Dominion Line Montreal-Quebec-Liverpool (Summer); Portland-Liverpool (Winter) (1908)
THE “St. Lawrence Route to Europe,” as it has come to be familiarly known, will always be popular especially with the tourist who wishes to avoid as much of the uncertain weather of the open sea as possible.
The steamers of the Dominion Line leaving Montreal Saturdays at daylight and Quebec at 7 p. m. for Liverpool direct, steam for two days and a half on the smooth waters of the river and the broad gulf before starting on the ocean run, which commences at that point in the North Atlantic where most vessels begin to bear to the eastward after two or three days’ sail from the more southerly ports, such as Boston, Kew York and Philadelphia.
One-third of the voyage on the ocean itself is thus avoided and from this point to Liverpool is but a matter of four and a half to five days. This route also offers the traveler the exceptional opportunity to enjoy over nine hundred miles of beautiful and impressive scenery skirting the banks of the St. Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Passing out of the portals of the New World into the North Atlantic at its narrowest point, a short sea voyage is the pleasant prospect of every passenger. During the winter season, when the St. Lawrence is closed to navigation, the Dominion Line sailings are made weekly from Portland, Maine, to Liverpool direct.
The Steamers Laurentic and Megantic
Two new and powerful steamers—the Laurentic (triple-screw with turbine and reciprocating engines), and Megantic (twin screw)—especially designed for the St. Lawrence Route, will shortly inaugurate a Liverpool-Canadian service under the flag of the White Star Line, in conjunction with the Dominion Line, of which due announcement will be made. Both vessels are nearing completion in the Belfast shipyards of Harland & Wolff.
Being 550 feet in length and 67 feet in breadth, these are the longest and broadest steamers ever brought to the St. Lawrence, and their large displacement and the bilge keels with which they will be fitted cannot fail to secure for them that foremost seagoing quality—absolute steadiness.
The accommodations in first, second and third classes will be of the latest type, with every “creature-comfort,” and special attention will be paid to the cuisine and service. The Dominion Line service, as at present constituted, comprises the well-known and popular vessels described below.
The Steamship Canada
The Steamship Canada is undoubtedly the most famous ship of the Dominion Line, being noted for her speed, her steadiness in any sea, and the regularity of her crossings. This fine vessel is a product of the famous shipyards of Harland & Wolff, of Belfast, the builders of all the famous vessels of the White Star Line. Entirely constructed of steel after thoroughly approved modern designs, including a complement of watertight bulkheads, the principal dimensions of the Canada are: Length, 514 feet; breadth of beam, 58 feet; gross tonnage, 9,413. She is a twin-screw steamship and her engines are of the triple-expansion type, developing 6,800 horsepower, which is sufficient to insure a speed of 17 knots.
The Canada is thoroughly equipped with every modem appliance, and electricity is used for lighting and all other possible purposes.
There are fine promenade and boat decks, and on the saloon and upper decks are situated the staterooms and cabins of first-class passengers. These rooms are spacious, well lighted and are provided with modem sanitary and ventilating systems.
The first-class dining hall is an unusually large and cheerful apartment, tastefully decorated and furnished, and equipped with handsome table appointments. The cuisine is all that the most fastidious could desire and well-trained attendants perform the service.
Attractive staterooms for second-class passengers are provided on the upper deck. These cabins are well situated, light and most comfortably furnished. The third-class passengers find modem accommodations with all conveniences, desirably located on the upper and main decks.
The Steamship Dominion
The Dominion is a fine, staunch twin-screw ship entirely built of steel with water-tight bulkheads and sectional compartments, also from the yards of Harland & Wolff. The principal dimensions of the Dominion are: Length, 456 feet; breadth of beam, 50 feet; gross tonnage, 6,618 tons.
In every way the Dominion is a comfortable ship, and is furnished and decorated with exquisite artistic taste and skill. The first-class dining saloon, located on the saloon deck, is especially noticeable as a model of harmony along decorative lines. Its attractiveness is further enhanced by a soft light, which pervades the room, emanating from a magnificent dome of cathedral, and opalescent glass, which lends a distinct charm to this apartment.
On the saloon deck, also, are most of the first-class staterooms, while twenty-six cabins of a similar standard are situated on the upper deck. All the second and third-class accommodations are located on the upper deck, but are isolated from the first-class apartments. The Second Class staterooms are similar in plan to those of the first-class and are quite as well lighted and ventilated.
The ship’s library and the smoking rooms are also tastefully furnished and provided with all up-to-date conveniences.
The Steamships Kensington and Southwark
The Kensington and Southwark are sister ships, although they came from the hands of different builders, the former being constructed by Messrs. James and George Thomson, of Glasgow, and the latter the product of the shipbuilding yards of William Denny & Bros., at Dumbarton.
Each of these twin-screw steamers of beautiful model has four masts and a large single funnel. Their construction is of the best steel, with double bottoms and longitudinal and transverse watertight compartments, and they are driven by two sets of quadruple-expansion engines at an average speed of about 14 1/2 knots per hour, and have proved most popular on the St. Lawrence route. The passenger accommodations are devoted to two classes of passengers only—viz., second and third class.
The second-class passengers are located in the very best section of the snip. The moderate rates of passage provide for the best the ship offers, and passengers have the use of all the public rooms, promenade decks, etc., assuring every comfort. These moderate prices, with a maximum of comfort, and an excellent table, have made an enviable reputation for the Kensington and Southwark.
The Kensington is 495 feet long, 57 feet wide, and of 8,669 tons; while the Southwark is 495 feet long, 57 feet wide, and of 8,607 tons.
The Steamship Ottawa
The fastest trips ever made between Montreal and Liverpool—both east and westbound—are those of the Dominion Line steamer Ottawa—less than seven days from quay to quay—over the beautiful St. Lawrence short-sea route, the time named including stops at intermediate points to embark or land passengers and cargo.
The great satisfaction expressed by the traveling public, as shown by their patronage of this staunch steamer, is a matter of congratulation to the Dominion Line. The Ottawa is of 5,071 tons; 468 feet long, and 45 feet beam, and her accommodations are devoted entirely to passengers traveling in second and third-class, the same as upon the sister ships Kensington and Southwark. This enables passengers, at a moderate fare, to make the trans-Atlantic trip with every comfort and all privileges and in the minimum time. The Ottawa has earned a large degree of popularity since entering the St. Lawrence Route.
The Steamship Vancouver
The Vancouver—one of the most comfortable and speedy vessels in this service—is a favorite with a large number of travelers. This staunch ship was originally built in Glasgow by Connell & Company, but has since been thoroughly over-hauled and refitted by Harland & Wolff. At the same time she was equipped with new engines of 5,000 horse power, and the steamer herself is 448 feet long, has a breadth of beam of 46 feet, and registers a gross tonnage of 5,292 tons.
The dining saloon is spacious and well lighted and ventilated, besides being handsomely furnished. The staterooms are situated upon the saloon deck, with about twenty-five additional located on the bridge deck, where the Captain’s quarters and chart room are also to be found. There are a number of large cabins which may be made en suite as occasion demands, and families are thus accommodated with the utmost facility. The ship is lighted throughout by electricity, and her entire appointments are of the best. The cuisine and service are kept up to a high standard of excellence.
The Vancouver carries passengers in second and third class only; and as her promenade space is extensive for both classes, the opportunity for out-door pleasures is exceptional.
The Steamship Cambroman
The Cambroman is practically the same size and type as the Vancouver and is a trim-looking vessel of 5,672 tons, 445 feet long:, 46 feet breadth of beam, and about 30 feet depth.
The Cambroman was built at Birkenhead, bv Laird Brothers, and her record and reputation as a comfortable steamer in the Dominion Line have been most excellent.
Source: International Mercantile Marine Company, "Dominion Line Montreal-Quebec-Liverpool (Summer); Portland-Liverpool (Winter)," Facts For Travelers: American Line, Atlantic Transport Line, Dominion Line, Leyland Line, Red Star Line, White Star Line, 1908: P. 31-35