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Ellis Island Image Library

Books, brochures, articles, and other ephemera provided photographs and Illustrations of the conditions and experiences of immigrants who chose to enter the United States via Ellis Island in New York from the late 1800s through World War I. Students and Family Historians are welcome to use these photographs to illustrate your reports and family histories.

Original Building at Ellis Island Immigrant Station, 1 January 1892.

Original Building at Ellis Island Immigrant Station, 1 January 1892. Ellis Island opened in New York Harbor as America's first federally-operated immigration station. In June 1897, the station burned down in a fire. While no one was seriously injured, the station was completely destroyed. It would have to be re-built. National Park Service # 24529. GGA Image ID # 148ff68214

Ellis Island, Looking East From Within the Ferry Basin, 1892-1897.

Ellis Island, Looking East From Within the Ferry Basin, 1892-1897. Note the Section of Preexisting Cribbing Refaced and Incorporated Into the Center of the Main Crib. NARA II, RG 121, BA-915-A. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1494c37a39

Ellis Island, looking east, 1892.

Ellis Island, Looking East, 1892. Note That This Is Taken From Outside the Breakwater at an Angle That Obscures the Ferry Basin; Also Note the Two Different Types of Crib Construction to the Left and Right. NARA II, RG 121, BCP-37 D-16. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 149542a7fc

Newly Arrived Immigrants at Ellis Island Awaiting Examination.

Newly Arrived Immigrants at Ellis Island Awaiting Examination. Underwood & Underwood [1890s]. Library of Congress # 2017660810. GGA Image ID # 1482a1ee41

Front Side of Vacinnation Certificate Card, Issued by the American Line to I. O. Kilgarriff on 5 March 1893

Front Side of Vacinnation Certificate Card, Issued by the American Line to I. O. Kilgarriff on 5 March 1893, a Passenger on the SS City of Berlin. This card must be kept by the Passenger to avoid detention by Quarantine in New York, or while traveling by Rail or Steamers in the United States. Text (on back side) in English, German and Danish. GG Archives Primary Source Immigration Collection. GGA Image ID # 14d7631859

Detained Immigrants on Ellis Island, New York Harbor.

Detained Immigrants on Ellis Island, New York Harbor. Drawn by M. Colin. Harper's Weekly, 26 August 1893. GGA Image ID # 1480e2094

Ellis Island Before the Fire on 14-15 June 1897 That Destroyed so Many Buildings.

Ellis Island Before the Fire on 14-15 June 1897 That Destroyed so Many Buildings That a New Plan for Improvement Was Made Possible. Photo Courtesy "The News," New York. The Chronicle of Ellis Island, 1935. GGA Image ID # 14df99a94c

A Bread Stand at Ellis Island, 1897.

A Bread Stand at Ellis Island, 1897. GGA Image ID # 14c7fca3f8

The New Buildings at Ellis Island Immigration Station - 1898

New Building for the Immigrant Station, Ellis Island, New York Harbor -- Boring & Tilton, Architects, Drawn by G. W. Peters. This was the first importatant commission of the firm, won by competiton in 1897 and completed in 1900. Largely because of its solution of the complicated problem relating to the movement of the immigrants through the main building, the firm was awarded a Gold Medal at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo and in 1904, the Silver Medal at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. Harper's Weekly, 26 February 1898. GGA Image ID # 14f4bb793e

"And the Christmas of the Immigrants at the Barge Office Is Not a Bad One, After All."

"And the Christmas of the Immigrants at the Barge Office Is Not a Bad One, After All." Drawn by W. O. Wilson. The Puritan, December 1898. GGA Image ID # 14f4df5842

Visitors, Toys, Sweets, and Playtime for Children.

"The Day When Visitors and Toys and Sweets Ani, Play Are All Theirs Without Restraint." Drawn by W. O. Wilson. The Puritan, December 1898. GGA Image ID # 14f53c5c62

The Board of Inquiry. The Men Who Pass Upon the Eligibility of Immigrants to Become Americans.

The Board of Inquiry. The Men Who Pass Upon the Eligibility of Immigrants to Become Americans. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c0091008

Hon. Thomas J. Fitchie, United States Commissioner of Immigration, Port Of New York.

Hon. Thomas J. Fitchie, United States Commissioner of Immigration, Port Of New York. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c00a6d74

Hon. E. F. McSweeney, Deputy Commissioner.

Hon. Edward F. McSweeney, Deputy Commissioner. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c019b239

Hungarian Peasants Passing Through the Barge Office.

Hungarian Peasants Passing Through the Barge Office. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c0244f77

A Motley Group of All Nations Who Have Failed to Pass the Inquisitor Ordeal.

A Motley Group of All Nations Who Have Failed to Pass the Inquisitor Ordeal. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c09a8781

Before the Board of Inquiry. A Russian Jew And Part of His Family of Eight.

Before the Board of Inquiry. A Russian Jew And Part of His Family of Eight. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c0a33d0b

A Line of Immigrants at the Last Gate of The Barge Office.

A Line of Immigrants at the Last Gate of The Barge Office Where Immigration Officers Make Their Final Approval of Their Entrance Papers to the United States. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c0a7a654

A Group of Russian Mennonites Who Have Just Passed the First Portals to American Citizenship.

A Group of Russian Mennonites Who Have Just Passed the First Portals to American Citizenship. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c0ade541

The Barge Office. The Immigrant's First View of The Metropolis Of New York.

The Barge Office. The Immigrant's First View of The Metropolis Of New York. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c0e4f3dc

The Narragansett, On-Board of Which Immigrants Are Quartered.

The Narragansett, On-Board of Which Immigrants Are Quartered. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899.  GGA Image ID # 14c1015229

Women's Sleeping Quarters on The Narragansett.

Women's Sleeping Quarters on The Narragansett. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c10d4eb6

Immigrants Going Aboard the Narragansett.

Immigrants Going Aboard the Narragansett. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c18ba55b

The Kitchen on The Narragansett.

The Kitchen on The Narragansett. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c1abc96d

The Men's Sleeping Quarters on The Narragansett.

The Men's Sleeping Quarters on The Narragansett. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c1b44a32

A Slavonian Giant and a Russian of Ordinary Size.

A Slavonian Giant and a Russian of Ordinary Size. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c22e7bdc

The Launch "Samoset," Used by Officials.

The Launch "Samoset," Used by Officials. Metropolitan Magazine, February 1899. GGA Image ID # 14c303cd79

Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island circa 1900.

Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island circa 1900. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration 90-G-125-17. NARA # 595034. GGA Image ID # 14e1f71757

Immigrants at Ellis Island Carrying Luggage. nd. George Grantham Bain Collection. Early 1900s.

Immigrants at Ellis Island Carrying Luggage. nd. George Grantham Bain Collection. Early 1900s. GGA Image ID # 14815a6de7

Immigrants Carrying Luggage at Ellis Island. nd. George Grantham Bain Collection. Early 1900s.

Immigrants Carrying Luggage at Ellis Island. nd. George Grantham Bain Collection. Early 1900s. GGA Image ID # 148177587f

Large Dutch Fmily Lines Up at Ellis Island. nd, circa Early 1900s.

Large Dutch Fmily Lines Up at Ellis Island. nd, circa Early 1900s. National Park Service # 646085. GGA Image ID # 1490593c8b

Immigrants at Meal Time at the Old Mess Hall at Ellis Island.

Immigrants at Meal Time at the Old Mess Hall at Ellis Island. nd, circa early 1900s. The Chronicle of Ellis Island, 1935. GGA image ID # 14ddd27404

Aerial View Showing the Newly Built Gateway to America, circa 1900.

Aerial View Showing the Newly Built Gateway to America, circa 1900. Photo Courtesy of "The News," New York. The Chronicle of Ellis Island, 1935. GGA Image ID # 14dd0b5245

Island Two From Island One, June 1901. (Ellis Island)

Island Two From Island One, June 1901. Note 1891 Breakwater Bulkhead Incorporated Into the Island's Construction. NARA II, RG I21, BCP-37 D-4. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1496669409

Immigrants Taking Their First Step Into Our Land of Freedom, Ellis Island, 25 June 1901.

Immigrants Taking Their First Step Into Our Land of Freedom, Ellis Island, 25 June 1901. Home Mission Monthly, August 1901. GGA Image ID # 14f62e90b3

Immigrant Bent on Serving Himself as He Chooses at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Bent on Serving Himself as He Chooses at Ellis Island. Home Mission Monthly, August 1901. GGA Image ID # 14f749363b

Bright-Faced Arabian Woman at Ellis Island Detention Pen.

Bright-Faced Arabian Woman at Ellis Island Detention Pen. Home Mission Monthly, August 1901. GGA Image ID # 14f7a30511

Small Boys Tugging at Big Bundles at Ellis Island.

Small Boys Tugging at Big Bundles at Ellis Island. Home Mission Monthly, August 1901. GGA Image ID # 14f7b8ad60

Two Young Dutch Mothers, Their Babies in Swaddling Clothes, On the Roof of Ellis Island.

Two Young Dutch Mothers, Their Babies in Swaddling Clothes, On the Roof of Ellis Island. Home Mission Monthly, August 1901. GGA Image ID # 14f7c27a80

Tender Brings New Immigrants to Landing at Ellis Island.

Tender Brings New Immigrants to Landing at Ellis Island. Emigrants coming up the board-walk from the barge, which has taken them off the steamship company's docks, and transported them to Ellis Island. The big building in the background is the new hospital just opened. The ferry-boat seen in the middle of the picture, runs from New York to Ellis Island. Quarantine Sketches, The Maltine Company, 1902 [2]. Library of Congress # 97501086. GGA Image ID # 148396ba43

Immigration Officers Examining Documents and Immigrants at Ellis Island Immigration Station.

Immigration Officers Examining Documents and Immigrants at Ellis Island Immigration Station. Halftone reproduction of photograph in Quarantine sketches, a pamphlet published as advertising by Maltine Co. in 1902.[2] Library of Congress # 93512805. GGA Image ID # 148406cacc

Doctor's Inspection of Suspects for Skin Diseases, Etc. 1902.

Doctor's Inspection of Suspects for Skin Diseases, Etc. 1902 Quarantine Sketches, The Maltine Company.[2] Library of Congress # 96506921. GGA Image ID # 14846769a1

New Hospital Building at Ellis Island, Quarantine Buildings on Swinburn Island and Hoffman Island.

New Hospital Building at Ellis Island, Quarantine Buildings on Swinburn Island and Hoffman Island. All Suspects Are Transferred to Swinburn Island to Await Development of Disease. Emigrants are Sent to Hoffman Island When Afflicted With Contagious Diseases. The Last Building in the Ground is the Crematory. 1902 Quarantine Setches. The Maltine Company. [2] Library of Congress # 96506912. GGA Image ID # 148474bae3

Halftone Panaorama of New Hospital Building, Ellis Island, 1902.

Halftone Panaorama of New Hospital Building, Ellis Island, 1902. Library of Congress, Division of Prints and Photography, U.S. Geographic File, Digital ID cph 3cI6221. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 149693edc4

Undesirable Emigrants Held at Ellis Island to be Sent Back to Their Home Country by the Steamship Company that Brought Them.

Undesirable Emigrants Held at Ellis Island to be Sent Back to Their Home Country by the Steamship Company that Brought Them. 1902 Halftone reproduction of photograph in Quarantine sketches, a pamphlet published as advertising by the Maltine Co. [2] Library of Congress # 93512789. GGA Image ID # 148476c613

Detention Pen On the Roof of the Main Building at Ellis Island, Where Emigrants Held for Deportation May Go in Fine Weather.

Detention Pen On the Roof of the Main Building at Ellis Island, Where Emigrants Held for Deportation May Go in Fine Weather. 1902 Quarantine Setches. The Maltine Company.[2] Library of Congress # 96506924. GGA Image ID # 148480ecb4

The landing of the New Immigrants Passed From the Ferry-Boat Which Brings Them From Ellis Island to the Battery Outside of Barge Office in New York.

The landing of the New Immigrants Passed From the Ferry-Boat Which Brings Them From Ellis Island to the Battery Outside of Barge Office in New York. 1902 Quarantine Setches. The Maltine Company.[2] Library of Congress # 96506927. GGA Image ID # 1487dfb7ee

Two Typical Female Emigrants at Ellis Island.

Two Typical Female Emigrants at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14aaeb8ef7

Quarantine Station and Adjacent Laboratory at Ellis Island

Quarantine Station and Adjacent Laboratory at Ellis Island -- Office of Dr. Doty, Where Boarding Doctors Wait for the Signal, Two Whistles, Informing Them of the Approch of an Incoming Steamer. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ab306fbe

The Doctors Head out to Meet up With the Ship to Begin Processing Immigrants.

The Doctors Head out to Meet up With the Ship to Begin Processing Immigrants. the Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ab8ad189

Disinfecting Apparatus -- On Board the "James W. Wadsworth."

Disinfecting Apparatus -- On Board the "James W. Wadsworth." The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ab8f81c4

The New Hospital Building at Ellis Island; Swinburn Island; and Hoffman Island.

The New Hospital Building at Ellis Island; Swinburn Island; and Hoffman Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14abb336f1

New Hospital Building at Ellis Island.

New Hospital Building at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14abb45ac9

Interior View of the Main Building at Ellis Island.

Interior View of the Main Building at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14abf6381a

Potential Immigrants Wait in the Area Known as the Emigrant Pen at Ellis Island.

Potential Immigrants Wait in the Area Known as the Emigrant Pen at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ac3181fc

Immigrants FIling Past the Doctors at Ellis Island.

Immigrants FIling Past the Doctors at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ac3e1876

Doctor's Inspection of Suspects for Skin Diseases. Etc.

Doctor's Inspection of Suspects for Skin Diseases. Etc. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ac9c01b3

Doctor's Examination —Stopping an Emigrant Suspected of Defective Eyesight.

Doctor's Examination —Stopping an Emigrant Suspected of Defective Eyesight. He Will Be Detained for Further Examination to Ascertain If This Defect Would Prevent Him From Earning a Living. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14acb38042

Emigrants Shown Into Pens

Emigrants Shown Into Pens — All Emigrants Are Invoiced on a Bill of Lading, Comprising Thirty Persons, Each Emigrant Has a Ticket, the Number of Which Corresponds to That on the Bill of Lading and Also to a Corresponding Number of a Pen, Where They Are Held to Await Further Examination. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14acc1ed87

Detention Pens —After Emigrants Are Passed, Those Waiting for Friends Are Placed Into Pens

Detention Pens —After Emigrants Are Passed, Those Waiting for Friends Are Placed Into Pens, According to Nationalities, and Friends Are Referred to Either the German, Italian, or Other Pens. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ad16585b

Detention Pen — on Roof of Main Building, Ellis Island.

Detention Pen — on Roof of Main Building, Ellis Island, Where Emigrants Held for Deportation May Go in Fine Weather. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ad2adfa7

Held at Ellis Island— Undesirable Emigrants to Be Taken Back by Steamship Company That Brought Them.

Held at Ellis Island — Undesirable Emigrants to Be Taken Back by Steamship Company That Brought Them. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ad5c51b4

Men's Ward — in the New Hospital Building at Ellis Island.

Men's Ward — in the New Hospital Building at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14adb8a33e

Dining Hall Located in the Main Building at Ellis Island.

Dining Hall Located in the Main Building at Ellis Island. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14add9a799

Final Discharge From Ellis Island

Final Discharge From Ellis Island—the Emigrant Showing Passport, Money, and Answering Questions With a View to Ascertaining Whether He Is Likely to Become a Charge on the Country, Is Amenable to the Contract Labor Law, Etc. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ae20fc90

Landing at Ellis Island—View Shows Emigrants Coming up the Board-Walk From the Barge

Landing at Ellis Island—View Shows Emigrants Coming up the Board-Walk From the Barge, Which Has Taken Them off the Steamship Company's Docks, and Transported Them to Ellis Island. the Big Building in the Background Is the New Hospital, Just Opened. the Ferry-Boat Seen in the Middle of the Picture, Runs From New York to Ellis Island.The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14ae5e6e32

Transporting Emigrants— Direct From Ellis Island to the Fall River Line Pier via the Tender "Hazel Kirk."

Transporting Emigrants— Direct From Ellis Island to the Fall River Line Pier via the Tender "Hazel Kirk." The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14aedf7f1d

Landing of the Emigrants Outside of Barge Office at the Battery.

Landing of the Emigrants Outside of Barge Office at the Battery, New York, Passed From the Ferry-Boat Which Brings Them From Ellis Island to the Battery. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14af1692e6

Kissing Gates of America — Friend Greeting Emigrant Just Discharged.

Kissing Gates of America — Friend Greeting Emigrant Just Discharged. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14af1b0021

Money Exchange Depot — Exchanging Foreign Money for American.

Money Exchange Depot — Exchanging Foreign Money for American. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14af70227d

Railway Department —This Is Where the Emigrant Purchases His Ticket for His Final Destination, Officials Assist Them in Checking Their Luggage, Etc.

Railway Department —This Is Where the Emigrant Purchases His Ticket for His Final Destination, Officials Assist Them in Checking Their Luggage, Etc. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14af97a888

Baggage Room at Ellis Island — for Out-Going Matter.

Baggage Room at Ellis Island — for Out-Going Matter. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14afbe31a5

Another Method of Transporting Emigrants.

Another Method of Transporting Emigrants. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14b0ab4419

A Family Group Photo of Newly Arrived Immigrants.

A Family Group Photo of Newly Arrived Immigrants. The Maltine Company, Quarantine Sketches, 1902. GGA Image ID # 14b1519f8f

Physician Examins Emigrant Suspected of Having Defective Vision. He will be Detained for Further Examination.

Physician Examins Emigrant Suspected of Having Defective Vision. He will be Detained for Further Examination to Ascertain if this Defect would Prevent Him from Earning a Living. 1902 Library of Congress # 93512778. GGA Image ID # 14869faabc

Front Side, Inspection Card for Immigrant and Steerage Passengers, for Norwegian Immigrant Hans Johansen Røsholt of Rårdal, Norway.

Front Side, Inspection Card for Immigrant and Steerage Passengers, for Norwegian Immigrant Hans Johansen Røsholt of Rårdal, Norway, Departing from Liverpool 2 April 1902 on the White Star Line RMS Germanic, Contract # PF2 32915, Passenger Manifest Page 13. Primary Source Immigrant Document Collection, GG Archives. GGA Image ID # 14d7f58a23

Young Irishmen Ready for Politics

Young Irishmen Ready for Politics. World's Work, July 1902. GGA Image ID # 1500378256

Immigrant Detained for Special Inquiry at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Detained for Special Inquiry at Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f7ecd3ca

Immigrant Woman from Holland at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Woman from Holland at Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f81b53d1

Polish Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island.

Polish Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f830fb92

Woman and Child Waiting in one of the Railway Detention Rooms at Ellis Island.

Woman and Child Waiting in one of the Railway Detention Rooms at Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f854ef00

Two Male Immigrants Wait in the Detention Pen - Men Who Will Be Deported as Not Desirable.

Two Male Immigrants Wait in the Detention Pen - Men Who Will Be Deported as Not Desirable. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f8bcb15e

Russian Jewish Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Russian Jewish Immigrants at Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f8dee81a

A Typical Italian Immigrant Family at Ellis Island.

A Typical Italian Immigrant Family at Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f9097c8d

Peasants from Norway on the Roof at Ellis Island Awaiting Deportation.

Peasants from Norway on the Roof at Ellis Island Awaiting Deportation. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f926aa32

Immigrant Waits at Ellis Island Until Her Friends Arrive.

Immigrant Waits at Ellis Island Until Her Friends Arrive. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f95c1c43

Two Swedish Immigrant Girls on Their Way to Wisconsin.

Two Swedish Immigrant Girls on Their Way to Wisconsin. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f9ae759e

Coming to a New Land in Her Old Age.

Coming to a New Land in Her Old Age. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14f9c658bd

Polish Immigrant Women Going from a Barge to the Immigration Building on Ellis Island.

Polish Immigrant Women Going from a Barge to the Immigration Building on Ellis Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14fa68bb30

Immigrants Landing on Ellis Island.

Immigrants Landing on Ellis Island. The Immigrants are Brought in Barges from the Ships to the Island. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14fb560442

Released Italians Waiting for the Boat to Take Them to New York.

Released Italians Waiting for the Boat to Take Them to New York. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14fb8d46c7

Dutch Peasants at Ellis Island

Dutch Peasants at Ellis Island -- Mother, Son, Daughter-in-Law, and Grandchild Come to Make a Home in the West. Photograph by Arthur Hewitt. The World's Work, October 1902. GGA Image ID # 14fbabea77

William Williams (1862–1947), Commissioner of Immigration at Ellis Island. nd circa 1902-1910.

William Williams (1862–1947), Commissioner of Immigration at Ellis Island. nd circa 1902-1910. He served from 1902 to 1905 and again, from 1909 to 1914. His office was on Ellis Island, which was the location of the nation's most important immigrant inspection station. Manuscripts and Archives Division, New York Public Library. NYPL # 1693110. GGA Image ID # 14e7e4f1ae

Dining Hall at Ellis Island. Edwin Levick Photograph 29162. nd, circa 1902-1913.

Dining Hall at Ellis Island. Edwin Levick Photograph 29162. nd, circa 1902-1913. Part of the The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library # 416771. GGA Image ID # 14de65a9e1

Ellis Island Immigrant Depot, New York. (1903)

Ellis Island Immigrant Depot, New York. The Alien Immigrant, 1903. GGA Image ID # 149aa62bd6

Immigrants Flocking to the US.

Immigrants Flocking to the US. Drawing by G. W. Peters. The Century Magazine, March 1903. GGA Image ID # 1500b7048a

Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island, Serving Soup on the Roof Garden.

Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island, Serving Soup on the Roof Garden. Drawn by G. W. Peters. Half-Tone Plate Engraved by W. Miller. The Century Magazine, March 1903. GGA Image ID # 1500dd0f7e

The Registry Desk at Ellis Island.

The Registry Desk at Ellis Island. Drawing by G. W. Peters. Half-Tone Plate Engraved by W. Miller. The Century Magazine, March 1903. GGA Image ID # 1501218c24

The New York Detention Room at Ellis Island.

The New York Detention Room at Ellis Island. Drawing by G. W. Peters. Half-Tone Plate Engraved by R. C. Collins. The Century Magazine, March 1903. GGA Image ID # 15014d6386

Immigrants Entering New York City.

Immigrants Entering New York City. Drawing by G. W. Peters. The Century Magazine, March 1903. GGA Image ID # 1501757edf

President Roosevelt Visits Ellis Island, 16 September 1903.

President Roosevelt Visits Ellis Island, 16 September 1903. Manuscripts and Archives Division, New York Public Library. NYPL # 1693104. GGA Image ID # 14e7479d00

Receiving Room at Ellis Island, 1904.

Receiving Room at Ellis Island, 1904. GGA Image ID # 14c8277fb9

Group of Immigrants at Ellis Island, 1904.

Group of Immigrants at Ellis Island, 1904. GGA Image ID # 14c8d7a48d

Left: Croatian and Italian Immigrants. Right: Swedish Immigrants Arrive at Ellis Island

Left: Croatian and Italian Immigrants. Right: Swedish Immigrants Arrive at Ellis Island Wearing the Immigrant ID Tag on their Outer Jacket. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a8697483

Loading Up the Ellis Island Barges with Immigrants in New York.

Loading Up the Ellis Island Barges with Immigrants in New York. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a90333dd

Rushing Immigrants onto Ellis Island Barges.

Rushing Immigrants onto Ellis Island Barges. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a907ae9f

Inspectors and Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Inspectors and Immigrants at Ellis Island. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a96ab2d5

Immigrants Heading to the Stairway of Separation at Ellis Island.

Immigrants Heading to the Stairway of Separation at Ellis Island. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a97202d9

Checking Into the Detention Pen at Ellis Island.

Checking Into the Detention Pen at Ellis Island. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a9e1fe60

Excluding the Elderly from Immigrating to the United States.

Excluding the Elderly from Immigrating to the United States. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a9ff02dd

Ellis Island Waiting Rooms for Friends of Incoming Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Ellis Island Waiting Rooms for Friends of Incoming Immigrants at Ellis Island. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14a9ff72fb

The Immigrant's Track Through Ellis Island.

The Immigrant's Track Through Ellis Island. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14aa242080

Mr. Broughton Brandenberg as He Passed Through Ellis Island.

Mr. Broughton Brandenberg as He Passed Through Ellis Island. Broughton Brandenburg, Imported Americans 1904. GGA Image ID # 14aad722bc

Typical Immigrants at the Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York.

Typical Immigrants at the Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York. Blandt Udvandrede Nordmænd/Among Expatriate Norwegians, 1904. GGA Image ID # 14efcefcd4

Ellis Island Immigration Station, New York.

Ellis Island Immigration Station, New York. Blandt Udvandrede Nordmænd/Among Expatriate Norwegians, 1904. GGA Image ID # 14f00b5836

Typical Immigrants at the Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York.

Typical Immigrants at the Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York. Blandt Udvandrede Nordmænd/Among Expatriate Norwegians, 1904. GGA Image ID # 14f0190885

Foreigners Arriving at the Immigration Station, Ellis Island, New York.

Foreigners Arriving at the Immigration Station, Ellis Island, New York. Blandt Udvandrede Nordmænd/Among Expatriate Norwegians, 1904. GGA Image ID # 14f0303b95

Italian Immigrants Leaving The Office Of The Society For The Protection Of Italian Immigrants.

Italian Immigrants Leaving The Office Of The Society For The Protection Of Italian Immigrants. Photograph by Rockwood. The World's Work, October 1904. GGA Image ID # 14f2b35e79

Italian Immigrants on the Roof of Ellis Island Buiding.

Italian Immigrants on the Roof of Ellis Island Buiding. The boy in the foreground, when asked to take a loaf of bread out of his pocket, exclaimed, "No, I came to this country for bread." Photograph by Rockwood, Courtesy of the Society for the Protection of Italian Immigrants. The World's Work, October 1904. GGA Image ID # 14f2c3c74b

A Slavic Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island in 1905.

A Slavic Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island in 1905. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. New York Public Library MFZ (Hine) 93-6226. NYPL 91PH056.008. GGA Image ID # 14e474ee48

Italian Family Looking for Lost Luggage at Ellis Island, 1905.

Italian Family Looking for Lost Luggage at Ellis Island, 1905. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library. NYPL # 79878. GGA Image ID # 14e47f27fb

Slavic Mothers Newly Arrived at Ellis Island, 1905.

Slavic Mothers Newly Arrived at Ellis Island, 1905. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library. NYPL # 79882. GGA Image ID # 14e6004cf6

Registration Room, Ellis Island, NYC.

Registration Room, Ellis Island, NYC. Photo Only Copyright © 1905 by the Rotograph Co. The Rotograph Co, NYC # A 88b. Printed in Germany. Postcard Postally Used 15 March 1908. GG Archives Immigration Postcard Collection. GGA Image ID # 14f580cdbe

A Family of Seven Sons and One Daughter at Ellis Island circa 1905.

A Family of Seven Sons and One Daughter at Ellis Island circa 1905. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library. NYPL # 79883. GGA Image ID # 14e684017b

A Private Interview Between a Young Immigrant and an Ellis Island Official.

A Private Interview Between a Young Immigrant and an Ellis Island Official. Two Staff Members [?] are also Present. nd, circa 1905. Manuscrips and Archives Division, New York Public Library. NYPL # 1693107. GGA Image ID # 14e79e4a21

View of the Immigrant Landing Station at Ellis Island. © 24 February 1905 A. Loeffler, Tompkinsville, NY. Library of Congress # 97502077.

View of the Immigrant Landing Station at Ellis Island. © 24 February 1905 A. Loeffler, Tompkinsville, NY. Library of Congress # 97502077. GGA Image ID # 1484052975

Hon. Robert Watchorn, Commissioner of Immigration at Ellis Island. Dun's Review, International Edition, July 1905.

Hon. Robert Watchorn, Commissioner of Immigration at Ellis Island. Dun's Review, International Edition, July 1905. GGA Image ID # 1464c05b41

Large Scottish Immigrant Family Arrived on the SS Caledonia at Ellis Island 17 September 1905.

Large Scottish Immigrant Family Arrived on the SS Caledonia at Ellis Island 17 September 1905. Typed Inscription at Top Reads: "John D. Third and family , natives of Scotland, Arrived[?] on SS Caledonia, September 17, 1905. Went to Friend, John Fleming, Anniston, Alabama." National Park Service # 658FC5DC. GGA Image ID # 1492e14c70

Government Building at Ellis Island, Just off the Battery in New York

Government Building at Ellis Island, Just off the Battery in New York, Where Immigrants Land and Are Inspected and Checked Off; From Here Barges Convey Immigrants to Various Transportation Stations. System - A Monthly Magazine, October 1905. GGA Image ID # 14f200bb2e

U.S. Immigration Service Boat Which Carries Visitors to Eilis Island and Immigrants Free of Charge Between the Island and the Battery.

U.S. Immigration Service Boat Which Carries Visitors to Eilis Island and Immigrants Free of Charge Between the Island and the Battery. System - A Monthly Magazine, October 1905. GGA Image ID # 14f2111fa6

Immigrants Just Arriving at Ellis Island

Immigrants Just Arriving at Ellis Island—as They Look on Disembarking From the Steerage Quarters of the Ocean Liner, Carrying All Their Worldly Possessions With Them. System - A Monthly Magazine, October 1905. GGA Image ID # 14f22e48b8

Registration Room in Ellis Island

Registration Room in Ellis Island, Where Immigrants Are Examined and Classified According to the Railroad or Steamship Stations to Which They Are to Be Sent to Continue Their Journey. System - A Monthly Magazine, October 1905. GGA Image ID # 14f237f59a

An Appeal from the Special Inqury Board to Commissioner Watchorn at Ellis Island.

An Appeal from the Special Inqury Board to Commissioner Watchorn at Ellis Island. Aliens or Americans?, 1906. GGA Image ID # 1464cbebce

Immigrants on Deck of an Ocean Liner Just Before Landing in the United States. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

Immigrants on Deck of an Ocean Liner Just Before Landing in the United States. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147b8ae873

The Inspectors Who Meet the Immigrants. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

The Inspectors Who Meet the Immigrants. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147bd18886

Group of Newly Arrived Immigrants at Ellis Island. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

Group of Newly Arrived Immigrants at Ellis Island. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147be812de

Immigrant Children from Europe. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

Immigrant Children from Europe. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147c6d49a4

Immigrants Paraded In Front of the Camera at Ellis Island. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

Immigrants Paraded In Front of the Camera at Ellis Island. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147cc7864f

Two Russian Immigrant Women. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

Two Russian Immigrant Women. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147d054afb

An Immigrant's First Photograph. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

An Immigrant's First Photograph. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147d548021

An Immigrant Under Inspection at Ellis Island. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906.

An Immigrant Under Inspection at Ellis Island. Lessons for Junior Citizens, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147d691c41

Immigrants at the Gate. With tickets fastened to coats and dresses, the immigrants pass out through the gate to enter their new inheritance, and become our fellow citizens. From Stereograph. © 1904 Underwood & Underwood, NY.

Immigrants at the Gate. With tickets fastened to coats and dresses, the immigrants pass out through the gate to enter their new inheritance, and become our fellow citizens. From Stereograph. © 1904 Underwood & Underwood, NY. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147d7cba5d

Ellis Island, Main Building and Main Crib Wall, ca. 1904-1910.

Ellis Island, Main Building and Main Crib Wall, ca. 1904-1910. NARA II, RG 121,90-G 90-4. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 14956aa154

Immigrants Arriving in Barges at Ellis Island, Waiting to be Admitted - 1905.

Immigrants Arriving in Barges at Ellis Island, Waiting to be Admitted - 1905. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection, New York Public Library. NYPL # 801533. GGA Image ID # 14ea8e139c

Immigrant Steerage Passengers on the Deck of an Ocean Liner as Seen by a Lady of the First Cabin.

Immigrant Steerage Passengers on the Deck of an Ocean Liner as Seen by a Lady of the First Cabin. The Fellowship of the Steerage Makes Good Comrades, Where No Barriers Exist and Introductions are Neither Possible nor Necessary. From Stereograph. © 1905 Underwood & Underwood, NY. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147dc1ee71

The Great Examination Hall at Ellis Island where Immigrants wait, with Curiosity or Anxiety.

The Great Examination Hall at Ellis Island where Immigrants wait, with Curiosity or Anxiety, the decision that Shall Give Them Entrance to the New Home or Consign Them Again to the Old World Strife. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147dfc8e5f

Rejected Emigrants Awaiting Return to Their Country of Origin.

Rejected Emigrants Awaiting Return to Their Country of Origin. Not merely the dangerous elements are refused admission, but those who for reasons of ill health of mind or body, or inability to work, are likey to prove a hinderance rather than a help. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147e163152

Emigrants Say Farewell to Home and Friends as They Board the Steamship Bound for America.

Emigrants Say Farewell to Home and Friends as They Board the Steamship Bound for America. Close of kin to us are the Scandinavians, not only in race, but in thought and ideals. More than any other element do they blend quickly and thoroughly with our national life. From Stereograph. © 1905 Underwood & Underwood, NY. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147e52718d

Jewish Immigrants from Russia at Ellis Island.

Jewish Immigrants from Russia at Ellis Island. The root of the persecution of the Russian Jew is found in his superior ability to cope with the difficutlites of existence, in his thrift and shewdness which knows no bounds. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147e6e6549

Immigrants from Montenegro - The Black Mountain.

Immigrants from Montenegro - The Black Mountain. [1] There is no more sturdy stock in Europe than the Slav of Montenegro, some more ready to turn from gun to wood axe, form blood-revenge to citizenship. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147e702aa7

Group of Deported Servian Gypsies Without the Pale.

Group of Deported Servian Gypsies Without the Pale. Not Alwyas is the adverse decision of the Commissioner so easy as in the case of some Servian gypsies who, deported from New York, found their way to Canada and quickly made police records. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147f13d6ca

Group of Romanian Immigrants Destined for the Prairie.

Group of Romanian Immigrants Destined for the Prairie. From Romania to the sheeep farms of the west is a long journey. Those who make it form a most useful element in the development of the country. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147f1fe70f

Slovakian Immigrant, Sometimes Crude, Often Very Rough Human Material.

Slovakian Immigrant, Sometimes Crude, Often Very Rough Human Material. To Mold Him is the Problem, a Problem too, not so Difficult as many Think. On the Trail of the Immigrant, 1906. GGA Image ID # 147fa9ca3b

Emigrants in "Pens" at Ellis Island, New York, Probably On or Near Christmas (Note the Decorations).

Emigrants in "Pens" at Ellis Island, New York, Probably On or Near Christmas (Note the Decorations). Photograph shows room filled with immigrants sitting in numbered pens. c1906 Underwood & Underwood. Library of Congress # 2012646352. GGA Image ID # 1483f97a23

Immigration Office at Ellis Island, Through Which a Million Aliens a Year Enter America.

Immigration Office at Ellis Island, Through Which a Million Aliens a Year Enter America. A Unique Perspective as this Photograph is a Side View of the Main Building. It Includes Several of the Out Buildings on the Surrounding Islands. The Search-Light, 28 April 1906. GGA Image ID # 14d7b98783

Ellis Island Immigrant Station -- One of the Small Barges in the Foreground.

Ellis Island Immigrant Station -- One of the Small Barges in the Foreground. Commercial America, July 1906. GGA Image ID # 14f3d6a3a6

Immigrants Walking from the Barge Landing to the Main Building at the Ellis Island Immigrant Station.

Immigrants Walking from the Barge Landing to the Main Building at the Ellis Island Immigrant Station. Commercial America, July 1906. GGA Image ID # 14f42a4a6e

Immigrants Getting Railroad Tickets at Ellis Island.

Immigrants Getting Railroad Tickets at Ellis Island. Commerical America, July 1906. GGA Image ID # 14f43ff8eb

Immigrants Pass Through the Barge Office Gate.

Immigrants Pass Through the Barge Office Gate. Commercial America, July 1906. GGA Image ID # 14f45b928e

Physicians at Ellis Island Examine Group of Jewish Immigrants.

Physicians at Ellis Island Examine Group of Jewish Immigrants. Photograph shows immigrants gathered in small room, two with shirts off being examined by physicians; eye chart written in Hebrew hangs on wall. Underwood & Underwood ca 1907. GGA Image ID # 14837b0981

A Bearded Immigrant Appearing Before a Board of Inquiry at Ellis Island.

A Bearded Immigrant Appearing Before a Board of Inquiry at Ellis Island. The Board of Inquiry Determines If a Prospective Immigrant Can Remain in the Country. Photograph by Edwin Levick ca 1907. NYPL # 1693106. GGA Image ID # 14f49b3580

Recently Arrived Immigrants at Ellis Island. © 1907 Underwood & Underwood.

Recently Arrived Immigrants at Ellis Island. © 1907 Underwood & Underwood. Photograph shows a large crowd of newly arrived emigrants gathered outside main building. Library of Congress # 2012646347. GGA Image ID # 1483ae3972

Immigrants Arriving at Ellis Island in 1907.

Immigrants Arriving at Ellis Island in 1907. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 97519082. GGA Image ID # 14859ef80d

View of Island Two from Island One, 1907.

View of Island Two from Island One, 1907. NARA II, RG I21, 90-G-90-27. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 149701bc43

Some of the Baltic's Boatload of 1,000 Marriageable Girls Looking Down from the Railing on the White Star Liner.

Some of the Baltic's Boatload of 1,000 Marriageable Girls Looking Down from the Railing on the White Star Liner. 1907 George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704440. GGA Image ID # 148815fc2e

One of the 1,000 Marriageable Girls on the RMS Baltic Destined for Ellis Island. 1907

One of the 1,000 Marriageable Girls on the RMS Baltic Destined for Ellis Island. 1907 George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704430. GGA Image ID # 14883902df

Immigrants Leaving Ellis Island Bound for Different Places in the West.

Immigrants Leaving Ellis Island Bound for Different Places in the West. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d4e6ed5b

Immigrants Lounging on the Steps of the Immigrant Station.

Immigrants Lounging on the Steps of the Immigrant Station. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d50b476e

Immigrants are Lined Up and Waiting for the Signal to Board the Boat for Jersey City.

Immigrants are Lined Up and Waiting for the Signal to Board the Boat for Jersey City, Whence They Take Trains for Western Points. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d5195cf2

Immigrants Enjoying a Meal in America -- Food and Clothing Carried in the Same Satchel.

Immigrants Enjoying a Meal in America -- Food and Clothing Carried in the Same Satchel. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d530f49a

Stream of Newcomers That are Being Diverted to the Southern States.

Stream of Newcomers That are Being Diverted to the Southern States. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d542504a

Pens on the "Railroad Floor" Where Immigrants are Grouped According to Destination and Supplied With Railraod Tickets.

Pens on the "Railroad Floor" Where Immigrants are Grouped According to Destination and Supplied With Railraod Tickets. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d550110b

Immigrants Anxiously Looking for the First Chance to Leave Ellis Island.

Immigrants Anxiously Looking for the First Chance to Leave Ellis Island. Leslie's Weekly, 18 April 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d6153960

Portion of the 1,000 Marriageable Women from the RMS Baltic, 27 September 1909.

Portion of the 1,000 Marriageable Women from the RMS Baltic originating from Liverpool and Queenstown (Cobh), 27 September 1907. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704439. GGA Image ID # 1487eb048e

Two More of the "Baltic's" 1,000 Girls at Ellis Island. 1907

Two More of the "Baltic's" 1,000 Girls at Ellis Island. 1907 George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704436. GGA Image ID # 1489ae592b

Steerage Passengers on Their Way to Ellis Island.

Steerage Passengers on Their Way to Ellis Island. The Steerage Crowds at They Looked in 1907. Huddled Together Between Their Boxes and Bales, Masses of Strangers Hurried to These Shores. Photo Courtesy of "The News," New York. The Chronicle of Ellis Island, 1935. GGA Image ID # 14ddb8f39f

Women and Childing Passing the Time in the Detention Pen in the Cool and Airy Roof Garden at Ellis Island.

Women and Childing Passing the Time in the Detention Pen in the Cool and Airy Roof Garden at Ellis Island. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d62dae0b

Immigrants Purchasing Food in Paper Boxes Before Leaving Ellis Island for New York.

Immigrants Purchasing Food in Paper Boxes Before Leaving Ellis Island for New York. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d6387c4c

Potential Citizens With All Their Worldly Possessions in Their Hands or on Their Backs.

Potential Citizens With All Their Worldly Possessions in Their Hands or on Their Backs. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d6778ac7

View of the Men's Dormitory at Ellis Island.

View of the Men's Dormitory at Ellis Island. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d699da49

Bunks and Wash Basins in the Dormitory for Women and Children at Ellis Island.

Bunks and Wash Basins in the Dormitory for Women and Children at Ellis Island. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d6a5e586

Steamers and Barges in Which the Immigrants are Brought to Ellis Island from the Ocean Liners.

Steamers and Barges in Which the Immigrants are Brought to Ellis Island from the Ocean Liners. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d6cfe750

Immigrants Beginning Their Long Journey to Western Farms -- Note the Luncheon Boxes.

Immigrants Beginning Their Long Journey to Western Farms -- Note the Luncheon Boxes. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d729742e

An Interpreter Interupting a Group of Immigrants to Explain Some of the Customs of the New Country.

An Interpreter Interupting a Group of Immigrants to Explain Some of the Customs of the New Country. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d73224a4

Railroad Waiting Room Where Tickets To Any Part of the Country are Sold.

Railroad Waiting Room Where Tickets To Any Part of the Country are Sold. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d7495a5d

Surgeons Examining Immigrants for Trachoma.

Surgeons Examining Immigrants for Trachoma. Leslie's Weekly, 24 October 1907. GGA Image ID # 14d7551c47

A Duchess Concerned in the Welfare of Aliens at Ellis Island.

A Duchess Concerned in the Welfare of Aliens at Ellis Island. Notable Group Pictured During the Recent Visit on 15 November 1907 of the Duchess of Marlborough to the Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York Harbor. Left to right: Mrs. Clarence H. Mackay, Commissioner of Immigration, Robert Watchorn, The Duchess of Marlborough, and Clarence H. Mackay. Leslie's Weekly, 5 December 1907. GGA Image ID # 14dda730bc

Polish Emigrant Boarding the SS President Grant Carrying Trunk on His Shoulder, 18 November 1907.

Polish Emigrant Boarding the SS President Grant Carrying Trunk on His Shoulder, 18 November 1907. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704434. GGA Image ID # 1488a6df5f

Interpreter and Recorder Interviewing Newcomers to Ellis Island, 1908.

Interpreter and Recorder Interviewing Newcomers to Ellis Island, 1908. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library. NYPL # 79880. GGA Image ID # 14e56a782b

Group of Immigrants Waiting at Ellis Island, 1908.

Group of Immigrants Waiting at Ellis Island, 1908. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library. NYPL # 79881. GGA Image ID # 14e5b9f7de

Immigrant Children at Ellis Island, New York, ca. 1908.

Immigrant Children at Ellis Island, New York, ca. 1908. © Brown Bros., New York. Part of the Public Health Service Historical Photograph File, 1880-1943. National Archives and Records Administration # 6341034. GGA Image ID # 14e04b32d7

Immigrants Passed and Waiting to Leave Ellis Island on the Next Barge. nd circa 1908

Immigrants Passed and Waiting to Leave Ellis Island on the Next Barge. nd circa 1908 (1902-1913). Photograph by Edwin Levick. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection, New York Public Library. NYPL # 416751. GGA Image ID # 14e7e808a3

Ferry Docked at Adjacent Pier at Ellis Island Immigrant Station. nd, ca 1908

Ferry Docked at Adjacent Pier at Ellis Island Immigrant Station. nd, ca 1908 (1902-1913). Photograph by Edwin Levick (#7460). The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection, New York Public Library. NYPL # 416752. GGA Image ID # 14e824ebba

Out Buildings Near Ellis Island Pier; Immigrants Can be Seen with Trunks and Luggage. nd, ca 1908

Out Buildings Near Ellis Island Pier; Immigrants Can be Seen with Trunks and Luggage. nd, ca 1908 (1902-1913). Photograph by Edwin Levik (#23023). The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection, New York Public Library. NYPL # 416770. GGA Image ID # 14e8367c42

Immigrants Undergo Medical Examination at Ellis Island ca. 1908 (1902-1913).

Immigrants Undergo Medical Examination at Ellis Island ca. 1908 (1902-1913). Photograph by Edwin Levick from the William Williams Collection. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection, New York Public Library. NYPL # 416754. GGA Image ID # 14ea9ea1e3

Robert Watchorn, Commissioner of Immigration at the Port of New York.

Robert Watchorn, Commissioner of Immigration at the Port of New York. Photo © The Outlook. The Baptist Home Missionary Monthly, March 1908. GGA Image ID # 14d2da68cf

Typical Jewish Immigrant at Ellis Island.

Typical Jewish Immigrant at Ellis Island. Photo © The Outlook. The Baptist Home Mission Monthly, March 1908. GGA Image ID # 14d2fdf7cd

A Single Immigrant Family from Holland -- The Type of Immigrants We Want More Of.

A Single Immigrant Family from Holland -- The Type of Immigrants We Want More Of. The Baptist Home Mission Monthly, March 1908. GGA Image ID # 14d456f823

A Mother and Daughter Mark a Bright Spot at Ellis Island.

A Mother and Daughter Mark a Bright Spot at Ellis Island. The Baptist Home Mission Monthly, March 1908. GGA Image ID # 14d47d824a

Antonia Piestincola, 37, Italian Piper, Arrived on the SS San Giovanni 12 May 1908 at Ellis Island.

Antonia Piestincola, 37, Italian Piper, Arrived on the SS San Giovanni 12 May 1908 at Ellis Island. National Park Service # 657ECEFE. GGA Image ID # 149370edf9

Dutch Mother, Johanna Dykhof, 40, with Her Eleven Children at Ellis Island. They Arrived on the SS Noordam, 8 May 1908

Dutch Mother, Johanna Dykhof, 40, with Her Eleven Children at Ellis Island. They Arrived on the SS Noordam, 8 May 1908, and Intend to Move to Loretta, Minnesota from Holland. National Park Service # 658CB6AF. GGA Image ID # 14949b32c7

An Italian Family. The Man Tried to Pass as her Husband, but was Found to be Her Brother.

An Italian Family. The Man Tried to Pass as her Husband, but was Found to be Her Brother. The Home Missionary, March 1909. GGA Image ID # 149ade1e51

Detained Hungarian Immigrants. The GIrl Ran Away with Her Husband's Brother, Whom She Tried to Pass as Her Husband. Both are Sent Back.

Detained Hungarian Immigrants. The GIrl Ran Away with Her Husband's Brother, Whom She Tried to Pass as Her Husband. Both are Sent Back. The Home Missionary, March 1909. GGA Image ID # 149aeb3f12

A Runaway Italian Mother and Two Girls. The Home Missionary, March 1909.

A Runaway Italian Mother and Two Girls. The Home Missionary, March 1909. GGA Image ID # 149af4321d

A Young Immigrant Woman Receives Bad News: Telegram from the West, "He is Dead." She Must Go Back.

A Young Immigrant Woman Receives Bad News About Her Husband to Be: Telegram from the West, "He is Dead." She Must Go Back. The Home Missionary, March 1909. GGA Image ID # 149b3c2442

An Immigrant Family Comes to America to Find Father.

An Immigrant Family Comes to America to Find Father. The father ran away to America and married another woman, and a former husband turns up unexpectedly. The family must go back, and the difficulty cleared in the home country. The Home Missionary, March 1909. GGA Image ID # 149b4d9f1f

The Betrayed Polish Girl Who Came to Find Her Lover, Is Detained at Ellis Island Pending the Outcome of the Inquiry.

The Betrayed Polish Girl Who Came to Find Her Lover, Is Detained at Ellis Island Pending the Outcome of the Inquiry. The Home Missionary, March 1909. GGA Image ID # 149b8cc9db

Greek Immigrant Woman Wearing Costume at Ellis Island, June 1909.

Greek Immigrant Woman Wearing Costume at Ellis Island, June 1909. Note the Immigrant ID Tag Attached to Her Outfit Shown on Your Right. National Park Service # 658AD1E8. GGA Image ID # 1490c60b27

Ellis Island Immigrant Station, New York City Postcard.

Ellis Island Immigrant Station, New York City Postcard. The Rotograph Co., New York City # 82b. Printed in Germany. nd, Postally Used 8 July 1909. GG Archives Immigration Postcard Collection. GGA Image ID # 14f5452032

Ellis Island Hospital Operating Room circa 1909.

Ellis Island Hospital Operating Room circa 1909. Library of Congress # 95501818. GGA Image ID # 148481c552

Five Female Immigrants Sitting on the Dock at Ellis Island. ca 1910 George Grantham Bain.

Five Female Immigrants Sitting on the Dock at Ellis Island. ca 1910 George Grantham Bain. Library of Congress # 2012646353. GGA Image ID # 1483d73de2

Italian Emigrants on the SS Friedrich der Grosse circa 1910.

Italian Emigrants on the SS Friedrich der Grosse circa 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704438. GGA Image ID # 1487e3154c

Large Group of Immigrants Gathered Around the Lawn of Ellis Island circa 1910.

Large Group of Immigrants Gathered Around the Lawn of Ellis Island circa 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014719586. GGA Image ID # 148b642036

Group of Immigrants Gathered on Lawn at Ellis Island circa 1910.

Group of Immigrants Gathered on Lawn at Ellis Island circa 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014719587. GGA Image ID # 148b92fc04

View of Hoffman Island Where Immigrants With Infectious Diseases Were Held in Quarantine.

View of Hoffman Island Where Immigrants With Infectious Diseases Were Held in Quarantine Before Arriving at Ellis Island circa 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014689774. GGA Image ID # 148d49f727

Two Young Ladies in Dutch Folk Costumes from the Netherlands at Ellis Island circa 1910.

Two Young Ladies in Dutch Folk Costumes from the Netherlands at Ellis Island circa 1910. National Park Service # 6594EFB0. GGA Image ID # 14911a659f

Prosperous Looking Immigrant Family of 14 at Ellis Island. nd. circa 1910.

Prosperous Looking Immigrant Family of 14 at Ellis Island. nd. circa 1910. National Park Service # 658DF65A. GGA Image ID # 14913dc1c8

Wallachian Woman with Her Three Young Children at Ellis Island. They Emigrated from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Wallachian Woman with Her Three Young Children at Ellis Island. They Emigrated from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. nd. circa 1910. Inscription on Bottom of Photo: "Return this group of Wallachians (Austria) to A. F. Shermn, Ellis Island, NY." National Park Service # 70E4D1CA. GGA Image ID # 14923b1ecb

Immigrants Disembarking from the Ferry That has Brought Them from Ellis Island to the Barge Office at the Battery.

Immigrants Disembarking from the Ferry That has Brought Them from Ellis Island to the Barge Office at the Battery. nd circa 1910. Photo Couresy of "The News," New York. The Chronicle of Ellis Island, 1935. GGA image ID # 14dffa7f93

Immigrants Gathered Outside of the Main Building at Ellis Island. nd circa 1910.

Immigrants Gathered Outside of the Main Building at Ellis Island. nd circa 1910. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration. NARA # 6235189. GGA Image ID # 14e062f987

A Woman, Girl and a Boy Pearing Out Against a Chain Link Fence at Ellis Island.

A Woman, Girl and a Boy Pearing Out Against a Chain Link Fence at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1910. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library. NYPL # 79885. GGA Image ID # 14e72ada4f

New York City -- Ellis Island Emigration Station.

New York City -- Ellis Island Emigration Station. Colorized Postcard, Postally Unused. nd, circa 1910. GG Archives Immigration Postcard Collection. GGA Image ID # 14f59b2c78

Detention of Immigrants at Ellis Island 16 July 1910. National Park Service # 194010.

Detention of Immigrants at Ellis Island 16 July 1910. National Park Service # 194010. GGA Image ID # 148e885b8c

Immigrant Inspection in the Great Hall at Ellis Island, 16 July 1910.

Immigrant Inspection in the Great Hall at Ellis Island, 16 July 1910. National Park Service # 2011997. GGA Image ID # 148eb60b86

US President William Howard Taft and His Enterage on Visit to Ellis Island 18 October 1910.

US President William Howard Taft and His Enterage on Visit to Ellis Island 18 October 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014688607. GGA Image ID # 148a308d99

President Taft visiting Ellis Island, 18 October 1910, showing west end of main crib, Island One.

President Taft visiting Ellis Island, 18 October 1910, showing west end of main crib, Island One. Library of Congress, Division of Prints and Photography, Bain Collection, B2-2089-14. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1495e3bec9

Charles Nagel, President Taff, Immigration Commissioner Williams, et al at Ellis Island, 18 October 1910.

Charles Nagel, President Taff, Immigration Commissioner Williams, et al at Ellis Island, 18 October 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014688608. GGA Image ID # 148a368d42

President William Howard Taft at Ellis Island, 18 October 1910

President William Howard Taft at Ellis Island, 18 October 1910. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014688665. GGA Image ID # 148ba166e9

Immigrant Landing Stage at Ellis Island. Tender Brings New Immigrants to Ellis Island for Processing.

Immigrant Landing Stage at Ellis Island. Tender Brings New Immigrants to Ellis Island for Processing. nd circa 1910s. Detroit Publishing Company # 0500726. Library of Congress # 2016796928. GGA Image ID # 14824f206a

Dock at Ellis Island with Immigrants in the Background. nd circa 1910s.

Dock at Ellis Island with Immigrants in the Background. nd circa 1910s. National Photo Company Collection # 3163F. Library of Congress # 89707154. GGA Image ID # 14840f2e1f

Immigrants Pass By Inspectors at Ellis Island circa 1910s.

Immigrants Pass By Inspectors at Ellis Island circa 1910s. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704437. GGA Image ID # 148504ebbe

Immigrant at Registration Desk at Ellis Island ca 1910s. Bain News Service.

Immigrant at Registration Desk at Ellis Island ca 1910s. Bain News Service. Photograph shows a man waiting, with others in queue behind him, at the registration desk in the immigration station on Ellis Island; an immigration official is seated at the desk. Library of Congress # 97501640. GGA Image ID # 148505c990

Immigrants Awaiting Examination at Ellis Island ca 1910s.

Immigrants Awaiting Examination at Ellis Island ca 1910s. Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 97501087. GGA Image ID # 148517c246

Immigrants Walking Across Pier from Bridge at Ellis Island. nd circa 1910s.

Immigrants Walking Across Pier from Bridge at Ellis Island. nd circa 1910s. National Photo Company Collection # 3163E. Library of Congress # 91482188. GGA Image ID # 14863ac473

Ellis Island Dock with Immigrants in Foreground. nd circa 1910s.

Ellis Island Dock with Immigrants in Foreground. nd circa 1910s. National Photo Company Collection # 3163G. Library of Congress # 98516508. GGA Image ID # 1487ac8e12

Physical Examination of Female Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Physical Examination of Female Immigrants at Ellis Island. Stereograph ca 1911. Library of Congress # 95506353. GGA Image ID # 14814f66f9

Immigrants from Prinzessin Irene Going to Ellis Island. 1911

Immigrants from Prinzessin Irene Going to Ellis Island. 1911 George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704432. GGA Image ID # 1488874386

Immigrants from the SS Prinzess Irene of the North German Lloyd Arriving at Ellis Island in 1911.

Immigrants from the SS Prinzess Irene of the North German Lloyd Arriving at Ellis Island in 1911. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704429. GGA Image ID # 1484ee521c

A Representative of the New York Bible Society Distributing Bibles and Religious Literature to the Emigrants at Ellis Island.

A Representative of the New York Bible Society Distributing Bibles and Religious Literature to the Emigrants at Ellis Island. © 1911 Underwood & Underwood, New York. Image from Stereograph. Library of Congress # 2012646348. GGA Image ID # 148513db6f

Immigrants Going to Ellis Island Barge. 1911

Immigrants Going to Ellis Island Barge. 1911 George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704449. GGA Image ID # 14875e587f

Immigrants Going Aboard Ellis Island Barge. 1911

Immigrants Going Aboard Ellis Island Barge. 1911 George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704450. GGA Image ID # 1487a08368

Women from Guadalupe (French West Indies) at Ellis Island, Having Arrived on the SS Korona, 6 April 1911.

Women from Guadalupe (French West Indies) at Ellis Island, Having Arrived on the SS Korona, 6 April 1911. National Park Service # 454170. GGA Image ID # 149033bbe4

Ellis Island Examination Room, 1911. INS Photo.

Ellis Island Examination Room, 1911. INS Photo. INS Report, Spring 1986. GGA Image ID # 14b236eb19

Immigrants Buying Railroad Tickets at Ellis Island, nd, circa 1912.

Immigrants Buying Railroad Tickets at Ellis Island, nd, circa 1912. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration 90-G-125-23. NARA # 595656. GGA Image ID # 14e0718539

Immigrants Carrying Luggage at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1912.

Immigrants Carrying Luggage at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1912. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration 90-G-125-16. NARA # 595659. GGA Image ID # 14e0c87fbc

Immigrants Posing for a Photograph Outside a Building at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1912.

Immigrants Posing for a Photograph Outside a Building at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1912. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration 90-G-125-9. NARA # 595650. GGA Image ID # 14e0f16593

Group of Immigrants Outside a Building at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1912.

Group of Immigrants Outside a Building at Ellis Island. nd, circa 1912. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration 90-G-125-3. NARA # 595669. GGA Image ID # 14e1030906

Immigrants on Ferry Boat Approaching Ellis Island.

Immigrants on Ferry Boat Approaching Ellis Island. Note that the Inspection ID Tags are Already Attached to the Outer Garmets of each Alien. nd, circa 1912. Department of the Treasury. Public Health Service. National Archives & Records Administration 90-G-125-6. NARA # 594479. GGA Image ID # 14e15c2baf

Immigrants Waiting at the Dock at Ellis Island to be Transferred.

Immigrants Waiting at the Dock at Ellis Island to be Transferred. © 1912 Underwood & Underwood, New York. Library of Congress # 97501083. GGA Image ID # 148438c519

Immigrant Family and their Belongings on a Dock at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Family and their Belongings on a Dock at Ellis Island. © 1912 Underwood & Underwood. Library of Congress # 97501668. GGA Image ID # 148558197d

Two Immigrants on a Dock Facing the Water at Ellis Island.

Two Immigrants on a Dock Facing the Water at Ellis Island. © 1912 Underwood & Underwood. Library of Congress # 2012646354. GGA Image ID # 1485dff5fa

View of Ellis Island from the Southeast, 1912.

View of Ellis Island from the Southeast, 1912. Museum of the City of New York, Underhill Collection, B19326. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 14969b028c

German Doctors at Ellis Island, 18 September 1912.

German Doctors at Ellis Island, 18 September 1912. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014690658. GGA Image ID # 148ae4ff9c

Cipriano Castro, Ex-President of Venezuela, Landing at Ellis Island on 10 January 1913.

Cipriano Castro, Ex-President of Venezuela, Landing at Ellis Island on 10 January 1913. Sign in the Background Reads "Ellis Island Ferry." George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014692310. GGA Image ID # 148d6d7749

Main Immigration Building at Ellis Island.

Main Immigration Building at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e21f8d43

The Immigrant Hospital at Ellis Island.

The Immigrant Hospital at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e2254cde

A Polish Mother Holding Her Baby Up To See The Doctor.

A Polish Mother Holding Her Baby Up To See The Doctor. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e26b4ce4

Examining Eyes on the Line at Ellis Island.

Examining Eyes on the Line at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e304831a

Russian Immigrant Girls at Ellis Island.

Russian Immigrant Girls at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e353c321

A Russian Jewish Boy, Just Landed (l) and A Chinese Girl in the Detention Quarters.

A Russian Jewish Boy, Just Landed (l) and A Chinese Girl in the Detention Quarters. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e359d030

The Matron and Some of Her Charges on the Roof at Ellis Island.

The Matron and Some of Her Charges on the Roof at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e35d5c1e

Immigrant Family's First Photograph Taken at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Family's First Photograph Taken at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e379d75b

A Serbian Woman (left) and a woman from Hindustan Wearing a Genuine Harem Skirt.

A Serbian Woman (left) and a woman from Hindustan Wearing a Genuine Harem Skirt. Photographs taken at Ellis Island. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e3a8181e

Two African Arabs, Awaiting the Medical Examination.

Two African Arabs, Awaiting the Medical Examination. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e3f05e0a

Berbers from Algeria - Filling an Engagement at a New York Theater.

Berbers from Algeria - Filling an Engagement at a New York Theater. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e4007c00

An Italian Immigrant Family -- a Mother and Five Children.

An Italian Immigrant Family -- a Mother and Five Children. The Popular Science Monthly, January 1913. GGA Image ID # 14e4577514

Casting of Underwater Concrete Blocks for Contract 1, 17 May 1913.

Casting of Underwater Concrete Blocks for Contract 1, 17 May 1913. NARA I, RG 85, Entry 9, Box 55640, file 558A. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 14972a0119

Setting of Underwater Concrete Blocks for Contract 1, 19 July 1913.

Setting of Underwater Concrete Blocks for Contract 1, 19 July 1913. NARA I, RG 85, Entry 9, Box 55640, file 558 A. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1497464cfe

Construction of Contract 1 Seawall, Looking North, August 1913.

Construction of Contract 1 Seawall, Looking North, August 1913. NARA I, RG 85, Entry 9, Box 55640, file 558A. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1496a576c2

Immigrant Women in Line for Inspection at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Women in Line for Inspection at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World in the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d8f4f234

Slovakian Women and Children at Ellis Island.

Slovakian Women and Children at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World in the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d90150e7

Typical Norwegian Boy Immigrating to the United States.

Typical Norwegian Boy Immigrating to the United States. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d93b777e

Typical Swedish Girl Immigrating to the United States.

Typical Swedish Girl Immigrating to the United States. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d94e9c7b

Italian Gypsy Mother and Child at Ellis Island.

Italian Gypsy Mother and Child at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d960a431

Italian Woman of Greek of Albanian Ancestry.

Italian Woman of Greek of Albanian Ancestry. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d9881d78

Group of Italian Immigrants Lunching in the Old Railroad Waiting Room at Ellis Island.

Group of Italian Immigrants Lunching in the Old Railroad Waiting Room at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14d98de5e9

The Board of Special Inquiry In Session at Ellis Island.

The Board of Special Inquiry In Session at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14da7217f7

Slavic Sisters at Ellis Island.

Slavic Sisters at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dabcf566

Slavic Immigrant Girl.

Slavic Immigrant Girl. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14db2b4c16

Slavic Woman and Italian Husband.

Slavic Woman and Italian Husband. Photo Courtesy of The Survey. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dbd4d394

Slavic Immigrant Girls at Ellis Island.

Slavic Immigrant Girls at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dbdf58b5

Russian Jewish Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Russian Jewish Immigrants at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dc02e939

Hindu Immigrants on Ellis Island Barge.

Hindu Immigrants on Ellis Island Barge. Photo Courtesy of The Survey. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dc1d5d64

Slavak Woman and Jewish Man at Ellis Island.

Slavak Woman and Jewish Man at Ellis Island. Photo by Hine. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dc760c2c

Molokan Immigrant from Russia. From a Semi-Wild Tribe, Members of Which Eat No Meat.

Molokan Immigrant from Russia. From a Semi-Wild Tribe, Members of Which Eat No Meat. Molokans are members of various Spiritual Christian sects that evolved from Eastern Christianity in the East Slavic lands. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dc9af79d

Hungarian Magyar Peasant Woman at Ellis Island.

Hungarian Magyar Peasant Woman at Ellis Island. Note her own embroidery on apron: "If I am pure and good, I expect to be honored." Magyars are people who originated in the Urals and migrated westward to settle in what is now Hungary in the 9th century AD. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dcb1276b

Romanian Shepherds in Native Costume at Ellis Island.

Romanian Shepherds in Native Costume at Ellis Island. The Old World and the New, 1914. GGA Image ID # 14dcb646c6

The Ferry-Boat Ellis Island plying between the Immigrant Station at Ellis Island and the Barge Office at Battery Park.

The Ferry-Boat Ellis Island plying between the Immigrant Station at Ellis Island and the Barge Office at Battery Park. All Foreigners Destined for New York Come over on this Boat. Those Bound for Points beyond New York are taken direct to the Railroad Terminals in Barges. © 1914 Photographic Bureau of the New York Edison Company, The Edison Monthly, October 1914. GGA Image ID # 149dbdec60

In the Barge Office where Groups of Immigrants are made up, Awaiting the Services of Guides.

In the Barge Office where Groups of Immigrants are made up, Awaiting the Services of Guides. © 1914 Photographic Bureau of the New York Edison Company, The Edison Monthly, October 1914. GGA Image ID # 149df979e0

The Barge Office in Battery Park Houses, in Addition to its Immigration Quarters, Several Branches of the Federal Service.

The Barge Office in Battery Park Houses, in Addition to its Immigration Quarters, Several Branches of the Federal Service, among them the Bureau of Animal Industry, the Civil Service Examination Rooms, the Recreation Rooms of the Customs Inspectors as well as the Offices of the Ship News Reporters. The Building Receives its Electric Current from The New York Edison Company. © 1914 Photographic Bureau of The New York Edison Company, The Edison Monthly, October 1914. GGA Image ID # 149e6b7612

"The Strangers," Newly Arrived Immigrants Being Their Journey in New York.

"The Strangers," Newly Arrived Immigrants Being Their Journey in New York. Signage on Starway Reads "Up Town Train." © 1914 Photographic Bureau of The New York Edison Company, The Edison Monthly, October 1914. GGA Image ID # 149e9c10c1

Two Young Immigrants Standing in Front of Luggage Section 8 at Ellis Island circa 1915.

Two Young Immigrants Standing in Front of Luggage Section 8 at Ellis Island circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014702226. GGA Image ID # 148b33b625

Immigrants Disembarking From the Ferry Begin Their Walk to the Entrance of Ellis Island Circa 1915.

Immigrants Disembarking From the Ferry Begin Their Walk to the Entrance of Ellis Island Circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014710703. GGA Image ID # 148bf9f87e

Dutch Family at Ellis Island circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014710706.

Dutch Family at Ellis Island circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014710706. GGA Image ID # 148c69db77

Ellis Island Inspector Examines Immigrant Family's Documents in the Registry Room Circa 1915.

Ellis Island Inspector Examines Immigrant Family's Documents in the Registry Room Circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014710707. GGA Image ID # 148caf7764

Ariel View of Ellis Island Circa 1915.

Ariel View of Ellis Island Circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014711712. GGA Image ID # 148d41cf4e

One of Many Ferry Boats or Tenders that Transported Immigrants To and From Ellis Island circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014711414.

One of Many Ferry Boats or Tenders that Transported Immigrants To and From Ellis Island circa 1915. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014711414. GGA Image ID # 148dc9d274

Physicians at Ellis Island Treating Immigrants in the Hospital Ward. nd. circa 1915.

Physicians at Ellis Island Treating Immigrants in the Hospital Ward. nd. circa 1915. National Park Service # 38C21596. GGA Image ID # 1490a87939

Ellis Island Commissioner of Immigration, Frederic Clemson Howe

Ellis Island Commissioner of Immigration, Frederic Clemson Howe (November 21, 1867 – August 3, 1940), was a member of the Ohio Senate, Commissioner of Immigration of the Port of New York, and published author. President Woodrow Wilson appoints the noted municipal reformer Dr. Frederic Howe as commissioner in 1914. During his term, Dr. Howe ameliorated the conditions of detained Aliens. Howe resigned as commissioner in 1920. Photo by Harris & Ewing. Library of Congress # 2016859016. GGA Image ID # 148e5a761c

WW1 Poster Food Will Win the War - You Came Here Seeking Freedom, Now You Must Help to Preserve It.

Food Will Win the War - You Came Here Seeking Freedom, Now You Must Help to Preserve It - Wheat Is Needed for the Allies - Waste Nothing by Charles Edward Chambers. Lithograph 1917. United States Food Administration Poster Showing Immigrants Arriving in New York Harbor, With Statue of Liberty Beneath a Rainbow. Library of Congress # 2002720171. GGA Image ID # 14836d9ab2

Construction of Concrete Counterforts on Top of Island Two or Three Cribwork, Phoenix Construction Company, 1917.

Construction of Concrete Counterforts on Top of Island Two or Three Cribwork, Phoenix Construction Company, 1917. NARA NYC, RG 79, Folder 203. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1497e95cab

Medical Inspection of Immigrants in the Proximal Lines at Ellis Island.

Medical Inspection of Immigrants in the Proximal Lines at Ellis Island. Edwin Levick, New York. United States Public Health Service, Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 737 Fig, 1. GGA Image ID # 1499957b70

Inspection of Immigrant's Eyes in the Distal Lines at Ellis Island.

Inspection of Immigrant's Eyes in the Distal Lines at Ellis Island. Edwin Levick, New York. United States Public Health Service, Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 737 Fig, 2. GGA Image ID # 149a1b6da2

Diagram of the Arrangement of Line Inspection of Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Diagram of the Arrangement of Line Inspection of Immigrants at Ellis Island, United States Public Health Service, Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 734. GGA Image ID # 14987f467a

Secondary Mental Inspection or Weeding-Out Process at Ellis Island. This Occurs Immediaately After Line Inspection. Edwin Levick, New York. United States Public Health Service, Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 737 Fig, 2. GGA Image ID #

First Regular Examination 24 Hours After Arrival at Ellis Island.

First Regular Examination 24 Hours After Arrival at Ellis Island. Edwin Levick, New York. United States Public Health Service, Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 738 Fig, 4. GGA Image ID # 149a33a5c2

Third and Fourth Regular Examination, One Week After Arrival. Alien is Certified "Feeble-Minded."

Third and Fourth Regular Examination, One Week After Arrival. Alien is Certified "Feeble-Minded." Edwin Levick, New York. United States Public Health Service, Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 738 Fig, 5. GGA Image ID # 149a6f7600

Accomplishments of the Mental Examinations of Aliens in the Line Department at Ellis Island.

Accomplishments of the Mental Examinations of Aliens in the Line Department at Ellis Island, June through August 1916. Mental Examination of Immigrants, 18 May 1917, p. 746. GGA Image ID # 149aa132d3

Map Showing the Foreign Stock in the Population of the United States – By Foreign Stock.

Map Showing the Foreign Stock in the Population of the United States – By Foreign Stock, we Mean Foreign Born and Children of a Foreign-Born Father or Mother. The States in black have more people who are either immigrants or the sons and daughters of immigrant parents than they have of native stock. The immigrants of the United States and their children would populate to its present density all of the United States west of the Mississippi, with Alabama and Mississippi added. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14c99741b3

Scottish Immigrant Children at Ellis Island.

Scottish Immigrant Children at Ellis Island. Taunted with the fact that in England oats were fed to horses and in Scotland to men, a famous Scot replied that England was recognized for its horses and Scotland for its men. America knows how much it is indebted to Scotland and the Scotch-Irish. Nearly half of our Presidents have been either Scotch or Scotch-Irish. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14c9a31ec1

A Russian Hebrew Vegetarian Immigrant at Ellis Island: New York City in the Background.

A Russian Hebrew Vegetarian Immigrant at Ellis Island: New York City in the Background. In normal times, Ellis Island might be called the World Congress of Costumes. Everything but the Habiliments of Eden seems to pass muster there. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ca022d14

Four Little Dutch Immigrant Children Just Arrived at Ellis Island.

Four Little Dutch Immigrant Children Just Arrived at Ellis Island. Generations of careful living such as is always necessary for a country of narrow boundaries and expanding population has developed in the Dutch a frugality and contentment with simple pleasures that cannot be excelled. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ca09c352

Two Dutch Families – Immigrants Through Ellis Island: In Each Case, The Parents and Children Number 13.

Two Dutch Families – Immigrants Through Ellis Island: In Each Case, The Parents and Children Number 13. Photographs from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ca0d16a6

Typical Head-Dress of Italian Immigrant Women, Passing Through Ellis Island.

Typical Head-Dress of Italian Immigrant Women, Passing Through Ellis Island. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ca62f9ad

Two Immigrants Passing Through Ellis Island. On the Left, A Russian Vegetarian. On the Right, a Bavarian Peasant.

Two Immigrants Passing Through Ellis Island. On the Left, A Russian Vegetarian. On the Right, a Bavarian Peasant. Photographs from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ca7041ed

Immigrant Children from the Balkan States at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Children from the Balkan States at Ellis Island. "Such pretty dollies as they do have in America! 'Course I'll have my picture taken if you let me hold that sweet little dolly!" Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cb4aa622

Adorable Immigrant Children at Ellis Island.

Adorable Immigrant Children at Ellis Island. On the Left, a Natty Little Lady from Norway. On the Right, Wallachian Children from Austria. Photographs by A. F. Sherman. National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cb68620a

In Matters of Costume, Americanization Often Proceeds All but Too Rapidly.

In Matters of Costume, Americanization Often Proceeds All but Too Rapidly. Immigrant in Folk Costume at Ellis Island. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cba3b1c4

Two Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Two Immigrants at Ellis Island. On the Left, a Turkish Bank Guard, and, on the Right, An Algerian, who is part of the Annual Quota for Algeria. Photographs from Frederic C. Howe. The National Archives, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cc0f9f0e

Immigrants in Railway Waiting-Room: Ellis Island.

Immigrants in Railway Waiting-Room: Ellis Island. Having passed muster with the doctor and the inspector at the nation's gate, it has swung open to these new arrivals, and now they are in free America, ready to journey unhindered to their respective destinations. Photograph by A. F. Sherman. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cc17001c

Illustration Shows Where Our Immigrants from Germany, Scandinavia, Ireland, And Austria-Hungary Have Settled.

This Illustration Shows Where Our Immigrants from Germany, Scandinavia, Ireland, And Austria-Hungary Have Settled. Courtesy of the US Census Bureau. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cc1a3560

Illustration Shows Where Our Immigrants from Russia, Italy, Canada, And Great Britain Have Settled.

This Illustration Shows Where Our Immigrants from Russia, Italy, Canada, And Great Britain Have Settled. Courtesy of the US Census Bureau. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cc54bd98

A Lapland Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island.

A Lapland Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cc80fd5a

The Melting Pot in Operation.

The Melting Pot in Operation. Of the 14,500,000 people of foreign birth in the United States today, some 3.000,000 do not speak our language. The United States Bureau of Education of the Department of the Interior, which has accomplished wonders in coordinating; the educational activities of the nation, has undertaken to establish night schools in every industrial center as one of the processes of Americanizing these people, Other countries frequently compel their nationals to learn the official language and place bans on alien tongues. But America is going about the task in kindlier spirit, and its efforts are being appreciated. The picture shows the big school of a big industrial concern in session; the teachers at the blackboards are foreigners who can talk in both their native and their adopted tongues. © 1917 Underwood & Underwood. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ccf9e984

Montenegrins In Their Native Costumes at Ellis Island.

Montenegrins In Their Native Costumes at Ellis Island. Mountaineers by birth and environment, the people of Montenegro are a great, upstanding, sinewy race. Physical perfection must he inherit, but education may be acquired, and the Montenegrin bequeaths the one and a desire for the other to his American-horn posterity. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cd1fca77

Children of All Nations on the Ellis Island Roof Garden.

Children of All Nations on the Ellis Island Roof Garden. Many of the poor little boys and girls who arrive at Ellis Island do not know how American kiddies play. Still, the roof-garden romps one may see every good day show that they are apt at learning. Photograph by Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cd671675

Peasant Norwegian Immigrant Children in Folk Costumes.

Peasant Norwegian Immigrant Children in Folk Costumes. Of all the countries of the earth, only Ireland has contributed a higher proportion of her sons and daughters to the development of America than Norway. We now have one third as many Norwegians and their children as the homeland itself. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cdb0c478

A Finnish Immigrant Family at Ellis Island.

A Finnish Immigrant Family at Ellis Island. There are about six thousand Finns in the United States. Hardy, self-reliant, industrious, they make good citizens of the type that Scandinavia sends us. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cdb838fd

Romanian Shepherds at Ellis Island.

Romanian Shepherds at Ellis Island. Three-fifths of all the Romanians who have come to America were farm laborers in the old country. Yet, it is rare. Indeed, that one is found in the United States elsewhere than in the factory, the mine, and the railroad construction gang. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cded2d5c

A Slovak Immigrant Mother and Her Children at Ellis Island.

A Slovak Immigrant Mother and Her Children at Ellis Island. The Slovaks are an agricultural people, occupying all of northern Hungary except Ruthenian territory. Nearly a half-million of them have come to America, though many of them return to Europe. They came so rapidly in the years before the war that whole villages were all but depopulated, and wages increased 100 percent in many places as a result of their departure for America. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cea03690

A Russian Immigrant Mother and Her Children at Ellis Island.

A Russian Immigrant Mother and Her Children at Ellis Island. "No, I was not sleeping. I just couldn't help sneezing when the camera shutter clicked." Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cea1cd49

A Greek Soldier of the Royal Guard at Ellis Island.

A Greek Soldier of the Royal Guard at Ellis Island. The Greek shoe-shining emporium and the Greek popular-priced restaurants have served to distribute the Hellenic immigrants better than almost any other race of the "new" immigration, and distribution is solving the problem of their assimilation. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ced521b1

An Italian Immigrant Boy Dressed as a Soldier.

An Italian Immigrant Boy Dressed as a Soldier. Who knows but that the blood of a Caesar, an Anthony, or a Seneca may course through the veins of this little future American? Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cee50245

A Large German Immigrant Family Transplanted to America.

A Large German Immigrant Family Transplanted to America. The seventh son of a seventh son is not so rare in Germany, for next to the Russians, the Germans have the largest families of any people in Europe. More than six million Germans have come to this country, but live million of them came more than 27 years ago. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ceea9a65

Missionaries of the New York Bible Society met with Ellis Island Immigrants.

Missionaries of the New York Bible Society met with Ellis Island Immigrants. Nearly all the religious denominations and charitable organizations of New York take some part in helping the immigrants to steer clear of the pitfalls of the metropolis. Photograph by A. F. Sherman. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cf1cf50a

A Typical Russian Jewish Immigrant Family at Ellis Island.

A Typical Russian Jewish Immigrant Family at Ellis Island. Among the Jews who came to America from Russia before the war were thousands of families like this one. Even amid direst poverty, the most unsanitary surroundings, many of them can triumph over dirt and disease by adhering to that remarkable code of personal hygiene laid down in the laws of Moses. National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cf4a3188

Three Russian Cossacks at Ellis Island.

Three Russian Cossacks at Ellis Island. These warriors of the Russian plain make sturdy Americans — as industrious in peace as they were fearless in battle. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14cf66d18e

A Large Scottish Immigrant Family.

A Large Scottish Immigrant Family. But for the fact that our immigrant population and the people of the rural districts are more given to marriage and to large families than the urban folk of native stock, America's growth would be at a standstill. Between the disinclination to marry and the tendency toward small families, American city-living folk of native ancestry today do not have enough children to reproduce the race. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14d0021a9b

A Large English Immigrant Family – A Mother with Her Nine Children.

A Large English Immigrant Family – A Mother with Her Nine Children. Like her sturdy prototypes of colonial times, this good mother has come to find in America, a home for her posterity. Think of the self-denial it requires to feed nine hungry mouths and to clothe nine growing children in this era of high prices. Yet love has lightened labor. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14d00e2d0e

A Group of Serbian Gypsies at Ellis Island.

A Group of Serbian Gypsies at Ellis Island. Ethnological measurements show that even the very bones of the immigrant's body are warped into an American type in his children and his children s children. What could be more eloquent than this of the success of the processes of Americanization as the generations rise and pass! Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14d03f0d05

Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island.

Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island. On the Right, a Hindu from India. In no other race, furnishing immigrants to America is the percentage of women coming so small as among the Hindus. On the Right, a Dwarf from Myanmar (Burma). He is not too short to enjoy his cigarette nor to be proud of his bracelet. Photographs from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14d0a9f3c4

A Giant Russian Immigrant, Seven Feet, Nine Inches Tall, Shown Here with Two Men of Normal Size.

A Giant Russian Immigrant, Seven Feet, Nine Inches Tall, Shown Here with Two Men of Normal Size. The Russians who come to America are a sturdy, hardy, seasoned race, but not all of them are as large as this giant, who can look down upon 99.9999 percent of all mankind. Photograph from Frederic C. Howe. The National Geographic Magazine, February 1917. GGA Image ID # 14d0b1b265

Immigrant Family at Ellis Island, March 1917.

Immigrant Family at Ellis Island, March 1917. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704441. GGA Image ID # 1481de353b

Testing Male Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Testing Male Immigrants at Ellis Island. Photograph © Underwood and Underwood. In 1914, the last year of heavy immigration, 6,537 aliens were excluded because of physical or mental defect which was thought likely to make them become public charges. Half of these were suffering from some loathsome or contagious disease, while 1,247 were mentally defective. Trachoma, a contagious disease of the eyes, is the commonest cause for exclusion, and four-fifths of these who were excluded for physical defects were suffering from it. Since the outbreak of the war, the number of immigrants arriving has much decreased, and the examiners have therefore had time to inspect them more thoroughly, with the result that a larger percentage than usual of defectives has been detected. The Journal of Heredity, April 1917. GGA Image ID # 14e9f013e7

Inspecting a Group of Female Immigrants.

Inspecting a Group of Female Immigrants. Photograph © Underwood and Underwood. Hitherto the exclusion of undesirable immigrants has teen difficult, because the force of examiners was not large enough to meet the rush of arrivals in the spring, and because the law omitted certain classes who should have been kept out. The new immigration act, passed by Congress in February, increases the inspecting staff and makes important new provisions for excluding those whose presence in the United States would be dysgenic. It also contains provisions which ensure greater consideration and safety for the individual immigrant. The Journal of Heredity, April 1917. GGA Image ID # 14ea2068a6

Newly Arrived Immigrants at the Docks of Ellis Island.

Newly Arrived Immigrants at the Docks of Ellis Island. Every immigrant that wishes to land on our shores must, according to law, prove that he can read in his own language—and the Bible has been chosen as the Book upon which the test must be made. "Not because it is considered a sacred book by many people, but because it is now the only book in virtually every tongue," is the reason the American Department of Labor gives for adopting it. Bewildered by the vastness and bustle of this strange new world, the immigrant finds at last one familiar thing the words of the Bible, in his own language, which he reads aloud to the examining official. At Ellis Island, most symbolic of all immigrant points of entrance, these huddled groups have found that once again the Bible marks the beginning of a fuller and freer life. World Outlook, March 1918. GGA image ID # 14d17b4d75

Barges Filled with Immigrants at Ellis Island, June 1920.

Barges Filled with Immigrants at Ellis Island, June 1920. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704447. GGA Image ID # 148a09f815

Commissioner of Immigration Frederick A. Wallis.

Commissioner of Immigration Frederick A. Wallis. American Industries, December 1920. GGA Image ID # 14e84304fe

First Gateway to America -- Ellis Island.

First Gateway to America -- Ellis Island. Underwood & Underwood. American Industries, December 1920. GGA Image ID # 14e85908ea

Types of Child Immigrants Seen at Ellis Island.

Types of Child Immigrants Seen at Ellis Island. American Industries, December 1920. GGA Image ID # 14e875a2d1

Three Young Highlander Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Three Young Highlander Immigrants at Ellis Island. American Industries, December 1920. GGA Image ID # 14e87771e0

Some of the Russian Refugees at Ellis Island.

Some of the Russian Refugees at Ellis Island. American Industries, December 1920. GGA Image ID # 14e8e34199

Talented Family Passes the Time at Ellis Island.

Talented Family Passes the Time at Ellis Island. © Underwood & Underwood. American Industries, December 1920. GGA Image ID # 14e8e4cb0f

Immigrants Held Under Detention at Ellis Island.

Immigrants Held Under Detention at Ellis Island. © Underwood & Underwood. The NCWC Bulletin, September 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d0cd730b

Interior View of the Port Office, N. C. W. C. Bureau of Immigration.

Interior View of the Port Office, N. C. W. C. Bureau of Immigration, 61 Whitehall Street, New York City. The N. C. W. C. Bulletin, September 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d10317ce

Aerial View of Ellis Island circa 1920s.

Aerial View of Ellis Island circa 1920s. National Park Service Photo. INS Reporter, Spring 1985. GGA Image ID # 14b31e990f

Belgian Stowaway, Ooman Louis, Age 13, Admitted on Bond 22 February 1921.

Belgian Stowaway, Ooman Louis, Age 13, Admitted on Bond 22 February 1921, Attended to by Col. Helen R. Bastedo. National Park Service # 6580121B. GGA Image ID # 1490aa52b8

Like a Vision, The Great City Rises Before the Newcomers.

Like a Vision, The Great City Rises Before the Newcomers. Photograph by Keystone View Co.The Delineator, March 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d1ba127d

2,000 Men, Women, and Children Remained for Five Days at Ellis Island Recently.

2,000 Men, Women, and Children Remained for Five Days at Ellis Island Recently, Without Bunk Beds, and Had to Lie on the Floor or Sit Up All Night, With Six Squeed Together on Each Bench. Photo © Brown Bros. The Delineator, March 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d1d00671

Immigrants in the Maze at Ellis Island, Waiting to be Inspected.

Immigrants in the Maze at Ellis Island, Waiting to be Inspected. "The Stream has become a Flood. There are War Widows, Many of Them; There are the Women Left Destitute of Funds by the War, Coming Here 'On Their Own' to Earn a Living." Photo © Brown Bros. The Delineator, March 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d2a09531

Newly Arrived Immigrants from the Third Class.

Newly Arrived Immigrants from the Third Class. "It Might Be Just as Well for American Women to Get Acquinted with Their Sisters Traveling Thrid-Class from Abroad." Photo © Brown Bros. The Delineator, March 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d20dc761

Overcrowding at Ellis Island Causes Unusual Sleeping Arrangements for Immigrants.

Overcrowding at Ellis Island Causes Unusual Sleeping Arrangements for Immigrants. Future American "Putting Up" with Uncle Sam. Over a thousand Immigrants were recently forced to sleep on blankets spread on the floors in overcrowded Ellis Island. Our treatment of the Immigrant is "criminal," declare several Investigators, and Commissioner Wallis agrees with them. Photo © International. The Literary Digest, 30 April 1921. GGA Image ID # 14d1aaf0ec

Ellis Island Commissioner, Frederick Wallis Posed With a Group of New Arrivals in June 1921.

Ellis Island Commissioner, Frederick Wallis Posed With a Group of New Arrivals in June 1921. Frederick Albert Wallis (1869-1951) who served as Fourth Deputy Police Commissioner of New Yok City, US Commissioner of Immigration, a New York City Department of Corrections Commissioner and a Democratic National Convention delegate.  On June 1, 1920, he was appointed U. S. Immigration Commissioner of Ellis Island. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014710699. GGA Image ID # 148d9d33d6

Ellis Island Commissioner, Frederick Wallis Visits with a Group of New Immigrants at Ellis Island, June 1921.

Ellis Island Commissioner, Frederick Wallis Visits with a Group of New Immigrants at Ellis Island, June 1921. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2014710700. GGA Image ID # 148db7f55b

Well-Dressed Family of 27 (Ostrovski) - Russian Refugees Posed on Deck of the SS Orbita.

Well-Dressed Family of 27 (Ostrovski) - Russian Refugees Posed on Deck of the SS Orbita Upon Arrival in New York from Russia, 16 September 1921. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress # 2001704444. GGA Image ID # 1489caa42d

Ellis Island, 1922 with Two Barges Docked in Front of the Main Building.

Ellis Island, 1922 with Two Barges Docked in Front of the Main Building. INS Photo by Brown Bros., NY. INS Reporter, Spring 1986. GGA Image ID # 14b22fbcd0

Testing the Intelligence of an Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island.

Testing the Intelligence of an Immigrant Woman at Ellis Island. America wants only citizens of sound minds and healthy bodies. The general intelligence of this woman is being tested by measuring the time it takes her to place the different-shaped blocks in their proper places in the frame. Community Life and Civic Problems, 1922. GGA Image ID # 14c8f49678

Physical Examination of Immigrants at Ellis Island.

Physical Examination of Immigrants at Ellis Island. This doctor is examining the eyes of immigrants. No alien suffering from any kind of communicable disease is allowed to enter the United States. This safeguard is necessary to protect Americans against contagion from other lands. Community Life and Civic Problems, 1922. GGA Image ID # 14c91b8070

Immigrants Leaving Ellis Island.

Immigrants Leaving Ellis Island. These immigrants have successfully passed the different physical and mental tests given to. them on Ellis Island and are now on their way to take the government boat for New York. On some days as many as three thousand persons pass through this gateway to America. At what port did your ancestors enter the United States? Community Life and Civic Problems, 1922. GGA Image ID # 14c93b13f1

Inspection of the Immigrant's Luggage at Ellis Island.

Inspection of the Immigrant's Luggage at Ellis Island. © 1922 Boston Photo News Company. Immigrants bring all sorts of things with them to this country. They often expect to be able to plant a garden, and have in their luggage plants, bulbs, and seeds. There is a quarantine against such importations, owing to the millions of dollars' damage that has been caused by destructive insects that have sometimes been brought in. This man's baggage contained sweet potatoes and several rosebushes. The customs inspectors found the plants and tubers and summoned the plant quarantine inspectors of the Department of Agriculture, who promptly seized the articles. Community Life and Civic Problems, 1922. GGA Image ID # 14c9433c87

Immigrant Mother and Children at Ellis Island, 1922.

Immigrant Mother and Children at Ellis Island, 1922. They have come all the way from Yugosloavia to find a home in America,. Their bags and bundles probably contain all their possessions, but the determined face of the mother and the cheery countenances of the youngsters as they eat their first bread in the New World promise well for their future.Community Life and Civic Problems, 1922. GGA Image ID # 14c96ddad

Catholic Mass at Ellis Island. Catholic immigrants from all parts of the world, most of them unable to speak a word of the English language enjoy for the first time since leaving their native land, a feeling of kinship and comfort through attendance at the holy sacrifice of the Mass provided each Sunday for those awaiting entry into the United States. Through the courtesy of Commissioner of Immigration Tod and with the cooperation of His Grace Archbishop Hayes, a special chaplain celebrates Mass at Ellis Island each Sunday for the Catholic immigrants. The NCWC Bulletin, January 1923. GGA Image ID #

Aerial View of Ellis Island, 1926.

Aerial View of Ellis Island, 1926. NARA II, RG 18 AA, Box 93, 60. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 1496caa8ec

Jewish Grandmother at Ellis Island in 1926.

Jewish Grandmother at Ellis Island in 1926. Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hind. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. New York Public Library MFZ (Hine) 93-6226. NYPL # 91PH056.001. GGA Image ID # 14e47df8c3

Boat Unloading Immigrants at Ellis Island, New York Harbor.

Boat Unloading Immigrants at Ellis Island, New York Harbor. Stereograph by Keystone View Company © 1928. Library of Congress # 2008675318. GGA Image ID # 14f5fd1034

Aerial View of Ellis Island, New York, Photo Received from Mitchel Field on 4 April 1940.

Aerial View of Ellis Island, New York, Photo Received from Mitchel Field on 4 April 1940. War Department. Army Air Forces. National Archives & Records Administration 18-AA-93-58. NARA # 68146015. GGA Image ID # 14e1713438

Asian Women in Traditional Dress at Ellis Island.

Asian Women in Traditional Dress at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 477580. GGA Image ID # 14901f61f7

Peasant Family from Romania in Detention on Ellis Island. nd.

Peasant Family from Romania in Detention on Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 657B97D8. GGA Image ID # 149036c9db

Cossack Immigrants Wearing Dress Uniforms at Ellis Island. nd.

Cossack Immigrants Wearing Dress Uniforms at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 65831F8F. GGA Image ID # 1490bd763b

Cossack Immigrant Wearing Folk Costume, Overcoat Shown on the Left Background. nd.

Cossack Immigrant Wearing Folk Costume, Overcoat Shown on the Left Background. nd. National Park Service # 65816E86. GGA Image ID # 1491baec53

Russian Immigrant Woman with Baby Weighing 55 Pounds at Ellis Island.

Russian Immigrant Woman with Baby Weighing 55 Pounds at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 659F2A93. GGA Image ID # 1491ef050e

Immigrant Woman of Unknown Nationality Holds Two Children, One in Each Arm at Ellis Island.

Immigrant Woman of Unknown Nationality Holds Two Children, One in Each Arm at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 659B48B8. GGA Image ID # 14920629ce

Swedish Immigrant Children Dressed in Folk Costumes at Ellis Island.

Swedish Immigrant Children Dressed in Folk Costumes at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 70E1DFD4. GGA Image ID # 14920f78b9

Five Young Female Immigrants in Folk Costumes at Ellis Island. nd.

Five Young Female Immigrants in Folk Costumes at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 6586CB9D. GGA Image ID # 14924ec27c

Group of Moroccan Immigrants at Ellis Island. nd.

Group of Moroccan Immigrants at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 6587D954. GGA Image ID # 14927d1c6f

Three Young Slovakian Immigrant Women at Ellis Island. nd.

Three Young Slovakian Immigrant Women at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 6593B4C6. GGA Image ID # 14928e14fc

Polish Immigrant Mother and Her Nine Children. nd.

Polish Immigrant Mother and Her Nine Children. nd. National Park Service # 657D7E93. GGA Image ID # 1492d591fc

Immigrant Man is Questioned by Inspector at the Registry Desk While a Clerk Records Notes on the Passenger Manifest.

Immigrant Man is Questioned by Inspector at the Registry Desk While a Clerk Records Notes on the Passenger Manifest. nd. National Park Service # BCDB5EE4. GGA Image ID # 1492edc428

Immigrant Family Photo at Ellis Island - The Parents with Two Young Children and Possibly the Mother's Father.

Immigrant Family Photo at Ellis Island - The Parents with Two Young Children and Possibly the Mother's Father. nd. National Park Service # 658945CF. GGA Image ID # 1493ab3f38

Jewish Immigrant Family from England at Ellis Island.

Jewish Immigrant Family from England at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 658BE471. GGA Image ID # 1493faea93

Three Immigrant Men from Montenegro at Ellis Island.

Three Immigrant Men from Montenegro at Ellis Island. nd. National Park Service # 65926C81. GGA Image ID # 1494617611

Concrete Sheet Piles in Place, Section I (Northwest Side of Island Three), August 1, 1934.

Concrete Sheet Piles in Place, Section I (Northwest Side of Island Three), August 1, 1934. NARA II, RG I21, Box38, Folder C. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 14982f597d

Diagram from "A Report on Ellis Island as an Immigrant Depot, 1890-1954" by Thomas M. Pitkin (National Park Service, 1966).

Diagram from "A Report on Ellis Island as an Immigrant Depot, 1890-1954" by Thomas M. Pitkin (National Park Service, 1966). INS Reporter, Spring 1986. GGA Image ID # 14b27c79ad

Graph Showing Immigration for the Years 1820 to 1980.

Graph Showing Immigration for the Years 1820 to 1980. INS Reporter, Spring 1986. GGA Image ID # 14b29947d6

Map of Ellis Island and Surrounding Area

Map of Ellis Island and Surrounding Area including Statue of Liberty / Liberty Island, Governors Island, and Battery Park (Castle Garden). nd. INS Reporter, Spring 1986. GGA Image ID # 14b335d18e

Historical Development of Ellis Island and Its Seawall.

Historical Development of Ellis Island and Its Seawall. Map from Cultural Landscape Inventory, Ellis Island, Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation, 2001; redrawn by Naomi Kroll, 2003. Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, July 2003. GGA Image ID # 14985f9973

End Notes

Note 1: The country's English name derives from Venetian and translates as "Black Mountain", deriving from the appearance of Mount Lovćen when covered in dense evergreen forests. "Montenegro History -- Part I" visit-montenegro.com.

Note 2: In 1902, The Maltine Company issued an album of photographs, called Quarantine Setches. It contains between thirty and forty engravings showing the care of immigrants at the New York quarantine station on Ellis Island, in all its phases from the arrival on shipboard to the departure by rail for the far west. It is altogether one of the most instructive booklets that has been published by the Maltine Company; and this is according it great praise, for the company is noted for the dissemination of useful material.

Bibliography

Charles B. Smith, "The Great Gateway to America," in the Metropolitan Magazine, Vol. IX, No. 2, February 1899, pp. 129-138.

Theodora Finks, "A Morning's Scenes at Ellis Island, in Home Mission Monthly, Vol. XV, No. 10, August 1901, pp. 230-231.

Quarantine Sketches, The Maltine Company, New York, 1902.

Edward Lowry, "Americans in the Raw," in The World's Work: A History of Our Time, New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, Vol. IV, No, 6, October 1902, pp. 2644-2655.

Major W. Evans-Gordon, M.P., The Alien Immigrant: With Map and Numerous Illustrations for Author's Photographs, New York: Chas. Scribner's Sons, 1903.

"The World-Wide Migration to America: II. Distribution - The Really Serious Problem in Connection with American Immigration. How the Great Republic Makes Citizens of the Newcomers," in Dun's Review, International Edition: A Journal for the Promotion of International Trade, New York: R. G. Dun & Co., Vol. VII, No. 5, July 1905, p. 19-22.

Manners, O. N., "How Human Imports Are Handled" in System: A Monthly Magazine, Volume VIII, No. 4, October 1905, pp. 333-338.

Howard B. Grose, Aliens or Americans? Forward Mission Study Courses, Edited Under the Auspices of the Young People's Missionary Movement, New York: Eaton & Mains, 1906.

Mabel Hill, "An Immigration and Naturalization Story," in Lessons for Junior Citizens, Boston et al: Ginn and Company, 1906, p. 168-185.

Edward A. Steiner, On the Trail of the Immigrant, New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1906.

"Flood Tide of Immigration," in The Search-Light: Thrown on the Activities of the World, New York: The Search-Light Publishing Co., New Series: Vol. III, No. 17; Old Series: Vol. XXVII, No. 17, Saturday, 28 April 1906, p. 260.

Joseph H. Adams, "The Moral Wicket at the Gateway of Nations," in The Home Missionary, New York: Congregational Home Missionary Society, Vol. LXXXII, No. 10, March 1909 pp. 684-694

Dr. Alfred C. Reed, "Going Through Ellis Island," in The Popular Science Monthly, New York: The Science Press, Vol. LXXXII, No, 1, January 1913, pp. 5-18.

"Light on the Immigrant," in The Edison Monthly, New York: The New York Edison Company, Vol. VII, No. 5, October 1914, p. 172-175

"Our Foreign-Born Citizens," in The National Geographic Magazine, Washington DC: National Geographic Society, Vol. XXXI, No. 2, February 1917, pp. 95-130.

Robert De C. Ward, "Immigration After the War," in The Journal of Heredity, (Formerly the American Breeder's Magazine), Vol. VIII, No. 4 April, 1917, pp. 147-152.

E. H. Mullan, "Mental Examination of Immigrants: Administration and Line Inspection at Ellis Island," in Public Health Reports, Vol. 32, No. 20, 18 May 1917, pp. 733-746.

Frederick A. Wallis, "The Menace of the Immigrant Tide," in American Industries Magazine, New York: The National Manufacturers Company, Vol. XXI, No. 5, December 1920, pp. 7-10.

T. F. Mulholland, "America's International Clearing-House: Ellis Island's Immigration Task and the N. C. W. C.'s Part in It," in The National Catholic Welfare Council Bulletin, Washington, DC: The National Catholic Welfare Council, Vol. III, No. 4, September 1921, pp. 6-8.

Edward Corsi, In the shadow of Liberty; the chronicle of Ellis Island, New York: MacMillan & Company, 1935 (PD).

INS Reporter, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, Vol. 34, No, 2, Spring 1986.

Naomi Kroll, Ellis Island Seawall Historic Structure Report, Architectural Preservation Division, Northeast Region, National Park Service, US Department of the Interior, New York, July 2003.

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