Overview of Trondhjem, Norway in 1906
Trondhjem is built on the Trondhjem fiord, and occupies the delta formed by the river Nid, with suburbs extending up the surrounding hills. With its 40,000 inhabitants it is the third town in Norway in point of size. It consists of the inner town, Ilen, and Østbyen, including Baklandet. It is connected by railway with Christiania and the North of Sweden.
The railway connection with Sweden is of special importance from the fact that Trondhjem, with its ice-free harbor the ear round, is in winter the port of the adjoining parts of Sweden whose coasts are blocked with ice for months. The timber exported from the northern parts of Sweden will also probably be sent via Trondhjem, instead of as formerly being confined to the Baltic.
The original harbor was the mouth of the river, to which smaller ships still make their way, but all greater shipping is now confined of the new harbor, an extension of the River Nid protected by a mole.
The shipping and trade of the town are very considerable. The principal export articles are copper, herrings, cod liver oil, timber, wood pulp and celluloid. The lumber of sailing ships belonging to Trondhjem owners is 70 and of steamers 43, amounting to a total of 14,440 tons. Trondhjem is intimately connected by steamer not only with the districts round the fjord, but with all the harbors round the whole Norwegian coast.
Trondhjem, with its latitude 630 25’ N, is without comparison the most northerly town in Europe of its size, and when we remember that this is the latitude of Greenland mercury freezes in winter, we cannot help being astonished at this northern city’s genial climate. Trondhjem's summer corresponds to that of the South of Ireland, its winter to the mild winter of Dresden. The fiord is always ice-free, and even the river is very seldom frozen at the mouth.
The streets are well laid out, well-paved, and well lighted by both gas and electricity from the Municipal Gas Works and Electric Lighting Works. The shops are modern and contain a good selection of goods in all departments. The number of industries is considerable. There are many large factories in the town and its immediate neighborhood. The local telephone system is up-to-date and much taken advantage of. Trondhjem is connected with the rest of Norway and the north of Europe by both telephone and telegraph.
The National schools are well managed and equipped with large modern buildings. There are, besides these, several higher schools and teaching establishments in town. A Technical University is being built at Gløshaugen, an eminence on the south side of the town. This University will be the center of technical knowledge and technical research in Norway.
Trondhjem has a Municipal Free Library furnished on modern lines (12 Kjøbmands Gade).
A Biological Station in Hegdalen close to the town is maintained in connection with the Society of Science.
Stiftsarkivet (the archives of the province) is open 10-2, 7b Bispegaden. The Theatre is in 18 Prinsens Gade.
Trondhjem has good modern hospitals and infirmaries. A large new up-to-date Municipal Infirmary with epidemic ward is situated at Øen, and a Hospital for Incurables in Kongens Gade. There is also an epidemic hospital at Ilsviken.
A Steam Kitchen occupies 30 b Kongens Gade.
One of Norway’s three large Jails for male criminals is in 83 Kongens Gade. In connection with it is a salesroom containing a large and varied stock of articles made by the prisoners.
The Custom House, Harbor office and Pilot office are situated near the harbor.
Husflidsudsalget (Shop for the sale of Cottage Industries) 14 Nordre Gade, ought to be noticed by travelers. Here may be seen many handsome products of Norwegian national cottage industry.
Contents to 1906 Brochure of Trondheim, Norway