American Line Terminal In Hamburg for Post World War I Passengers and Freight (1922)
AMERICAN LINE TERMINAL IN HAMBURG
AN AMERICAN steamship terminal of the most modern type is to be erected at Hamburg, Germany, built with American capital, equipped with American machinery, and used exclusively by American steamers.
Adjacent to the Hamburg American piers, the American terminal will excel them in equipment and efficiency, and will rate as the finest in Germany. It will be built on the Ross Quay, one of the largest dock structures at Hamburg that remained incomplete at the beginning of the war, of which the American Line has taken a long lease. It will have a total length of nearly half a mile, with depth of water alongside to accommodate the largest passenger liners now operated in the American Line's service from New York.
Sheds will be built of concrete and steel, 656 feet long and having a ground floor area of 2 1/4 acres. The latest type electric cranes will be installed, and trackage will be laid to connect the terminal with through rail lines by which American products will be moved to interior points in Germany, and to Czechoslovakia, Rumania and other central European countries. The ships that will use this new terminal are now docking temporarily at piers secured on hire from the civic authorities of Hamburg.
In pursuance of its policy to establish itself permanently In Hamburg, the American Line has bought a building in the steamship section for its own occupancy as German headquarters, and has sent out an American steamship expert, Mr. Hennan Winter of New York, as resident manager.
The American Service, which is thus establishing itself in Hamburg, was the first to open direct passenger and freight communication between the United States and Germany following the war. The first ship placed on the route, the Manchuria, left New York on December 20, 1919, with passengers and a huge cargo of foodstuffs for the famished Germans. The Manchuria has continued to operate, with well-filled holds and cabins, on the Hamburg run ever since, with a sister ship, the Mongolia.
Recently the 17,000 ton British-built liner Minnekahda was transferred to the American flag and will be added to this service, to carry third class passengers. This ship will be ready In March, when a schedule of fortnightly saillng8 by the three large combination freight and passenger vessels will be adopted.
The distinctly freight fleet of the service in the past year has included two 12.000-ton American-built cargo carriers of the latest type, the Montana and the Montauk, which were purchased from the Shipping Board for this service, and a number of other freighters.
The business of the line is steadily growing in volume, says President Franklin.
Shipping: Marine Transportation, Construction, Equipment and Supplies, Volume XIII, No. 2, January 25, 1921, New York: Shipping Publishing Co., Inc., P. 69