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WW1 Photo Library: The National Geographic Magazine, November/December 1917

Photographs and Other Images Sourced from The National Geographic Magazine Mid-Winter Double Number Issue Dated November/December 1917. A part of a World War 1 Online Exhibit at the GG Archives.

Map and Chart in Four Colors Showing the Location of America's Cantonments and Camps, and the Ground Plan of a Typical National Army Cantonment 16 Pages of Photogravure. Several additional articles focused on the Great War.

Front Cover, The National Geographic Magazine, Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, Volume XXXII, Numbers 5 & 6, November-December 1917.

Front Cover, The National Geographic Magazine, Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, Volume XXXII, Numbers 5 & 6, November-December 1917. GGA Image ID # 182ed09421

Map and Chart in Four Colors Showing the Location of America's Cantonments and Camps, and the Ground Plan of a Typical National Army Cantonment 16 Pages of Photogravure. Articles include The Geographic and Historical Environment of America's 32 New Soldiers City with 18 Illustrations; Training the New Armies of Liberty Illustrated The Immediate Necessity for Military Highways with 22 Illustrations; In Lorraine - That Part of France Where the First American Soldiers Have Fallen with 16 Illustrations; Gems from Scotland with 16 Illustrations; From the Trenches to Versailles with 12 Illustrations.

Buildings of the Camp Travis Cantonment Nearing Completion: San Antonio, Texas.

Buildings of the Camp Travis Cantonment Nearing Completion: San Antonio, Texas. GGA Image ID # 182ae036da

The Cantonment a Few Days Later.

The Cantonment a Few Days Later. The Tales of the Mushroom Growths of Mining Camps in the West and in Alaska Fail in Interest When Compared With the Story of the Creation of the 16 Great Military Cities That Today Dot the United States." Photograph by Rockford Illustrating Company. GGA Image ID # 182b0aa8ba

The First Drill: Camp Meade, Maryland.

The First Drill: Camp Meade, Maryland. It Is, in Most Cases, the Recruit’s First Experience in Military Formation and Military Discipline. if He Is From a Rural Community His Attitude Toward His Company Officers at First Is Apt To Be One of Suspicion, if Not of Secret Hostility. but in a Few Days He Responds To the Spirit of the Hour, His Latent Patriotism Is Stirred, and He Quickly Becomes a Proud, Efficient Unit in the Army of Freedom. Photograph from Public Ledger Photo Service. GGA Image ID # 182b4425ef

Selected Men Arriving in Camp, Eager To Embark Upon the Great Enterprise of Safeguarding the Liberty for Which Their Forefathers Fought.

Selected Men Arriving in Camp, Eager To Embark Upon the Great Enterprise of Safeguarding the Liberty for Which Their Forefathers Fought. A Small Amount of Baggage for a Round Trip To Europe, but Uncle Sam Did Not Encourage the Men Comprising His New National Army To Bring Many Personal Belongings To Camp. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182b47a7c5

Map of Camp Upton, Yaphank, Long Island, New York. Drawn by A. H. Bumstead.

Map of Camp Upton, Yaphank, Long Island, New York. Drawn by A. H. Bumstead. GGA Image ID # 182b6a5449

Map of the United States Showing Territories From Which Each National Army Cantonment Camp Receives Its Troops

Map of the United States Showing Territories From Which Each National Army Cantonment Camp Receives Its Troops; Also Showing the Location of Cantonments, Regular Army Organization Camps, National Guard Mobilization Camps and Aviation Camps. The National Geographic Magazine, November/December 1917. GGA Image ID # 1908f718ba

  • A troops from Camp Devens, MA
  • B troops from Camp Upton, NY
  • C troops from Camp Dix, NJ
  • D troops from Camp Meade, MD
  • E troops from Camp Lee, VA
  • F troops from Camp Jackson, SC
  • G troops from Camp Gordon, GA
  • H troops from Camp Stierman, OH
  • I troops from Camp Taylor, KY
  • J troops from Camp Custer, MI
  • K troops from Camp Grant, IL
  • L troops from Camp Pike, AR
  • M troops from Camp Dodge, IA
  • N troops from Camp Funston, KS
  • O troops from Camp Travis, TX
  • P troops from Camp Lewis, WA

Defenders of Liberty Marching Down Fifth Avenue.

Defenders of Liberty Marching Down Fifth Avenue. In the Unpitying School of Experience, America Has Found That Germany Fights With the Weapons of Intrigue Within Our Borders as Well as With Blood and Iron on the Battle-Line. In Russia and Italy the Secret Foe Within Has Done More To Harm the Nation’s Cause Than the Open Foe Without. So, Augmented Police Departments and Well-Organized Home Defense Leagues Must Be America’s Weapons With Which To Forefend the Country From the Results of Alien Intrigue. Photograph by Paul Thompson. GGA Image ID # 182b81f050

The Sixty-Ninth Regiment Going To a Service at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York City.

The Sixty-Ninth Regiment Going To a Service at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York City. Whatever May Be the Sacrifices, However Bitter the Sufferings That Await Our Country on the Path of War Which She Has So Unwillingly Yet So Resolutely Taken, One Compensation Cannot Fail To Result From the Experience of Seeing Her Bravest and Best Dedicating Their Lives To the Great Cause. That Compensation Will Be a Refined and Ennobled American Soul. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 19097ee9df

Seventh New York Regiment Boarding the Ferry To Go To Spartanburg.

Seventh New York Regiment Boarding the Ferry To Go To Spartanburg. The National Guard Forces Have Been Mobilized in 16 Tented Cities Where All Is Canvas Except Mess-Halls, Y. M. C. a. Buildings, Etc. Long Before the Present War Was Dreamed of, These Men Believed That America's Safety Lay in the Direction of Preparedness, and Undertook To Give a Share of Their Time To Putting Their Opinions Into Practice. And the Account the National Guard Troops in France Have Given of Themselves Shows That the Time They Sacrificed at Home Is Turned To Uncle Sam’s Benefit Abroad. Photograph by Paul Thompson. GGA Image ID # 182b9bb8d6

Play-Time in Camp.

Play-Time in Camp. Friendships Between Men From Different Parts of the Country, Soundness of Body Developed by Sport, Drill and Good Food, Better Standards of Hygiene Instilled by Military Life, Education Through Schooling and Through Broadened Experience—All These Must Be Credited To the Account of the United States With War When the National Army Returns To Civilian Life. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182bfb9a2c

An Average Crowd in an Army YMCA Building.

An Average Crowd in an Army YMCA Building. From Eight To Twelve YMCA Buildings Similar To This Are Required at Each Cantonment and National Guard Camp. These Buildings Could Not Be Started Until the Government’s Needs Were Served and the Barracks, Hospitals, Stables, Etc., Were Completed, but the Association Was on the Ground With the First of the Drafted Army, and the Tents, Abandoned Houses, School Buildings, and Makeshifts Where It Began Work Were Crowded From the First. Photograph from Young Men's Christian Association. GGA Image ID # 182c101b78

Wall Scaling: Camp Wadsworth.

Wall Scaling: Camp Wadsworth. Many of Our National Guardsmen Saw Active Service on the Mexican Border During the Past Year, and They Were, Therefore, Far Advanced in the Schooling of Warfare When the Present Great Emergency Arose. Upon Entering Camp They Were Qualified To Take an Intensive Training Course Which Was Not Possible in the National Army Cantonments. Thousands of Guardsmen Showed Such Rapid Progress Under the Tutelage of Their Own Officers and of Experts Loaned by Our Allies That They Have Already Entered the “Post-Graduate Schools of War” in the Training Camps Behind the French Front Lines. Photograph by Paul Thompson. GGA Image ID # 182d0fedd2

Advanced Bayonet Drill by Student Officers.

Advanced Bayonet Drill by Student Officers. Boxing Is the Sport Most Encouraged at the Camps and Cantonments Because It Is Similar To the Bayonet Exercises, and a Skillful Boxer Excels at This Kind of Drill. the Men Who Are Giving This Spirited Performance Have Had One Month’s Training. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182d18d308

The New York National Guard in Camp.

The New York National Guard in Camp. The Quantities of Canvas Required for the National Guard Camps and the Regular Army Were as Great a Problem as the Lumber and Labor Needs at the Cantonments. Indeed, It Was Nearly Decided That Sufficient Tenting Material Could Not Be Secured, and the National Guard Camps Would Have to Have Buildings Like Those for the National Army. But, Like the Other Problems, This One Was Met and Solved, and the Canvas Was Produced. the “Rainbow Division” Is Tenting Tonight—Over There. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182d4e9d90

A Young Men's Christian Association Hut at the Front.

A Young Men's Christian Association Hut at the Front. According to the Account of an English Officer Who Has Been There, When the Young Soldier, Weary and Muddy, First Comes Out of the Trenches “He Wants to Go Home to Mother. of Course, He Can’t; So He Goes to the Y. M. C. a. Hut.” This Hut Is a Sand-Bag Dugout Covered With Turf, Ten Feet Long and Seven Feet Wide, With a Roof High Enough for Men to Stand Upright in the Middle. Planks Laid on Boxes Form a Counter, Where Cocoa and Biscuits Are Served; There Are Writing and Reading Material and a Talking Machine. Shrapnel and Shells Sweep Over This Refuge Constantly. Photograph from Young Men's Christian Association. GGA Image ID # 182d4fda58

A Glee Club and String Band at Plattsburg.

A Glee Club and String Band at Plattsburg. Music Plays a Large Part in Building up That Subtle Essential to an Army’s Success—Morale. Song Leaders Are Sent to the Camps and Cantonments by the War Department to Teach the Soldiers to Sing, and the Policy of Camp Commanders Is to Encourage Singing at Work, at Play, on the March, and Any Time. Photograph by Paul Thompson. GGA Image ID # 182d8e003f

Shaving a Man With a Strong Beard.

Shaving a Man With a Strong Beard. No, a Drawing-Knife Is Not the Usual Implement With Which the Company Barber Removes Soldier’s Beard. but It Does Help Make a Fine Picture To Send To the Folks Back Home. Photograph by Paul Thompson. GGA Image ID # 182d01da1d

Mattresses for the Student Officers' Bunks.

Mattresses for the Student Officers' Bunks. This Is a Plattsburg Scene and the One-Story Building in the Background Is of the Design Originally Proposed for the Cantonments. It Was Wisely Decided to Adopt the More Economical Two-Story Barracks With Larger Windows. for the Double-Decker Bunks Used in the Officers’ Training Camps Single Cots Have Been Substituted. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182d9affbf

The Silhouetted Sentry as His Evening Vigil Begins.

The Silhouetted Sentry as His Evening Vigil Begins. Back of Him, in the Gathering Dusk, Is Seen a Tiny Segment of a Vast Tented City. as Silently as the Shades of Evening Fall, the Spirit of Resolution Rises in Every Loyal Heart That America Shall Never Quit the Light Until She Knows That the Fruitage of Her Warfare Is Lasting Peace. Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182db481c2

A “Send-off" for New York National Guardsmen.

A “Send-off" for New York National Guardsmen. It Is as Difficult to Discover the Characteristic Gray Decorum of Fifth Avenue in This Thrilling Spectacle as It Is to Find the Man Who Used to Wish, in the Unenlightened Days of 1914, That “People Wouldn’t Talk So Much About the War!” Photograph © Underwood & Underwood. GGA Image ID # 182dc12e87

Marines at Bayonet Practice: Quantico, Virginia.

Marines at Bayonet Practice: Quantico, Virginia. No Sturdier Lot of Men Ever Handled Bayoneted Guns Than the Men Who Constitute What, Before the Advent of Aerial Warfare, Might Have Been Called the Flying Squadron of Uncle Sam’s Regular Fighting Forces for Over-Sea Service. They Have Been Trained to Serve as the Vanguard of Any Force That Must Land on Contested Ground, and Are Now Ready for Landing Operations Wherever the Allied Fleets May Open the Way. Photograph from Public Ledger Photo Service. GGA Image ID # 182dff50ed

The Advance Guard of the Rainbow Division Going Into Camp.

The Advance Guard of the Rainbow Division Going Into Camp. The Former National Guardsmen Who Are Shown Here Arriving at a Tent City on Long Island for a Period of Training, Composed the First Unit of the “Rainbow Division.” Hearts at Home Were Gladdened Recently by the News of Their Safe Arrival in France. Photograph by Central News Photo Service. GGA Image ID # 182e248946

Trench Warfare at a Training Camp.

Trench Warfare at a Training Camp. The Men Spend a Day and a Night in These Training Trenches, Eating and Sleeping There. the Object Is to Reproduce Faithfully the Conditions on the French Front, and Although the Realism Is Not Carried to the Point of Supplying Shot and Shell, Rats and Mud, No One Can Complain That This Preparation for the Actual Battle-Line Is Too Theoretical. Photograph by Earle Harrison. GGA Image ID # 182e6065b5

Flag-Makers. They Are the Flag-Makers of the Future

Flag-Makers. They Are the Flag-Makers of the Future, for the Flag Represents Just the Character and Ideals of American Citizens. the Care and Development of the Children's Minds and Bodies Must Not Be Neglected in the Stress of War. It Is the One Portion of Our National Affairs to Which the Motto, “Business as Usual,” Can Be Safely Applied. Photograph by Edwin R. Jackson. GGA Image ID # 182e68a871

Forty Thousand French Women Are Working on Trains, Railroads, and Street-Car Lines

Forty Thousand French Women Are Working on Trains, Railroads, and Street-Car Lines; And They Go About Their Work Cheerfully, Finding in Helpful Service to Their Country a Panacea for the Sorrows and Privations Which They Undergo. Photograph from Harriet Chalmers Adams. GGA Image ID # 182ebe2c87

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