Chillolo; Assistant Acquisitions Editor, Kelly Callaway; Editorial Assistant, Jennifer Lee; Design and Production Manager, John Cronin; Senior Book Designer, Pamela Schnitter; Book Designer, R. Dawn Sollars; Prot:Walton Coordinator, Charles E. Vance; Reprint Coordinator, Jean C. Tyson; Administrative & Editorial Assistant, Sandra Kaline; Secretary & Adnenistrative Assistant, Linda McDonnell.
Marketing: Director, Jim Sutton; Assistant Merketing Director/Print Program Manager, Tom Harnish; Publicity/Copy Manager, Susan Artigiani; Administrative & Promotion Assistant, Judy Bray. Advertising/ Direct Mail Manager, Maureen Peterson; Exhibits Manager, Peter Gookin; Secretary, Elizabeth Lewis.
Financial Operations: Director, Mary Kay Meilunes
Personnel: Officer, Barbara A. Brown; Mailroom Manager, George W. Belt; Receptionist/Secretary, Holly Wills.
Accounting: Director, Jerry 0. Sears; Assistant Director, Jeanne Horn; Accounts Payable & Inventory Costing & Control, Julie Lamp; Credit & Collection Manager, Joan Wald; Payroll & Fringe Benefits Manager & Cash Sales, Jane Rice; Accounts Receivable, Ruth Easterling; Accounts Receivable/Data Entry Clerk, Lori A. McMillian: Accounting Clerks, Tammy Barber & Sharon Eldridge; Receptionist, Tanje Quarto. Support Operations: Director, Gordon W. Keiser; Administrative Assistant, Margaret F. Golob.
Information Services: Director, James W. Patterson; Systems Analyst, Lee Johnson; Programmer, Jim Jews; Training Coordinator, Maureen Pease; Systems Coordinator/PC Technician, Linda Miller; Computer Operator, Michele Carroll.
Circulation: Director, Charles P. Mitchell; Assistant Director, Jacquelyn Turner; New Member Representative, Shirley Pecsek; Processing & Billing Assistant, Pat Marcheskie; Data Entry Operator/Membership Records, Susan Baldwin; Research Assistant, Jeanine Shea.
Customer Service: Customer Service Manager, Susan Nelson; Assistant Customer Service Manager, Judith Macauley, Customer Service Representatives, Beverly House, & Carolyn Davies. Special Order Books, Robyn Julian; Data Entry Operators, Gretchen Kohlweiler & Carolyn M. Adams; Off ice Assistant, Bonte Engelmeyer.
Warehouse: Warehouse Manager, Bob Lemire; Assistant Manager, Josephine Stacy; Head Shipping Clerk, Harry Schriefer; Shipping Clerk, Reginald Herndon.
Past Presidents: ADM D. D. Porter; RADM J. L. Worden; RADM C. R. P. Rodgers; COMO F. A. Parker; RADM J. Rodgers; RADM T. A. Jenkins; RADM E. Simpson; RADM S. B. Luce; RADM W. T. Sampson; RADM H. C. Taylor; RADM C. F. Goodrich; RADM R. Wainwright; RADM
B. A. Fiske; VADM W. L. Rodgers; ADM H. B. Wilson; ADM H. P. Jones; RADM E. W. Eberle; ADM S. S. Robison; RADM M. L. Bristol; ADM W. H. Standley; ADM D. F. Sellers; ADM W. D. Leahy; ADM H. R. Stark; FADM
C. W. Nimitz; FADM E. J. King; ADM L. E. Denfeld; ADM R. B. Carney; ADM W. M. Fechteler; ADM A. A. Burke; ADM J. Wright; ADM G. W. Anderson, Jr.; ADM D. L. McDonald; ADM T. H. Moorer; ADM E. R. Zumwalt, Jr.; ADM J. L. Holloway III; ADM T. B. Hayward; ADM J. D. Watkins; ADM C. A H. Trost.
Editorial & Business Offices: Annapolis, MD 21402. Phone (301) 2686110. FAX: (301) 269-7940. Published quarterly by the U. S. Naval Institute. Second-class postage paid at the Post Office in Annapolis, MD, & at additional mailing offices. (ISSN: 1042-1920) Annual subscription rates to Naval History are as follows: USNI member, $12.00; USNI nonmember, $24.00; International subscribers, add $4.00. Copyright 1990 by USNI.