Camp Dix Pictorial - November, 1917
The first Issue of the Camp Dix Pictorial Review: A Picture History of a National Army Contonment, Wrightstown, New Jersey, November 1917 documents the building of Camp Dix along with its famous builders, Artillery Companies, and Officers.The paper was produced for the soldiers, parents, and friends.
24 Pages of Photographs of the World War One Training Camp.
Contents of the Camp Dix Pictorial
Pages 1-10 Building Camp Dix
Irwin & Leighton Heads of Departments and a Few Assistants, Field Staff, Camp Dix
Back row (left to right)—George Wilson, Supt. Sheet Metal Works; Alex. Kuttner, J. Walter Butcher, Supt. Road Constr.; N. C. Merrill, Assistant Supt. Water and Sewers; F. J. Seery, Supt. Water and Sewers; James Hopler, Supt. Sec. 6; Chas. Clark, Supt. Sec. 4; C. H. Brownell, Supt. Sec. 9; Leo Kelly, Ass’t Supt. Water and Sewers; Thos. C. Carpenter, Secretary; Henry Buckholtz, Supt. New Lisbon Pumping Station; Frank Gable, Supt. Disposal Waste Material.
Second row (left to right)—Harry Coffin, Jr.; Howard Lynch, Supt. Sec. 5; John Hogelgantz, Supt. Sec. 1; Charles Benson, Supt. Sec. 8; V. E. Winell, Supt. Sec. 3; Chas. B. Smith, Supt. Sec. 7; Wynne A. Murphy, Chief Quantity Surveyor; Dan Boorse, Supt. Concrete Work; M. J. Dixon, Supt. R. R. Constr.
Front row (left to right)—Jas. MacBrine, Supt. Stores and Garage; A. M. Ward, Chief Pur. Agt.; Wm. Kuehnle, Supt. of D. V.; V. W. O’Neill, Secretary; John H. Moffett, Ass’t Gen’l Supt.; Jos. F. Lynch, Gen’l Supt.; P. J. Houlahan, Secretary; A. W. Hill, Supt. Plumbing; W. B. McGhee, Chief Engineer; Jos. Herzog, Team Foreman.
Camp Dix Sanitary Train Barracks, Section 1 (August 3rd, 1917)
The one-story extension noticed on every barrack is the kitchen
SOLDIER TRAFFIC COPS
During the later part of the construction period at Camp Dix, the 3rd Battalion of the 15th Colored Infantry of New York, under the command of Major E. W. Dayton, were on guard. The upper left-hand corner picture shows a number of them acting as traffic policemen on a Sunday afternoon. In the lower left-hand corner is a view of the band stand of this battalion on a Sunday afternoon. The band is under the direction of Lieut.
James Reese Europe, the well-known colored orchestra leader.
Camp Dix Refrigerating Plant - Makes twenty tons of ice daily and refrigerates many carloads of perishable food products
Going Home Sunday Afternoon
A Line of Selected Men (Recruits) Arriving in Camp Dix
Part of 3rd Battalion of the 15th New York (Colored) - Our grandfathers gave these boys their freedom and here they stand ready to fight that we shall not be slaves
Lieut. Europe’s Band Played Every Day and Was a Center of Attraction Sundays
Boxing at Camp Dix - The officers in charge of athletics are strongly featuring the science of boxing as a means of physical development, and a professional trainer has been engaged. This scene shows one of the many bouts which have taken place in the last few weeks.
Squad Detailed to Police Duty
When the colored boys of the N. Y. 15th were sent South, Colonel J. S. Battle was appointed Commander of Military Police, and under his direction privates who had been policemen in civil life were detailed to the military police force of the Camp. They are distinguished, when on duty, by a blue arm band carrying the initials M. P. in white.
309th Field Artillery Band - Upon the formation of each regiment a band leader is selected with instructions to pick the best talent available in the regiment, and everyone who considered himself able to handle an instrument was given a try-out, and, after a series of elimination tests, bands have been formed in each Regiment.
Overlooking a Section of Barracks
Capt. Louis Hertz - Bat. E, 309th Heavy Field Artillery
Digging Trenches through a Camp Dix Cornfield
Irwin & Leighton Employment Office
The happy hunting ground for thousands of workmen. Seventeen clerks were
employed examining applicants who arrived by train and motortruck.
The Switchboard at Camp Dix
Camp Dix Telephones - A city of 40,000 inhabitants requires a complete telephone system of its own. Eighteen operators are employed at the switchboard.
Fleet Car Used For Weekly Payroll - Picture above is that of one of a fleet of automobiles that go every week to Philadelphia for the contractors' payroll. Picture taken in front of field headquarters
An Example of Efficiency - The same poles are used for carrying light and telephone wires, and on those along the streets will hang the lighting brackets. Main line looking west.
Leaving the Philadelphia National Bank with Payroll for Camp Dix
Flag-Raising Scenes - Every one of the ten sections had a flag-raising day. By voluntary contributions among the men the price of the flag was paid. On an appointed day a platform was erected from which prominent speakers addressed the men, a military band usually played and Old Glory was flung to the breeze.
Erecting a Water Tower
“Spick” the Mascot of Motortruck Co. 66—a Mexican Hairless
Even the Ears of Corn Grow Big in Camp Dix
Observation Tower near Division Headquarters overlooking the entire Cantonment
One of the Railroad Sidings
Capt. Hamilton Fish, Jr., 3rd Company K, 3rd Bat., 15th N. Y. Inf.
Camp Dix Telephone Exchange Building
Mr. I. D. Irwin, Jr. (Of Irwin & Leighton, the Builders of Camp Dix), and a Group of Executives
(Left to right) W. A. Murphy, Quantity Surveyor; Jos. F. Lynch, Gen’l Supt.; John H. Moffett, Ass't Gen’l Supt.; V. E. Winell, Supt. Section 8; W. B. McChee, Chief Engineer; I. D. Irwin, Jr.; C. A. Townsend, Office Manager.
Mr. A. O. Leighton - of Irwin & Leighton
Field Hospital before the National Army Arrived
One of the Y.M.C.A. Buildings at Camp Dix - The Y.M.C.A. has ten buildings in Camp Dix, nine very similar to the one above, and an auditorium seating more than three thousand. The Knights of Columbus have three auditoriums.
Capt. Napoleon B. Marshall - Co. I, 3rd Bat., 15th N. Y. Infantry
Police Chief Joseph Taylor
In the contractors' service. Good-natured on pose but stern on duty
The Knights of Columbus Auditorium
Steam turbine and pump unit that sends more than 1000 gallons per minute a distance of three miles and lifts it into a tower 245 feet higher than the water level
Digging a Trench through the Soft Clay of Camp Dix at the Rate of Four Feet a Minute
Three Water Towers - The farmers’, the contractors’ and a 200,000-gallon steel service tank in course of erection for the army
24-Inch Vitrified Clay Sewer Main
Miles of Water and Sewer Pipe Were Accumulated
A Group of Buildings in Camp Dix—Arrangement Looking down the Parade Ground:
- No. 1 is a row of officers’ lavatories;
- No. 2, officers’ quarters;
- No. 3, a two-story regimental medical building;
- No. 4, a guard house;
- No. 5, a main longitudinal street;
- No. 6, a group of barracks.
The officers’ buildings are on one side of the street, and the privates’ on the other.
Battery D, 309th Heavy Field Artillery
Battery C, 309th Heavy Field Artillery
Battery D, 308th Field Artillery, October 1917
Battery D, 308th Field Artillery, October 1917 - Second Group
Battery D, 308th Field Artillery - Third Group
Carpenters Making Army Coal Boxes
Sunday, September 30th, an Endless Line of Automobiles on a Main Street
New Rookies in a Barrack—Some in Uniforms and Others Civilian-Clad
Group of Instructing Cooks and Bakers
Looking down One Section of the Parade Ground
Floor Plan of a 167-Men Barrack
The size as detailed above was once considered ample to house and feed 200 men, but it was later decided to reduce the number of occupants to 167. By adopting the European company number of 250 men, three barracks accommodate two companies.
The first barrack of the three contains 167 men of one company, the next barrack is divided so that one end is occupied by 83 men of the first company and the other end by 83 men of the second company. The third barrack contains the balance of the Second company.
The plan above shows the first floor only. The kitchen is in a one-story extension, and all of the second floor, 120 feet long, is taken up by sleeping quarters divided by a partition. Four heating stoves are in each barrack—two upstairs and two down.
Filling the Pipe Trenches
Battery D, 308th Field Artillery, Group 1
Battery D, 308th Field Artillery, October 1917, Group 2
Battery D, 308th Field Artillery, October 1917, Group 3
Company 4, 1st Battalion, 153rd Depot Brigade, Capt.F. R. Kerman - New men are first assigned to depot brigades and later transferred to regiments
19th Company, 5th Battalion, 153rd Depot Brigade—Boys from Buffalo and Rochester, NY
Company I, 311th Infantry, Capt. Frederick S. Laing
Registering Liberty Loan at Camp Dix
The First Military Company at Camp Dix
3rd Company, 1st Battalion, 153rd Depot Brigade
Part of Battery A, 308th Field Artillery—Capt. H. R. Leonard
Another Group of Battery A, 308th Field Artillery
Capt. H. R. Leonard - Battery A, 308th Field Artillery
Watching the Athletic Games, Monday Afternoon, November 5th 1917
Waiting on a Conference
At the R. R. Station on a Saturday Morning – When the Boys Are off Home on Furlough