Sights of Trondhjem
The principal streets of Trondhjem form right-angled parallelograms and are from 30 to 36 meters broad: This unusual breadth is intended to lessen the danger in case of fire, as the majority of the houses in town are still two-storied buildings of wood. Now, however, the use of wood for building is forbidden and large stone and brick buildings are quickly replacing the older wooden houses.
In the majority of streets in the inner town avenues of trees have been planted, and add a grace to their surroundings. Several of the streets form a very pretty picture with mountains and lofty stretches of country in the background.
From the streets which run north and south a fine view may be had of the Fjord with the island fortress of Munkholmen. To the cast, along the side of the river Nid, runs Kjøbrnands Gade with important business houses and storehouses built on piles half over the river.
Of the streets running parallel to this, the most important is Munkegaden (Monk street). Here, near the market place, is the Stiftsgaarden, a large wooden building erected in the 18th century. This is, without doubt, the largest and most imposing wooden building in northern Europe and has been fitted up to furnish a Royal residence in the northern part of Norway. The rooms are large and bright, adorned with Rococo decorations and paintings, and furnished with fine Rococo furniture. Outside, between the wings, is a little garden.
A part of Stiftsgaarden has been used for many years by the High Sheriff as an office. The most interesting of the streets that run east and west is Kongens Gade. At the point where it intersects Munkegaden we have the market-place in the center of the town Near the market place we have the Police Office and in the same building a great number of municipal offices, among others that of the Burgomaster.
In Kongens Gade we have the Hospital Church and Vor Frue church (vor Frue = our lady). Beside the latter there is a little park in which has been raised a bronze copy of Bissen’s statue of the Norwegian naval hero Peter Tordenskjold, the original of which is in Holrnen church in Copenhagen. Tordenskjold was born in 1690 in Trondhjem.
Right opposite this statue, on the north side of Kongens Gade is Trondhjems Sparebank (Savings Bank). The 2nd story’ is occupied by the Nunstforeningen (Art Gallery). The gallery may be seen on Sundays from 11.30 to 2, entrance free, or on Wednesdays from 1 2 to 2 on payment of 25 øre (3 1/2 pence). The same building contains the Fishery Museum, open Monday, Wednesday and Friday 10-1, and worth a visit.
On the other side of the street, stands the Free Masons’ Hall, containing a beautiful hall used for concerts and entertainment, and the Stock Exchange or Bourse. In this division of the same street arc also the Town Hall, the Bank of Norway and the Central Fire Station. At the end of the street is a band-stand from which a military band discourses music every Sunday, Wednesday and Friday from 12.30 to 1.30.
In Erling Skakkes Gade which runs parallel to Kongens Gade is the Royal Scientific Society (Det kongelige norske Videnskabernes Selskab). Every traveller ought to pay a visit to its museums. The natural history collections and the prehistoric collections are very considerable, especially those concerning Trondhjem and its surrounding country.
There is great abundance of Norwegian animals, minerals, antiquities and coins. Entrance is free on Sundays and Wednesdays, from 12 to 1 30. At other times a charge of 25 ore is made. The library of 70,OC)0 volumes is well worth a visit. An old Norwegian Stave church i. e. a church built of timber placed endwise) from Holtaalen stands in the yard.
The Museum of Industrial Art (lKunstindustrimuseet) is situated at the corner of Søndre Gade and Dronningens Gade. In the course of a comparatively short time, a model collection of the greatest interest has been got together. The objects are exhibited in a specially instructive manner.
On the left is an image of Dronningens Gade circa 1900
At the corner of Munkegaden and Erling Skakkes Gade lies the Cathedral School, and at the south end of Munkegaden stands the School of Higher Technical Education, a fine building of red brick. The street ends in Trondhjem’s principal sight
Read about the history of the Trondhjems Domkirke and view photographs from the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archive Photographic Image Library.
South of the Cathedral lies Kongsgaarden (the King’s House) as it has been called. It was originally the residence of the archbishops, and was subsequently used as a dwelling for the feudal lords. It is now used as Artillery Arsenal, and may be seen on application on the premises.
Two bridges, Bakke Bridge and By Bridge, cross the river to Baklandet and Ustbyen, and two others, lying south-west of the Cathedral lead over to Oen.
West of the town lies lien. It has both a Protestant and a Catholic Church. We have here the place of entertainment before mentioned - Hjorten or Tivoli.