Elevators to Gymnasiums - What to Know About Ocean Travel - 1924
Topics covered on this page include: Elevators, Engineers, Exchange, Expense, Fares to Europe, Fees, Finland, Flags, Flowers (Parcels, etc.), Funds, Funnel Marks, Games, Genoa, Gibraltar, Gothland, Guide Books, Guides, Gymnasiums.
All our steamers of recent construction are equipped with elevators. Some of the larger ships have them in both first and second class.
Engineers are licensed (or certificated) officers for engineering duties. Each ship's machinery is in charge of a chief engineer, who has a number of assistants who maintain a watch in the engine-room and stokeholds day and night, besides being detailed for particular emergencies.
Other assistants are carried for special duties such as refrigerating, sanitary work and deck machinery. The Majestic, the world's largest ship, has seventy engineers of various grades besides a large staff of oilers, firemen and wipers.
The chief engineer is the only member of the engineering staff who takes his meals in the first-class dining saloon. The others have their own quarters and mess. (See also "Uniforms" and "Deck Officers.")
The expense of a European trip depends on the tastes of the traveler. Passage may be obtained on some of our comfortable cabin steamers as low as $115. Expenses in Europe are what you make them. You may live at a high class hotel in Paris ot London for $10 or $20 a day, or at a small inn for $2 a day. Rail fares on the whole are less than in America. A liberal average for the tourist while traveling in Europe is $15 a day for all expenses while on shore. The American travel dollar goes a long way in any country of Europe now. (See also "Hotels in Europe" and "Fares").
Minimum fares to England and France vary according to type of steamer. They are: First class (winter), $190.00 to $250.00; cabin, $115.00 to $135.00; second class, $120.00 to $140.00; third class, $82.50 to $100.00 (westbound $72.50 to $100.00). Fares are slightly higher to German, Mediterranean or Baltic ports. Summer first class fares are 10 percent higher than in winter; in other classes there is no change. Summer rates are in force eastbound from April 1 to July 31, westbound from July 1 to October 31; winter rates eastbound from August 1 to March 31, westbound from November 1 to June 30. The above fares are subject to change without notice.
Fees to stewards are customary, but optional. Fees to barber are usually given at time of service, but others are given at the end of the voyage. The amount is gauged by the traveler's estimate of the value of personal services rendered him and the length of the voyage. Employees most commonly given fees are table and toom stewards, lounge, deck, smoking-room and bath stewards, stewardesses and boots. Fees bestowed on express liners usually are higher than on slower ships.
Panama Pacific Line; formerly in the Red Star Line's New York-Antwerp service. One of the three largest steamships engaged in intercoastal service between New York and California ports; runs via Panama Canal; 12,223 tons gross; length, 578 feet; breadth, 60 feet; twin screw; oil burner. Noted for homelike comfort and piquant cooking. Electric fans in all staterooms. Carries first, second and third class passengers. Orchestra. Swimming pool on deck.
House flags and funnel markings
Every steamship line has a distinctive house flag. That of the White Star Line is a white star on a red ground; of the Red Star Line a red star on a white ground; of the American Line a blue spread eagle on a white ground, etc. (see diagram).
A steamship flies her national flag on a staff at the stern, and on leaving port the flag of the country to which she is bound at the foremast head (first mast from the bow). Thus, the Majestic on leaving Southampton flies the French flag at the foremast head, and on leaving Cherbourg the American flag. The house flag is flown from the mainmast head (second mast from the bow). Salutes are given and answered by dipping the ensign at the stern staff. Ships carrying mail fly a distinctive mail flag. When medical inspection officers are on board a yellow flag is flown from a forward stay.
Flowers, parcels and other similar items, intended for passengers sailing at port of New York are accepted by the baggage department at the piers, which will arrange proper delivery to passengers by stewards aboard steamer, provided each article is properly addressed and shows class of passage. (See also "Bon Voyage Baskets.")
Steamship lines mark the funnels of their ships with distinctive colors or designs. Thus, White Star Line funnels are buff with black tops; Red Star Line black with white band; Atlantic Transpott Line, ted with black top, etc. (See sketch above).
Provision is made for games with cards, checkers, chess and dominoes in lounge and smoking room. On Panama Pacific Line ships Mah Jong sets are provided. Playing cards may be purchased on board. The deck steward will arrange for deck games and assist beginners.
Principal games are: Bull Board—Quoits or sandbags, six per player, are tossed at an inclined board, marked as illustrated. Spaces must be scored consecutively to 10, then right and left hand "Bs," bring "Game." Should either " B " be scored previously, player starts again at one.
Deck Tennis: Played like lawn tennis, except that a rope replaces the net, and rubber or rope quoits are used, to be caught and returned by hand.
Quoits: Played with rope rings thrown at a spindle.
Tether Ball: A ball, attached by a cord to a pole, is struck in opposite directions by players using racquets, the object being to wind the cord around the pole against the opponent's efforts.
Shuffleboard: The game most commonly played on deck aboard ocean liners. Two identical diagrams are chalked on the deck, about 20 feet apart. (See diagram).
The game is played with eight wood discs, about six inches in diameter and one inch thick. Four are marked with a cross and four with a dot, to distinguish sides. The discs are pushed with a stick shaped like a shovel, the object of each player being to reach with each disc a square in the diagram that will add to his score. Two, four, six or eight persons may play.
In a game of four, partners do not follow each other in the play. Thus, A and B are partners; C and D partners. A leads off, and C follows him. The object of C not only is to make a good score himself, but to displace A's discs if possible. The shots employed to accomplish this call for skill, and give the game its principal charm. The score is counted when all eight discs have been used.
If a disc lodges in the space-10 the score is reduced by that amount. B and D, from the opposite end, next play, using the same discs. Sometimes a line is drawn about one foot from each diagram, and any disc that comes to rest between that line and the curved line of the diagram may be taken out of play. Discs resting on division lines cannot be counted. In order to win, a player must score exactly 50. All over that number are subtracted from 50. Thus, if a player has 46, and scores eight, making 54, four is added to 46, making 50, and four deducted, leaving his score at 46.
Terminus of New York-Boston-Mediterranean service of the White Star Line and port of call for cruising steamers. Office No. 59 Guglielmo Sanplice. (See also White Star Line").
Port of call for New York-Boston-Mediterranean service and cruising steamers. Connections via Algeciras (ferry) by rail to Ronda, Granada and other points in Spain.
Red Star Line; carries third class passengers only. 7,660 tons gross; length, 504 feet; breadth, 53 feet; twin screws. Remarkably steady. Enclosed staterooms. Has large public tooms and generous deck space. Cooking suited to national tastes. (See also "Ships").
Valuable in touring Europe. Bradshaw's General Railway and Steam Navigation Guide for England and Bradshaw's Continental Guide, Part I, give time tables of all European railroads and steamships; in Bradshaw's Continental Guide, Part general information is condensed and well arranged. Muithead's "Blue Guides" give valuable information on hotels and points of interest. Some travelers prefer Baedeker's Guides. (See also "Railroads" or Timetables).
In Europe a guide often is a help, but not always. A guide may be obtained at any large hotel or at a railroad station. Do not engage guides on the street.
Gymnasiums are installed on the newer steamers in both first and second class and on new cabin ships. They are equipped with varied apparatus and an insttuctor is in attendance. Hours for men and for women are posted.