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SS Vaterland Ephemera Collection

All Digitized Ephemera for the SS Vaterland available at the GG Archives. Common items of ephemera in our maritime collection include passenger lists, brochures, event and entertainment programs, and other memorabilia produced for a voyage or ship.

 

 

 

 

Ephemera contained in the GG Archives collection represent the souvenirs provided to the passengers of each voyage. Many of these souvenir ephemeral items have disappeared over the years.

Our selection varies considerably by ship, and likely contains only a sampling of what was originally produced and printed by the steamship lines.

Bookmark pages you're researching and check back periodically for additions as we continue to digitize our extensive ephemera materials.

SS Vaterland: the Largest Vessel in the World (1914)

For the Present This New Hamburg America Liner is the Largest Vessel in the World

The steamship Vaterland of the Hamburg America Line, which arrived in New York May 21, is the largest steamer in the world. While closely resembling her famous sister ship the Imperator in construction and equipment the Vaterland is of greater dimensions and presents many original features.

The Vaterland measures 950 ft. in length, 100 ft. in beam and has a tonnage of 58.000. In her trial trip the Vaterland developed a speed of 26.3 knots per hour.

Construction commenced in September 1911 on the Vaterland at the yards of Blohm & Voss of Hamburg, and launched on 3 April 1913. Prince Rupprccht of Batavia christened the ship Vaterland before a notable gathering.

The Vaterland is built of the best Siemens Martin steel and conforms in every detail of her construction and equipment to the latest rulings of the German, English and American laws governing ship building. She is constructed with a double bottom and a double skin extending well above the water-line.

Entrance to Grand Salon, SS Vaterland (1914)

Entrance to Grand Salon, SS Vaterland (1914)

Steel bulkheads, both longitudinal and transverse, of exceptional strength, divide her hull. The hull contains five steel decks, which with four superimposed, gives her nine decks above the water line. The Vaterland is equipped with Frahm anti-rolling tanks, which with her natural stability render her one of the steadiest boats afloat.

The unusual position of the funnels of the Vaterland made it possible for an entirely new arrangement of the public cabins. The funnels pass through the decks at a point near the side instead of through the center of the ship. Ry removing this obstruction it has been possible to have one great cabin open directly into another, thus giving the ship a remarkable effect of artistic spaciousness.

This vista extends from the Ritz Carlton restaurant through the winter or palm garden and the grand hallways to the main lounge or ballroom. The grand staircase, which is one of the most attractive features of the Vaterland, extends through six decks.

The several staircases are supplemented by three passenger elevators in the first, and one in the second cabin, running through six decks.

A crew of 1,234 men operates the Vaterland. A commodore, four captains and seven officers command her. There is a chief engineer, three first engineers and thirty-five assistants and electricians. The boilers are operated by 12 chief firemen, 15 oilers, 187 stokers and 189 trimmers, The Vaterland has eight kitchens which are presided over by three chefs, fifty-two cooks, five pastry bakers, 36 waiters and 350 stewards.

Dining Room of the Vaterland

Dining Room of the Vaterland

The crew also includes three physicians and three physician assistants, one female nurse, three telegraphers and three telephone operators, one stenographer and typewriter, a master of the bath, a bookseller, cabinetmaker, masseurs and a gardener. The Vaterland has a social director as on the Imperator.

The Vaterland is illuminated by about 15,000 electric lights. In no other ship probably is electricity so generally employed. Both passenger and freight elevators, the hoists, derricks, operating machinery, and kitchens, are all operated electrically.

The cabins and staterooms of the first cabin are heated by electricity. An abundance of fresh air is forced to every part of the ship by electric ventilating system. The Vaterland carries no ventilating funnels, common to most ships, thus economizing valuable deck space.

A complete system of telephones, call bells and electric indicating devices assures perfect service in every cabin and stateroom of the Vaterland. At every bell call for instance, a tiny white or red light gleams in the corridor and is not extinguished until the serving steward or stewardess presses the discontinuing button at the door of the cabin from which the call has come.

Grand Salon of the Vaterland

Grand Salon of the Vaterland

The supply of linen, to mention a single detail of the supply service comprises of 160,000 pieces representing a weight of 85,000 lbs. On a single trip, the laundry list contains 10.000 pillowcases, 5,000 bed sheets, as many counterpanes, 30.000 towels and 45,000 napkins.

The Vaterland carries only a few more passengers than ships of half her size. Her public cabins are the largest ever constructed. The main lounge of the Vaterland, the largest and most sumptuous of these cabins, is provided with a concert stage and a dancing door. The smoking room, located forward, directly beneath the bridge, is open on three sides thus affording an uninterrupted view of the sea and assuring perfect light and ventilation.

The main dining room seats upwards of 800 guests. The Ritz Carlton restaurant of the Vaterland is oval in form exactly reproducing the restaurant under the same management in New York. A special feature has been made of the palm garden, which is decorated with a wealth of tropical foliage. The ladies’ writing rooms, library and lounges are especially large and attractive.

A new attraction is lent to ocean travel by the luxurious baths, enjoyed in such variety on the Vaterland, which rival those of a great spa or bathing resort. The sumptuous Roman bath, which has proven so popular on the Imperator, has its counterpart on the Vaterland. The pool of the bath measures 20 x 40 feet and has a depth of 10 feet. The bath is carried out with massive columns, Pompeiian frescoes, and is furnished with marble benches.

The water is constantly renewed, and special provision has been made to keep the water of a uniform temperature. Grouped about the pool are a variety of therapeutic baths. In this group will be found the ship's barbershop, manicurists, Masseurs, hairdressers, etc.

Four great screws driven by turbine engines propel the S. S. Vaterland. Each of these propellers measures 19 ft. 7 in. in diameter and weighs 15 tons. When going at full speed the propellers make more than 150 revolutions per minute. The engine plant driving these propellers consists of four main turbines hitched in series.

The Hamburg America Line Ocean Liner SS Vaterland (1914)

The Hamburg America Line Ocean Liner SS Vaterland (1914)

For driving the great steamer astern, two special high-pressure and two low-pressure turbines are provided. All the turbine engines may be used singly. The Vaterland has four firing rooms, with 46 water-tube boilers. As a special precautionary measure the forward engine room is divided into three water-tight compartments, and the aft room into two compartments.

Every conceivable precaution has been taken in the construction and equipment of the Vaterland to assure safety. She carries submarine sounding signals and electrically driven lead heavers. A searchlight of great candlepower is placed high on the tore mast. Loud speaking telephones keep all parts of the ship in instant communication with the bridge.

The Vaterland carries life belts for every passenger and member of the crew, with many life buoys and illuminated night buoys. Her lifeboat equipment includes 83 life boats accommodating about 5,300 persons. Two of these are motor boats carrying special wireless apparatus. Welin davits are used to lower them.

The wireless telegraph equipment of the Vaterland is the most powerful ever installed on shipboard. It comprises three separate sending instruments and includes six antennae. The special long distance service equipment will keep the vessel continuously in touch with land throughout the Atlantic crossing.

A second system will operate over 400 miles a day and 1,200 miles at night, while a third emergency outfit, operated by storage batteries is kept in reserve. The wireless station is in charge of three operators, one of whom is constantly on duty.

“Steamship Vaterland,” in The Marine Review, Volume 46, No. 6, Cleveland/New York, June 1914, P. 220-222

SS Vaterland - The World's Largest Ship (1914)

The SS Vaterland at Anchor off Quarantine

The SS Vaterland at Anchor off Quarantine

The S. S. Vaterland of the Hamburg American Line, the largest steamship afloat, arrived in New York, May 2ist, 1914. She is 950 feet long, 100 feet beam, and has a tonnage of 56,000, and developed a speed of 20.3 knots on her trials.

In September, 1911, Blohm & Voss started work on her at Hamburg and she was launched April 3, 1913. She has a double bottom, and a double skin extending well above the waterline. Steel bulkheads, both longitudinal and transverse, of exceptional strength, divide her hull. She has five steel decks and nine decks in all above the water line.

She is equipped with Frahm anti-rolling tanks, which, with her natural stability, render her one of the steadiest ships afloat.

The Vaterland carries a crew of 1,234 men, and is commanded by a commodore, 4 captains, and 7 officers. There is a chief engineer, 3 first engineers, and 35 assistants and electricians, with a "black gang" of 403. There are 446 men in the steward's department. She also carries 3 physicians, 3 assistants, 1 female nurse, 3 telegraphers. 3 telephone operators, one stenographer and typewriter, a master of the bath, a book seller, a cabinet-maker, masseurs and a gardener.

Four screws driven by quadruple turbine engines of the Parsons type propel the Vaterland, developing 90,000 H. P. For backing two special high-pressure and two low-pressure turbines are provided. All the turbine engines may be used singly. She has 4 fire rooms and 46 water tube boilers.

Great precautions have been taken in her construction and equipment to assure safety. She carries submarine sounding signals and electrically driven lead heavers. A large searchlight is placed high on the foremast and controlled from the bridge. Loud speaking telephones keep all parts of the ship in instant communication with the bridge. Her lifeboat equipment includes 83 boats, accommodating about 5,600 persons. Two of these are motor boats and carry special wireless apparatus. All are handled by Welin quadrant davits.

The Navigating Bridge on the SS Vaterland

The Navigating Bridge on the SS Vaterland

The wireless telegraph equipment of the Vaterland is the most powerful ever installed on shipboard, and comprises three separate sending instruments. The special long distance service equipment will keep the vessel continuously in touch with land throughout the Atlantic crossing.

Sailor on the Vaterland at the Wheel showing the Gyro Compass

Sailor on the Vaterland at the Wheel showing the Gyro Compass

An entirely new arrangement of the public cabins has been made possible by the unusual position of her funnels. These pass through the decks at a point outboard near the side, instead of through the center of the ship. By removing the obstruction of centerline funnels, it has been possible to have one great cabin open directly into another, thus giving the ship a remarkable effect of spaciousness.

This vista extends from the Ritz-Carlton Restaurant through the Winter or Palm Garden and the grand hallways, to the main lounge or hall-room. The grand staircase, which is one of the most attractive features of the Vaterland, extends through six decks. The several staircases are supplemented by three passenger elevators in the first, and one in the second cabin, each one running through six decks. In addition, there is an elevator in the engine room, running from "A" deck to "J" deck.

The passenger accommodation of this ship with the Grand Salon, the main dining room seating So.), the Kitz-Carlton Restaurant, Winter Garden, the 60-ft. wide grand staircase, gymnasium, passenger elevators, and the marble and tile swimming pool modelled after a Roman bath, resemble more the interior of a sumptuous hotel than a sea-going ship. The staterooms with their marble washbasins, and beds instead of berths, carry out this idea.

The second-class cabins, gymnasium, etc., are equal to the first class accommodation of some older ships, and even the third class passengers are provided with a piano, modern bathrooms, etc.

The navigating equipment is very complete and interesting. She is provided with Anschutz gyroscopic compasses, somewhat similar to those on the Imperator, but on an improved model. The photograph showing the bridge gives some idea of the apparatus there with engine room telegraphs, searchlight control, tire alarm indicator, etc.

Fireman with Smoke Helment, Oxygen Tank and Attendant with Telephone

Fireman with Smoke Helment, Oxygen Tank and Attendant with Telephone

The electric plant would care for the needs of a small city, as it consists of five direct-connected turbine-driven dynamos of 1.300 kilowatts each, besides a smaller one located far below the water line.

Her firefighting outfit is very fine, a thermostatic indicator on the bridge giving instant notice of the rise of temperature anywhere on the ship. Resides this there are tubes leading from each compartment and assembled at various central points on the upper deck through which any smoke will rise, thus indicating the presence of fire. She carries trained firemen, recruited from the Hamburg Fire Department, who are provided with smoke helmets, oxygen tanks, and portable telephones as shown in the accompanying cut.

The log instead of being towed astern is located inside the skin of the vessel, and its indications are read upon the bridge.

Considerable trouble was experienced in docking this ship on her arrival in this port, as she was drawing over 38 feet and must have been uncomfortably near the bottom once or twice. On leaving, she backed all the way across the river, and thrust her stern into a slip on the New York side. The quick water from her propeller sank a coal barge and parted the lines of one of the Southern Pacific ships moored there.

“The World’s Largest Ship,” in The Master, Mate and Pilot, Volume 7, No. 1, June 1914, P. 20-21

Steamship Vaterland of the Hamburg America Line

THE HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINER VATERLAND
For the Present This New Hamburg America Liner is the Largest Vessel in the World.

THE steamship Vaterland of the Hamburg America Line which arrived in New York May 21 is the largest steamer in the world. While closely resembling her famous sister ship the Imperator in construction and equipment the Vaterland is of greater dimensions and presents many original features.

The Vaterland measures 950 ft. in length, 100 ft. in beam and has a tonnage of 58,000. In her trial trip the Vaterland developed a speed of 26.3 knots per hour.

The construction of the SS Vaterland was commenced in September 1911 in the yards of Blohm & Voss at Hamburg, and the vessel was launched April 3, 1913. She was christened Vaterland by Crown Prince Rupprecht of Batavia before a notable gathering.

The Vaterland is built of the best Siemens Martin steel and conforms in every detail of her construction and equipment to the latest rulings of the German, English and American laws governing ship building. She is constructed with a double bottom and a double skin extending well above the waterline.

Her hull is divided by steel bulkheads, both longitudinal and transverse, of exceptional strength. The hull contains five steel decks, which with four superimposed, gives her nine decks above the water line. The Vaterland is equipped with Frahm anti-rolling tanks, which with her natural stability render her one of the steadiest boats afloat.

An entirely new arrangement of the public cabins has been made possible by the unusual position of the funnels of the Vaterland. The funnels pass through the decks at a point near the side instead of through the center of the ship.

By removing this obstruction, it has been possible to have one great cabin open directly into another, thus giving the ship a remarkable effect of artistic spaciousness. This vista extends from the Ritz Carlton restaurant through the winter or palm garden and the grand hall ways, to the main lounge or ball room.

The grand staircase, which is one of the most attractive features of the Vaterland, extends through six decks. The several staircases are supplemented by three passenger elevators in the first, and one in the second cabin, running through six decks.

The Crew of the Vaterland

The Vaterland is manned by a crew of 1,234 men. She is commanded by a commodore, four captains and seven officers. There is a chief engineer, three first engineers and thirty-five assistants and electricians. The boilers are operated by 12 chief firemen, 15 oilers, 187 stokers and 189 trimmers.

The Vaterland has eight kitchens which are presided over by three chefs, fifty-two cooks, five pastry bakers, 36 waiters and 350 stewards. The crew also includes three physicians and three physician assistants, one female nurse, three telegraphers and three telephone operators, one stenographer and typewriter. a master of the bath. a book seller. cabinet maker, masseurs and a gardener.  The Vaterland has a social director as on the Imperator.

Electicial and Ventilation Systems

The Vaterland is illuminated by about 15,000 electric lights. In no other ship probably is electricity so generally employed. The elevators, both passenger and freight. the hoists, derricks, operating machinery, the kitchens, are all operated electrically. The cabins and state rooms of the first cabin are heated by electricity.

An abundance of fresh air is forced to every part of the ship by electric ventilating system. The Vaterland carries no ventilating funnels, common to most ships, thus economizing valuable deck space.

A complete system of telephones, call bells and electric indicating devices assures perfect service in every cabin and stateroom of the Vaterland. At every bell call for instance, a tiny white or red light gleams in the corridor and is not extinguished until the serving steward or stewardess presses the discontinuing button at the door of the cabin from which the call has come.

Store Supplies for a Transatlantic Voyage

The supply of linen, to mention a single detail of the supply service comprises of 160,010 pieces representing a weight of 85,000 lbs. On a single trip the laundry list contains 10,000 pillow cases, 5,000 bed sheets, as many counter panes, 30,000 towels and 45,000 napkins.

ENTRANCE TO GRANID SALON, HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINER VATERLAND

Passenger Accommodations

The Vaterland carries only a few more passengers than ships of half her size. Her public cabins are the largest ever constructed. The main lounge of the Vaterland, the largest and most sumptuous of these cabins, is provided with a concert stage and a dancing floor.

The smoking room, located forward, directly beneath the bridge, is open on three sides thus affording an uninterrupted view of the sea and assuring perfect light and ventilation. The main dining room seats upwards of 800 guests.

The Ritz Carlton restaurant of the Vaterland is oval in form exactly reproducing the restaurant under the same management in New York. A special feature has been made of the palm garden which is decorated with a wealth of tropical foliage. The ladies' writing rooms, library and lounges are especially large and attractive.

A new attraction is lent to ocean travel by the luxurious baths, enjoyed in such variety on the Vaterland, which rival those of a great spa or bathing resort. The sumptuous Roman bath which has proven so popular on the Imperator, has its counterpart on the Vaterland.

The pool of the bath measures 20 x 40 ft. and has a depth of 10 ft. The bath is carried out with massive columns, Pompeiian frescoes, and. is furnished with marble benches.

The water is constantly renewed, and special provision has been made to keep the water of a uniform temperature. Grouped about the pool are a variety of therapeutic baths. In this group will be found the ship’s barber shop, manicurists. masseurs, hair dressers, etc.

Engines and Propellers

The S. S. Vaterland is propelled by four great screws driven by turbine engines. Each of these propellers measures 19 ft. 7 in. in diameter and weighs 15 tons. When going at full speed the propellers make more than 150 revolutions per minute.

The engine plant driving these propellers consists of four main turbines hitched in series. For driving the great steamer astern two special high pressure and two low pressure turbines are provided. All the turbine engines may be used singly.

The Vaterland has four firing rooms, with 46 water-tube boilers. As a _special precautionary measure the forward engine room is divided into three water-tight compartments, and the aft room into two compartments.

Every conceivable precaution has been taken in the construction and equipment of the Vaterland to assure safety. She carries submarine sounding signals and electrically-driven lead beavers. A searchlight of great candle power is placed high on the fore mast.

Passenger Safety

Loud speaking telephones keep all parts of the ship in instant communication with the bridge. The Vaterland carries life belts for every passenger and member of the crew. with many life buoys and illuminated night buoys.

Her life boat equipment includes 83 life boats accommodating about 5,300 persons. Two of these are motor boats carrying special wireless apparatus. Welin davits are used to lower them.

The wireless telegraph equipment of the Vaterland is the most powerful ever installed on shipboard. It comprises three separate sending instruments and includes six antennae. The special long-distance service equipment will keep the vessel continuously in touch with land throughout the Atlantic crossing.

A second system will operate over 400 miles a day and 1,200 miles at night, while a third emergency outfit operated by storage batteries is kept in reserve. The wireless station is in charge of three operators. one of whom is constantly on duty.

Viewa of the Dining Room of the Vaterland

Vaterland's Funnels

HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINER VATERLANID’S UNIQUE SMOKE STACKS

The quadruple-screw turbine steamer Vaterland, of the Hamburg-Amerika Line, holding the record of being the world's largest liner (58,000 tons). is commended by Captain Ruser, the commodore captain of the Hamburg Amerika, who formerly held the command of the Imperator.

The latter vessel has been in charge of Captain Kier. late of the company’s liner Amerika, since March. The Vaterland, it will be readily understood, has many unique features in her construction and equipment.

Perhaps one of the most striking of these is that she is the first steamship ever built with smoke-stacks not running through the center of her decks.

About the level of the lowest passenger deck her funnels are divided into two smoke-tubes, which run up either side of the ship, and rejoin on the upper boat deck to pass into the funnel.

The space occupied by ordinary funnels passing through the middle of the decks is thus left clear, and the passengers will occupy the full deck without obstruction. This will give a long central corridor on each of the passenger decks.

"Steamship Vaterland" and "Vaterland's Funnels" in The Marine Review, Vol. 46, No. 6, June 1914, P 220-222, 224

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