Passage Contract - Bremen to New York - 3 October 1928
Third Class Passenger Ticket for a German national for a transatlantic voyage from Bremen, Germany to New York on 3 October 1928. The contract was written in both German and English.
Summary of Passage Contract
- Date of Purchase / Voyage: 3 October 1928
- Steamship Line: United States Lines
- Steamship: SS George Washington
- Route: Bremen to New York
- Ticket Type: Passage Contract
- Voyage Class: Third Class
- Name on Contract: Rudolph Arhlich
- Etnicity of Passenger(s): German
- Contract Terms: Translated from German
- Cost of Ticket: $208.75 / $3,150.00 USD in 2020
Passage Contract Details
Manifest 2, Line 18
Berth No. 665A
No. T 22950
Contract for Transportation to a non European port.
United States Lines
The following transportation contract has been made between the UNITED STATES LINES and the undersigned passenger, the same being considered the head of the family in case the ticket is issued for a family.
Name of Passenger: Rudolph Arhlich
1. Transportation as well as full board during the sea voyage will be provided from Bremen via ___ in the third class of the SS George Washington by sea to the port of New York.
2. The passage money for the person named herein has been agreed and paid as follows:
for Persons over 10 years T 200.783
Total [ Cost of Third Class Ticket ] $ 208.75
American Head Tax has been separately paid with $8.00
As far as to the non-European port the passenger has, beyond this amount, nothing more to pay either for his passage or for the transport of his baggage (with the exception of any overweight) or for board and lodging.
3. The departure takes place at Bremen on the 3 October 1928
The Passage money has been paid for the persons named hereunder:
- Family Name: Achlich (Ehrlich?)
- Given Names: Rudolph
- Age: 27
- Sex: Male
- Married or Single: led
- Country of which a citizen or subject: Deutschland
Conditions of Transportation
Baggage shall be delivered to the Baggage Depot of the United States Lines at the Railroad Station in Bremen on the day before sailing between 8 a. m and 2 p. m. Passengers must arrive in time for the departure. If they are not present in time, half the passage money shall be forfeited.
4. The hotel expenses of passengers from the time of their arrival in Bremen to the time fixed for departure of the special train by this contract not exceeding five days will be borne by the United States Lines. The hotel expenses of passengers to whom this ticket is given in exchange for the return portion of round trip ticket, covering ocean passage only, will not be borne by the United States Lines. In case of any delay in the departure from Bremen, not due to the passenger's fault, board and lodging in an emigrant Hotel will be provided for him without extra charge for the time beginning with the day of departure as fixed in this contract or the day of arrival in the oversea port respectively. Should the delay in the departure exceed 7 days the passenger is entitled to withdraw from the contract and to demand the refund of the passage money paid, without prejudice to any claim for damages to which he may be entitled in accordance with the civil law.
5 In case the passenger or one of the members of his family accompanying him dies before sailing or can prove that he is prevented from sailing by illness or any other incident beyond his control, the full passage money shall be refunded. In case the passenger withdraws from the contract before sailing for any other reason, only half the passage money can be claimed.
6 During the sea voyage each passenger as well as each child over 10 years old shall be furnished with a berth with mattress, bolster and blanket. with the necessary washing, eating and drinking utensils. The necessary water for washing shall be at their disposal. At least three meals will be served a day. Two children under 10 years will be considered as one adult.
7. Passengers falling ill during the sea voyage shall receive the necessary medical attention and medicine free of charge.
8. 100 kilograms of baggage shall be transported free of charge for each full paying passenger; if the baggage without reference to its value, exceeds 100 kilograms for each passenger, the passenger shall pay $ 3 25 for each 100 kilograms in excess thereof. But it is agreed that neither the United States Lines, nor the passage broker or agent nor the ship is in any case liable for loss of, or injury to, or delay in delivery of baggage or personal effects of any passenger beyond the amount of $ 25.— at which sum it is hereby mutually agreed that the same is valued and upon which valuation the price of passage hereunder is in part based unless the value of the same in excess of that sum be declared at or before the issuance of this contract or at or before the delivery of said baggage to the ship, and unless an additional compensation at the rate of 10/0 on such excess of value is paid thereon (in which case the liability shall not exceed such specified value) and unless a special contract is made in duplicate and signed by the parties; and these limitations to the amount of the United States Lines liability shall also apply to any baggage or property as to which the United States Lines may have become liable as warehouseman either before or after the voyage
The United States Lines undertakes to forward luggage which has been checked in time by the same steamer as that by which the passenger travels and failing to do so will hoe responsible for any damage.
Upon presentation of their transportation contract, the baggage checks, by which the luggage is accepted for shipment will be issued to the passengers. Passengers who do not comply with this regulation and consequently receive no baggage-check are themselves responsible in case their baggage is not shipped.
In such cases the United States Lines cannot be held liable. The difficulties and the great expenses arising to the passenger in case his baggage has to be sent on, can only be avoided when all regulations are strictly carried out. The United States Lines cannot be held liable for hand baggage and personal effects for which no baggage check is issued and duly signed by United States Lines.
The liability of the United States Lines regarding documents, manuscripts, money, Jewelry or valuables of any description including such articles as are specified in Section 4281 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, is ruled by this Section of the Statutes which reads as follows
„If any shipper of platina, gold, gold dust, silver. bullion, or other precious metals, coin, jewelry, bills of any bank or public body, diamonds, or other precious stones or any gold or silver in a manufactured or unmanufactured state, watches, clocks, or time pieces of any description, trinkets, orders, notes, or securities for payment of money, stamps, maps, writings, title-deeds, printings, engravings, pictures, gold or silver plate or plated articles, glass, china, silks in a manufactured or unmanufactured state, and whether wrought up or not wrought up with any other material, furs or lace, or any of them, contained in any parcel, or package, or trunk, shall lade the same as freight or baggage, on any vessel without at the time of such lading giving to the master, clerk, agent or owner of such vessel receiving the same a written notice of the true character and value thereof, and having the same entered on the bill of lading therefor, the master and owner of such vessel shall not be liable as carriers thereof in any form or manner; nor shall any such master or owner he liable for any such goods beyond the value and according to the character thereof so notified and entered "
The purser however will receive from the passenger sealed packages containing such articles or money and will place the same in the ship's sate and will give a written receipt thereof, but the United States Lines is in no event liable for loss of, or injury to, or delay in delivery of the same and receives the same at the passenger's risk, unless the nature of the contents and the value thereof be declared by the passenger and noted upon the receipt given him, and unless a charge of 1 % of the value thereof be paid thereon.
It is strictly forbidden to take explosives combustibles and the like on board, and any person who fails to obey this regulation will be held liable for all damage therefrom and will be proceeded against according to the law.
It is urgently recommended that the passengers when leaving the steamer keep their hand baggage in their own custody and that they take care that their other baggage is handed over to them at once and in order.
Passengers must see that baggage is distinctly labeled with passengers name, steamer, date of sailing and destination. and if the passenger shall fail to do so, the United States Lines shall not be held liable for loss of the baggage or delay in delivery thereof.
By an insurance for baggage for which we recommend the „Europäische Güter- nod Reisegepäck -Versicherungs -Gesellschaft" the passenger can protect himself against loss arising by burglary, damage to the ship, fire, fire extinguishing damage, entrance of seawater, force majeure etc. The United States Lines will insure the baggage of passengers at the passengers expense on request.
9. The passenger shall not be liable in respect of his baggage or personal effects to pay or be entitled to receive any general average contribution.
10. The steamer shall have liberty to proceed without pilots; to tow and assist vessels in all situations; to put back into any port at the discretion of the commander; to deviate from the direct and customary course, and if prevented from sailing or proceeding in the ordinary course to transship the passenger to any other steamer bound for the port of destination, whether belonging to the United States Lines or not. The United States Lines shall have the right to land the passenger in some port other than the one originally booked for and transport the passenger thence directly to destination.
11. In case of any delay in the continuator of the journey arising at the non European port of arrival and for which the passenger himself is not responsible, the United States Lines undertakes to provide him with adequate board and lodging.
Should the delay exceed seven days the passenger is entitled to withdraw from the contract and to demand refund of the money paid for the continuation of the journey, without prejudice to any claims for damages to which he may be entitled in accordance with the civil law.
In case the passenger or one of the members of his family accompanying him dies in the non-European land before the transportation agreed upon is restarted or can prove that he is prevented from continuing the journey by illness or any other incidents beyond his control, the fare paid for the continuation of he journey will be refunded in full to the passenger or to his heirs.
In case the passenger wishes to withdraw from the inland journey at the oversea port of arrival, the amount paid for the said journey will be refunded to him less 10 % on his returning the ticket.
12. During the sea voyage the passengers hive strictly to obey the orders given them by the captain or his representative
13. No suit, action or proceeding against the United States Lines or the vessel, or the agents of either, for the recovery of baggage or property, or for damages for loss or delay of, or injury to the same, or for personal injury to, or detention of, any passenger, or for breach of the terms hereof, shall be maintained unless the same shall be commenced within ninety days after the termination of he voyage, and shall not be maintainable thereafter, notwithstanding any provision of law of any state or country to the contrary.
14. No suit, action or proceeding against the United States Lines or the vessel, or the agents of either, shall be maintained for loss of or injury to, or delay in the delivery of, the passenger's baggage unless written notice of the claim with details of the lose, delay or injury be delivered to the United States Lines within twenty days after debarkation of the passenger nor shall any such suit, action or proceeding be maintained for injury to the passenger or for breach of the terms hereof, unless written notice of the claim be delivered to the United States Lines within foxy days after debarkation of the passenger
The price of passage hereunder has been fixed partly with reference to the liability assumed by the United States Lines as defined by this contract, and no agreement, alteration or amendment creating any other r different liability shall be valid unless made in writing and signed for the United Sates Lines by its Chief Agent at the port of embarkation
15. The United States Lines shall not be held liable for loss, damage, or delay to passengers or baggage howsoever or wheresoever occurring caused directly or indirectly by riots, strikes lockouts, labor disputes or labor disturbances of any kind, or by the course of action adopted by the United Sties Lines, or other persons whomsoever, in contemplation or in consequence thereof or in connection therewith without prejudice to the conditions laid down in No 4, 5, 8, 9, and 15 of this contract.
16. The liability of the United States Lines as undertaken by the terms of this contract shall be limited to the time the passenger and his baggage are on board the vessel named in this contract ticket or on board a substitute vessel or the tender used for the purpose of disembarking passengers front such vessel according to pa agraph 10 of this contract.
All other transportation which is provided for herein is included for the convenience of the passenger and at the passengers risk abject to the ordinary conditions of carriage of each Railway or Transportation Company employed for the purpose or to any special condition required by them. In providing the passenger with tickets of or transportation by connecting carriers the United States Lines acts only as agent of such connecting carrier.
17. The United States Lines reserves the right to refuse passage to any person who is in such a state of health or physical condition as to be unfit to travel or whose condition. through disease or otherwise might be dangerous or obnoxious to other passengers. In this case the passage money paid shall be refunded after deducting expenses already incurred.
18. In foreign countries complaints regarding non-fulfillment of this contract shall b submitted to the German Consul or hie representative.
19. The Purser will collect the difference in fare for any children who are no mentioned in the contract or where misrepresentation as to age has been made.
20 The right to transportation cannot be transferred by the sale of this contract t a third person. The third person has no right against the carrier for refund of the money which he may have paid for the ticket
The passenger must keep this contract in his possession.
No Record of Rudolph Arhlich appears on the manifest from the SS George Washington of the United States Lines for the Voyage of 3 October 1928. Source: Staats Archiv Bremen
Relative Cost of Passage Ticket in Today's Currency Value
In 2020, the relative values of $208.75 from 1928 ranges from $2,520.00 to $44,400.00.
A simple Purchasing Power Calculator would say the relative value is $3,150.00. This answer is obtained by multiplying $208.75 by the percentage increase in the CPI from 1928 to 2020.
This may not be the best answer.
The best measure of the relative value over time depends on if you are interested in comparing the cost or value of a Commodity, Income or Wealth, or a Project.
If you want to compare the value of a $208.75 Commodity in 1928 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real price of that commodity is $3,150.00
- real value in consumption of that commodity is $6,400.00
- labor value of that commodity is $11,700.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $13,100.00 (using production worker compensation)
- income value of that commodity is $16,200.00
- economic share of that commodity is $44,400.00
If you want to compare the value of a $208.75 Income or Wealth, in 1928 there are five choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real wage or real wealth value of that income or wealth is $3,150.00
- household purchasing power value of that income or wealth is $6,400.00
- relative labor earnings of that commodity are $11,700.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $13,100.00 (using production worker compensation)
- relative income value of that income or wealth is $16,200.00
- relative output value of that income or wealth is $44,400.00
If you want to compare the value of a $208.75 Project in 1928 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real cost of that project is $2,520.00
- household cost of that project is $6,400.00
- labor cost of that project is $11,700.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $13,100.00 (using production worker compensation)
- relative cost of that project is $16,200.00
- economy cost of that project is $44,400.00
Source: www.measuringworth.com Samuel H. Williamson, "Seven Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a U.S. Dollar Amount, 1790 to present," MeasuringWorth, 2022.