Conditions at Cherbourg (1922)
In the straggle to take a prominent place among the Atlantic ports of the Continent, one of the most favorable competitors seems to be Cherbourg. British, American, French and German shipping companies use this famous French port in the course of their ocean trade. The port authorities are keen on bringing Cherbourg to the fore In European shipping circles. But the port has a long way to go yet before It can fairly be placed among the leading harbors of Europe.
The depth of water in the main port is 40 ft., which allows all types of modem shipping to use the port. These include vessels of the Cunard. White Star, Royal Mail, Red Star. United States Line, American Line, Lloyd Royal Beige, and the Lloyd Royal Hollandais, as well as French lines. In a recent report on the harbor, which, covers an area of 3,725 acres, Monsieur Jean Hersent stated:
"Situated exactly on the route of the liners destined for the North Sea, the port of Cherbourg has become by force of circumstances our greatest port of call for foreign lines to America, which have almost all adopted It as a ’speed port' for the transit of travelers." And that "Cherbourg was the object of the solicitations of seven great foreign companies whose liners—veritable giants of the sea—could carry out there in all circumstances the trans-shipment of their passengers and the discharge of their cargo."
The choice of the companies was, in fact, dictated by the permanent conditions of the port of Cherbourg—its geographical situation on the steamer route; the security of landing, even in stormy weather; and the easiness of operations on the roads at no matter what time.
The companies themselves are engaged in creating on land some permanent establishments for the lodging of emigrants. The White Star and the Canard particularly have built a splendid hotel provided with the most modern improvements, of which Commodore Todd, of the United States Health Department, has sail; "Nothing In the world was to be compared with It."
Source: Shipping: Marine Transportation, Construction, Equipment and Supplies, New York: Shipping Publishing Co, Volume 15, No. 5, March 10, 1922 P.39