Steamer Rugs - 1910
Quite as important as the steamer-chair is the steamer-rug, as all Atlantic passages, at any time of year, are likely to include some cold weather, and the rug is pretty sure to be used every day.
It is placed on the chair, and the traveler then reclining upon it wraps it over himself and turns it under his feet in the form of a bag.
These rugs should be of thick woolen cloth, and, though somewhat expensive, they are so constantly used that the owner is well repaid for having purchased one.
They may be carried in a package which includes coats, mackintoshes, and other materials wanted during the voyage. These are usually packed in the steamer trunk and left at the steamship company’s office with the steamer chair, awaiting the time of return.
On some steamers steamer rugs can be hired from the purser at a charge of $1.00 for the voyage. It is not safe, however, to depend on getting a rug in this way unless the company acknowledges the receipt of the order in advance and states that the rug can be furnisbed. Rugs are very cheap abroad and make acceptable presents. Silk rugs have little warmth.
They are such robes or rugs as are familiarly used in carriages and automobiles, or upon proches or steamers, or upon invalid chairs or couches, and are generally known as lap robes, carriage or auto rugs, or as travelling or steamer rugs. They differ in use and character from ordinary bed blankets, and are only exceptionally used upon beds in place of these.
Since 1859, when the question arose in regard to the classification of traveling rugs as between “blankets” and “manufactures of wool,” the proper classification of these articles has been occasionally the subject of discussion in the Treasury Department.
In 1806 and 1809 the department decided that they should be classified as manufactures of wool not otherwise provided for. A similar decision seems to have been made in 1870.
In 1888 the department decided to modify its previous rulings, and to concede that these articles should be classed as rugs, upon the ground that they were such both under the comprehension and the commercial significations of the word. The only testimony in the record in regard to commercial designation, and which was given for the purpose of distinguishing the importations from shawls, was from a witness who said that they were always and prior to March, 1883, bought and sold by the name of “traveling rugs,” and that he had never heard them called “shawls.”
Lap Robes—Steamer Rugs. Woven woolen spreads of mixed colors, some with fringed ends and some with hound edges, used to cover the legs and bodies in automobiles, on couches, in carriages, at seacoast resorts, and in hospitals and sanitariums, are not dutiable under paragraph 289, tariff act of 1913 as blankets. Their classification as woolen manufactures, paragraph 288, is affirmed.
See Treasury Decisions Under Customs and Other Laws, Volume 32, P. 628-633 By United States. Department of the Treasury, (Riley & Co. v. United States (No. 1800) T.D. 37225
Sears, J. H., Harper’s Guide to Paris and the Exposition of 1900: A Comprehensive Map and Guide to The City of Paris; A Complete Guide to The Exposition; French Phrases Translated; And Maps Diagrams, And Illustrations, London And New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1900: 9