Any weight or weights used to keep the ship . from becoming top-heavy.
Greatest width of a vessel.
The flat, or nearly flat, part of a ship's bottom.
Fin-like strips running lengthwise and projecting from the outer bilge on some ships to prevent rolling.
Foul water that collects in the bilge of a ship.
Heavy steel castings fitted to a deck for securing mooring lines or hawsers.
A long, round, heavy spar, pivoted at one end, generally used for hoisting cargo, etc. On sailing vessels the spar holding the bottom of a fore-and-aft sal.
The forward part of a vessel.
The observation platform or partial deck built across and above a ship's deck for the use of officers in directing the course.
A vertical partition running from side to side, of fore-and-aft beneath the deck. A collision bulkhead is the first partition forward, near the bow.
A compartment used for storage of fuel.
The chain to which the anchor is fastened. The term "cable's length," means about 100 fathoms or 600 feet, one-tenth of a sea mile.
A windlass for winding the cable.
A sea map used in navigation, showing depth of the sea, location of rocks, configuration of coast, etc.
The Captain's office.
The vertical boundary of a hatch or skylight.
A staircase at the entrance of a ship's cabin.
A barrel or box on the ship's foremast where the lookout is stationed.
Heavy vertical pillars, of which the upper ends curve, used to support the ends of a boat when hoising or lowering.
Covering for portholes made of metal or wood and used in severe weather.
Method of ascertaining the approximate position of a vessel from the course steered and the distance run; used in times of heavy and protracted fog.
A small, bent metal fitting, used to close doors, hatch covers, etc.
Draft or draught:
The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water; one commonly speaks of a ship's "drawing2 so many feet of water, which is the equivalent of her draft.
Movement of the surface of the sea.
The falling tide.
Equal length of day and night, the vernal equinox occurring toward the end of March and the autumnal toward the end, of September.
seamen's quarters in the bow.
Lengthwise with the ship.
Toward the bow.
The ship's kitchen.
Steward's quarters. Usually aft, over the propellers.
An opening in a deck.
Openings in the how for the anchor chain.
A large rope, commonly used for making fast to a pier or tender.
The part of a ship below decks reserved for the storage of freight or baggage.
The pennant usually flown by a ship, bearing the emblem of her owners.
A deck with no overhead protection.
The central longitudinal beam at the extreme under-side of the vessel; the foundation of the entire construction.
A nautical mile. The British Admiralty knot is 6,080 feet; the statute knot is 6,082.66 feet, or 1.151 land miles.
The left side of a ship. Now obsolete and superseded by the word "port."
A mass of lead used for sounding at sea.
Lee or Leeward:
The side of the vessel away from the wind.
(a) An instrument towed by the vessel at the end of a long line, recording distance traveled.
(b) Official daily record of a voyage, including weather, wind, direction and velocity, distance traveled, etc.
Toward the middle or "waist" of a vessel, is equally distant from bow and stern. The term "amidships" is frequently used.
Securing a ship in position by lines so she cannot move or swing; anchoring.
Portion of hull, over and unsupported by the water.
Usually the licensed "guide" who comes aboard ship from a near port and directs her course through the local channel to anchorage or pier, or from the pier to the outer end of the channel.
Sheltered position connected with the bridge from which the ship is steered.
See-saw motion caused by the plunging of the vesselis head into the sea and the consequent raising of the stern. Distinguished from rolling, which is a movement from side to side.
Raised deck toward the stern of the vessel. Port: The left side of a vessel. French, babord.
The hinged projection astern for steering, controlled by chains from under the bridge.
Sailing Vessels, varieties:
(a) A full-rigged ship has usually three masts, on all of which are square sails.
(b) A bark has three masts, all square-rigged except the third or mizzenmast, which is fore-and-aft rigged.
(c) A barkantine has three masts, the foremost square-rigged, the other two fore-and-aft rigged.
(d) A brig has two masts, both square-rigged.
(e) A brigantine has two masts, square-rigged except for a fore-and-aft mainsail.
(f) A schooner has two or more masts, with fore-and-aft sails.
(g) A sloop has a single mast, fore-and-aft rigged. Scending: Heaving upward; a mixing of rolling and pitching.
The ship's propeller.
Drains from the edge of a deck, discharging overboard.
An instrument for measuring angular distance, used in ascertaining the ship's position by taking the sun's altitude at noon.
Long, round, heavy forging, connecting engine and propeller.
Means of measuring the depth of the water by dropping a lead line from beneath the bridge.
A round timber for extending a sail; a mast, a yard or a boom.
High tide caused by the sun and moon being on Meridian together, or in opposition.
The right side of a ship. French, tribord.
A nearly upright timber or metal piece constituting the forward member of a vessel's hull; the bow.
The rear end of a vessel.
A rail around a vessel's stern; the upper part of a vessel's stern.
As applied to ocean travel, a small steamer for meeting ships in ports and taking off or putting on passengers.
Crosswise to the ship.
Side of vessel toward the wind. Winch: A small hoisting engine.
Spars set crosswise of a mast and used to support square-sails.