Cab and Taxicab Fares in European Cities, 1923
London: The latest taxicab regulations, as supplied OCEAN RECORDS by Scotland Yard, are as follows:
The authorized taxicab fare is one shilling for the first mile, with increments of threepence for each succeeding quarter of a mile, as recorded on the taximeter in advance.
Ninepence for the whole journey is charged for each additional person carried beyond two; threepence for each piece of luggage carried on the outside; ninepence for each bicycle, child's mail cart or perambulator. Two children under ten years are reckoned as one person.
Many taxicabs are fitted with a taximeter recording at the above rate, but a large number showing eightpence per mile and two-penny increments are still carried. With the latter type the driver is authorized to receive an additional charge of 50 per cent. upon the amount recorded.
In case of dispute, an appeal should be made to the first Police Constable seen. In cases where there is cause for complain t the passenger should obtain the number of the Police number plate and of the identification mark, which are affrxed at the back of the cab, together with number of the driver's badge, if possible, and write to the Commissioner of Police, New Scotland Yard, Public Carriage Department.
It is, however, proper to add that the London taxicab driver is almost rnvariably civil and obliging. Frequently he owns the cab he drives. As a tip he is apt to expect as much as the New York taxicab driver gets, if not more. When there was such a thing as an eightpenny fare, he might have been satisfied with the remaining fourpence in the shilling. For a short journey he now expects, at least, from an American, sixpence, and a sixpenny tip should be good for any up to a two-shilling ride.
Paris: The taxicab fare begins at 75 centimes or one franc (according to the class of the cab) for the first 400 meters (about 1,312 feet), with twenty centimes for each additional 200 meters. An ordinary trip of fifteen minutes' duration costs about two francs, fifty centimes.
The extra charges are as follows: For going outside the fortifications of Paris, or for taking a passenger from outside to come into Paris, the surcharge is one franc, fifty centimes. During the hours between 11 P. M. and 6 A. M. there is a surcharge of one franc. Baggage carried outside is charged at one franc per piece. In case of an overcharge, one should take the number of the cab, have a witness if possible, and make a complaint at the nearest police office. If a policeman is available, one should appeal to him.
A Paris cocher or taxi-chauffeur expects a tip of not less than 25 centimes for a very short distance. For a fare of more than 1 franc, 25 centimes, he is apt to expect more in proportion.
Cities: The fares for motor taxicabs in Genoa, which vary little from those of other Italian cities, as marked by the taximeter, are now multiplied by three, the resulting fares being:
- For the first 600 meters, or the first 12 minutes Lire 3.00
- For every succeeding 200 meters, or 4 minutes Lire 0.60
- For each piece of baggage which cannot be placed inside the cab Lire 0.25 (Day and night fares for motor taxicabs are the same.)
For horse cabs in Genoa the fares as marked by the taximeter are now multiplied by two, the resulting fares being:
- For the first 1,200 meters Lire 2.40
- For every succeeding 200 meters Lire 0.4f
- For the first 900 meters Lire 2.40
- For every succeeding 150 meters Lire 0.40
- For, each piece of baggage which cannot be placed outside the cab, 80 centesimi.
- For certain streets which run for a long distance uphill extra charge is made as follows:
- For one or two persons 80 centesimi
- For three persons Lire 1.60
- For four persons or more Lire 2.40
Regulations: For motor taxicabs the regulations are:
The chauffeur cannot refuse service within the limits of Nervi, Prato, Pontedecimo and Voltri. Returns empty for service outside the octroi limits of Genoa must be paid for at the late of the above tariff for motor taxicabs, but only for the distance between the place where the passenger descends and the nearest octroi limit. It is strictly forbidden for the chauffeur to demand, even as a tip, a sum exceeding that indicated In the above tariff. The chauffeur must lower the flag on the taximeter as soon as the service begins and raise it as soon as it is ended. When the flag is raised the chauffeur can never refuse service to any one. No cab can be in service when the taximeter is out of order. The taximeter must be illuminated at night. It is forbidden to take into the cab:
- (a) Baggage or objects which can in any way damage the cab:
- (b) Persons improperly dressed:
- (c) Persons extraneous to the service.
Functionaries charged with controlling the taximeter may sit beside the chauffeur. The chauffeur must take the shortest route to his destination. The chauffeur is forbidden to leave the cab. Outside the Commune, in case of damage to the cab, the tires, the taximeter, etc., the chauffeur must at once stop the service, and when the damage cannot be quickly repaired can demand the amount marked by the taximeter.
Ordinary Cabs: For ordinary cabs the regulations are:
The taximeter shows two tariffs, one for day and one for night. Night service begins at 9 p. m. in summer and 7 p. m. in winter (from the 1st of October to the 31st of March) and ceases when the street lamps are extinguished. The driver can never refuse service when the flag is raised and must always take the shortest route to his destination. Services beyond the communal limits are optional; if accepted they are governed by the present tariff. The passenger must only pay the amount marked by the taximeter at the moment of stopping, plus those supplements which must be marked by the driver on the taximeter. The driver is strictly forbidden to demand anything extra, even as a tip.
Recourse: In case of dispute the passenger, provided the sum is not too exorbitant, should pay the fare demanded and report the driver's number to the Prefettura of Police. In other-cases a reasonable adjustment is obtained by calling the nearest Guardia Regia.
Tips: Fees to cab drivers are absolutely optional, and nothing beyond the payment of the fares as noted above is due, either for motor car or cab hire. The custom, however, is to give a tip of 10 or 15 per cent. of the bill.
Rotterdam: By day; first 300 meters, one or more persons, 50 Dutch cents, or half a florin; for every succeeding 150 meters, 10 cents. Night fares: for first 150 meters, 50 cents; each additional 75 meters, 10 cents. Baggage, if put on top or next to driver, 10 cents per piece. Waiting upon request, 10 cents for every three minutes.
For horse-cabs with taximeters, the day fares are 60 Dutch cents for one to five persons up to 1200 meters, with 10 cents for every additional 600 meters. The night fares are the same for half the distances-60 cents covering only the first 600 meters, and the 10 cents every additional 300. Baggage charges are the same as on motor taxis, but the charge for waiting is 10 cents for every four minutes. Horse-cabs without taximeters charge by time. The day fares are, 75 Dutch cents for the first 15 minutes, Fl. 1.20 for 30 minutes, Fl. 1.60 for 60 minutes, and for every succeeding 10 minutes after the first hour, 25 cents. The night fare begins with 1 florin for the first 10 minutes; for the first 20 minutes Fl. 1.50; every succeeding 10 minutes after the first 20 is 50 cents.
Baggage charges are the same as for horse-cab taximeters.
Copenhagen: For the first 700 meters, 1.20 crowns, and for each 350 meters, 10 öre. These prices are subject to change at any time, but may always be determined by the government and may be verified from the taximeter on the cab.
Stockholm: The taxicab rate is 50 öre for the first kilometer and 10 öre for every additional 300 meters, plus an increase of 50 per cent. Extra charge is made for carrying baggage.
Christiania: Taxicab rates are, by day, for one or two persons, 90 öre for the first 400 meters, and 15 öre for every additional 200 meters; for three or four persons, 90 öre for the first 300 meters, and 15 öre for every additional 150 meters. By night, for from one to four persons, the fare is the same as by day for three or four. There are no hourly rates. When a taxicab is called a charge is made from the place called to the destination.
Helsingfors (Finland): The usual mode of conveyance is by droshkies. The regular charge for a trip to any part of the city, without stop, being 6.50 Finnish marks.
Prague: The rates for carriages and taxicabs vary, but according to official information do not exceed $1.50 per hour.
Belgrade (Serbia): There is no taxicab service. For horse-drawn cabs the rate is 40 dinars per hour. The dinar, the normal value of which is 19.3 cents, is now worth little more than one cent.
Sofia (Bulgaria): There are no taxicabs in Sofia. The ordinary public vehicle is a phaeton. Between points within the city the fare is, officially, 25 leva, but strangers are almost always required to pay more. Automobiles may be hired by the trip. A leva is ordinarily of the value of a franc, but is now less than a cent.
Athens: The city is laid out in zones, and prices range from 3 drachmas to 15 for the ride. Return drives after ten minutes' stop cost half the price of the original trip. Each chauffeur or driver carries a copy of the regulations, which he must show upon demand, but as this is in modern Greek, it is wise to learn in advance of a ride just what it is going to cost. The supply of motor cars exceeds the demand. The drachma, ordinarily of the value of a franc, was less than a nickel when this was written.
Barcelona: Taxicab fares vary according to the horsepower of the cars and according to the two zones in which the city is divided. The average rate is about 16 American cents for the first 500 meters, with 2 cents additional for each 100 meters thereafter. When taxicabs are taken to points outside of the city proper, a return charge is made amounting to about half the fare recorded on the meter. Horse cab fares are about 45 cents per hour by day, and 60 cents per hour by night.
Warsaw: Fluctuations in Polish exchange, according to consular information, make it impossible to translate into dollars and cents a schedule of cab fares in Warsaw.
Reval. (Estlionia): There are no taxicabs, though automobiles may be hired. However, the rates for horse-drawn cabs, though fixed by the municipality, are not generally adhered to by the drivers, and bargaining is usually necessary.
Riga (Latvia): Cab fare is 50 Lettish roubles for one or two persons for a drive within the city limits.
Danzig: The rate charged for taxicab service at present is 15 marks per kilometer for distance traveled, and 40 marks per hour of waiting time. However, the legal rates are rarely adhered to and the chauffeurs are apt to exact three or four times the regular fare. The horse cabs or "droshkies" are somewhat cheaper than taxicabs, but they have no fixed tariff, and the drivers charge as much as they can get.