Camp Grant - World War 1 Cantonment - A.E.F. Training Center - Illinois
Camp Grant Publications and Historical Documents
Overview of Grant, Camp, Ill.
History: Named in honor of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, U. S. A., Commander-in-Chief, U. S. A., 1864-69, and President of the United States, 1869-77. Established, July 18, 1917, to serve as training camp for 86th Division (National Army), which occupied the cantonment, August 1917 to August 1918. Construction started June 24, 1917 and continued through 1918.
The first inducted men reported September 1-15, 1917; the last, December 1-15, 1918.
Approximate numbers received from States and other sources : Idaho, 1,010; Ill., 56,115; Indiana, 1,000; Louisiana, 4,318; Mississippi, 3,650; Nebraska, 1,000; North Carolina, 2,000; North Dakota, 2,010; South Dakota, 500; Wisconsin, 27,184; other States, 981; other camps, 26,548.
Designated as infantry replacement and training camp, April 1918 and as demobilization center, December 3, 1918. Retained as permanent reservation.
Description: Reservation located 4 miles south of Rockford, in Winnebago County.
Facilities—Camp Base Hospital: Pending completion of base hospital a small camp hospital was opened, August 1917. To this were added a complete field hospital and 6 barracks to serve as hospital buildings. The base hospital was ready for occupancy, October 14, 1917.
Infantry Replacement and Training Camp:
Number of replacements sent overseas-30 officers, 3,446 enlisted men.
Officers' Training Schools: Third Series In operation, January 5-April 19, 1918.
Fourth Series-In operation, May 15-September 1, 1918.
Infantry Central Officers' Training School-In operation September 1918 - February 1919.
Demobilization Center: Number processed About 211,300.
Cantonment of 1,515 buildings. Troop capacity-42,819. Construction costs to June 30, 1919-About $14,000,000. Area-Cantonment site proper, 1600 acres ; entire reservation, 5,665 acres.
Command Status: Commanding officer reported direct to War Department; also exercised jurisdiction of general courts-martial till Sept. 24, 1919.
Camp Commanders: 1917-August 25, Maj. Gen. Thomas H. Barry ; November 26, Brig. Gen. Lyman W. V. Kennon (ad interim).
1918-Feb. 15, Maj. Gen. Thomas H. Barry ; Mar. 21, Brig. Gen. Lyman W. V. Kennon ; Apr. 18, Brig. Gen. Charles H. Martin (ad interim) ; May 1, Maj. Gen. Charles H. Martin ; August 20, Brig. Gen. Lincoln C. Andrews (ad interim) ; August 23, Col. Milton L. McGrew (ad interim) ; Sept. 7, Col. Charles B. Hagadorn (ad interim) ; Oct. 8, Col. Charles W. Castle (ad interim) ; Oct. 18, Brig. Gen. Edward H. Plummer ; Dec. 2, Brig. Gen. Charles H. Barth.
1919-Feb. 27, Maj. Gen. Willard A. Holbrook ; May 28, Maj. Gen. George Bell, Jr. through June 20.
Aux. Rmt. Dep. 321; Bkrs. & Cks. Sch. ; Base Hospital; Cp. Hq.; 161st Dep. Brig. ; Devlpt. Bn. ; Engr. Dep. Det. 415 ; F. Trk. & H. Co. 311; M. Sh. Trk. U. 344 ; Med. Sup. Dep. ; M. T. Co. 345 ; Ord. Dep. Co. 111; Provost Gd. Co.; Res. Labor Bn. 416; Sig. Sup. Det.; Util. Det.
6th Division: Div. (less 6th T. M. Btry., 318th Engr. Tn.), garrison duty. 19th Division: 14th Infantry, garrison duty. 32d Division: Div. (less DHQ., 63d Infantry Brig., Hq. 57th F. A. Brig., 119th F. A., 107th Engrs., Hq. Tr., 107th Engr. Tn.), demobilizing. 33d Division: Div., demobilizing. 34th Division: DHQ., 67th Infantry Brig., 68th Infantry Brig., 125th M. G. Bn., 109th Tn. Hq. & M. P., 109th Sn. Tn., demobilizing. 40th Division: 143d M. G. Bn., 144th M. G. Bn., demobilizing. 42d Division: 150th M. G. Bn., Hq. 67th F. A. Brig., 149th F. A., demobilizing. 84th Division: 327th F. A., 309th F. Sig. Bn., demobilizing. 85th Division: 340th Infantry, demobilizing. 86 Division': Div., mobilizing for overseas ; Div. (less 311th T. M. Btry.), demobilizing. 87th Division: 312th Sup. Tn., demobilizing. 92d Division: Hq. 183d Infantry Brig., 365th Infantry, 350th M. G. Bn., mobilizing for overseas. 93d Division: 370th Infantry, demobilizing.
Artillery: Arty. Park V Corps. Coast Artillery: 39th, 40th, 48th, 49th, 72d, 75th Rests. Engineers: 13th, 20th, 21st, 27th, 32d, 35th, 602d, 603d, 604th Regts. ; 36th, 132d, 503d Bns. Infantry: 54th, 803d, 812th Pion. Medical Department: Base Hospitals 11, 12, 13, 14, 22, 26, 54, 58, 69 ; Camp Hospitals 40, 45, 65 ; Evac. Hospitals 20, 37; M. Amb. Co. 62. Motor Transport Corps: 15th M. Comd. ; 413th, 422d, 423d M. Sup. Tns. ; M. T. Co. 55. Quartermaster Corps: Bkry. Cos. 315, 320, 323, 326, 376, 383; 308th, 346th F. Rmt. Sqs.; Serv. Bns. 323, 329; Water Tk. Tn. 302. Signal Corps: 409th, 410th, 415th, 418th Tg. Bns. Transportation Corps: 10th, 12th, 33d, 34th, 38th, 47th, 51st, 52d, 54th, 56th, 89th, 96th, 137th, 141st, 163d, 843d Cos. U. S. Guards: 18th, 29th, 36th Bns. Veterinary Corps: Veterans Hospitals 9, 10, 12, 14.