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Aftermath of the RMS Titanic Disaster

Lady Duff-Gordon Tells Her Story at Titanic Inquiry.

Lady Duff-Gordon Tells Her Story at Titanic Inquiry. Top Left: Sir Cosmos Duff-Gordon leaving the Scottish Hall after denying the allegation that he opposed the suggestion to rescue the drowning. Top Center: Lady Duff-Gordon answering questions on the witness stand. Top Right: Lady Duff-Gordon and Sir Cosmos Duff-Gordon at the doorway, leaving the Titanic Inquiry for lunch yesterday. Bottom: Remarkable scene was witnessed at the Titanic Inquiry when Sir Cosmos and Lady Duff-Gordon gave evidence yesterday. The hall was packed. News of traditionally dressed women looked down from the galleries, and outbursts of applause were frequent when Lord Mersey stopped the council for the third-class passengers, Mr. Hartbloum, from putting what his Lordship considered were unfair questions to Sir Duff-Gordon. Daily Sketch, No, 908, Tuesday, 21 May 1912, p. 1. GGA Image ID # 110a96eac5

Picture, if you will, the World's most renowned ship going to her doom in the darkness of the night, taking with her 1,635 passengers and crew with a mere 705 survivors. Public inquiries and investigations on both sides of the Atlantic culminated in new laws passed making ocean-going travel safer. With the myth of the unsinkable ship debunked, the aftermath of the tragedy of the Titanic will live on for infinity.

Mr. J. Bruce Ismay, Chairman and Managing Director of the White Star Line.

A Great Tragedy's Warning and Inspiration - 1912

In its sacrifice of safety to speed and show, the sea's greatest catastrophe lays bare a weak spot in modern life; in the moral heroism called forth, the disaster reveals civilization's most exquisite flower.

Questioned by Senator Smith: Mr. Joseph Bruce Ismay Giving Evidence at the American Inquiry into the Titanic Disaster

American Inquiry and Investigation into the Loss of the RMS Titanic

A total of 82 witnesses testified about ice warnings that were ignored, the inadequate number of lifeboats, the ship’s speed, the failure of nearby ships to respond to the Titanic’s distress calls, and the treatment of passengers of different classes.

The Steamship-Owner Gambled with Death - but Death Held the Cards 

At the Toll of Death the World Mourns

The appalling disaster of the loss of the Titanic is one that appeals to the sympathies of every man, woman, and child throughout the world. In its stupendousness, it eclipses any maritime disaster on record, and we feel we would not be doing our duty if we did not make some mention of this terrible calamity. A sacrifice to speed!

Crowds outside and inside of the White Star Line Offices Crave Any News about the Fate of Passengers.

Craving News of RMS Titanic Passengers at White Star Offices

When the Line's Flags Were at Half-Mast after the Wreck of the “Titanic" with Great Loss of Life: Anxious Inquirers at the White Star Company's West-End Office in Cockspur Street.

In all probability, according to The Scientific American, a massive, projecting, underwater shelf of the iceberg with which she collided tore open several compartments of the Titanic,

Expert Opinions on What Really Happened - 1912

While it is well to adopt many of the precautions and devices suggested since the iceberg sent the Titanic to the bottom, yet we are reminded by no less an authority on ice than Robert E. Peary that, after all, for the modern transatlantic liner, "there is no certain protection against icebergs except to give the region where they may occur the widest berth."

One Lesson The Titanic Taught -- The Double Hull.

Fruits of the Titanic Disaster - 1913

While some editors detect a tendency on the part of the public to forget those lessons and to relax the pressure of its demand for reforms, all agree that ocean travel is safer today because of that terrible sacrifice of 1,503 men, women, and children in the icy waters of the North Atlantic in the early morning of April 14, 1912.

A Ship Might Just as Well Strike a Rock: A Giant Iceberg, Akin to That Which Caused the Sinking of the RMS Titanic.

Ice in the Sea Lane Sailed by the Titanic - 1912

These icebergs are usually comparatively small so far as area is concerned, but they are of great height, and extend to an enormous depth below the water so that they have tremendous momentum. A ship miqht just as well strike a rock.

The Titanic as She Left Southampton, Starting on Her First and Last Voyage.

Lessons from the Titanic Disaster

The "Titanic" catastrophe teaches no new lesson as regards the fallibility of man. It simply furnished another example of the well-established principle that if in the conduct of any enterprise, an error of human judgment or faulty working of the human senses involves disaster, sooner or later the disaster comes.

As It Should Be on Every Liner: Life-Boat Drill on a Steam-Ship

Life-Saving Craft Aboard Ocean Liners - 1912

Pictorial from The Illustrated London News demonstrates the role of lifeboats on the Titanic and other ships of that era, along with the effects of shortchanging passengers with too few lifeboats.

Mr. Joseph Bruce Ismay - President of the International Mercantile Marine Company

Responsibility for the "Titanic" Disaster - 1912

As the passengers, officers, and members of the crew tell their successive stories, and answer the searching questions of the investigators, the horror of the Titanic's sinking, it is remarked, only increases, "while the needless loss of life becomes more and more obvious."

A Life-Raft to Form Part of the Deck.

Scientific Aftermath of the Titanic Disaster - 1912

Questions in applied science, especially in engineering, suggested by phases of the Titanic disaster, continue to agitate the scientific press, both here and abroad. Foremost among these, perhaps, are questions connected with the vessel's structure, and with the arrangement and efficiency of the bulkheads that were supposed to render her "unsinkable."

The Crowd Outside St. Paul's at the Conclusion of the Titanic Memorial Service on 19 April 1912

Service for the Victims of the Titanic - 1912

In the Hours of Strongest Feeling: The "Titanic" Service. Gathered to Show Sympathy with the Sorrow of Two Peoples: The Crowd outside St. Paul's at the Conclusion of the Memorial Service on April 19, 1912.

Photograph shows Brandon Whitlock, U.S. Ambassador to Belgium from 1914 to 1921 with his wife Ella (Brainerd) Whitlock

The Titanic - A Poem by Brand Whitlock - 1912

Brand Whitlock (March 4, 1869 – May 24, 1934) was an American journalist, attorney, politician, Georgist, four-time mayor of Toledo, Ohio, and author of numerous articles and books, wrote this poem following the RMS Titanic Disaster on 15 April 1912.

View of the RMS Titanic, 15 Minutes Before She Sank.

The Titanic Horror - April 1912

The Titanic horror fills everyone with an indescribable sadness. Hardly any great calamity in recent years has been so startling or has exemplified so fully that “in the midst of Life, we are in Death.”

The British Method: The RMS Titanic Inquiry in London

The RMS Titanic Inquiry in London - 1912

The British Inquiry into the Loss of the "Titanic" Was Opened on May 9, in the London Scottish Drill Hall, at Buckingham Gate. Lord Mersey, the Wreck Commissioner, Appointed for the Purpose, Took the Chair at Eleven O’Clock

Senator William Alden Smith. Arriving at the Senate Office Building in Washington to Question the Surviving Officers and Crew of the Titanic

The "Titanic" Report from U.S. Senate Hearings - 1912

Both the Senator's speech and the committee's report, which have evoked some sneers from London, find hearty favor in the eyes of the American press. Though they admit that it contains "unnecessary rhetoric," the Springfield Republican and New York Evening Post consider it a fair, temperate, and useful summing up of the results of the investigation.

The RMS Titanic Ready for Her First, and Last, Voyage

The Titanic Tragedy - 1912

There are tears for the dead, pity for the bereaved, and pride in the heroic victims of the Titanic disaster, but there is some pretty stern comment, too, on the fact that in this year 1912, the greatest of all ships, the "unsinkable Titanic, should, upon her maiden voyage, carry down to Death 1,635 men and women, while but 705 were rescued from a calm sea on a starlit night.

Coverage of the Titanic Illustration from the Cover of the Moving Picture News for 20 April 1912.

Titanic - A Sacrifice to Speed! - 1912

The appalling disaster of the loss of the Titanic is one that appeals to the sympathies of every man, woman, and child throughout the world. In its stupendousness, it eclipses any maritime disaster on record, and we feel we would not be doing our duty if we did not make some mention of this terrible calamity. A sacrifice to speed!

Two Widows and Their Children. Steerage Survivors Who Will Find the Relief Fund a Godsend.

Titanic Fund Distribution - 1912

The net amount of the fund for the relief of Titanic sufferers has now reached approximately the sum of $2,133,900, and the following particulars in regard to its distribution have been made public.

Page 6 & 7 of the New York American, 17 April 1912. Anxious Relatives and Friends Seeking News at the White Star Line Offices.

Titanic Story Unfolding at a Newspaper - 1912

The scene in a metropolitan newspaper office following the receipt of the first news of the "Titanic" disaster, as graphically portrayed by an editor of a New York morning paper, illustrates the conditions under which important news, received late, is hurried into print.

The Tragedy of the Titanic And Its Lesson

The Tragedy of the Titanic And Its Lesson - 1912

The White Star liner Titanic, the largest vessel afloat, fitted with all the comfort and luxury that money and modern invention could devise, and equipped with devices which her builders boasted made her "absolutely unsinkable."

Witnesses Called To Give Evidence on Titanic Disaster

Witnesses Called To Give Evidence on Titanic Disaster

Giving evidence before the British Commission inquiring into the loss of the “Titanic.” George Symons, who was in charge of the boat in which Sir. Cosmo and Lady Duff-Gordon, amongst others, were passengers, said that he thought it would not be safe to go back to attempt to pick anyone out of the water and that no question was raised in the boat about going back to the rescue.

 

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