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What Kind of Job Can I Get In The Navy?

What Kind of Job Can I Get In The Navy?

The United States Navy is an organization of experts. Almost every man is trained to become a specialist in his specific job. If you have had previous training or experience in a trade when you enlist, you will be given a chance to continue in the same type of work. If you have not had previous experience, you may qualify for training under skilled Navy instructors for the kind of job for which you are best fitted.

49 skilled jobs open to Navy men
There are seven branches of Naval Service for enlisted men comprising 49 different classes of jobs^or ratings. The men who hold these ratings are known as Petty Officers. There are four grades of Petty Officers—Third Class, Second Class, First Class and Chief—through which a man may advance according to his skill and experience.

Most men enlist as Apprentice Seamen. As such, you are automatically promoted with an increase in pay after two months of preliminary training. Thereafter, you may advance through trade school training or practical experience at sea as rapidly as your ability permits up through the various classes of Petty Officer. Men who qualify by reason of special training or experi­ence in a trade may become Petty Officers in their particular specialty, provided there is a vacancy, immediately upon en­listment.

You'll go ahead fast in the Navy. The Navy wants you to become skilled in your trade. And it will move you up as rapidly as you can learn your job. You don’t have to ask for promotions. If you’re willing and able, they’ll come to you automatically. And each one is accompanied by a raise in pay.

The table below shows the steps by which you can advance and the base pay you will receive:

(plus keep and allowances)
Apprentice Seaman $ 50
Seaman, Second Class 54
Seaman, First Class 66
Petty Officer, Third Class 78
Petty Officer, Second Class 96
Petty Officer, First Class 114
Chief Petty Officer, Acting  Appointment 126*
Chief Petty Officer, Permanent Appointment 138*

What are “allowances"? They are increased pay for special quali­fications and duties. For instance, suppose you are a Petty Officer, Third Class, making $78 a month base pay. If you are assigned to sea duty or overseas service, you will immediately receive a special allowance which will raise your pay 20%—up to $93.60 a month.

*Listings on the following pages show $118 pay for Chief Petty Officers. This is the base pay for Permanent Appointments. For Chief Petty Officers, Acting Appointments, the base pay in each rating is $126.

Your base pay increases 5% after each three-year period of service, up to a maximum increase of 50%. While on sea duty or overseas service, you get a 20% increase in base pay. Parachutists get $50 a month extra. Men on submarine duty or under flight orders get 50% increase in pay.

Men using arms get from $1 to $5 a month extra. These include gun captains, gun pointers, range finder operators, air­craft machine gunners, horizontal bombers, rifle sharpshooters and others. They also get special merit badges as shown on pages 22 and 23. Men who win a Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Medal, Distinguished Flying Cross or Navy Cross receive an extra $2 a month for each award.

New Allowances for Dependents
Under a new law, Apprentice Seamen, Seamen Second and First Class, and Petty Officers Third Class may contribute for their dependents $22 a month from their pay. To this amount the government will add $28 a month for a wife, plus $12 a month for the first child, $10 a month for each additional child. For other members of the family who are proved to be dependent, the government will also contribute $15 a month for one parent, $25 a month for two parents and $5 for each other family dependent up to a total of $50.

Chief Petty Officers and Petty Officers, First and Second Class, with dependent families (including wife, children, and de­pendent father or mother) will receive a dependent’s quarters allowance of $37.50 monthly.

Protection For Your Family
Through National Service Life Insurance, a non-profit government agency, enlisted men may now take out from $1,000 to $10,000 life insurance for the benefit of their wives, children, parents or other dependent relatives. Premiums are low, from 64 cents a month per $1,000 at age 17 to 72 cents a month per $1,000 at 31, and $1.27 a month per $1,000 at 51, payable monthly, quar­terly, semi-annually or annually. No physical exam if you take out your policy within 120 days after you enlist.


Term of enlistment — In the Regular Navy, 6 years. In the Naval Reserve, 2, 3 or 4 years. Naval Reservists will be released as soon as possible after the national emergency is over. The term of service for men who enlist at 17 automatically ends on the day preceding their 21st birthday. They may re-enlist.

Citizenship — Native-born American. If you are not native-born, you or your parents must have naturalization papers. You must show written proof of citizenship when you apply.

Character — The Navy wants men of good character. When you enlist you will be asked to furnish two references.

Marriage— In the Regular Navy and the Naval Reserve married men with dependents are accepted. There are special new allowances for dependents.

Age — In the Regular Navy, 17 to 31. In the Naval Reserve, 17 to 50. Men under 21 must have the written consent of their parents or guardian.

For enlistments directly in Petty Officer ratings, the following age limits are used as a guide in determining the grade in which you may enlist:

  • Petty Officer, Third Class—Over 20
  • Petty Officer, Second Class—Over 23
  • Petty Officer, First Class—Over 26
  • Chief Petty Officer —Over 30

Physical —You must pass a physical exam to show you are in sound health. In the Naval Reserve requirements are less strict than in the Regular Navy.

Height — At least 5 feet, 2 inches. Weight — in proportion.

Eyes — Requirements modified. You can qualify with combined vision (both eyes) of 15/20 and not less than 6/20 in worst eye.

Education — Except for a few ratings, there are no specific educational or mental requirements. You will take a simple intelligence test to show ability to read, write and think clearly.

Remember, you do not need previous training in civil life to advance from Apprentice Seaman to a Petty Officer rating. In most cases your advancement will depend upon two things;

  1.  initial training the Navy gives you after you have enlisted;
  2.  proof of your ability to apply that training.

Except for a few ratings, there are no special educational requirements. However, practically all Navy jobs call for use of arithmetic, mathematics, elementary physics and science. So if you have a basic knowledge of these subjects, it will help you to get more out of the training the Navy will give you.

In addition, if you have taken high school or college courses in any subject which has a special bearing on a particular Navy job, it will naturally help you to get ahead faster. For example, a course in manual training will be helpful to the man who wants to be a carpenter’s mate. Knowledge of how to read blueprints will be valuable to machinists and metalsmiths, etc.

Admission to Navy Trade Schools is by selection
Naturally, no promise can be made to any man at the time of enlisting that he will be placed in any of the Navy Trade Schools, because much depends on the man himself, his conduct, educa­tion, ambition, aptitude and adaptability. These qualifications are ascertained while he is taking his Recruit Training. Before finishing Recruit Training, each man is given a series of simple tests to determine his general intelligence and basic knowledge. If he makes right kind of showing, he is given an opportunity to apply for admission to any of the various Trade Schools.

Navy Trade Schools are grouped into five groups: (I) Electricity — Ordnance; (II) Communication — Clerical; (III) Machinist — Metal Worker; (IV) Aviation Machinist — Avia­tion Metalsmith — Aviation Ordnanceman—Aviation Radioman; (V) Buglers — Hospital Apprentice, second-class, and the Diesel School. Those who apply for Group III and IV schools are given an additional test of their mechanical aptitude.

All applicants are interviewed, their classification marks re­viewed for the requirements of the school requested, and those who are best qualified are selected and enrolled in the school of their choice. Selection for all schools is based upon adaptability to learn the trade desired. So previous training is not essential.

The following pages show all the 49 classes of Navy jobs.

The Petty Officer ratings of the men who hold these jobs are given, together with identifying insignia and base pay. Duties of the job are described, as well as practical knowledge which will help you. Corresponding civilian jobs are listed. If you have been working at one of these civil jobs, you may qualify as a Petty Officer right away. If you haven’t had previous experience, Navy training will fit you to land a well paid job in one of these civilian fields after the war. »
Certain jobs call for special age, physical, educational or mental requirements in addition to the general requirements listed on Page 4. In all such cases these special requirements are shown in connection with the job to which they apply.

Go over this list carefully. Pick the job for which you want to qualify.  It may be your best step toward a successful future.


    • Chief Boatswain's Mate ... CBM ... $138
    • Boatswain's Mate, 1st Class ... BMlc ... $114
    • Boatswain's Mate, 2nd Class ... BM2c ... $96
    • Coxswain ... Cox ... $78
  • DUTIES: Do all kinds of canvas work, and hoisting with block and tackle. Handle rope, wire and anchor chain. Know Navy signals. Handle power boats and sailboats under all conditions. Steer ships. Chart a course by compass. Direct salvage operations.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Rigger foreman. Hoist operator. Sailor.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Force and motion. Liquid pressures. Magnetism. Weather and tides. Knowledge of pulleys.
    • Chief Turret Captain ... CTC ... $138
    • Turret Captain, 1st Class ... TClc ... $114
  • DUTIES: Take charge of a gun turret and its crew. Assemble and repair all types of Naval guns. Handle ammunition. Operate peri­scopes and range finders. Understand electric fire control and firing mechanisms.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Mechanic. Gunsmith.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Hydraulics. Force and motion. Combustion. Hand tool and lathe work. Knowledge of pulleys.
    • Chief Torpedoman’s Mate ... CTM ... $138
    • Torpedoman’s Mate, 1st Class ... TMlc ... $114
    • Torpedoman’s Mate, 2nd Class ... TM2c ... $96
    • Torpedoman’s Mate, 3rd Class ... TM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Lubricate, assemble, charge and fire torpedoes. Understand the mechanism of torpedoes. Predict accurately their performance at various distances and under different conditions. Take part in mine laying and dropping of depth charges.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Mechanic. Gunsmith.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Force and motion. Heat pressure on liquids. Hydraulics and electricity. Combustion. Hand tool and lathe work.
    • Chief Gunner’s Mate ... CGM ... $138
    • Gunner’s Mate,         1st Class ... GMlc ... $114
    • Gunner’s Mate,       2nd Class ... GM2c ... $96
    • Gunner’s Mate,        3rd Class ... GM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Take complete charge of a gun and a gun’s crew. Assemble and fire all types of guns. Handle ammunition. Understand principles of electric fire control. Handle mines and depth charges.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Gunsmith. Mechanic.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Hydraulics. Force and motion. Combustion. Hand tool and lathe work. Knowledge of pulleys.
    • Chief Quartermaster ... CQM ... $138
    • Quartermaster, 1st Class ... QMlc ... $114
    • Quartermaster, 2nd Class ... QM2c ... $96
    • Quartermaster, 3rd Class ... QM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Steer the ship. Take soundings. Use range finder. Plot bearings. Operate signal control apparatus and searchlights. Correct sailing charts. Determine ship’s position by sun and stars. Navigate by dead reckoning, radio bearings and soundings. Send and receive International code by blinker, searchlight and semaphore.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Ship pilot. Navigator. Hydrographer.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Weather and tides. Light and sound. Optics and electricity. Spelling. English.
    • Chief Signalman ... CSM ... $138
    • Signalman, 1st Class ... SMlc ... $114
    • Signalman, 2nd Class ... SM2c ... $96
    • Signalman, 3rd Class ... SM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Stand signal watch on bridge. Send and receive International code by blinker, searchlight and semaphore. Take and receive flag signals. Identify flags of government departments, Naval craft, foreign ships. Use pelorus and navigator’s range finder. Operate searchlights and signal apparatus in darkness.ldentify storm warning and distress signals.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Position in American Merchant Marine. Sailing and handling private boats.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Weather and tides. Light and sound. Optics and electricity. Spelling. English.


Chief Fire Controlman

• • • • •

CFC ....

. $138

Fire Controlman (M)f*

1st Class .

FC(M)lc. i .


Fire Controlman (M)f*

2nd Class .

FC(M) 2c. . .


Fire Controlman (M),*

3rd Class .

FC(M)3c. . .


Fire Controlman ( R)f*

1st Class .

FC(R)lc. . .


Fire Controlman (R)f*

2nd Class .

FC(R)2c. . .


Fire Controlman (R)f*

3rd Class .

FC(R)3c. . .


  • RATINGS M. Maintenance; R, Repair. (Details at right)
    Stow, inspect and repair ship’s fire control instruments. Use and adjust optical instruments. Take charge of fire control equipment. Operate gun range finder and direction pointer. Know electricity—A.C. and D.C. Diagram electric connections and circuits. Know all details of aiming and firing guns. Man fire control stations.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Electrican. Optical maker. Work in instrument-making plant.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Electricity (A. C. and D. C.). Light Optics and vacuum tubes.
    • Seaman, 1st Class ... S1c ... $66
    • Seaman, 2nd Class ... S2c ... $54
    • Apprentice Seaman ... AS ... $50
  • DUTIES: Know naval drill duties and regulations. Know how to tie knots, steer ships, send and receive semaphore. Stand watch. Box the compass. Know gunnery duties and code flag signals. Sailor in Merchant Marine.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Navigation. Experience in handling boats.


    • Chief Yeoman ... CY ... $138
    • Yeoman, 1st Class ... Ylc ... $114
    • Yeoman, 2nd Class ... Y2c ... $96
    • Yeoman, 3rd Class ... Y3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Take charge of ship’s office. Take dictation, write Navy letters. Prepare reports. Operate duplicating machines. Use Navy filing system. Keep personnel records. Type, route and file corre­spondence. Handle routine details of enlistments, discharges, transfers, promotions, transportation and travel. Know benefits available to enlisted men and how to get them.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Clerk. Typist. Secretary.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Typewriting. Shorthand. Bookkeeping. English. Spelling.
    • Chief Storekeeper ... CSK ... $138
    • Storekeeper, 1st Class ... SKlc ... $114
    • Storekeeper, 2nd Class ... SK2c ... $96
    • Storekeeper, 3rd Class ... SK3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Take charge of ship’s storeroom. Issue stock. Prepare reports on stock under Supply Department. Store, record, report, requi­sition and invoice stocks, afloat and ashore. Issue and account for clothing and minor purchases.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Stock clerk. Freight clerk. Warehouse record clerk. Accountant.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Typewriting. Bookkeeping. Operation of add­ing machines.
    • Chief Pharmacist’s Mate ... CPhM ... $138
    • Pharmacist’s Mate, 1st Class ... PhMlc ... $114
    • Pharmacist’s Mate, 2nd Class ... PhM2c ... $96
    • Pharmacist’s Mate, 3rd Class ... PhM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Take charge of sick bay on board ship. Do minor surgery and first aid work. Prepare and administer simple medicines. Give anaesthetics. Account for hospital and medical supplies. Have basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, medicines, drugs, hygiene, sanitation, nursing, pharmacy.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Pharmacist in drug store. Hospital attendant. First aid instructor. Male nurse.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Elementary pharmacy, physiology, anatomy First aid. Typewriting.
    • Hospital Apprentice, 1st Class ... HAlc ... $66
    • Hospital Apprentice, 2nd Class ... HA2c ... $54
  • DUTIES: Be familiar with anatomy and physiology. Know minor surgery, first aid, nursing. Prepare and administer simple medicines. Maintain sanitary conditions.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Hospital attendant. Male nurse. First aid instructor.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: First aid. Knowledge of anatomy and physi­ology, general chemistry and botany.
    • Bandmaster ... Bmstr ... $138
  • DUTIES: Apply thorough knowledge of rudiments of theory and harmony. Conduct a band and orchestra. Perform on an instrument.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Orchestra leader. Music teacher. Arranger. Band conductor. Instrumental soloist.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Properties of musical instruments. Ability to read music. Play at least one instrument well, be familiar with several.
    • First Musician ... 1st Mus ... $114
    • Musician, 1st Class ... Music ... $96
    • Musician, 2nd Class ... Mus2c ... $66
  • DUTIES: Direct band in absence of leader. Play standard band music. Read music at sight. Help band members to learn music. Know fundamentals and theory of music.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Band musician. Orchestra leader. Music teacher.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: The properties of musical instruments. Sound. Ability to play at least one band instrument.
    • Chief Buglemaster ... CBgmstr ... $138
    • Buglemaster, 1st Class ... Bgmstrlc ... $114
    • Chief Buglemaster, 2nd Class ... Bgmstr2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Familiarity with all bugle and drum calls and honors rendered. Be a drum major and lead and instruct a corps. Lead a regimental band.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Bugler in a band or orchestra.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Ability to play the bugle well. Familiarity with bugle and drum calls.
    • Bugler, 1st Class ... Bugle ... $66
    • Bugler, 2nd Class ... Bug2c ... $54
  • DUTIES: Sound all bugle and drum calls. Know table of honors. Play in a bugle and drum corps.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Bugler in a band or orchestra.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Ability to play the bugle, sound standard bugle and drum calls.
    • Chief Specialist ... CSp ... $138
    • Specialist, 1st Class ... Splc ... $114
    • Specialist, 2nd Class ... Sp2c ... $96
    • Specialist, 3rd Class ... Sp3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Selected men for special assignment as athletic instructors, Letter changes,  Gunnery instructors, IBM operators, mail clerks, ordnance cording specialty. inspectors, photographers, recruiters, entertainers, teachers, transport airmen, welfare workers with chaplains.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Specialists in each of the above occupations.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Training or experience in each of the above occupations.


    • Chief Commissary Steward ... CCStd ... $138
  • DUTIES: Supervise ship’s galley. Take complete charge of foodstuffs. Plan menus. Keep accurate records. Direct cooking and preparation of foods. Know current price ranges. Buy food eco­nomically. Direct storing of provisions.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Restaurant operator. Maitre d‘hotel. Cafeteria manager. Caterer.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Chemistry of foods. Experience in buying foods, planning menus. Bookkeeping.
    • Ship’s Cook, 1st Class ... SClc ... $114
    • Ship’s Cook, 2nd Class ... SC2c ... $96
    • Ship’s Cook, 3rd Class ... SC3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Supervise and prepare food for cooking. Operate all cooking apparatus. Inspect provisions. Plan menus. Be responsible for food storage. Estimate provisions. Take charge of galley.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Domestic cook. Hotel end restaurant cook. Cook’s helper.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Cooking. Storage of food and provisions. Planning of meals.
    • Baker, 1st Class ... Bkrlc ... $114
    • Baker, 2nd Class ... Bkr2c ... $96
    • Baker, 3rd Class ... Bkr3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Operate ovens. Do any kind of baking. Be able to set up field ovens. Operate all baking apparatus. Be able to take charge of ship’s bakery.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Baker. Baker s apprentice.


    • Officers’ Chief Steward ... OCS ... $138
    • Officers’ Steward, 1st Class ... OSlc ... $114
    • Officers’ Steward, 2nd Class ... OS2c ... $96
    • Officers’ Steward, 3rd Class ... 0S3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Extra bar for each Keep books and accurate records of food used and purchased. rise in rating. Arrange menus. Take charge of mess arrangements. Keep in touch with current food price ranges.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Restaurant proprietor. Inventory clerk Food purchaser. Caterer.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Experience in buying foods, planning menus. Know chemistry of foods and cuts of meats. Bookkeeping.
    • Officers’ Chief Cook ... OCC ... $138
    • Officers’ Cook, 1st Class ... OClc ... $114
    • Officers’ Cook, 2nd Class ... OC2c ... $96
    • Officers’ Cook, 3rd Class ... OC3c ... $78
  • DUTIES:Take charge of a galley. Be a good cook. Be able to account for all supplies. Know food price ranges. Estimate quantities of food required.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Domestic cook. Hotel and restaurant cook. Cook's helper.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Cooking. Buying and storing food and pro­visions. Planning meals.
    • Mess Attendant, 1st Class ... MAlc ... $66
    • Mess Attendant, 2nd Class ... MA2c ... $54
    • Mess Attendant, 3rd Class ... MA3c ... $50
  • DUTIES: Keep rooms assigned clean. Knowledge of ship’s laundry. Serve at table in officers’ mess. General knowledge of catering. Take charge in absence of steward.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Wa:ter. Head waiter. Steward.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Experience in waiting on table.


    • Chief Electrician’s Mate ... CEM ... $138
    • Electrician’s Mate, 1st Class ... EMlc ... $114
    • Electrician’s Mate, 2nd Class ... EM2c ... $96
    • Electrician’s Mate, 3rd Class ... EM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Use electrical tools. Perform soldering, brazing, electrical wiring. Operate and repair searchlights and electrical motors. Charge storage batteries. Wind armatures. Stand watch on main gyro compass and in main control room of electrically driven ships. Diagram and repair telephone circuits. Under­stand electrical remote automatic control of guns. Apply first aid in case of electric shock.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Electrician. Telephone repairman. Electrician’s helper.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Electricity and the radio elements of electricity (A.C. and D.C.)
    • Chief Radioman ... CRM ... $138
    • Radioman, 1st Class ... RMlc ... $114
    • Radioman, 2nd Class ... RM2c ... $96
    • Radioman, 3rd Class ... RM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Operate Navy radio transmitting and receiving equipment. Maintain and care for radio batteries. Send and receive on all frequencies used by the Navy. Encipher and decipher Navy code messages. Adjust and repair radio direction finders and sound equipment. Understand basic operating principles of all Navy radio and electrical equipment.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Radio repairman. Licensed radio operator. Radio engineer.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU:  Electricity. Radio and sound. Vacuum tubes. Typewriting and English.
    • Chief Radio Technician ... CRT ... $138
    • Radio Technician, 1st Class ... RTlc ... $118
    • Radio Technician, 2nd Class ... RT2c ... $96
    • Radio Technician, 3rd Class ... RT3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Maintenance of radio equipment.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Radio engineer. Radio repairman.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Electricity, Vacuum tubes. Experience in repairing radios.
    • Radarman, 2nd Class ... RdM2c ... $96
    • Radarman, 3rd Class ... RdM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Operate special radio equipment.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Licensed radio operator. Radio repairman.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Electricity. Plane geometry. Relative motions. Experience in operating radios.
    • Soundman, 2nd Class ... SoM2c ... $96
    • Soundman, 3rd Class ... SoM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Operate special sound equipment.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Radio repairman. Licensed radio operator.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Principles of sound. Plane geometry. Relative motions. Radio
    • Chief Telegrapher ... CT ... $138
    • Telegrapher, 1st Class ... Tic ... $114
    • Telegrapher, 2nd Class ... T2c ... $96
    • Telegrapher, 3rd Class ... T3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Cable station telegrapher. (Rating authorized only in time of war.)
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Telegrapher. Cable operator.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Ability to send and receive Morse and International codes.
    • Chief Carpenter's Mate ... CCM ... $138
    • Carpenter's Mate, 1st Class ... CMlc ... $114
    • Carpenter's Mate, 2nd Class ... CM2c ... $96
    • Carpenter's Mate, 3rd Class ... CM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Use hand and power tools to repair or replace all woodwork on board ship. Preserve wood surfaces in all parts of ship. Know various woods used in ship building, how to join and finish them. Take charge of ship ventilation, painting, water­tight control, drainage, laying of linoleum. Understand shoring and drydocking.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Carpenter. Shipwright. Patternmaker. Cabinetmaker.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Blueprint reading. Knowledge of woods. Manual training. Familiarity with tools.
    • Patternmaker, 1st Class ... PMlc ... $114
    • Patternmaker, 2nd Class ... PM2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Use pattern and molding tools. Execute intricate patterns. Knowledge of materials. Estimate time, materials and cost in pattemmaking and casting.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Metal patternmaker. Wood patternmaker. Pattern layout man.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Blueprint reading. Use of band tools. Know­ledge of woods. Carpentry experience.
    • Chief Shipfitter ... CSF ... $138
    • Shipfitter, 1st Class ... SFlc ... $114
    • Shipfitter, 2nd Class ... SF2c ... $96
    • Shipfitter, 3rd Class ... SF3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Use hand and machine tools of shipfitter’s shop to lay out and make steel metal work. Bend, repair and fit pipes and tubing. Do forging, welding, soldering. Operate fire extinguishers and rescue breathing apparatus. Know location of all bottoms, tanks, ports, hatches and watertight doors.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Shipfitter. Plumber. Pipefitter. Shipwright. Metal worker. Welder.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Pressure of liquids. Ventilation. Knowledge of heat. Expansion.
    • Chief Printer ... CPrtr ... $138
    • Printer, 1st Class ... Prtrlc ... $114
    • Printer, 2nd Class ... Prtr2c ... $96
    • Printer, 3rd Class ... Prtr3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Take charge of ship’s print shop. Set type. Operate linotype machine, printing press and duplicating equipment. Read proof. Make up books and pamphlets. Know inks, paper, colors and mechanism of all types of printing equipment.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Printer. Compositor. Linotype operator. Pressman. Proofreader.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: English. Spelling. Punctuation. Color composi­tion and light.
    • Painter, 1st Class ... Ptrlc ... $114
    • Painter, 2nd Class ... Ptr2c ... $96
    • Painter, 3rd Class ... Ptr3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Know about rescue breathing apparatus. Be responsible for fire extinguishers. Prepare and apply paints and varnishes. Lay and repair tiling and linoleum. Knowledge of ship’s drain­age and ventilation systems. Be able to estimate painting jobs.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Construction and maintenance painter. Ship painter. Apprentice painter.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Paints and varnishes. How to mix colors. Relative durability of paints. Cost estimates for paint jobs.

ARTIFICER BRANCH (Engine Room Force)

    • Chief Machinist’s Mate ... CMM ... $138
    • Machinist’s Mate, 1st Class ... MMlc ... $114
    • Machinist’s Mate, 2nd Class ... MM2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Operate main engines and auxiliary engines on board ship. Adjust, repair and overhaul engines and other engine room equipment. Be familiar with the details of ship’s drainage systems, distilling plants, internal combustion engines, evap­orators and pumps.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Mechanic. Garage repairman. Engine mechanic. Power plant engineer. Marine engineer.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Mechanical drawing. Blueprint reading. Heat vapor pressure, hydraulics, ventilation, atmospheric pressure and electticity.
    • Chief Motor Machinist’s Mate ... CMoMM ... $138
    • Motor Machinist’s Mate, 1st Class ... MoMMlc ... $114
    • Motor Machinist’s Mate, 2nd Class ... MoMM2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Operate machine tools. Operate and maintain internal com- bustion engines. Overhaul engine auxiliaries. Knowledge of pressures and air systems. Plan and supervise engineering repairs. Be familiar with electrical apparatus.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Automobile mechanic. Diesel engineer. Machine shop worker. Garage operator.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Operating principles of gasoline and fuel oil engines. Experience with Diesel engines. Electricity.
    • Chief Water Tender ... CWT ... $138
    • Water Tender, 1st Class ... WTlc ... $114
    • Water Tender, 2nd Class ... WT2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Take charge of fireroom when under way. Be responsible for efficient boiler operation. Maintain, repair and overhaul boiler system. Handle boilers, condensers, evaporators, feed water pumps, blowers.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Boiler operator. Boiler room assistant. Fireman on railroad. Power plant worker.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Atmospheric pressure, Vapor pressure. Condensation. Evaporation.
    • Chief Boilermaker ... CB ... $138*
    • Boilermaker, 1st Class ... Blc ... $114
    • Boilermaker, 2nd Class ... B2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Fit pipes, make repairs in boilers. Know construction of marine boilers. Know fireroom safety precautions. Test boilers. Estimate time, cost, and material for any boiler repair job.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Boilermaker. Ironworker. Riveter. Blacksmith. Assembler. Template maker.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Experience with railroad or stationary boilers. Boiler repair. Knowledge of heat, expansion, vapor pressure.
    • Chief Metalsmith ... CM ... $138
    • Metalsmith, 1st Class ... Mlc ... $114
    • Metalsmith, 2nd Class ... M2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Make plans, time and cost estimates. Work in copper and brass. Repair piping. Draw out, temper, neal and case harden metals. Know arrangen^nts of ship's ventilating systems and duties of damage repair parties. Be able to test watertight doors, ports and hatches.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Metalsmith. Sheet-metal worker. Tinsmith.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Fusion of metals, expansion, combustion, crys­tallisation, knowledge of heat.
    • Molder, 1st Class ... Mile ... $114
    • Molder, 2nd Class ... MI2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Equip and keep in condition a shipboard foundry. Make castings. Use molding tools. Care for and operate oil furnaces and crucibles.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Molder. Foundryman. Furnace tender Ladleman. Pourer. Cupola tender.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP  YOU: How to make molds, pour castings. Experience with oil furnace.
    • Fireman, 1st Class ... Flc ... $78
    • Fireman, 2nd Class ... F2c ... $66
    • Fireman, 3rd Class ... F3c ... $54
  • DUTIES: Fire and tend boilers. Operate, adjust and repair pumps. Direct safety precautions in emergencies. Use of proper tools in engine rooms, firerooms, machine shops. Know how main engines are controlled. Obtain engineering data and enter it in log.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Fireman. Engine room worker. Stoker.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Engineering. Use of machine tools. Operation of pumps.


    • Chief Aviation Pilot ... CAP ... $138
    • Aviation Pilot, 1st Class ... APlc ... $114
    • Aviation Pilot, 2nd Class ... AP2c ... $96
  • DUTIES: Pilot planes and airships. Serve as plane captain.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Private or commercial airplane pilot.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Civil aeronautics training. Private pilot's license. Navigation and trigonometry. Theory of Bight. Knowledge of engines.
  • SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: Age—Between i8th and 27th birthdays. Physical—Pass the established aviation physical exam. Education—Be a high school graduate and pass the aviation intelligence test.
    • Aviation Chief Machinist’s Mate ... ACMM ... $138
    • Aviation Machinist’s Mate, 1st Class ... AMMlc ... $114
    • Aviation Machinist’s Mate, 2nd Class ... AMM2c ... $96
    • Aviation Machinist’s Mate, 3rd Class ... AMM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Assemble, service and repair airplanes and airplane engines. Splice aircraft wiring. Manufacture terminals and other small parts. Know principles and theory of flying. Do seamanship work necessary to airplane ground work.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Mechanic. Aviation mechanic. Engine maintenance man.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Shop mathematics. Blueprint reading. Ex­pansion, of metals. Heat. Energy. Internal combustion engines.
  • SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: Education — General classification test and mechanical aptitude test.
    • Aviation Chief Metalsmith ... ACM ... $138
    • Aviation Metalsmith, 1st Class ... AMlc ... $114
    • Aviation Metalsmith, 2nd Class ... AM2c ... $96
    • Aviation Metalsmith, 3rd Class ... AM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Make temporary and permanent repairs to airplane metal­work, such as radiators, pipe connections, instruments and joints. Work all types of metal used in aircraft. Forge, braze, weld, electroplate, bend pipe. Use acetylene welding and cut­ting outfits, hand and power wood-working tools. Know the principles and theory of flying.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Metalsmith. Shiphtter. Tinsmith. Plumber. Aviation maintenance man.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Blueprint reading. Shop mathematics. Heat expansion. Composition of forces. Electrolysis. Fusion and combustion.
    • Aviation Chief Radioman ... ACRM ... $138
    • Aviation Radioman, 1st Class ... ARMlc ... $114
    • Aviation Radioman, 2nd Class ... ARM2c ... $96
    • Aviation Radioman, 3rd Class ... ARM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Operate radio transmitting and receiving equipment of Naval aircraft. Maintain and care for radio batteries. Send and re­ceive on all frequencies used by the Navy. Encipher and decipher Navy code messages. Adjust and repair direction finders and sound equipment. Understand basic operating principles of all Navy radio and electrical equipment.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Radio repair man. Radio engineer. Licensed radio operator.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Electricity. Radio and sound. Morse and In­ternational codes. Typewriting. English.
    • Chief Aerographer’s Mate ... CAerM ... $138
    • Aerographer’s Mate, 1st Class ... AerMlc ... $114
    • Aerographer’s Mate, 2nd Class ... AerM2c ... $96
    • Aerographer’s Mate, 3rd Class ... AerM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Be able to direct installation of complete Naval meteorolog­ical observatory afloat or ashore. 'Make upper air soundings with surface and aircraft instruments. Compute pilot balloon soundings. Make weather observations. Draw weather charts. Read weather codes and instruments.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Meteorologist.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Knowledge of astronomy. Meteorology. Gases.
    • Chief Photographer’s Mate ... CPhoM ... $138
    • Photographer’s Mate, 1st Class ... PhoMlc ... $114
    • Photographer’s Mate, 2nd Class ... PhoM2c ... $96
    • Photographer’s Mate, 3rd Class ... PhoM3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Organize and direct operations of a Naval photographic unit. Install aerial mapping cameras in planes. Make and assemble aerial iriapping photographs. Operate motion picture machines and projection lanterns. Make and show slide films. Develop negatives and make prints.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Photographer. Movie cameraman. Movie projection operator. Slide him photographer. News reel camermaii. Aerial map maker.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Knowledge of light, color, optics. Familiarity with motion picture and still cameras.
    • Aviation Chief Ordnanceman ... ACOM ... $138
    • Aviation Ordnanceman, 1st Class ... AOMlc ... $114
    • Aviation Ordnanceman, 2nd Class ... A0M2c ... $96
    • Aviation Ordnanceman, 3rd Class ... A0M3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Handle and take care of explosives. Use .30 calibre rifle, .45 calibre automatic and other weapons used in aviation. Have thorough working knowledge of bombs, bomb fuses, bomb sights, gas masks, torpedoes and releasing gear.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Gunsmith. Electrician. Instrument maker.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: Knowledge of ignition. Explosives. Electricity. Magnetism. Energy.
  • SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: Education—General classification test and mechanical aptitude test.
    • Chief Parachute Rigger ... CPR ... $138
    • Parachute Rigger, 1st Class ... PRlc ... $114
    • Parachute Rigger, 2nd Class ... PR2c ... $96
    • Parachute Rigger, 3rd Class ... PR3c ... $78
  • DUTIES: Pack and repair parachutes. Actual jumping experience. Care and handling of fabrics. Operation of a sewing machine. Know about rigging and use of cargo chutes. Knowledge of life-saving equipment used in aviation.
  • RELATED CIVIL JOBS: Parachute maker. Fabric worker. Tailor.
  • PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT WILL HELP YOU: How to cut fabrics, make repairs. Use of sewing machine.

Enlisted men in most ratings may qualify for special honors that not only win for them an award in the form of a Navy Merit Badge but also give them extra pay ranging from $1 to $5 a month. On these pages are shown the special Merit Badge awards for which you may qualify. The badges are worn on the sleeve below the elbow.

The individual Navy ratings described on the preceding pages show where your training or experience in civiLlife may best be adapted to particular Navy jobs. These ratings fall under the following general classifications:


Offers high school students the opportunity to complete the current scholastic year on inactive status.


General Service, Naval Reserve, involving all usual types of Naval service. Accepted as Apprentice Seaman with opportunities for advancement. Rating depends on qualifications and openings available. Higher grades depend on experience and openings available.


Men of the U. S. Maritime service and Merchant Marine between the ages of 17 and 40. Ratings corresponding to certificates, position, and length of service available.


Yachtsmen, fishermen, etc., eligible for ratings in coast patrol. Young men with genuine interest in going to sea accepted as Apprentice Seamen.

Many ratings available.
Construction workers and tradesmen between the ages of 17 and 50. The physical requirements have been modified for color blindness and teeth.


CLASS V-l (Accredited College Program) offers college freshmen, sophomores, and high school seniors accepted into an accredited college an opportunity to continue their schooling and at the same time qualify for a Naval commission on the sea or in the air.


  1.  Study the list of jobs on the preceding pages.
  2.  If you have not had special training or experience, decide which job you would like to learn.
  3.  If you have had special training or experience, decide for which Navy job you are best qualified.
  4.  Check the preceding page to find out under which general classification you may enlist.
  5.  Check over the requirements to make sure you can meet them.
  6.  Gather together the papers you will need to enlist: (1) written consent of parents if under 21; (2) birth certificate or written proof of citizenship; (3) two letters of recommendation; (4) high school diploma or certificate of college attendance if needed for the particular class and job you want.
  7.  Go to the nearest Navy Recruiting Station. There’s one near your home. Addresses of all stations are shown on the follow­ing three pages.




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