The Port of Southampton, England
- The Steamship Struggle with the Port of Southampton (1907)
IT is impossible to mistake the significance of the removal of the White Star line from Liverpool to Southampton. It is a hard stroke in the fight of two great nations for mastership of the Atlantic.
- Southampton’s Present Prosperity Due To Railway Company’s Improvements (1921)
From several points of view, Southampton is one of the most interesting ports of the British Isles. It is, for instance, the outstanding example of a port developed by a railroad company for the sake of the passenger traffic commanded by a favorable location.
- Southampton Is Ideal Port For Passenger Liners (1922)
Modern docks, a sheltered harbor, four tides a day, safe approach channels, deep waters at all states of the tide, and its proximity to London, all combine to make Southampton the ideal home port for the great vessels engaged in the passenger carrying trade, says the Monthly Bulletin of the Department of Overseas Trade.
The Port of Southampton
The Southampton docks, 78 miles from London, owned and managed by the London and South Western Railway Company, are situated within a perfectly sheltered harbor, one of the best lighted in the United Kingdom, making the docks as accessible by night as by day, and having the unusual natural advantages of double tides, with practically four hours of high water every tide, thus affording unrivaled accommodation for the largest steamers afloat or now being built.
The Empress Dock, 18 1/2 acres, has an entrance 165 feet wide, with a minimum depth of 26 feet at low water, and it is the only dock in Great Britain where deep-water loading and discharging berths can be reached by the largest vessels at any time of the day or night, irrespective of the state of the tide. There is also an outer dock of 16 acres and an inner dock of 10 acres. The quays at present, complete, equal 15,000 linear foot.
The new quay extensions in the rivers Itchen and Test are now completed. The Prince of Wales quay, 2,000 feet long, the South quay, 430 feet long, and the test quay, 1,500 feet long, are all accessible at any time of the day or night.
The new Itchen or Prince of Wales quay has for some time been extensively used for the arrivals and departures of the Union Castle, Norddeutscher Lloyd, and other liners, and the company has here erected double-storeied sheds of the most modern design. There is a minimum depth of 28 feet at the Itchen quay low water of ordinary spring tides, and this depth can be further increased to 30 feet, and 30 feet L. W. O.S. T. at the Test quay.
The No. 5 graving dock was completed and opened on the 3rd of August, 1895, by the Prince of Wales. This is the deepest graving dock in the world, the depth to blocks being 32 1/2 feet H. W. O. S. T., 750 feet long, by 87 1/2 feet wide at sill and 112 feet at cope level, and it is possible to lengthen it to 1,000 feet should the size of vessels ever demand it in the future.
-- Extract from Commercial Relations of the United States with Foreign Countries During The Year 1904, By United States Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Manufactures, by Acting Consul Richard Jones, Southampton, England, 1905