Aerated Waters - Defined
Aerated Waters—Such as Vichy, Apollinaris, Carlsbad water, Friedrichshall bitter, etc., are obtained from the springs of nature and recommended for the relief and cure of different complaints of the human system. Imitation aerated waters mostly contain sugar, and are sold as pop, such as ginger ale, sarsaparilla, etc.
The artificial waters are simply pure waters sweetened, flavored and charged with carbonic acid gas. In Paris oyster shells are washed, and broken into small pieces, and, under the action of vitriol, yield the carbonic acid gas.
In Medical Practice
Simple aerated waters, sometimes called acidulated or carbonated waters, contain from 300 to 1500 volumes of carbonic acid in 1000 volumes of water. They may contain sodium and calcium bicarbonates and sodium chloride and sulphate. These waters are almost all cold and of pleasant taste and are, in some cases, further charged with carbonic acid before export. They are cold waters.
The aerated waters are useful in irritable conditions of the stomach; mixed with milk or alcohol, the latter are made tolerant to the stomach. Used as table waters, they stimulate the appetite, and, by causing a better mixing of the food and more active movements of the muscular coats, aid digestion. When the stomach is dilated and its walls flabby, the use of aerated waters is contraindicated.
The aerated waters are useful as a gargle in subacute pharyngitis. In pruritus, prurigo, and hyper-esthetic conditions of the skin carbonated waters are beneficial when used as baths.
de Medicis Sajous, Charles Eucharist “Simple Aerated or Table Waters” in Analytic Cyclopedia of Practical Medicine, Volume 6, Ninth Edition, Philadelphia: F. A Davis Company, 1923, p. 710