Planning, Building, and Launching of the RMS Titanic
The RMS Titanic, photo taken during her sea trials circa 1912. GGA Image ID # 103a5a990e
The keel of the Titanic was laid on March 31, 1909, and she was launched on May 31, 1911; she passed her trials before the Board of Trade officials on March 31, 1912, at Belfast, arrived at Southampton on April 4, and sailed the following Wednesday, April 10, with 2,208 passengers and crew, on her maiden voyage to New York.
She called at Cherbourg the same day, Queenstown Thursday, and left for New York in the afternoon, expecting to arrive the following Wednesday morning. But the voyage was never completed.
She collided with an iceberg on Sunday at 11.45 p.m. in Lat. 41° 46' N. and Long. 50° 14' W., and sank two hours and a half later; 815 of her passengers and 688 of her crew were drowned and 705 rescued by the Carpathia." Such is the record of the Titanic, the largest ship the world had ever seen.
Extract from the Congressional Serial Set of 1912 - Loss of the Titanic that provides the reader with a thorough discussion of the ships' Water-Tight compartments and description of each deck along with accommodations on each deck.
Extracts from the Congressional Serial Set from 1912, Loss of the Titanic report that provided essential details about the ownership, operation, and construction of the steamship.
From the Congressional hearings, the description of the machinery provides information on the reciprocating engines, turbine, boilers, auxiliary and main steam pipes, condensing plant and pumps, bilge and ballast pumps, and other essential machinery, presented for non-engineers.
So necessary has wireless telegraphy become to passenger-carrying vessels that there has already been passed in the United States a law making it compulsory for all American passenger steamers, and all ships carrying passengers from the United States to have a wireless installation, if more than fifty persons, including the crew, are carried.
That the vessel was the largest in the world, we have already said, and various illustrations of her palatial appointments will be found elsewhere in this number. Here may be given a few additional facts.
Getting around the Titanic for both passengers and crew was not an easy task, While the large staff and separate class accommodations and public rooms help to divide the ship up rather nicely, it still took some luck and skill to make your way around the first few days of the voyage.
Topics covered in this article include a discussion of the structure, water-tight subdivision, water-tight doors, side doors, accommodation ladder, masts and rigging, life-saving appliances, pumping arrangements, electrical installation, electric heating and power and mechanical ventilation, wireless telegraphy, and more.
The "Titanic" was designed to accommodate 3,500 passengers and crew, and to seat 550 first-class passengers, 400 second-class, and 500 third-class at dinner at the same time.
Had it not been for wireless telegraphy, it is more than likely that the disaster to the "Titanic" would not have been known for a considerable time, and that fewer of her passengers would have been saved: thus “wireless" adds another to its triumphs.