Big Cunard Developments (1922)
Important announcements concerning greatly extended services and new ships in commission, are made by the Cunard Company, and these plans, in view of their magnitude are likely to have considerable effect upon ocean travel.
Six big new oil-burning liners, of an aggregate tonnage of over 100.000, will form the basis for the renewal in the early spring of services that have lapsed since the war, owing to lack of vessels to maintain them. In addition, the three biggest ships of the fleet will by that time all burn oil fuel, and will form the fastest ocean service in the world.
The Canadian Service
Of particular importance and interest is the resumption of the direct services between England and Canada. This service, before the war, consisted of ships carrying cabin and third class passengers only, but the idea has been perfected and the Canadian service will now contain ships of three different types, appealing to all types of traveler.
The Liverpool, Queenstown. Quebec, Montreal service will be maintained by the Tyrrhenia, of 17,000 tons, carrying first, second and third class passengers, the Ausonia, of 15.000 tons, carrying cabin and third class, and the Albania, of 13,000 tons, carrying cabin passengers only.
To the London-Canada service the Andanla and Antonia have been allocated, both of them of 15,000 tons and carrying cabin and third class passengers. Passengers in this service all embark at Southampton, and the ships call at Cherbourg westbound to embark Continental passengers, and at Plymouth and Cherbourg eastbound.
All these ships have been designed especially for the Canadian trade and can carry a big quantity of cargo. In addition to a large number of passengers, like all new Cunarders, they burn oil fuel and are fitted with turbines of the latest double-reduction geared type.
To Call at Moville
Beginning next month, the Montreal-Glasgow steamers of the Cunard and Anchor-Donaldson Lines will call both eastbound and westbound at Moville, the port of Londonderry, Ireland. It is many years since Canadian ships called at the Irish port and the new connections to be made will be of great convenience to Irish passengers who wish to reach the United States or Canada at extremely moderate rates.
The Saturnia, sailing from Glasgow on March 24. Will stop at Moville on her way.to Halifax, Canada and Portland, Me. From the latter port railroads connect with all parts of the country. In May her terminal westbound port will be Montreal, also with numerous railroad connections to ail points in Canada and the United States.
Sailing westward from Montreal on June 23. the Athenia will call at the northern Irish port on her way to Glasgow, and offers excellent accommodations at attractive rates to people contemplating a visit to the Emerald Isle. The Saturnia will also make an eastbound call at Moville on her July 14 sailing from Montreal.
The Canadian route lops hundreds of miles off the sea voyage and the trip up or down the beautiful St. Lawrence River is an experience to be long and pleasantly remembered.
That moat popular route between Liverpool, Queenstown and Boston will be reopened by the Laconia, of 20,000 tons, which carries three classes of passengers. She is practically a sister-ship to the Scythia.
The Liverpool, Queenstown, New York service will be strengthened by the inclusion of the Samaria, another sister-ship to the Scythia, and there will be practically a weekly sailing from the Mersey to New York.
New York-Hamburg Route
During the spring the 20,000-ton Cunarder Caronia will supplement the favorite liner Saxonia on the New York to Hamburg route, sailing on April 8, May 13 and June 17 for the great German port, from which It is so convenient to reach points In Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland and middle Europe.
The Caronia. one of the two most popular sister ships on the seven seas—her mate being the Carmania—Is one of the largest steamers sailing from New York to Hamburg this spring, and has many features to attract travelers in all classes, being especially attractive for those who wish to voyage in the third class.
There are many two, four and six-berth staterooms in this section of her accommodation, and this makes it very convenient for the comfort of families or small parties who wish to keep close together during the trip. It also assures perfect privacy in this class there is also ample deck space, fore and aft. both open and covered decks. In addition to a large dining room, there is a spacious social hall, a smoking room and a ladies' room. A special stewardess takes care of women traveling alone.
For steadiness and comfort at (sea in all kinds of weather there is no ship to excel the commodious Caronia. Sailing from New York, she will call at Halifax, Plymouth, Cherbourg and Hamburg on the voyage of April 8; on the succeeding trips she will omit the call at Halifax, as the Cunard Line's new Canadian service will then be In full operation.
The Saxonia makes regular sailings to Hamburg, calling at Plymouth, and making a round trip monthly. The Caronia is now on a Mediterranean cruise and upon her return will immediately enter the Cunard Line’s New York-Hamburg service.
Express Service from Southampton
Pride of place, however, will doubtless go to the express service from Southampton and Cherbourg to New York. By the early spring the Berengaria, 52,000 tons, and the Mauretania, 31.000 tons, the world's fastest liner, will have been converted to oil-fuel burning, and with the Aquitania, 46,000 tons, will carry out a weekly service from the Hampshire port. This service of oil-burning ships, averaging well over 43,000 tons, will be the finest and fastest in the world.
Prior to the opening of the St. Lawrence for navigation various ships will call at Halifax, N. S. In addition to the new ships already mentioned, five other vessels are under construction and on their completion they will strengthen still further the above services or open out new ones.
A striking feature of this vast new feet is that all the ships possess only one funnel. However much the lack of a multiplicity of funnels may be regretted from a sentimental point of view. Their simplification enables much more accommodation to be devoted to passenger accommodation, because of the incorporation in the design of the latest developments in marine engineering. It may be only a brief step from one funnel to no funnel at all.
Source: Shipping: Marine Transportation, Construction, Equipment and Supplies, New York: Shipping Publishing Co, Volume 15, No. 4, February 25, 1922 P.20-21