Other Excursions in the Neighborhood Surrounding Trondhjem - 1906
1. To the waterfalls
The two great falls of the Nid, called Store Lerfos and Lille Lerfos, 8 kilometers distant from the town, constitute one of the chief attractions in the neighborhood of Trondhjem. They are reached by rail to Selsbak, and from thence by foot, in 35 minutes. But it is more interesting to drive in an open vehicle observing the scenery on the way. Even if we make the upward journey by train, it is better to walk back, as the roads are good.
The road from Ilen follows the course of the river. Near the Lower Fall (Lille Lerfos) there is a pretty restaurant in Norwegian style, called Fossestuen. The view from the veranda is beautiful. A path leads to the Lower Fall and a carriage road to the Upper Fall. Both the falls are surrounded by a forest of pines and firs. The upper fall is divided by a rock into two parts, and the mighty column of water leaps over a precipice 32 meters high, with such force that the spray rises into the air like a white fog.
Above the fall, where the greenish Water, at a breadth of 100 meters, prepares for its fall, we can see through the crystal stream the wonderfully formed "soap-stone" mountain. The fall has now been taken into the service of industry and supplies energy to the Trondhjem Electric works, which have their power station here. There is a summer restaurant, Fosseskandsen, at the upper fall. The lower fall is not so high, only 23 meters, but in its fall over an almost perpendicular cliff, it presents an imposing spectacle.
2. To Graakallen
This excursion takes from 2 1/2 to 3 hours. We start from lien, keeping to the right of Hjorten, and ascend the old Byn~s road, passing through a part of the plantation. We pass Gramskaret. from which we have a delightful view of Trondhjem and the fiord. After 15 minutes’ walk the summit of Graakallen comes into view. 10 minutes later the road turns to the left and leads over Tungen to Little Graakallen, where Fje1dsæter Tourist Hotel stands. Farther on we reach Skistuen (clubhouse and refreshment room) and thence up to the summit, 561 meters above sea level). Refreshments can be had in a hut on the top.
The view is grand and imposing. On one side we see the open sea with its innumerable bays and islands, on the other the mountains on the Swedish frontier, on a third Snehætten in the Dovre chain. We can return by the new road leading from Fjeldsæter Tourist Hotel over Sverresborg and Aasveien. Vehicles should use this road both up and down. The vicinity of Graakallen and Fje1dsæter is a capital place for winter sports, and on winter Sundays it is the scene of great activity on "ski" and "coaster". The hill at Graakallen is known by winter sportsmen all over Norway.
3. To Selbu lake
This excursion takes 2 days. The route goes south by rail to Heimdal, thence on foot to Teigen (3 hours) or by carriole (ordered in advance) to Brettem. Both these places lie at the western extremity of the lake, Selbu lake lies 161 meters above sea level, has an area of nearly 60 square kilometers, is in many places 170 meters deep, and has the river Nid flowing through it. In summer a steamer crosses the lake 5 times a week. On the S. E shore stands the church.
Not far from here, at Havernæsset, the Nid after flowing through the valley of Tydalen, flows into the lake. In the neighborhood we have the posting station of Marieuburg and Selbu Sanatorium (i. e. Hotel) where travelers can spend the night. Next day the journey is continued by boat over the lake to Setsaas on the north side and thence by carriole to Fuglem. The route is rich in beautiful scenery. We rejoin the railway at Hommeivik a station on the Meraker railway, and the seat of a considerable timber trade, and from thence back to Trondhjem.
4. To Jonsvandet (John’s lake)
Jonsvandet, circa 10 kilometers distant from town, is a favorite holiday resort. It has very beautiful and varied surroundings. Mountain and wood alternate with well-built farmhouses. Many Trondhjemers have built villas here. It is easily reached from town. One ought to drive as far as Kuseth, a farmhouse where refreshments may be had. Foot-passengers had better go by rail to Ranheim, and from thence, past Reppegaardene and over Skaret to Jervan and Kuseth. They can return over Oset and thence by a forest path to Ranheim.
5. To Stenviksholm and Stiklestad
No one who wishes to get a full impression of the scenery and the historical associations of the surroundings of Trondhjem, should fail to pay a visit to the ruins of Stenviksholm castle and to Stiklestad. Stenviksholm is the only ruined castle in Norway. It is now completely disinterred and a multitude of relics of a former age which were found among the rubbish are on show in one of the towers. The castle is most easily reached by railway from Trondhjem to Skatval or Langstein, from whence it is only a few "kilometers to the castle.
After an inspection of the ruins, the journey can be continued by the next train. This route ‘leads through an exceedingly beautiful part of the country. Wood and lake alternate with fertile plains and, judged by a Norwegian standard, thickly populated tracts. The railway journey should be continued to Vaærdalen, from whence Stiklestad is reached by a drive through the lovely valley. Stiklestad churcb, one of the old provincial churches, is worthy of inspection.
On a hill close beside the church stands the well-known monument to King Olaf Haraldssen who fell here in 1030 in his struggle against the heathen peasants. The battle of Stiklestad is one of the most memorable incidents in Norway’s history. It was a turning point in the development of the nation. The people repented their mutinous conduct and all active opposition to Christianity was broken down.
King Olaf was declared a martyr and canonized as St. Olaf. He became the patron saint of Norway. His shrine was the most sacred possession of the Cathedral and the anniversary of his death, the 29th July, was the principal set-day of the country for many hundred years. It was observed with great solemnity, especially in Trondhjem, to which pilgrims traveled from the whole of northern Europe to keep the feast of St. Olaf.
A short distance above Stiklestad at a farm called Moen, We have the best view of the result of the great land-slip, which on the night of the 18th of May 1893 carried away 11 large farms and several smaller ones. Over 100 human beings perished in this great revolution of nature. A considerable part of the "slip" has now been planted –
From Stiklestad the traveler ought to drive to Levanger, where a most beautiful view of the Trondhjem fiord and the surrounding country may be had from the heights to the east of the town. The journey back to Trondhjem should be by steamer, if the weather is good. This trip by steamer is a delight to all who enjoy beautiful scenery. We pass several broad and fertile level tracts, such as Levangerskogn, Ytterøen, the fertile Frosta, and Tautra with its ruined cloister which can be seen from the steamer. The excursion to Stiklestad is one of the most interesting and attractive to be found in the neighborhoods of Trondhjem.